Valentina Tereshkova - Miscellaneous, Family and Life

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Valentina Tereshkova's Personal Details

Valentina Tereshkova a Russian cosmonaut created history when she became the first woman to travel to space

InformationDetail
BirthdayMarch 6, 1937
NationalityRussian
FamousFeminists, Communists, Miscellaneous, Astronauts, Pilots
IdeologiesCommunists
SpousesAndriyan Nikolayev, Yuli Shaposhnikov
Known asTereshkova, Valentina, Valentina Vladimirovna Tereshkova
Childrens Elena Andrianovna Nikolaeva-Tereshkova
Birth PlaceBolshoye Maslennikovo
Height160cm
GenderFemale
FatherVladimir Tereshkov
MotherElena Fyodorovna Tereshkova
Net Worth$9 Million as of Mar 5,2017
Sun SignPisces
Born inBolshoye Maslennikovo
Famous asPilot

// Famous Miscellaneous

Valentina Tereshkova's photo

Who is Valentina Tereshkova?

The first woman in space, Valentina Tereshkova was a Russian cosmonaut, who travelled round the earth for three full days. Born in a family of peasants, Valentina lost her father to war and was raised with her other siblings singlehandedly by her mother under hard financial conditions. Later when she worked in a tire factory and cotton mill, she took correspondence courses and received a graduate degree from Light Industry Technical School. She took inspiration from Yuri Gagarin and volunteered for the space program organized by the Soviet government. Because of Valentina’s skills as a trained parachutist, she was absorbed as a cosmonaut. She was chosen among the five women for a single woman-in-space flight and was given an honorary position in Russian air force. Valentina was part of a rigorous training program, but her stubborn persistence paid off. This eminent cosmonaut also went on to complete her doctoral studies in engineering after completing her space missions. She was a hardcore Communist and her feminist views made her join the Soviet Women’s Committee, where she tirelessly worked for betterment of women. Read on to know more about the life, works and achievements of this famous cosmonaut

// Famous Astronauts

Childhood & Early Life

On March 6th of 1937, Valentina was born in Maslennikovo in Russia. As part of a peasant family which had already lost the head of the family, Vladimir Tereshkov, to war, Valentina along with her brothers and sisters were raised by her mother Elena who worked in a textile plant.

In 1945, Valentina started school quite late, but eight years later discontinued her studies.

Later, she went to stay with her grandmother in Yaroslavl and worked as a trainee in a tire factory, during 1954.

In 1955, to help her family further, she started working as a loom operator in a nearby textile mill. During this time, she took correspondence courses and graduated from the ‘Light Industry Technical School’.

Career

Valentina took a keen interest in parachuting and was given training in skydiving at the local aeroclub. As a parachuteer, she jumped for the first time at the age of 22.

Because of her training in parachuting, Valentina was among the five women who were selected for the cosmonaut program in 1961. The Soviet government was keen to send women to space after the successful venture of Yuri Gagarin and Valentina fit the bill with her parachuting skills, despite lacking any formal training for the space program.

Valentina was selected as she could handle the jump needed at 20,000 feet with the ejection from the capsule in ‘Vostok’ spacecraft. The jump needed expertise and agility which could only be handled by a trained parachuteer.

In the year 1963, Valentina was part of a second double flight which involved handling spacecrafts like ‘Vostok 5’ and ‘Vostok 6’. There was an eighteen-month long extensive program, prior to the flight, where all the candidates learned all the nuances of space travel.

On 14th of June, 1963, ‘Vostok 5’ was launched in space and Valeri Bykovsky who was a fellow cosmonaut, orbited the earth. ‘Vostok 6’ carrying Valentina was launched in space a few days later.

The orbits were different for two cosmonauts, but there was a brief encounter among the two when they came within a radius of three miles of each other’s orbit.

On June 19th, 1963, Valentina’s spacecraft again entered the atmosphere and she successfully parachuted the 20,000 feet. A few hours later, Bykovsky made a safe landing.

After her tryst with space, Valentina studied at ‘Zhukovsky Air force Academy’. She graduated as a cosmonaut engineer and went on to have a doctorate in engineering later.

In between the years 1966 and 1991, Valentina remained an active member of the USSR Supreme Soviet.

She worked for Soviet Women’s Committee for several years, and then worked as a member of ‘Supreme Soviet Presidium’. Along with her husband Andrian, Valentina made a number of goodwill trips to other countries.

Known as a feminist who worked tirelessly for the benefits of women, Valentina served as the Soviet ambassador and went to several international women’s events.

Major Works

One of her well-known articles, ‘Women in Space’ which elaborated her views of women involved in scientific pursuits was published in the American journal known as ‘Impact of Science in Society’.

Awards & Achievements

She received the prestigious honour of the ‘Order of Lenin’ and the ‘Hero of the Soviet Union’ in the year 1963.

In 2003, ‘Order of Honour’ was awarded for her immense contributions in scientific and cultural arena.

In 2011, she was awarded the ‘Order of Friendship’. Two years later, Valentina was awarded the ‘Order of Alexander Nevsky’.

She was given the ‘Russian Federation State Prize’ for her outstanding work in humanitarian field. Valentina was also awarded the Gold Star ‘Hero of Socialist Labour’.

She was given the ‘Order of Merit for the Fatherland’ for her contribution in domestic space.

Personal Life & Legacy

On 3rd of November in 1963, Valentina married a co-cosmonaut Andrian Nikolayev. They had a daughter Yelena who was born the following year. Later she separated from her husband and married an orthopaedist.

A lunar crater and a minor planet were named after her. Monuments, schools and museums have been named after her to honour her achievement.

Valentina has been awarded honorary citizenships of a number of countries

// Famous Communists

Valentina Tereshkova biography timelines

  • // 1937
    On March 6th of 1937, Valentina was born in Maslennikovo in Russia. As part of a peasant family which had already lost the head of the family, Vladimir Tereshkov, to war, Valentina along with her brothers and sisters were raised by her mother Elena who worked in a textile plant.
  • // 1945
    In 1945, Valentina started school quite late, but eight years later discontinued her studies.
  • // 1954
    Later, she went to stay with her grandmother in Yaroslavl and worked as a trainee in a tire factory, during 1954.
  • // 1955
    In 1955, to help her family further, she started working as a loom operator in a nearby textile mill. During this time, she took correspondence courses and graduated from the ‘Light Industry Technical School’.
  • // 1961
    Because of her training in parachuting, Valentina was among the five women who were selected for the cosmonaut program in 1961. The Soviet government was keen to send women to space after the successful venture of Yuri Gagarin and Valentina fit the bill with her parachuting skills, despite lacking any formal training for the space program.
  • // 1963
    In the year 1963, Valentina was part of a second double flight which involved handling spacecrafts like ‘Vostok 5’ and ‘Vostok 6’. There was an eighteen-month long extensive program, prior to the flight, where all the candidates learned all the nuances of space travel.
  • // 1963
    On 14th of June, 1963, ‘Vostok 5’ was launched in space and Valeri Bykovsky who was a fellow cosmonaut, orbited the earth. ‘Vostok 6’ carrying Valentina was launched in space a few days later.
  • // 1963
    She received the prestigious honour of the ‘Order of Lenin’ and the ‘Hero of the Soviet Union’ in the year 1963.
  • // 1963
    On 3rd of November in 1963, Valentina married a co-cosmonaut Andrian Nikolayev. They had a daughter Yelena who was born the following year. Later she separated from her husband and married an orthopaedist.
  • // 19th Jun 1963
    On June 19th, 1963, Valentina’s spacecraft again entered the atmosphere and she successfully parachuted the 20,000 feet. A few hours later, Bykovsky made a safe landing.
  • // 1966 To 1991
    In between the years 1966 and 1991, Valentina remained an active member of the USSR Supreme Soviet.
  • // 2003
    In 2003, ‘Order of Honour’ was awarded for her immense contributions in scientific and cultural arena.
  • // 2011
    In 2011, she was awarded the ‘Order of Friendship’. Two years later, Valentina was awarded the ‘Order of Alexander Nevsky’.

// Famous Feminists

Valentina Tereshkova's FAQ

  • What is Valentina Tereshkova birthday?

    Valentina Tereshkova was born at 1937-03-06

  • Where is Valentina Tereshkova's birth place?

    Valentina Tereshkova was born in Bolshoye Maslennikovo

  • What is Valentina Tereshkova nationalities?

    Valentina Tereshkova's nationalities is Russian

  • What is Valentina Tereshkova ideologies?

    Valentina Tereshkova's ideologies is Communists

  • Who is Valentina Tereshkova spouses?

    Valentina Tereshkova's spouses is Andriyan Nikolayev, Yuli Shaposhnikov

  • Who is Valentina Tereshkova childrens?

    Valentina Tereshkova's childrens is Elena Andrianovna Nikolaeva-Tereshkova

  • How tall is Valentina Tereshkova?

    Valentina Tereshkova's height is 160

  • Who is Valentina Tereshkova's father?

    Valentina Tereshkova's father is Vladimir Tereshkov

  • Who is Valentina Tereshkova's mother?

    Valentina Tereshkova's mother is Elena Fyodorovna Tereshkova

  • What is Valentina Tereshkova's sun sign?

    Valentina Tereshkova is Pisces

  • How famous is Valentina Tereshkova?

    Valentina Tereshkova is famouse as Pilot