Muhammad Iqbal - Poets, Life Achievements and Family

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Muhammad Iqbal's Personal Details

Muhammad Iqbal was a philosopher, poet and politician in British India and is regarded as being the inspiration behind the Pakistan movement

InformationDetail
BirthdayNovember 9, 1877
Died onApril 21, 1938
NationalityPakistani
FamousPhilosophers, Poets, Trinity College, Cambridge, Intellectuals & Academics, Philosophers, Poets
SpousesKarim Bibi, Mukhtar Begum, Sardar Begum
Known asAllama Iqbal
Childrens Aftab Iqbal, Javid Iqbal, Miraj Begum
Universities
  • Trinity College, Cambridge
  • Government College University
  • Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich
  • University of Cambridge
  • Murray College
  • Trinity College
  • Cambridge
Notable Alumnis
  • Trinity College
  • Cambridge
Birth PlaceSialkot, Punjab, British India
ReligionMuslim
GenderMale
FatherShaikh Noor Mohammad
MotherImam Bibi
Sun SignScorpio
Born inSialkot, Punjab, British India
Famous asPoet & Philosopher
Died at Age60

// Famous Poets

Muhammad Iqbal's photo

Who is Muhammad Iqbal?

Sir Muhammad Iqbal, also famously known as Allama Iqbal, was a famous poet, philosopher, lawyer and politician from British India. He is believed to be the inspiration behind the historical ‘Pakistan Movement’, in which he was one of the few leaders who first conceived the idea of Pakistan as a different nation for the Muslims. Iqbal was a very learned man who did a considerable part of his studies in India and some in England and Germany, where he was introduced to the philosophies of Goethe, Heine and Nietzsche. While studying abroad, he became a member of the London branch of the All India Muslim League. Iqbal practiced law in India for sometime after returning and later entered politics and was known for his legal expertise, political ideologies and groundwork and philosophical theories - he is fondly remembered as a great poet and scholar. With his books like, ‘Rumuz-i-Bekhudi’, ‘Zabur-i-Ajam’, etc. he became one of the most important contributors to the Urdu literature. For his talents and extraordinary personality, he was knighted by King George V in 1922.

// Famous Philosophers

Childhood & Early Life

Muhammad Iqbal was born in Sialkot, in the Punjab Province of British India to Sheikh Noor Muhammad and Imam Bibi. His father was not an educated man and worked as a tailor while his mother was a homemaker.

At the age of 4 Iqbal was introduced to religious studies and was sent to mosque to learn Qur’an. He learnt Arabic language at Scotch Mission College in Sialkot and pursued his intermediate from the Faculty of Arts, Murray College.

In 1895, Iqbal enrolled in Government College Lahore for his bachelors’, to study philosophy, English literature and Arabic. He also received his Masters of Arts degree from the same college and secured number one position in Punjab University, Lahore.

Career

Iqbal finished his Masters of Arts Degree and started his academic career as a reader of Arabic at Oriental College but within a short period of time, he became a junior professor of philosophy at Government College Lahore.

Iqbal opted for higher studies in the West and travelled to England to study on a scholarship from Trinity College, Cambridge, and received his Bachelors of Arts degree from the same in 1906.

In 1907, he went to Germany to pursue doctorate and earned PhD degree from the Ludwig Maximilian University, Munich. During the process, he got his doctoral thesis ‘The Development of Metaphysics in Persia’ published.

He returned to India and became an assistant professor at Government College, Lahore but the job did not provide enough financial support which is why he decided to turn to practice of law. He practiced as a lawyer from 1908 to 1934.

In 1919, he became the general secretary of Anjuman-e-Himayat-e-Islam, an Islamic intellectual and political organization based in Lahore, Pakistan, which he was an active member of many years before gaining this position.

In 1927, Iqbal was elected to the Punjab Legislative assembly and was later elected to preside over the session of the Muslim League. It was in these positions that he for the first time introduced the idea of ‘Pakistan’.

Due to his failing health, Iqbal stopped practicing law altogether in 1934 and was honored with a pension by the Nawab of Bhopal. He dedicated his life to his own spiritual upliftment and contributing to the Persian and Urdu literature.

Some of the books written by Iqbal are: ‘Payam-i-Mashriq (1923)’, ‘The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam (1930)’, ‘Javid Nama (1932)’, ‘Pas Cheh Bayed Kard ai Aqwam-e-Sharq (1936)’, ‘Bal-i-Jibril (1935)’, ‘Zarb-i-Kalim (1936)’, etc.

Major Works

Iqbal was known for his legal expertise and political ideologies, but it was as a poet that he is still fondly remembered. With books like, ‘Rumuz-i-Bekhudi’, ‘Zabur-i-Ajam’, etc. his contribution to Urdu literature is immense.

Personal Life & Legacy

Iqbal married three times in his life: his first marriage (1895) was with Karim Bibi and he had two children with her - Miraj Begum and Aftab Iqbal. His second marriage was with Sardar Begum and third with Mukhtar Begum (1914).

He died in 1938 in Lahore after suffering for many years from various illnesses, which started with a mysterious throat illness that he developed on his trip to Spain and Afghanistan. His tomb was erected in Hazuri Bagh, Pakistan.

Trivia

He is regarded as the ‘Shair-e-Mashriq’ in most of Southeast Asia. He is also called ‘Muffakir-e-Pakistan’ and ‘Hakeem-ul-Ummat’.

He is Pakistan’s National Poet and his birthday is a national holiday there.

He is the author of ‘Saare Jahan Se Achcha’.

In Iran and Afghanistan he is famous as ‘Iqbal-e Lahori.

His son Javid Iqbal served as a justice on the Supreme Court of Pakistan.

Many public institutions in Pakistan are named after him. Some of them are the Allama Iqbal Campus Punjab University in Lahore, the Allama Iqbal Medical College in Lahore, Iqbal Stadium in Faisalabad, Allama Iqbal Open University in Pakistan, etc.

// Famous Poets

Muhammad Iqbal biography timelines

  • // 9th Nov 1877
    Muhammad Iqbal was born in Sialkot, in the Punjab Province of British India to Sheikh Noor Muhammad and Imam Bibi. His father was not an educated man and worked as a tailor while his mother was a homemaker.
  • // 1895
    In 1895, Iqbal enrolled in Government College Lahore for his bachelors’, to study philosophy, English literature and Arabic. He also received his Masters of Arts degree from the same college and secured number one position in Punjab University, Lahore.
  • // 1895 To 1914
    Iqbal married three times in his life: his first marriage (1895) was with Karim Bibi and he had two children with her - Miraj Begum and Aftab Iqbal. His second marriage was with Sardar Begum and third with Mukhtar Begum (1914).
  • // 1906
    Iqbal opted for higher studies in the West and travelled to England to study on a scholarship from Trinity College, Cambridge, and received his Bachelors of Arts degree from the same in 1906.
  • // 1907
    In 1907, he went to Germany to pursue doctorate and earned PhD degree from the Ludwig Maximilian University, Munich. During the process, he got his doctoral thesis ‘The Development of Metaphysics in Persia’ published.
  • // 1908 To 1934
    He returned to India and became an assistant professor at Government College, Lahore but the job did not provide enough financial support which is why he decided to turn to practice of law. He practiced as a lawyer from 1908 to 1934.
  • // 1919
    In 1919, he became the general secretary of Anjuman-e-Himayat-e-Islam, an Islamic intellectual and political organization based in Lahore, Pakistan, which he was an active member of many years before gaining this position.
  • // 1923 To 1936
    Some of the books written by Iqbal are: ‘Payam-i-Mashriq (1923)’, ‘The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam (1930)’, ‘Javid Nama (1932)’, ‘Pas Cheh Bayed Kard ai Aqwam-e-Sharq (1936)’, ‘Bal-i-Jibril (1935)’, ‘Zarb-i-Kalim (1936)’, etc.
  • // 1927
    In 1927, Iqbal was elected to the Punjab Legislative assembly and was later elected to preside over the session of the Muslim League. It was in these positions that he for the first time introduced the idea of ‘Pakistan’.
  • // 1934
    Due to his failing health, Iqbal stopped practicing law altogether in 1934 and was honored with a pension by the Nawab of Bhopal. He dedicated his life to his own spiritual upliftment and contributing to the Persian and Urdu literature.
  • // 21st Apr 1938
    He died in 1938 in Lahore after suffering for many years from various illnesses, which started with a mysterious throat illness that he developed on his trip to Spain and Afghanistan. His tomb was erected in Hazuri Bagh, Pakistan.

// Famous Alumni of Trinity College, Cambridge

Muhammad Iqbal's FAQ

  • What is Muhammad Iqbal birthday?

    Muhammad Iqbal was born at 1877-11-09

  • When was Muhammad Iqbal died?

    Muhammad Iqbal was died at 1938-04-21

  • Where was Muhammad Iqbal died?

    Muhammad Iqbal was died in Lahore, Punjab, British India

  • Which age was Muhammad Iqbal died?

    Muhammad Iqbal was died at age 60

  • Where is Muhammad Iqbal's birth place?

    Muhammad Iqbal was born in Sialkot, Punjab, British India

  • What is Muhammad Iqbal nationalities?

    Muhammad Iqbal's nationalities is Pakistani

  • Who is Muhammad Iqbal spouses?

    Muhammad Iqbal's spouses is Karim Bibi, Mukhtar Begum, Sardar Begum

  • Who is Muhammad Iqbal childrens?

    Muhammad Iqbal's childrens is Aftab Iqbal, Javid Iqbal, Miraj Begum

  • What was Muhammad Iqbal universities?

    Muhammad Iqbal studied at Trinity College, Cambridge, Government College University, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, University of Cambridge, Murray College, Trinity College, Cambridge

  • What was Muhammad Iqbal notable alumnis?

    Muhammad Iqbal's notable alumnis is Trinity College, Cambridge

  • What is Muhammad Iqbal's religion?

    Muhammad Iqbal's religion is Muslim

  • Who is Muhammad Iqbal's father?

    Muhammad Iqbal's father is Shaikh Noor Mohammad

  • Who is Muhammad Iqbal's mother?

    Muhammad Iqbal's mother is Imam Bibi

  • What is Muhammad Iqbal's sun sign?

    Muhammad Iqbal is Scorpio

  • How famous is Muhammad Iqbal?

    Muhammad Iqbal is famouse as Poet & Philosopher