Sarojini Naidu

Sarojini Naidu - Poets, Timeline and Family

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Sarojini Naidu Biography Stories 

Sarojini Naidu's Personal Details

Sarojini Naidu was an Indian freedom fighter and poet

InformationDetail
BirthdayFebruary 13, 1879
Died onMarch 2, 1949
NationalityIndian
FamousUniversity Of Edinburgh, Writers, Poets, Freedom Fighter, Poets
SpousesDr. Muthyala Govindarajulu
SiblingsBirendranath, Harindranath
ChildrensJayasurya, Leelamani, Nilawar, Padmaja, Randheer
Universities
  • University Of Edinburgh
  • King's College London (1895 – 1898)
  • University of Madras
  • Girton College
  • Cambridge
  • University of Edinburgh
Notable Alumnis
  • University Of Edinburgh
Birth PlaceIndia
ReligionBengali Hindu
GenderFemale
FatherAgorenath Chattopadhyay
MotherBarada Sundari Devi
Sun SignAquarius
Born inIndia
Famous asPoet and Freedom Fighter
Died at Age70

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Sarojini Naidu's photo

Who is Sarojini Naidu?

Sarojini Naidu, also known as Sarojini Chattopadhyaya, was a famous Indian poet and a major freedom fighter who went on becoming the first Indian woman to be appointed the president of the Indian National Congress and the Governor of any state in India. Most of all, she was a noted child prodigy and a master of the children's literature. Naidu was given a sobriquet Bharat Kokila (The Nightingale of India) on account of her beautiful poems and songs. Some of her best books that established her as a potent writer include The Golden Threshold, The Gift of India, and The Broken Wing. An active participant of the Indian Independence movement, Naidu joined the national movement taking Gandhi's call and joined him in the popular Salt March to Dandi. With the Indian Independence in 1947, Sarojini Naidu was made the Governor of the Uttar Pradesh in the wake of her contribution to the movement.

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Biography detail

Childhood & Family

Sarojini Naidu was born on 13 February 1879 in Hyderabad, India to the scientist, philosopher and a politieducator Aghornath Chattopadhyaya and Barada Sundari Devi. She was the eldest daughter of her parents. A political activist, her father was a co founder of the Nizam College and the first member of the India National Congress in Hyderabad. Chattopadhyaya was removed from his position as a penalty for his active participation in Indian Independence movement.

Virendranath Chattopadhyaya, Sarojini's brother, was a political activist who played a key role in establishing the Berlin Committee and was influenced by Communism. He was allegedly killed by the Russian troops in 1937. Sarojini's second brother Harindranath Chattopadhyaya was a noted poet and playwright.  

Education, Marriage & Children

A brilliant student, Sarojini won appreciation and fame by being selected in Madras University at just 12. In 1895, she went on to study at King's College in London and later at Girton College, Cambridge University. She developed a liking and passion for reading and writing poems whilst still in college where she became proficient in many languages including Urdu, English, Persian, Telugu and Bengali. 

Whilst still in college, Sarojini met Dr. Muthyala Govindarajulu Naidu and both grew closer by the end of her college. Upon finishing her studied at age 19, she married him in 1898 during a period when inter-caste were marriages were rare and considered a crime in the Indian society. Nonetheless, the successful marriage of the couple prevented people from intervening into their personal life and taking it onto another stage.

The couple had four children; Jayasurya, Padmaja, Randheer and Leelamani. Her daughter Padmaja followed in to her footprints and became the Governor of West Bengal. In 1961, she published a collection of poems entitled The Feather of The Dawn. 

Indian Independence Movement

Sarojini Naidu had many credits to her, including a notable contribution to the Indian Independence Movement. She joined the movement at the rear of Bengal partition in 1905 and since then, she stuck to her commitment to the cause. While working for the Indian National Congress, she was introduced to many eminent personalities such as Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Jawaharlal Nehru and Mahatma Gandhi with whom she shared a special bond and a very good rapport.

During 1915-1918, she traveled across the India lecturing on social welfare, women empowerment, emancipation and nationalism. Inspired by Jawaharlal Nehru, she embarked on providing help and support for the indigo workers in Champaran who were being subjected to violence and oppression. In 1925, Naidu was appointed the President of the National Congress thus making her the first Indian women to hold the post. 

With the introduction of the Rowlett Act in 1919, Sarojini joined the Non-Cooperation Movement organized and led by Mahatma Gandhi. In the same year, she was appointed the Home Rule League's ambassador to England. In 1924, she became a delegate to the East African Indian Congress.

Sarojini Naidu as poet  

The Nightingale of India, Sarojini Naidu was a prolific writer and poet. The first volume of her poetries The Golden Threshold was published in 1905, after which two more collections The Bird of Time and The Broken Wing arrived in 1912 and 1917 respectively. Meanwhile in 1916, she authored and published a biography of Muhammad Ali Jinnah entitled as The Ambassador of Hindu-Muslim Unity. Other acclaimed poems that came following are The Wizard Mask and A Treasury of Poems. Other selected works written by her include The Magic Tree and The Gift of India. She was given the name Bharat Kokila on account of the beautiful and rhythmic words of her poems that could be sung as well.

Later Life & Death

In her last years, Sarojini actively participated in the freedom movement and was a part of the Round Table summit held in 1931. In 1942, she was arrested along with Mahatma Gandhi for her involvement in the Quit India movement and was jailed for almost 2 years. After her release from the jail, she presided over the Steering Committee at the Asian Relations Conference. With the independence of India in 1947, Sarojini Naidu was made the Governor of the Uttar Pradesh in the wake of her contribution to the movement. She was the first woman to become the governor of a state. She died of a heart attack while working in her office on 2 March 1949.

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Sarojini Naidu's awards

YearNameAward

Other

01928 - hind a kesari medal

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Sarojini Naidu's FAQ

  • What is Sarojini Naidu birthday?

    Sarojini Naidu was born at 1879-02-13

  • When was Sarojini Naidu died?

    Sarojini Naidu was died at 1949-03-02

  • Where was Sarojini Naidu died?

    Sarojini Naidu was died in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

  • Which age was Sarojini Naidu died?

    Sarojini Naidu was died at age 70

  • Where is Sarojini Naidu's birth place?

    Sarojini Naidu was born in India

  • What is Sarojini Naidu nationalities?

    Sarojini Naidu's nationalities is Indian

  • Who is Sarojini Naidu spouses?

    Sarojini Naidu's spouses is Dr. Muthyala Govindarajulu

  • Who is Sarojini Naidu siblings?

    Sarojini Naidu's siblings is Birendranath, Harindranath

  • Who is Sarojini Naidu childrens?

    Sarojini Naidu's childrens is Jayasurya, Leelamani, Nilawar, Padmaja, Randheer

  • What was Sarojini Naidu universities?

    Sarojini Naidu studied at University Of Edinburgh, King's College London (1895 – 1898), University of Madras, Girton College, Cambridge, University of Edinburgh

  • What was Sarojini Naidu notable alumnis?

    Sarojini Naidu's notable alumnis is University Of Edinburgh

  • What is Sarojini Naidu's religion?

    Sarojini Naidu's religion is Bengali Hindu

  • Who is Sarojini Naidu's father?

    Sarojini Naidu's father is Agorenath Chattopadhyay

  • Who is Sarojini Naidu's mother?

    Sarojini Naidu's mother is Barada Sundari Devi

  • What is Sarojini Naidu's sun sign?

    Sarojini Naidu is Aquarius

  • How famous is Sarojini Naidu?

    Sarojini Naidu is famouse as Poet and Freedom Fighter