Famous Medical Scientists - List of Famous Medical Scientists

Medical scientists conduct research with the aim of improving human health. They study the various diseases that afflict human beings, their causes, and how they can be prevented and treated. Medical research adds to the existing base of scientific knowledge on health and medicine through experimentation. By studying human diseases and their underlying causes, scientists are able to develop newer drugs or improve existing treatment procedures. New breakthroughs in the field of medicine that has the potential to save thousands of lives each year is the result of extensive medical research. The main purpose of medical research is to search for newer methods of improving healthcare available to human beings which culminates in the development of better medicines and treatment procedures. These scientists also work to investigate methods of disease prevention through drugs and vaccination. Medical scientists may conduct research in laboratories, or work directly with patients in trial procedures to analyze how they respond to certain treatments. They basically work in research institutions, clinics, hospitals and other healthcare facilities. The findings of their research are published in scientific papers in order to disseminate their results to others. Browse this section to explore biographies and timelines about the life and works of various famous medical scientists from all over the world.

The Most Famous Medical Scientists

NameBirthdayNationalityBio
Ludvig Puusepp1875EstonianLudvig Puusepp was an Estonian surgeon and the world's first professor of neurosurgery
Ulf von EulerFebruary 7, 1905SwedishUlf von Euler was a noted Swedish physiologist who was one of the joint winners of the 1970 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
Henry FauldsJune 1, 1843BritishHenry Faulds was a Scottish physician, missionary and scientist who laid the groundwork for the development of fingerprinting
Johannes Peter MüllerJuly 14, 1801GermanJohannes Peter Müller was a German physiologist and comparative anatomist
Cesar MilsteinOctober 8, 1927ArgentinianCesar Milstein was an Argentinian biochemist who received the Nobel Prize for his discovery of monoclonal antibody
Torsten WieselJune 3, 1924SwedishTorsten Wiesel is a Nobel Prize winning Swedish neurophysiologist who was one of the co-recipients of the 1981 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
August KroghNovember 15, 1874DanishAugust Krogh was a Danish professor who was conferred with the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1920
Harold E. VarmusDecember 18, 1939AmericanHarold E
Upendranath BrahmachariDecember 19, 1873IndianUpendranath Brahmachari was a renowned Indian scientist and a prominent medical practitioner of his era
Bengt I. SamuelssonMay 21, 1934SwedishBengt I

Johannes Peter Müller

Johannes Peter Müller was a German physiologist and comparative anatomist

GermanJuly 14, 1801160 views

Cesar Milstein

Cesar Milstein was an Argentinian biochemist who received the Nobel Prize for his discovery of monoclonal antibody

Torsten Wiesel

Torsten Wiesel is a Nobel Prize winning Swedish neurophysiologist who was one of the co-recipients of the 1981 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

SwedishJune 3, 1924147 views

Jean Dausset

Jean-Baptiste-Gabriel-Joachim Dausset was a French immunologist who won the 1980 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine

FrenchOctober 19, 191691 views

Baruj Benacerraf

Baruj Benacerraf was a Venezuelan-born American immunologist who was one of the co-recipients of the 1980 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

VenezuelanOctober 29, 1920121 views

David H. Hubel

David Hunter Hubel was a Nobel Prize winning Canadian neurophysiologist noted for his work on the structure and function of the visual cortex

Michael S. Brown

Michael S

AmericanApril 13, 194183 views