Famous Neurologists - List of Famous Neurologists

A neurologist is someone who diagnoses and treats disorders related to the nervous system, which mainly includes diseases related to the spinal cord, nerves and the brain. Neurologists treat patients who have stroke related problems, epilepsy, Parkinson's disease, brain and nervous system infections, speech difficulties and language disorders and other neurological disorders that may be of either chronic or temporary nature. It is to be noted that neurologists do not perform any kinds of surgeries, which are in fact performed only by specialized neurosurgeons. They are however authorized to recommend surgical treatment to their patients, suffering from any sort of neurological disorder. Neurologists are extensively trained and educated to deal with an array of neurological diseases and thus are frequently called to assist at emergency rooms and also offer their assistance to other physicians and neurosurgeons. The origin of neurology can be traced back to the ancient Egyptian period and the Vedic period in ancient India. The different branches of neurology include, Geriatric neurology, Restorative Neurology, Neurotology and Neuroepidemiology. Here is a compilation of famous neurologists. Explore the biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history and learn more interesting facts and details about them with their biographies.

The Most Famous Neurologists

NameBirthdayNationalityBio
Roger BannisterMarch 23, 1929BritishRoger Bannister is an English doctor, academic and a former athlete
Ben CarsonSeptember 18, 1951AmericanBen Carson is the first neurosurgeon to have successfully separated conjoined twins joined at the head
Torsten WieselJune 3, 1924SwedishTorsten Wiesel is a Nobel Prize winning Swedish neurophysiologist who was one of the co-recipients of the 1981 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
Jean-Martin CharcotNovember 29, 1825FrenchA French neurologist and professor, Jean-Martin was instrumental in developing modern science in the field of neurology and had 15 eponyms to his praise
Sigmund FreudMay 6, 1856AustrianSigmund Freud was a 19th century neurologist who is hailed as the father of ‘psychoanalysis’
Roberta BondarDecember 4, 1945CanadianRoberta Bondar or Roberta Lynn Bondar is the first Canadian woman to travel into space
Joseph ErlangerJanuary 5, 1874AmericanJoseph Erlanger was a renowned American physiologist who won the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1994
Rita Levi-MontalciniApril 22, 1909ItalianRita Levi-Montalcini was an Italian American neurologist who won a share of the 1986 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
Stanley B. PrusinerMay 28, 1942AmericanStanley B

Torsten Wiesel

Torsten Wiesel is a Nobel Prize winning Swedish neurophysiologist who was one of the co-recipients of the 1981 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

SwedishJune 3, 1924158 views

Rita Levi-Montalcini

Rita Levi-Montalcini was an Italian American neurologist who won a share of the 1986 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.

ItalianApril 22, 1909113 views

Joseph Erlanger

Joseph Erlanger was a renowned American physiologist who won the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1994

AmericanJanuary 5, 1874121 views

Roberta Bondar

Roberta Bondar or Roberta Lynn Bondar is the first Canadian woman to travel into space

Ben Carson

Ben Carson is the first neurosurgeon to have successfully separated conjoined twins joined at the head

AmericanSeptember 18, 1951197 views

Jean-Martin Charcot

A French neurologist and professor, Jean-Martin was instrumental in developing modern science in the field of neurology and had 15 eponyms to his praise

FrenchNovember 29, 1825151 views

Sigmund Freud

Sigmund Freud was a 19th century neurologist who is hailed as the father of ‘psychoanalysis’

AustrianMay 6, 1856143 views

Roger Bannister

Roger Bannister is an English doctor, academic and a former athlete

BritishMarch 23, 1929375 views