Famous Intellectuals & Academics - List of Famous Intellectuals & Academics

Intellectuals are people using their intelligence and thinking as a professional or as an individual. They generally work in such an environment such as academics wherein their mind is the key player involving learning, critical thinking and analysis, researching and reasoning. Their skills are required in many different fields like literature, medicine, law and scientific research. Intellectuals demonstrate the capacity to show the different aspects of human thinking and try to focus on the value of thinking. Historically, the intellectuals or the thinking class were usually the privileged few who could afford an education. It was the likes of upper rich classes like Rousseau or Marx who expressed their views in such a way that they led their ways of thinking to be developed into theories, which resulted in a couple of these schools of thought being named after them. In the present day, anyone can become an intellectual if he or she has the knack for knowledge and learning. Despised by few and idolized by others, intellectuals have always played a critical role in the development of the world. Discover this space for the list of famous Intellectuals of the world with their biographies that include trivia and interesting facts about them and also tracing their timeline and life history.

The Most Famous Intellectuals & Academics

Abraham MaslowApril 1, 1908AmericanAbraham Maslow was a humanistic psychologist best known for his theory of self-actualization
Carl JungJuly 26, 1875SwissCarl Jung was a Swiss psychiatrist famous for founding the school of analytical psychology
Alan WattsJanuary 6, 1915British, AmericanAlan Watts was a famous British philosopher known for his Zen teachings and interpretations of Eastern philosophy
Abdolkarim SoroushDecember 16, 1945IranianAbdolkarim Soroush is a reformer, thinker, and Rumi scholar belonging to Iran
Jabir Ibn Hayyan721IranianJabir Ibn Hayyan was a medieval era polymath
Lao Tzu (Laozi)601 BCChineseLao Tzu was a legendary Chinese philosopher who wrote the important “Daodejing”
Randy PauschOctober 23, 1960AmericanRandolph Frederick "Randy" Pausch was an American professor at Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) in Pittsburgh
Pythagoras570 BCGreekPythagoras of Samos was a Greek mathematician and philosopher
Karl MarxMay 5, 1818French, German, BritishKarl Marx was a Prussian-German philosopher, revolutionary, historian and socialist whose communist ideologies and works laid the foundation for ‘Marxism’
Anicius Manlius Severinus Boethius480ItalianBoethius was an early 6th century Roman senator and philosopher best known for his treatise ‘Consolation of Philosophy’


Chanakya was an Indian philosopher, economist, and statesman who wrote the Indian political treatise, the ‘Arthashastra’ (Economics).

Indian371 BC162 views

Carlos Castaneda

Carlos Castaneda was an American author who penned ‘The Teachings of Dan Juan’

AmericanDecember 25, 1925278 views

Carl Jung

Carl Jung was a Swiss psychiatrist famous for founding the school of analytical psychology

SwissJuly 26, 1875781 views

Carl Rogers

Carl Rogers was an important American psychologist and educator who along with Abraham Moslow founded the Humanistic Approach’ to psychology

AmericanJanuary 8, 1902127 views

Camille Paglia

Camille Anna Paglia is an American author, social critic, and academic

AmericanApril 2, 1947184 views

Bob Black

Bob Black is an American author and anarchist

AmericanJanuary 4, 1951111 views

Steven Pinker

Steven Pinker is a Canadian-American cognitive psychologist and linguist

CanadianSeptember 18, 1954193 views

T. E. Lawrence

Thomas Edward Lawrence, also known as TE Shaw, was a British archeologist, scholar, writer, military officer, strategist, and diplomat

BritishAugust 16, 1888131 views


Confucius was a Chinese teacher, politician, and philosopher

Chinese115 views

Noam Chomsky

Chomsky is an American linguist, political theorist, and activist, often referred to as "the father of modern linguistics”