Otto von Bismarck - Statesman, Timeline and Facts

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Otto von Bismarck's Personal Details

Otto von Bismarck served as the Chancellor of Germany and the Prime Minister of Prussia

InformationDetail
BirthdayApril 1, 1815
Died onJuly 30, 1898
NationalityGerman
FamousStatesman, Leaders, Political Leaders, Presidents, Prime Ministers, Military Leaders
SpousesJohanna von Puttkamer
Known asOtto Eduard Leopold von Bismarck
Childrens Countess Marie von Bismarck-Schönhausen - Herbert, Prince von Bismarck - Count Wilhelm von Bismarck-Schönhausen
Universities
  • Plamann Institute
  • Berlin - Frederick William Gymnasium
  • Berlin - Law
  • University of Göttingen
Birth PlaceSchönhausen
ReligionLutheranism
GenderMale
FatherFerdinand von Bismarck-Schönhausen
MotherWilhelmine Mencken
Sun SignAries
Born inSchönhausen
Famous asGerman Statesman
Died at Age83

// Famous Statesman

Otto von Bismarck's photo

Who is Otto von Bismarck?

Otto von Bismarck was the driving force behind the unification of the German Empire, who successfully transformed an array of states into a powerful and unified Germany. He became the first Chancellor of Germany, after the unification. Often referred to as the ‘iron Chancellor’, Bismarck also served as the Prime Minister of Prussia. He is known for his skilful leadership and masterful strategy that he employed in wars against Denmark, Austria and France with the agenda to strengthen Prussian leadership and take control of independent German states. During his tenure, he was responsible for introducing some progressive reforms like conception of a modern welfare state. He took the initiative to implement national healthcare services, accident insurance and pension schemes for the old. He also introduced universal male suffrage. He played a pivotal role in balancing power systems and maintaining peace at a time of conflict. His dominating, aggressive personality often made him unpopular among many of the other legislators. He shaped the destiny of German politics for more than three decades, until he was later asked to resign during the monarchy of William II.

// Famous Presidents

Childhood & Early Life

Otto von Bismarck was born on April 1, 1815 in Schönhausen, Prussia, in a well-to-do family in the Province of Saxony. His father Karl Wilhelm Ferdinand von Bismarck was a former military officer. His mother was Wilhelmine Luise Mencken.

He would be dressed in military outfits, which created an image of a typical Prussian Junker. He went to the Johann Ernst Plamann's elementary school and later Friedrich-Wilhelm and GrauesKloster secondary schools.

In 1832, he began to study law at the University of Göttingen, Germany, where he remained for a year. The next year, he enrolled at the University of Berlin.

He served in the army for a brief period and eventually became an officer in Landwehr, after which, in his mid-twenties, he came back to his family home to run the family estates after his mother’s death.

Career

In 1847, he served as a delegate in the new Prussian parliament, the Vereinigter Landtag. Here he earned a name for himself as a royalist, who spoke against the liberal, anti-autocratic Revolutions.

In 1849, he became an elected member of the Landtag, which was the lower house of the new Prussian parliament. During this time, he was against the unification of Germany as he believed that Prussia would lose its independence.

In 1851, he was appointed as a Prussian envoy at the Diet of the German Confederation in Frankfurt. He was later appointed into the Prussian House of Lords, for which he gave up his seat at the Landtag.

From 1851 onwards, he was appointed to serve as ambassador at St. Petersburg and Paris. These experiences helped him become acquainted with Europe’s political position.

In 1861, after William I became the King of Prussia, he was chosen to serve as Minister-President and Foreign Minister the following year. He exhibited great diplomatic skills in the position.

He began to establish a powerful hold over the administration and with his diplomatic and persuasive skills, won over the king. This made him unpopular with other legislators.

In 1863, conflicts aroused between him and legislators, regarding tax collection and other issues. After the Alvensleben Convention, the House of Deputies resolved that they could not work with him.

In 1864, in order to built Prussian power in Europe, he launched a series of wars. He attacked Denmark and took control of the German-speaking territories of Schleswig-Holstein.

In 1866, he incited Emperor Franz-Josef I to join forces with him, which resulted in the Austro-Prussian War. This resulted in Prussian victory and thereafter the Peace of Prague.

In 1870, he was unwilling to take risks at the Franco-Prussian War, which resulted in German victory. This led to the formation of the German Empire and fall of the French Empire.

In 1871, he received the title of German prince and the same year, he was appointed as the Imperial Chancellor of the German Empire. He retained his Prussian offices and was also promoted as lieutenant-general.

In 1873, Albrecht von Roon took over the office of Minister-President and declared that Prussian offices were separated from the preview of the Imperial Chancellor of the German Empire. However, by the end of the year, he was soon replaced by Bismarck who took resumed his duties as the Minister-President.

During the 1870s, he launched many anti-Catholic campaigns, as a part of the Kulturkampf or the cultural struggle. He brought schools under the control of the state and expelled many Jesuits.

In the 1880s, he focused on the creation of a modern welfare state that provided its citizens with national healthcare services, accident insurance and pension schemes for the old.

In 1888, after the death of King William I, his son Frederick III took over and he was succeeded by William II. During their respective reigns as the King of Prussia, he found it difficult to influence both of them.

On March 18, 1890, he resigned on the persistence of William II, at the age of 75. He was succeeded by Leo von Caprivi, who took the position of Chancellor of Germany and Minister-President of Prussia.

Meanwhile, he retired to his estates in Varzin and later moved to Friedrichsruh, after his wife’s death. He spent the later part of his retired life working on his memoirs, ‘Gedanken und Erinnerungen, or ‘Thoughts and Memories’. The work was questioned for accuracy but was nevertheless considered a literary genius.

Personal Life & Legacy

In 1847, he married Johanna von Puttkamer, with whom he fathered three children. Their marriage was believed to be happy and fulfilling one.

In 1877, the Bismarck Monument was built in Bad Kissingena. It is the first monument that was created in his honour, during his lifetime.

He died on July 30, 1898 at the age of 83 in Friedrichsruh. He was laid to rest in the Bismarck-Mausoleum.

The Bismarck Memorial, located in Tiergarten in Berlin was built in his honour. Bismarck Towers were also built in his honour.

Opened in June, 1906, the Bismarck Monument in Hamburg, Germany, is one of the largest and best known monuments of him.

Trivia

Although this German leader and politician only served in the military for a brief period in the reserve unit, he would wear a general’s uniform in public during his later life.

// Famous Military Leaders

Otto von Bismarck biography timelines

  • // 1st Apr 1815
    Otto von Bismarck was born on April 1, 1815 in Schönhausen, Prussia, in a well-to-do family in the Province of Saxony. His father Karl Wilhelm Ferdinand von Bismarck was a former military officer. His mother was Wilhelmine Luise Mencken.
  • // 1832
    In 1832, he began to study law at the University of Göttingen, Germany, where he remained for a year. The next year, he enrolled at the University of Berlin.
  • // 1847
    In 1847, he served as a delegate in the new Prussian parliament, the Vereinigter Landtag. Here he earned a name for himself as a royalist, who spoke against the liberal, anti-autocratic Revolutions.
  • // 1847
    In 1847, he married Johanna von Puttkamer, with whom he fathered three children. Their marriage was believed to be happy and fulfilling one.
  • // 1849
    In 1849, he became an elected member of the Landtag, which was the lower house of the new Prussian parliament. During this time, he was against the unification of Germany as he believed that Prussia would lose its independence.
  • // 1851
    In 1851, he was appointed as a Prussian envoy at the Diet of the German Confederation in Frankfurt. He was later appointed into the Prussian House of Lords, for which he gave up his seat at the Landtag.
  • // 1851
    From 1851 onwards, he was appointed to serve as ambassador at St. Petersburg and Paris. These experiences helped him become acquainted with Europe’s political position.
  • // 1861
    In 1861, after William I became the King of Prussia, he was chosen to serve as Minister-President and Foreign Minister the following year. He exhibited great diplomatic skills in the position.
  • // 1863
    In 1863, conflicts aroused between him and legislators, regarding tax collection and other issues. After the Alvensleben Convention, the House of Deputies resolved that they could not work with him.
  • // 1864
    In 1864, in order to built Prussian power in Europe, he launched a series of wars. He attacked Denmark and took control of the German-speaking territories of Schleswig-Holstein.
  • // 1866
    In 1866, he incited Emperor Franz-Josef I to join forces with him, which resulted in the Austro-Prussian War. This resulted in Prussian victory and thereafter the Peace of Prague.
  • // 1870
    In 1870, he was unwilling to take risks at the Franco-Prussian War, which resulted in German victory. This led to the formation of the German Empire and fall of the French Empire.
  • // 1871
    In 1871, he received the title of German prince and the same year, he was appointed as the Imperial Chancellor of the German Empire. He retained his Prussian offices and was also promoted as lieutenant-general.
  • // 1873
    In 1873, Albrecht von Roon took over the office of Minister-President and declared that Prussian offices were separated from the preview of the Imperial Chancellor of the German Empire. However, by the end of the year, he was soon replaced by Bismarck who took resumed his duties as the Minister-President.
  • // 1877
    In 1877, the Bismarck Monument was built in Bad Kissingena. It is the first monument that was created in his honour, during his lifetime.
  • // 1888
    In 1888, after the death of King William I, his son Frederick III took over and he was succeeded by William II. During their respective reigns as the King of Prussia, he found it difficult to influence both of them.
  • // 18th Mar 1890
    On March 18, 1890, he resigned on the persistence of William II, at the age of 75. He was succeeded by Leo von Caprivi, who took the position of Chancellor of Germany and Minister-President of Prussia.
  • // 30th Jul 1898
    He died on July 30, 1898 at the age of 83 in Friedrichsruh. He was laid to rest in the Bismarck-Mausoleum.
  • // 1906
    Opened in June, 1906, the Bismarck Monument in Hamburg, Germany, is one of the largest and best known monuments of him.

// Famous Political Leaders

Otto von Bismarck's FAQ

  • What is Otto von Bismarck birthday?

    Otto von Bismarck was born at 1815-04-01

  • When was Otto von Bismarck died?

    Otto von Bismarck was died at 1898-07-30

  • Where was Otto von Bismarck died?

    Otto von Bismarck was died in Friedrichsruh

  • Which age was Otto von Bismarck died?

    Otto von Bismarck was died at age 83

  • Where is Otto von Bismarck's birth place?

    Otto von Bismarck was born in Schönhausen

  • What is Otto von Bismarck nationalities?

    Otto von Bismarck's nationalities is German

  • Who is Otto von Bismarck spouses?

    Otto von Bismarck's spouses is Johanna von Puttkamer

  • Who is Otto von Bismarck childrens?

    Otto von Bismarck's childrens is Countess Marie von Bismarck-Schönhausen - Herbert, Prince von Bismarck - Count Wilhelm von Bismarck-Schönhausen

  • What was Otto von Bismarck universities?

    Otto von Bismarck studied at Plamann Institute, Berlin - Frederick William Gymnasium, Berlin - Law, University of Göttingen

  • What is Otto von Bismarck's religion?

    Otto von Bismarck's religion is Lutheranism

  • Who is Otto von Bismarck's father?

    Otto von Bismarck's father is Ferdinand von Bismarck-Schönhausen

  • Who is Otto von Bismarck's mother?

    Otto von Bismarck's mother is Wilhelmine Mencken

  • What is Otto von Bismarck's sun sign?

    Otto von Bismarck is Aries

  • How famous is Otto von Bismarck?

    Otto von Bismarck is famouse as German Statesman