André-Marie Mbida - Statesman, Family and Family

Home  ›  Cameroonian  ›  André-Marie MbidaJanuary 1, 1917158 views

0.0 based on 0 rates

André-Marie Mbida's Personal Details

Andre Marie Mbida was a renowned politician hailing from the state of Cameroon, known for his efforts to free his homeland from the colonial rule

InformationDetail
BirthdayJanuary 1, 1917
Died onJanuary 1, 1980
NationalityCameroonian
FamousStatesman, Democrats, Leaders, Political Leaders
IdeologiesDemocrats
Known asAndre-Marie Mbida
Birth PlaceCameroon
GenderMale
Sun SignCapricorn
Born inCameroon
Famous asStatesman
Died at Age62

// Famous Statesman

André-Marie Mbida's photo

Who is André-Marie Mbida?

Andre-Marie Mbida was the first head of state of Cameroon. Born to an elite and powerful family in the north of his country, he enjoyed a childhood of status and high culture. Focusing on his education, the young lad enrolled in an elite school at an early age, and studied many difficult subjects. Andre then continued his education at an influential and prestigious school, where he made many valuable connections. After graduating, he worked briefly as a teacher before branching out into business. Traveling the country, he soon developed a powerful network of influential local people. Mbida then used his excellent linguistic skills to join a colonial political party. He then became the first native person from his homeland to be elected to his colonial occupier's parliament. Andre then parleyed his experience to becoming elected as the head of his homeland's quasi-independent government. After a bitter clash with the occupying power's commissioner, he resigned from his post, but remained deeply involved with domestic politics. After his country successfully gained independence, Mbida found himself on the wrong side of his former allies, and was imprisoned. Suffering grievously during his incarceration, he was released on medical grounds. Although he sought treatment abroad and clawed his way back to health, he was arrested again when he returned to his country. Mbida then succumbed to his injuries

// Famous Political Leaders

Childhood & Early Life

Andre Marie Mbida was born on January 1, 1917 in Edinding in the Nyong and Sanaga region of Cameroon. Andre's father was Simon Monbele Ongo Nanga, the chief of the Ngo Iougou tribe. His mother was Ngono Veronique.

As a boy, Andre attended a primary school in Erok. From 1929 to 1935, he studied at the ‘Minor Seminary’ in Akono. His curriculum included courses on mathematics and Latin.

From 1935 to 1943, he studied at the ‘Major Seminary’ in Mvolye. While enrolled in the school, he befriended two future presidents of African nations.

Career

In 1943, Mbida graduated from the seminary. He chose a secular job as Head Teacher of a school in Balessing.

While working as a teacher, Mbida continued his studies. In 1945, he became a lawyer. He was briefly hired to work in the treasury in Yaounde.

Later in 1945, he worked for the private sector, as a business representative, alternating between Yaounde and Ebolowa. He would hold this position for the next nine years.

In 1950, he began working with the ‘French Socialist Party’ (SFIO). Although it was based in France, the political party SFIO was active in Cameroon, then under French administration.

In 1952, he ran for office and was successfully elected to the Territorial Assembly.

On October 10, 1953, he was appointed as an official adviser to the French Union.

Mbida resigned from the party, in 1954. He then co-founded ‘COCOCAM’, the ‘Coordinating Committee of Cameroon’.

In 1955, an armed uprising against colonial occupation was brutally repressed. Although Andre did not participate, he led a campaign to free people imprisoned for their role in the uprising.

On January 2, 1956, the ambitious young man ran for election to the French Parliament. He won a narrow victory to become the first native Cameroonian elected to the French Parliament.

On January 31, 1956, Mbida was appointed to two key parliamentary committees. He used his membership to work towards the independence of his homeland.

On April 16, 1957, Cameroon became an autonomous state, a quasi-sovereign entity.

On May 12, 1957, he was elected by the Council of Ministers to become their President. This effectively made him the head of the autonomous state.

In September 1957, the nationalist leader traveled to the United Nations to give an important speech. He stated that Cameroon was a "pilot" state.

On October 24, 1957, he introduced a bill to design the national emblem and national anthem of Cameroon.

On January 12, 1958, he formed the ‘Cameroonian Party of Democrats’. Their motto was "the watchful and brave cock".

On May 5, 1958, he resigned from his position in the government after a contentious disagreement with the ‘French High Commissioner for Cameroon’.

In 1960, Cameroon became a fully independent country.

On June 23, 1962, a coalition of Cameroonian politicians, including Mbida, signed a manifesto protesting a single-party state. They were all imprisoned. The politician soon became quite ill and mostly blind.

In 1965, he was released from prison.

Mbida was given permission to travel to France for medical treatment, in 1966.

On August 3, 1968, Mbida returned to Cameroon. He was immediately placed on house arrest.

On May 30, 1972, the political leader was freed from arrest.

Major Works

Andre-Marie Mbida was the first Head of State of Cameroon from May 12, 1957 to February 16, 1958. He used his position and power to free his homeland from the crutches of the colonial French Government.

Personal Life & Legacy

On August 14, 1946 Andre-Marie Mbida married Marguerite Embolo, the daughter of a powerful tribal chief. Mbida and his wife had six children together.

One of his sons, Louis Tobie Mbida, is currently the head of the Cameroonian Party of Democrats. Another son, Simon Pierre Omgba Mbida, is a Cameroonian diplomat.

In 1980, the political leader became grievously ill. He traveled to France for treatment and died in a hospital on May 2.

Trivia

This eminent politician was a devout Catholic his entire life. He was the second native African head of state in the modern era.

The famous leader was the first Cameroonian to be a political prisoner post-independence

// Famous Democrats

André-Marie Mbida biography timelines

  • // 1st Jan 1917
    Andre Marie Mbida was born on January 1, 1917 in Edinding in the Nyong and Sanaga region of Cameroon. Andre's father was Simon Monbele Ongo Nanga, the chief of the Ngo Iougou tribe. His mother was Ngono Veronique.
  • // 1929 To 1935
    As a boy, Andre attended a primary school in Erok. From 1929 to 1935, he studied at the ‘Minor Seminary’ in Akono. His curriculum included courses on mathematics and Latin.
  • // 1935 To 1943
    From 1935 to 1943, he studied at the ‘Major Seminary’ in Mvolye. While enrolled in the school, he befriended two future presidents of African nations.
  • // 1943
    In 1943, Mbida graduated from the seminary. He chose a secular job as Head Teacher of a school in Balessing.
  • // 1945
    While working as a teacher, Mbida continued his studies. In 1945, he became a lawyer. He was briefly hired to work in the treasury in Yaounde.
  • // 1945
    Later in 1945, he worked for the private sector, as a business representative, alternating between Yaounde and Ebolowa. He would hold this position for the next nine years.
  • // 14th Aug 1946
    On August 14, 1946 Andre-Marie Mbida married Marguerite Embolo, the daughter of a powerful tribal chief. Mbida and his wife had six children together.
  • // 1950
    In 1950, he began working with the ‘French Socialist Party’ (SFIO). Although it was based in France, the political party SFIO was active in Cameroon, then under French administration.
  • // 1952
    In 1952, he ran for office and was successfully elected to the Territorial Assembly.
  • // 10th Oct 1953
    On October 10, 1953, he was appointed as an official adviser to the French Union.
  • // 1954
    Mbida resigned from the party, in 1954. He then co-founded ‘COCOCAM’, the ‘Coordinating Committee of Cameroon’.
  • // 1955
    In 1955, an armed uprising against colonial occupation was brutally repressed. Although Andre did not participate, he led a campaign to free people imprisoned for their role in the uprising.
  • // 2nd Jan 1956
    On January 2, 1956, the ambitious young man ran for election to the French Parliament. He won a narrow victory to become the first native Cameroonian elected to the French Parliament.
  • // 31st Jan 1956
    On January 31, 1956, Mbida was appointed to two key parliamentary committees. He used his membership to work towards the independence of his homeland.
  • // 16th Apr 1957
    On April 16, 1957, Cameroon became an autonomous state, a quasi-sovereign entity.
  • // 12th May 1957
    On May 12, 1957, he was elected by the Council of Ministers to become their President. This effectively made him the head of the autonomous state.
  • // 12th May 1957 To 16th Feb 1958
    Andre-Marie Mbida was the first Head of State of Cameroon from May 12, 1957 to February 16, 1958. He used his position and power to free his homeland from the crutches of the colonial French Government.
  • // Sep 1957
    In September 1957, the nationalist leader traveled to the United Nations to give an important speech. He stated that Cameroon was a "pilot" state.
  • // 24th Oct 1957
    On October 24, 1957, he introduced a bill to design the national emblem and national anthem of Cameroon.
  • // 12th Jan 1958
    On January 12, 1958, he formed the ‘Cameroonian Party of Democrats’. Their motto was "the watchful and brave cock".
  • // 5th May 1958
    On May 5, 1958, he resigned from his position in the government after a contentious disagreement with the ‘French High Commissioner for Cameroon’.
  • // 1960
    In 1960, Cameroon became a fully independent country.
  • // 23rd Jun 1962
    On June 23, 1962, a coalition of Cameroonian politicians, including Mbida, signed a manifesto protesting a single-party state. They were all imprisoned. The politician soon became quite ill and mostly blind.
  • // 1965
    In 1965, he was released from prison.
  • // 1966
    Mbida was given permission to travel to France for medical treatment, in 1966.
  • // 3rd Aug 1968
    On August 3, 1968, Mbida returned to Cameroon. He was immediately placed on house arrest.
  • // 30th May 1972
    On May 30, 1972, the political leader was freed from arrest.
  • // 1980
    In 1980, the political leader became grievously ill. He traveled to France for treatment and died in a hospital on May 2.

// Famous Leaders

André-Marie Mbida's FAQ

  • What is André-Marie Mbida birthday?

    André-Marie Mbida was born at 1917-01-01

  • When was André-Marie Mbida died?

    André-Marie Mbida was died at 1980-01-01

  • Which age was André-Marie Mbida died?

    André-Marie Mbida was died at age 62

  • Where is André-Marie Mbida's birth place?

    André-Marie Mbida was born in Cameroon

  • What is André-Marie Mbida nationalities?

    André-Marie Mbida's nationalities is Cameroonian

  • What is André-Marie Mbida ideologies?

    André-Marie Mbida's ideologies is Democrats

  • What is André-Marie Mbida's sun sign?

    André-Marie Mbida is Capricorn

  • How famous is André-Marie Mbida?

    André-Marie Mbida is famouse as Statesman