Jules Bordet - Immunologists, Family and Facts

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Jules Bordet's Personal Details

Jules Bordet was a Belgian microbiologist and immunologist who won the 1919 Nobel Prize in Medicine "for his discoveries relating to immunity"

InformationDetail
BirthdayJune 13, 1870
Died onApril 6, 1961
NationalityBelgian
FamousImmunologists, Microbiologists, Scientists, Immunologists, Medical Scientists, Microbiologists
Universities
  • Université libre de Bruxelles
Birth PlaceSoignies
GenderMale
Sun SignGemini
Born inSoignies
Famous asMicrobiologist and Immunologist
Died at Age90

// Famous Immunologists

Jules Bordet's photo

Who is Jules Bordet?

Jules Bordet was a Belgian microbiologist and immunologist who won the 1919 Nobel Prize in Medicine "for his discoveries relating to immunity". Bordet began his career at the Pasteur Institute in Paris. During his time at the Pasteur Institute, he conducted research on the destruction of bacteria and red corpuscles in blood serum. His initial studies showed that antimicrobic sera contained two active substances, one that existed before immunization (known as alexine) and the other a specific antibody created by vaccination. After his stint in Paris, he moved to Brussels where he established the Pasteur Institute. In 1898, he discovered haemolytic sera and found that red blood cells from one animal species that are injected into another species are destroyed through a process (hemolysis) analogous to bacteriolysis. In 1906, Bordet made the revolutionary discovery of the bacterial genus Bordetella pertussis which was responsible for whooping cough. Following his discovery, Bordet took up the chair of the Professor of Bacteriology at the Université Libre de Bruxelles in 1907. Other than bacteriology, Bordet carried out extensive work on immunology as well. Over the years, he was awarded with several honors and awards and became a member of numerous reputed and highly-esteemed academies and societies.

// Famous Microbiologists

Childhood & Early Life

Jules Bordet was born as Jules Jean Baptiste Vincent Bordet on June 13, 1870 at Soignies, Belgium. Not much is known about his childhood, his parents and family.

Upon completing his formal studies, Bordet enrolled at the Free University of Brussels from where he received his doctorate degree in medicine in 1892.

Career

Post completing his doctoral studies, in 1894, Bordet began his career at the Pasteur Institute in Paris. He worked at the laboratory of Elie Metchnikoff, who had then discovered phagocytosis of bacteria by white blood cells.

At the Pasteur Institute, Paris, Bordet conducted research on the destruction of bacteria and red corpuscles in blood serum. This led to the foundation of serology – a study of immune reactions in body fluids.

Bordet made a revolutionary discovery in 1895. He found that the rupture of the bacterial cell walls was caused by two components which were present in blood serum – first was a heat-stable antibody present in animals immune to bacteria and the second was a heat-sensitive substance found in all animals.

In 1898, he discovered that RBC injected from one animal species into the other gets damaged through hemolysis which is analogous to bacteriolysis.

In 1900, Bordet left Paris to set up Pasteur Institute in Brussels. It was in Brussels that Bordet reached the magnum opus of his career. Along with his brother-in-law, Octave Gengou, he continued his immunity research which led to the development of complement-fixation test that detected the presence of infectious agents in the blood. These infectious agents are the cause of major diseases like typhoid, tuberculosis, syphilis. Even today, the technique is used for serologic testing for many other diseases.

In 1906, along with his research partner Gengou, Bordet isolated currently known bacterium Bordetella pertussis, in pure culture. This led him to discover the same as the main cause for whooping cough. The bacterial genus Bordetella is named after him.

A year after Bordet discovered the bacterium Bordetella pertussis for whooping cough, he was appointed as the Professor of Bacteriology at the Université Libre de Bruxelles in 1907.

Other than his work on bacteriology, Bordet was a great exponent of immunology as well. In 1939, he authored the book, Traité de l'Immunité dans les Maladies Infectieuses (Treatise on immunity in infectious diseases). Additionally, he wrote several medical publications as well.

Major Works

Bordet’s major work came when he shifted to Brussels from Paris and set up Pasteur Institute in Brussels. He set the foundation for the complement-fixation testing methods that enabled the development of the serological tests for syphilis. He isolated Bordetella pertussis in pure culture and determined that it was the main cause behind whooping cough.

Awards & Achievements

Bordet’s research work and discovery won international acclaim and fame when he was conferred with the most prestigious and highly esteemed award, The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1919. The award honoured his research work and discoveries relating to immunity.

Bordet was a member of numerous academies and societies, some of which include The Belgium Royal Academy, The Royal Society London, The Royal Society of Edinburgh, the Academy of Medicine (Paris) and the National Academy of Sciences (U.S.A.).

Bordet served as the permanent member of the Administrative Council of Brussels University. He served as the President of the First International Congress of Microbiology held in Paris, 1930.

Personal Life & Legacy

Jules Bordet married Marthe Levoz in 1899. The couple was blessed with two daughters and a son, Paul who followed his footsteps and later took up the chair as the Chief of Pasteur Institute, Brussels. Paul, like his father, also served as the Professor of Bacteriology.

Bordet breathed his last on April 6, 1961. His ashes were interred at the Ixelles Cemetery in Brussels.

Trivia

Interestingly, during the selection process of 1919 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine, there wasn’t a single nomination who met the criteria outlined by Alfred Nobel. As such, the Nobel Prize was reserved for the next year in accordance with the statutes. Following year in 1920, Bordet received his Nobel Prize for 1919.

// Famous Immunologists

Jules Bordet awards

YearNameAward

Other

Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

Jules Bordet biography timelines

  • // 13th Jun 1870
    Jules Bordet was born as Jules Jean Baptiste Vincent Bordet on June 13, 1870 at Soignies, Belgium. Not much is known about his childhood, his parents and family.
  • // 1892
    Upon completing his formal studies, Bordet enrolled at the Free University of Brussels from where he received his doctorate degree in medicine in 1892.
  • // 1894
    Post completing his doctoral studies, in 1894, Bordet began his career at the Pasteur Institute in Paris. He worked at the laboratory of Elie Metchnikoff, who had then discovered phagocytosis of bacteria by white blood cells.
  • // 1895
    Bordet made a revolutionary discovery in 1895. He found that the rupture of the bacterial cell walls was caused by two components which were present in blood serum – first was a heat-stable antibody present in animals immune to bacteria and the second was a heat-sensitive substance found in all animals.
  • // 1898
    In 1898, he discovered that RBC injected from one animal species into the other gets damaged through hemolysis which is analogous to bacteriolysis.
  • // 1899
    Jules Bordet married Marthe Levoz in 1899. The couple was blessed with two daughters and a son, Paul who followed his footsteps and later took up the chair as the Chief of Pasteur Institute, Brussels. Paul, like his father, also served as the Professor of Bacteriology.
  • // 1900
    In 1900, Bordet left Paris to set up Pasteur Institute in Brussels. It was in Brussels that Bordet reached the magnum opus of his career. Along with his brother-in-law, Octave Gengou, he continued his immunity research which led to the development of complement-fixation test that detected the presence of infectious agents in the blood. These infectious agents are the cause of major diseases like typhoid, tuberculosis, syphilis. Even today, the technique is used for serologic testing for many other diseases.
  • // 1906
    In 1906, along with his research partner Gengou, Bordet isolated currently known bacterium Bordetella pertussis, in pure culture. This led him to discover the same as the main cause for whooping cough. The bacterial genus Bordetella is named after him.
  • // 1907
    A year after Bordet discovered the bacterium Bordetella pertussis for whooping cough, he was appointed as the Professor of Bacteriology at the Université Libre de Bruxelles in 1907.
  • // 1919
    Bordet’s research work and discovery won international acclaim and fame when he was conferred with the most prestigious and highly esteemed award, The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1919. The award honoured his research work and discoveries relating to immunity.
  • // 1930
    Bordet served as the permanent member of the Administrative Council of Brussels University. He served as the President of the First International Congress of Microbiology held in Paris, 1930.
  • // 1939
    Other than his work on bacteriology, Bordet was a great exponent of immunology as well. In 1939, he authored the book, Traité de l'Immunité dans les Maladies Infectieuses (Treatise on immunity in infectious diseases). Additionally, he wrote several medical publications as well.
  • // 6th Apr 1961
    Bordet breathed his last on April 6, 1961. His ashes were interred at the Ixelles Cemetery in Brussels.

// Famous Scientists

Jules Bordet's FAQ

  • What is Jules Bordet birthday?

    Jules Bordet was born at 1870-06-13

  • When was Jules Bordet died?

    Jules Bordet was died at 1961-04-06

  • Where was Jules Bordet died?

    Jules Bordet was died in Brussels

  • Which age was Jules Bordet died?

    Jules Bordet was died at age 90

  • Where is Jules Bordet's birth place?

    Jules Bordet was born in Soignies

  • What is Jules Bordet nationalities?

    Jules Bordet's nationalities is Belgian

  • What was Jules Bordet universities?

    Jules Bordet studied at Université libre de Bruxelles

  • What is Jules Bordet's sun sign?

    Jules Bordet is Gemini

  • How famous is Jules Bordet?

    Jules Bordet is famouse as Microbiologist and Immunologist