Famous Chemists - List of Famous Chemists - page 2

Chemists are the scientists who specialize in the field of chemistry. They investigate the chemical nature of substances and how they behave under different conditions to search for new knowledge. Compounds, both organic and inorganic, are examined to determine their chemical and physical properties, composition, structure, and reactivity. Chemists try to decode the details of the chemical molecules and their component atoms. The knowledge gained through research is used to understand the composition and properties of unknown substances, and is used in practical applications in industries. Since chemicals play a vital role in virtually all types of industries, chemists are employed in various industrial establishments, especially those dealing in plastics, medicines, pharmaceuticals, and chemical industries. They also work in research and in university teaching positions. Newer discoveries and findings in the field of chemistry lead to the development of better products, processes and analytical methods. Chemistry is a vast field divided into several overlapping sub-branches: analytical chemistry, biochemistry, organic chemistry, physical chemistry, etc. Chemists primarily work in laboratories and use a variety of techniques in their research like spectroscopy, chromatography, and spectrophotometry. Read on to discover about the life and works of various famous chemists, through their biographies and timelines, from all over the world.

The Most Famous Chemists

NameBirthdayNationalityBio
Henry CavendishOctober 10, 1731BritishHenry Cavendish was a theoretical chemist and physicist, renowned for discovery of hydrogen and calculation of the mass of earth
Walter KohnMarch 9, 1923AustrianNobel Laureate Walter Kohn was an Austrian-born American theoretical chemist and physicist
Jabir Ibn Hayyan721IranianJabir Ibn Hayyan was a medieval era polymath
Stephanie KwolekJuly 31, 1923AmericanStephanie Kwolek was an American chemist whose research work led to the development of the synthetic fiber, Kevlar
Amedeo AvogadroAugust 9, 1776ItalianAmedeo Avogadro was an Italian scientist who formulated what is now known as Avogadro's law
Humphry DavyDecember 17, 1778BritishSir Humphry Davy was a British chemist who made major contributions to the discoveries of chlorine and iodine
Willard LibbyDecember 17, 1908AmericanWillard Frank Libby was an American physical chemist who was awarded the ‘Nobel Prize’ in Chemistry in 1960
Mario J. MolinaMarch 19, 1943MexicanMario Molina is a Nobel Prize winning chemist from Mexico who co-developed the theory of ozone depletion due to CFCs
Robert BunsenMarch 30, 1811GermanRobert Bunsen was a German chemist who developed the Bunsen burner with Peter Desaga
Marie CurieNovember 7, 1867PolishMarie Curie was a Physicist and Chemist, who was world renowned for her work on radioactivity
John E. Walker

John E. Walker

John Walker is an English chemist who was one of the co-recipients of 1997 the Nobel Prize in Chemistry

BritishJanuary 7, 1941127 views

George A. Olah

George A

HungarianMay 22, 1927146 views

Jerome Karle

Jerome Karle was an American physical chemist and crystallographer who was awarded the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1985

AmericanJune 18, 1918111 views

John Polanyi

John Polanyi is an eminent Hungarian-Canadian chemist, who won the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1986

CanadianJanuary 23, 192995 views

Jean-Marie Lehn

Jean-Marie Lehn is an eminent French chemist who was one of the joint recipients of the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1987

FrenchSeptember 30, 193996 views

Donald J. Cram

Donald James Cram was an eminent American chemist who won the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1987

AmericanApril 22, 1919110 views

Ronald George Wreyford Norrish

Ronald George Wreyford Norrish was a British Chemist, who received the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1967

Manfred Eigen

Manfred Eigen is a German biophysical chemist who won the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1967

GermanMay 9, 1927170 views

Hartmut Michel

Hartmut Michel is a German biochemist who won with Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1988

GermanJuly 18, 1948110 views

Charles J Pedersen

Charles J Pedersen was an American chemist who discovered the chemical compound, crown ethers

AmericanOctober 3, 1904114 views