Oswald Mosley - Politician, Timeline and Childhood

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Oswald Mosley's Personal Details

Sir Oswald Ernald Mosley was a British politician known for his pro-fascist beliefs

InformationDetail
BirthdayNovember 16, 1896
Died onDecember 3, 1980
NationalityFrench
FamousPolitician, Leaders, Political Leaders
SpousesLady Cynthia Mosley (m. 1920–1933), Diana Mitford (m. 1936–1980)
Known asSir Oswald Ernald Mosley, Oswald Ernald Mosley
Childrens Max Mosley, Michael Mosley, Nicholas Mosley, Oswald Alexander Mosley, Vivien Mosley
Universities
  • Winchester College
  • West Downs School
  • Royal Military College
  • Sandhurst
Founder / Co-Founder
  • New Party
  • British Union of Fascists
  • Union Movement
  • January Club
Birth PlaceMayfair, London
Born CountryUnited Kingdom
GenderMale
FatherSir Oswald Mosley
MotherKatharine Maud Edwards-Heathcote
Sun SignScorpio
Born inMayfair, London
Famous asBritish Politician
Died at Age84

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Oswald Mosley's photo

Who is Oswald Mosley?

Sir Oswald Ernald Mosley was a British politician known for his pro-fascist beliefs. He was a Member of Parliament in the 20s and then held the position of the leader of the ‘British Union of Fascists’ (BUF) in the next decade. Born and raised in Westminster, he served the British military during the First World War, before entering politics in 1918. He frequently switched sides, without settling down with any particular party. He started his political career with the ‘Conservatives’ and then went independent for some time, before officially joining the ‘Labour Party.’ In the late 20s, it was almost imminent for him to become the prime minister. However, his ideological differences with the party, on some policies, made him back out. He laid the foundation of the ‘New Party’ and lost his first election in 1931. Following the loss, he merged his party with the BUF in 1932. The party was outlawed in 1940, and Oswald was imprisoned. Soon, he fled the country and took asylum in Paris, France. He also tried to compete in the parliamentary elections twice after the Second World War, but his political career never quite took off beyond those losses.

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Childhood & Early Life

Oswald Mosley was born on November 16, 1896, at Mayfair, Westminster, to Sir Oswald Mosley, 5th Baronet. The title ‘Baronet’ meant that all the male members of the family were liable to use the prefix ‘Sir’ if they wished to do so. Oswald was the eldest among his siblings. He had two younger brothers, Edward and John.

His family had a long history, dating back to 12th century. His was one of the most respected families of commoners in Westminster. Oswald’s parents separated while he was a kid, and this led him to move to his paternal grandfather’s house, along with his mother. His close friends and family members know him as Tom.

His grandparents lived in a massive mansion named ‘Apedale Hall’ and Oswald spent most of his teenage years there. He attended the ‘West Downs School’ and ‘Winchester College.’ With time, he developed a passion for the military. The First World War further motivated him to join the army.

His background in sports, especially in fencing, helped him become a combat expert. He practiced the sport all through his life.

He was admitted to the ‘Royal Military College’ in 1914, but his brash behavior had him expelled. The First World War brought him onto the battlefield at at the age of 20.

Military & Political Career

He was commissioned by ‘16th The Queen’s Lancers’ and fought on the western front in France. He exhibited brash behavior on the battlefield and was considered to be reckless, yet brave. He was severely injured in the war and was subsequently sent on duty as an observer. He recovered and returned to the battlefield at the ‘Battle of Loos’ and fainted due to an injury. Following this, he was given a desk job at the ‘Foreign Office.’

By the time the World War was over, Mosley was determined to make a career in politics. He became a ‘Conservative’ member of parliament, but his lack of higher education and experience became the biggest roadblock for his political success.

His family background and history as an army man helped him to gain a strong line of followers in the areas where his family had a strong reputation. By then, he was 21 years old but had not yet developed any stable political ideologies. He fought the general election of 1918 from Harrow and won easily.

Thus, he became the youngest member of the ‘House of Commons.’ He proclaimed himself as a ‘great orator.’ He did not prepare any notes before speaking in the ‘House of Commons’ and displayed immense self-confidence.

Overtime, he started comprehending what the ‘Conservative Party’ was all about, and it did not suit him well. He strongly abhorred the ‘Irish policy’ and as a result, severed his ties with the ‘Conservative Party’ and joined their opposition in the ‘House of Commons.’ In the general elections of 1922 and 1923, he was able to retain his seat, owing to the great support he had gained from his constituency by then.

By the mid-20s, his loyalty had started drifting toward the ‘Labour Party,’ which had formed the government in 1924. He approached them and joined the ‘Independent Labour Party’ in March 1924, becoming a member of the British political left.

Following his party’s victory in the general elections of 1929, he expected to be given one of the most significant offices of state, but was instead given the post of the ‘Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster.’ His post was inconsequential and did not allow him to sit in the cabinet.

One of his duties was to bring down the unemployment rate. He suggested a scheme called the ‘Mosley Memorandum,’ which asked for high tariffs. However, the scheme was rejected by the cabinet. Miffed by this incident, Mosley resigned from his position in 1930.

Soon, he laid the foundation of a party, the ‘New Party.’ The party supported corporatist economic policies, which were also supported by some of the ‘Labour’ and ‘Conservative’ politicians. The leading news publication house ‘Daily Mail’ too supported Oswald’s ideas.

The Great Depression called for the 1931 elections in a jiffy, and the ‘New Party’ lost badly, without winning a single seat. Slowly, the party’s views turned more radical and bordered on fascism. This was at a time when both the liberals and the conservatives abhorred fascism. Thus, many experienced politicians left the party. Following the failure in 1931, Oswald went to Italy to study Mussolini’s fascist practices and was further convinced that this was the way to go for Britain.

The BUF was founded by Oswald in 1932. It began with 50,000 members and created ripples in the media, especially with the two leading publications ‘Daily Mirror’ and ‘Daily Mail.’

His party held several protests on the streets in the next few years, but most of them ended up becoming violent. This maligned their reputation to a great degree. One of those protests was called the ‘Battle of Cable Street,’ where Mosley marched with the BUF on the streets which were filled with Jewish residents. He was then ordered by the police commissioner to stop his march.

Once the Second World War broke out, Mosley asked for peace, a step which was first appreciated by the commoners. However, as the war intensified and Mosley kept preaching peace, his views became hostile. There was also a huge chunk of population which was drifting toward fascism.

In 1934, Mosley’s popularity was at an all-time high. However, he was detained on March 23, 1940, at a time when he was in the process of asking the British government to side with Hitler. Mosley was released toward the end of 1943. By then, his political popularity had significantly reduced.

Miffed by the amount of disrespect in the political bubble of Britain, he left for Ireland and later moved to Paris in 1951. However, he tried contesting for the general elections in 1959 and 1966. He failed both the times and permanently retired from politics.

Personal Life

In May 1920, Oswald Mosley got married to Lady Cynthia, the second daughter of a former Viceroy of India. However, he was not a very loyal man and had an infamous affair with his wife’s younger sister, Lady Alexandra Metcalfe, and with her stepmother, Grace Curzon. He had three children with Lady Cynthia.

After the untimely death of his first wife, he married his mistress, Diana Mitford, in October 1936 and had two children with her.

He was a great admirer of Mahatma Gandhi, and after their meeting in 1924, he famously stated that Gandhi was a “sympathetic personality of subtle intelligence.”

Death

Mosley died on December 3, 1980, in Orsay, a suburb of Paris. He had written and released his autobiography, ‘My Life,’ in 1968.

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Oswald Mosley biography timelines

  • // 16th Nov 1896
    Oswald Mosley was born on November 16, 1896, at Mayfair, Westminster, to Sir Oswald Mosley, 5th Baronet. The title ‘Baronet’ meant that all the male members of the family were liable to use the prefix ‘Sir’ if they wished to do so. Oswald was the eldest among his siblings. He had two younger brothers, Edward and John.
  • // 1914
    He was admitted to the ‘Royal Military College’ in 1914, but his brash behavior had him expelled. The First World War brought him onto the battlefield at at the age of 20.
  • // 1918
    His family background and history as an army man helped him to gain a strong line of followers in the areas where his family had a strong reputation. By then, he was 21 years old but had not yet developed any stable political ideologies. He fought the general election of 1918 from Harrow and won easily.
  • // May 1920
    In May 1920, Oswald Mosley got married to Lady Cynthia, the second daughter of a former Viceroy of India. However, he was not a very loyal man and had an infamous affair with his wife’s younger sister, Lady Alexandra Metcalfe, and with her stepmother, Grace Curzon. He had three children with Lady Cynthia.
  • // 1922 To 1923
    Overtime, he started comprehending what the ‘Conservative Party’ was all about, and it did not suit him well. He strongly abhorred the ‘Irish policy’ and as a result, severed his ties with the ‘Conservative Party’ and joined their opposition in the ‘House of Commons.’ In the general elections of 1922 and 1923, he was able to retain his seat, owing to the great support he had gained from his constituency by then.
  • // 1924
    He was a great admirer of Mahatma Gandhi, and after their meeting in 1924, he famously stated that Gandhi was a “sympathetic personality of subtle intelligence.”
  • // Mar 1924
    By the mid-20s, his loyalty had started drifting toward the ‘Labour Party,’ which had formed the government in 1924. He approached them and joined the ‘Independent Labour Party’ in March 1924, becoming a member of the British political left.
  • // 1929
    Following his party’s victory in the general elections of 1929, he expected to be given one of the most significant offices of state, but was instead given the post of the ‘Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster.’ His post was inconsequential and did not allow him to sit in the cabinet.
  • // 1930
    One of his duties was to bring down the unemployment rate. He suggested a scheme called the ‘Mosley Memorandum,’ which asked for high tariffs. However, the scheme was rejected by the cabinet. Miffed by this incident, Mosley resigned from his position in 1930.
  • // 1931
    The Great Depression called for the 1931 elections in a jiffy, and the ‘New Party’ lost badly, without winning a single seat. Slowly, the party’s views turned more radical and bordered on fascism. This was at a time when both the liberals and the conservatives abhorred fascism. Thus, many experienced politicians left the party. Following the failure in 1931, Oswald went to Italy to study Mussolini’s fascist practices and was further convinced that this was the way to go for Britain.
  • // 1932
    The BUF was founded by Oswald in 1932. It began with 50,000 members and created ripples in the media, especially with the two leading publications ‘Daily Mirror’ and ‘Daily Mail.’
  • // Oct 1936
    After the untimely death of his first wife, he married his mistress, Diana Mitford, in October 1936 and had two children with her.
  • // 1968 To 3rd Oct 1980
    Mosley died on December 3, 1980, in Orsay, a suburb of Paris. He had written and released his autobiography, ‘My Life,’ in 1968.

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Oswald Mosley's FAQ

  • What is Oswald Mosley birthday?

    Oswald Mosley was born at 1896-11-16

  • When was Oswald Mosley died?

    Oswald Mosley was died at 1980-12-03

  • Where was Oswald Mosley died?

    Oswald Mosley was died in Orsay, Essonne, France

  • Which age was Oswald Mosley died?

    Oswald Mosley was died at age 84

  • Where is Oswald Mosley's birth place?

    Oswald Mosley was born in Mayfair, London

  • What is Oswald Mosley nationalities?

    Oswald Mosley's nationalities is French

  • Who is Oswald Mosley spouses?

    Oswald Mosley's spouses is Lady Cynthia Mosley (m. 1920–1933), Diana Mitford (m. 1936–1980)

  • Who is Oswald Mosley childrens?

    Oswald Mosley's childrens is Max Mosley, Michael Mosley, Nicholas Mosley, Oswald Alexander Mosley, Vivien Mosley

  • What was Oswald Mosley universities?

    Oswald Mosley studied at Winchester College, West Downs School, Royal Military College, Sandhurst

  • Which company or organization was founded by Oswald Mosley?

    Oswald Mosley was the founder/co-founder of New Party, British Union of Fascists, Union Movement, January Club

  • Who is Oswald Mosley's father?

    Oswald Mosley's father is Sir Oswald Mosley

  • Who is Oswald Mosley's mother?

    Oswald Mosley's mother is Katharine Maud Edwards-Heathcote

  • What is Oswald Mosley's sun sign?

    Oswald Mosley is Scorpio

  • How famous is Oswald Mosley?

    Oswald Mosley is famouse as British Politician