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John Hume Childhood & Birthday, Politician - 𝐉𝐨𝐡𝐧 𝐇𝐮𝐦𝐞 Biography
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Patricia Hume
St. Columb's CollegePatrick's CollegeMaynooth National University of Ireland
Derry, Northern Ireland
Social Democratic and Labour Party
185
Male
$65.5 Million as of Feb 23,2017
Capricorn
Derry, Northern Ireland
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Who is John Hume?

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John Hume is one of the most towering figures of the 20th century who played a major role in the Northern Ireland’s peace processes. Regarded by many as the only person to have singularly engineered this peace process, he has been credited for having adhered to non-aggressive and diplomatic methods in achieving several political goals. He is renowned for his ability to steer his country in the right direction during the time when North Ireland was in complete chaos. Unlike many of this fellow politicians and activists, he firmly believed that the path of harmony and reconciliation would not only end the strife in his homeland but also make way for a healthier future, where the next generation shall not witness the bloodshed he saw in his lifetime. A proud recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize, Hume is truly a hero who played a pivotal role in putting an end to decades of violence and changed the course of his nation forever. He fought against all odds, including threats to his life, to achieve his only goal – peace in Northern Ireland. However, his job did not end with this; he still involves himself in several socio-political issues faced by the greater population of the world and addresses several meetings and conferences held for this purpose.

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John Hume Childhood & Early Life

Born in Derry, North Ireland, Hume attended the St. Columb's College and St. Patrick's College, Maynooth - one of the best Catholic colleges to study priesthood.

After obtaining an M.A. degree, he went back to his hometown to work as a teacher.

John Hume Career

While working as a teacher, he became actively involved with the credit union movement in his city and also participated in the civil rights movement of 1960s. He was one the founding members of the Derry Credit Union.

In 1964, at the age of 27, he was appointed as the President of the ‘Irish League of Credit Unions’, a trade association for credit unions. He was the youngest person ever to have presided over the body.

In the 1960s, he campaigned for the Nationalist Party, but in 1964 he resigned from the party to join the National Democratic Party whose aim was to unite Ireland.

In 1969, he became a member of the Parliament of Northern Ireland as an Independent Nationalist and in 1973 he was elected to the Northern Ireland Assembly.

The following year he was made the Minister of Commerce for a brief period and in 1979 he became the leader of the Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP). He was also one of the Members of the European Parliament of Northern Ireland.

After serving as a faculty member in the Boston College, USA, he received an honorary degree in 1995.

On 4 February 2004, he stepped down as the leader of SDLP and made a public statement about his complete withdrawal from politics. As of now he makes several public speeches pertaining to global issues in various parts of the world.

John Hume Major Works

While serving as the Minister of commerce, he played a crucial role in the ‘Sunningdale Agreement’ which was signed on 9 December 1973 to establish a power-share between Northern Ireland and Ireland.

Hume is known to have held secret talks with the British government and Sinn F�in, an Irish republican political party in the Northern Ireland, which paved way for the Anglo-Irish Agreement. The agreement was signed to help bring peace in Northern Ireland.

In 1993, he initiated ‘Hume-Adams statement’ to call off the armed struggle and enter a truce with the Irish Republican Army (IRA).

Following this, Britain, Ireland and Northern Ireland began peace negotiations, which led to the Belfast Agreement. The Belfast Agreement is one of the most important political peace processes of the 1990s.

John Hume Awards & Achievements

Hume’s contributions to the peace process in the then turbulent Northern Ireland earned him the Nobel Peace Prize in 1998.

He was announced as Ireland's greatest person on 22nd October 2010.

He received the Martin Luther King Award in 1999 and the International Gandhi Peace Prize in 2001, for his efforts in bringing about peace in Northern Ireland.

In 2012, he was honored as the Knight Commander of the Papal Order of St. Gregory the Great, given by Pope Benedict XVI.

John Hume Personal Life & Legacy

He is married to Patricia and the couple has five children – three daughters and two sons.

John Hume Trivia

This great Irish politician is the only person to have received three major peace prizes viz. the Nobel Peace Prize (1998), the Gandhi Peace Prize and the Martin Luther King Award (both in 2005).

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John Hume awards

  • Other

    • 2001
      International Gandhi Peace Prize
    • 2005
      Gandhi King Ikeda Community Builders Prize
    • 1996 - Four Freedoms Freedom of Speech Medal Recipient
    • 1998 - Nobel Prize for Peace (co-recipient)
    • 1999 - Martin Luther King Peace Award
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John Hume biography timelines

  • Born in Derry, North Ireland, Hume attended the St. Columb's College and St. Patrick's College, Maynooth - one of the best Catholic colleges to study priesthood.
    18th Jan 1937
  • In 1964, at the age of 27, he was appointed as the President of the ‘Irish League of Credit Unions’, a trade association for credit unions. He was the youngest person ever to have presided over the body.
    1964
  • In the 1960s, he campaigned for the Nationalist Party, but in 1964 he resigned from the party to join the National Democratic Party whose aim was to unite Ireland.
    1964
  • In 1969, he became a member of the Parliament of Northern Ireland as an Independent Nationalist and in 1973 he was elected to the Northern Ireland Assembly.
    1969 To 1973
  • While serving as the Minister of commerce, he played a crucial role in the ‘Sunningdale Agreement’ which was signed on 9 December 1973 to establish a power-share between Northern Ireland and Ireland.
    9th Dec 1973
  • The following year he was made the Minister of Commerce for a brief period and in 1979 he became the leader of the Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP). He was also one of the Members of the European Parliament of Northern Ireland.
    1979
  • In 1993, he initiated ‘Hume-Adams statement’ to call off the armed struggle and enter a truce with the Irish Republican Army (IRA).
    1993
  • After serving as a faculty member in the Boston College, USA, he received an honorary degree in 1995.
    1995
  • Hume’s contributions to the peace process in the then turbulent Northern Ireland earned him the Nobel Peace Prize in 1998.
    1998
  • On 4 February 2004, he stepped down as the leader of SDLP and made a public statement about his complete withdrawal from politics. As of now he makes several public speeches pertaining to global issues in various parts of the world.
    4th Feb 2004
  • He received the Martin Luther King Award in 1999 and the International Gandhi Peace Prize in 2001, for his efforts in bringing about peace in Northern Ireland.
    2005
  • He was announced as Ireland's greatest person on 22nd October 2010.
    22nd Oct 2010
  • In 2012, he was honored as the Knight Commander of the Papal Order of St. Gregory the Great, given by Pope Benedict XVI.
    2012
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Frequently asked questions about John Hume

  • What is John Hume birthday?

    John Hume was born at January 18, 1937

  • Where is John Hume's birth place?

    John Hume was born in Derry, Northern Ireland

  • What is John Hume nationalities?

    John Hume's nationalities is Irish

  • Who is John Hume spouses?

    John Hume's spouses is Patricia Hume

  • What was John Hume universities?

    John Hume studied at St. Columb's College, Patrick's College, Maynooth National University of Ireland university

  • What is John Hume's political ideology?

    John Hume's political ideology is Social Democratic and Labour Party

  • How tall is John Hume?

    John Hume's height is 185

  • What is John Hume's sun sign?

    John Hume is Capricorn