Famous Astronauts - List of Famous Astronauts - page 2

An astronaut, otherwise known as ‘cosmonaut’ or ‘taikonaut’, is any person who travels to space on a human spaceflight program to partake as a crew member or command a spacecraft during a mission or exploration. These professionals need years of training in multidisciplinary fields, before they are sent to space on various missions and before they are officially known as ‘professional space travelers’ or ‘spaceflight participants’. The first manned expedition to outer space was by Yuri Gagarin in 1961, followed by the first woman, Valentina Tereshkova in 1963, both of whom were Soviets. The first American in space in a sub-orbital flight was Alan Shepard and the first American to walk on the moon was Neil Armstrong. It takes years to consolidate a space mission and more than a hundred people to prepare astronauts for their space missions. These professionals are pivotal to the success of the space assignments but the flight opportunities are limited. Thus, space agencies like NASA launch astronauts every year and make sure that the astronaut selected will make the best possible use of the available resources for assigned tasks in space. Up until 2003, astronauts were trained by military, government and civil space agents, but now they are trained by the SSO-SpaceShipOne. Here is a collection of biographies of famous astronauts. Explore all the details about them in their biographies, which include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

The Most Famous Astronauts

NameBirthdayNationalityBio
Georgi IvanovJuly 2, 1940BulgarianGeorgi Ivanov is the first Bulgarian astronaut
Mae JemisonOctober 17, 1956AmericanMae Carol Jemison is a famous American astronaut who became the first African American astronaut to travel to space
Neil ArmstrongAugust 5, 1930AmericanNeil Armstrong was the first man ever to land on the Moon
Yuri GagarinMarch 9, 1934RussianYuri Gagarin was a famous Russian cosmonaut and the first man to enter space and orbit the Earth, on the ‘Vostok 1.’
Franklin Chang DíazApril 5, 1950Chinese, Costa Rican, AmericanFranklin Chang-Diaz is an American-Costa Rican physicist and former NASA astronaut
Sunita WilliamsSeptember 19, 1965AmericanSunita Williams is an American astronaut and former US Navy officer
Alan ShepardNovember 18, 1923AmericanAlan Shepard was the first American to travel into space
Buzz AldrinJanuary 20, 1930AmericanBuzz Aldrin was a US Astronaut and was the second man to set foot on the moon
Valentina TereshkovaMarch 6, 1937RussianValentina Tereshkova a Russian cosmonaut created history when she became the first woman to travel to space
Bjarni TryggvasonSeptember 21, 1945Canadian, IcelanderBjarni Tryggvason is a former Icelandic-Canadian astronaut
Michael Collins (Mike Collins)

Michael Collins (Mike Collins)

Michael Collins is a former American NASA astronaut and retired Major General

AmericanOctober 31, 1930156 views

Alan Shepard

Alan Shepard was the first American to travel into space

AmericanNovember 18, 1923322 views

Sally Ride

Sally Ride was an American astronaut and physicist, who became the first American woman to travel into space

AmericanMay 26, 1951140 views

John Glenn

John Glenn is a former American pilot, astronaut, engineer and United States senator

AmericanJuly 18, 1921133 views

Yuri Gagarin

Yuri Gagarin was a famous Russian cosmonaut and the first man to enter space and orbit the Earth, on the ‘Vostok 1.’

RussianMarch 9, 1934394 views

Jack Swigert

Jack Swigert was an American astronaut who was one of the 24 people who had traversed to the Moon

AmericanAugust 30, 1931239 views

Buzz Aldrin

Buzz Aldrin was a US Astronaut and was the second man to set foot on the moon

AmericanJanuary 20, 1930301 views

Neil Armstrong

Neil Armstrong was the first man ever to land on the Moon

AmericanAugust 5, 1930399 views

Sunita Williams

Sunita Williams is an American astronaut and former US Navy officer

AmericanSeptember 19, 1965371 views