John Foster Dulles - Former United States Secretary of State, Facts and Personal Life

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John Foster Dulles's Personal Details

John Foster Dulles was an influential U.S

InformationDetail
BirthdayFebruary 25, 1888
Died onMay 24, 1959
NationalityAmerican
FamousFormer United States Secretary of State, Republicans, George Washington University, Princeton University, Lawyers & Judges, Political Leaders, Diplomats
IdeologiesRepublicans
SpousesJanet Pomeroy Avery (m. 1912–1959)
Childrens Avery Dulles, John W. F. Dulles, Lillias Dulles Hinshaw
Universities
  • George Washington University,Princeton University
Notable Alumnis
  • George Washington University
  • Princeton University
Birth PlaceWashington, D.C., U.S.
Political IdeologyRepublican
ReligionPresbyterian
GenderMale
FatherAllen Macy Dulles
MotherEcdith
Sun SignPisces
Born inWashington, D.C., U.S.
Famous asFormer United States Secretary of State
Died at Age71

// Famous Former United States Secretary of State

John Foster Dulles's photo

Who is John Foster Dulles?

John Foster Dulles was an influential U.S. Secretary of State who served under the Republican President Dwight D. Eisenhower. He was a staunch anti-Communist and a prominent face of the early Cold War era which saw him negotiating several alliances and treaties. He supported the French war against the Viet Minh but disapproved the Geneva Accords which was agreed upon by France along with other Communists. After the Geneva Conference he supported South Vietnam. He was a senior partner and an international lawyer in the renowned Wall Street Firm, ‘Sullivan and Cromwell’. He was present at the ‘Paris Peace Conference’ as a member of the ‘Reparations Commission and Economic Council’. He negotiated in the capacity of a consultant to President Harry S. Truman during the ‘Japanese Peace Treaty’ but eventually became critical of the foreign policy of the administration. He played an important role in setting up of the United Nations.

// Famous Political Leaders

Childhood & Early Life

John Foster Dulles was born on February 25, 1888, to Allen Macy Dulles and Edith Dulles in Washington, D.C.

He was born in a family that was well-known for its political associations. While his father was a Presbyterian minister, his paternal grandfather John Welsh Dulles was a Presbyterian missionary in India. His maternal grandfather John W. Foster and his uncle Robert Lansing served as ‘Secretary of State’ under Benjamin Harrison and Woodrow Wilson respectively.

He completed his preliminary education in public schools in New York’s Watertown.

He joined the ‘Princeton University’ and graduated as a Phi Beta Kappa member in 1908.

He attended the ‘Sorbonne’ in Paris and thereafter studied in Washington, D.C at ‘The George Washington University Law School’ for two years.

Career

In 1911, John Foster Dulles joined ‘Sullivan and Cromwell’, an international law firm at Wall Street and here he specialized in international law.

At the time of World War I, he failed to join the U.S. Army due to poor eyesight. However, he was commissioned by the Army as a Major of the ‘War Industries Board’.

In 1918, he was inducted as a legal counsel by President Woodrow Wilson in the U.S. delegation for the ‘Versailles Peace Conference’. He worked under his uncle Robert Lansing, who was the then Secretary of State. As a junior diplomat, he made a mark by contesting vehemently against imposition of reparations on Germany. He later served as a ‘War Reparations Committee’ member.

He was an early member of the ‘League of Free Nations Associations’ later called the ‘Foreign Policy Association’. The association advocated membership of the Americans in the ‘League of Nations’.

In 1920, he became a partner in the law firm ‘Sullivan and Cromwell’. He was instrumental in designing the ‘Dawes Plan’ that lowered reparation payments of Germany. He ensured that American firms lend money to the states and private companies of Germany to mitigate the reparation problem temporarily. The profits of such investments were sent to France and Britain as reparation money which was again used by these two countries to repay war loans taken from the United States.

Dulles was a very religious man and in 1924 he defended Rev. Harry Emerson Fosdick in a church trial. Fosdick was charged of heresy by his opponents.

In 1927, he became the head of ‘Sullivan and Cromwell’.

In 1929, following the Wall Street Crash, his practice in broking and documentation on international loans came to a standstill.

Germany ceased to make few of its scheduled payments after 1931 and in 1934 discontinued payments on private borrowings which were mostly handled by John Foster Dulles. In 1935, after the Nazis came to power in Germany, the junior partners of ‘Sullivan & Cromwell’ led by his brother Allen made him clip all business associations with Germany.

During the presidential elections of 1944 and 1948, he became the chief foreign policy advisor of Republican nominee Thomas E. Dewey. As a prominent Republican he was active in 1944 in establishing the Republican policy of setting up a Jewish commonwealth in Palestine.

He attended the ‘San Francisco Conference’ held in 1945 in the capacity of an advisor to Arthur H. Vandenberg and aided in drafting the preamble to the ‘United Nations Charter’.

As a delegate of the United States he participated in the ‘United Nations General Assembly’ in the years 1946, 1947 and 1950.

He firmly detested the atomic attacks inflicted on Japan by the United States and drafted a manifesto under the patronage of the ‘United Nations’ advocating international control on nuclear energy.

On July 7, 1949, he became an interim U.S. Senator from New York after being appointed by Governor Dewey following resignation of Democrat Robert F. Wagner. He served the post till November 8, 1949 and thereafter lost to Democrat Herbert Lehman during special election held to fill the vacancy.

During the late 1940s, he developed the ‘rollback’ policy on behalf of the Republican Party against the ‘containment’ model of the Democrats with the aim to contend with international Communism. His critical analysis of the American ‘containment’ policy’ which was published as ‘War or Peace’ in 1950 during the administration of the Democrat President Harry S. Truman was acclaimed.

In January 1953, John Foster Dulles was inducted as the ‘Secretary of State’ under President Dwight Eisenhower. He followed the ‘containment’ policy started by former President Harry S. Truman during the Treaty of Peace with Japan, to neutralise the Taiwan Strait at the time of the Korean War. The ‘Japanese Peace Treaty’ which restored full autonomy to Japan under the terms and conditions of the United States was completed under his supervision.

As the Secretary of State he initiated different treaties and alliances including setting up ‘NATO’ and the ‘ANZUS Treaty’.

He considered Communism as ‘Godless Terrorism’. In March 1953 he advocated the decision of Eisenhower who directed the ‘Central Intelligence Agency’ led by Dulles’ brother Allen to chalk out plans to overthrow Mohammed Mossadegh, the Prime Minister of Iran.

He was the proponent of the 1954 ‘Southeast Asia Treaty Organization’ that enabled collective action contending aggression. It was signed by representatives of the United States, Britain, Australia, New Zealand, France, Philippines, Pakistan and Thailand.

In the wake of the ‘Suez Crisis, in November 1956, he firmly countered the Anglo-French intrusion of the Suez Canal zone.

In 1958, he prevented Gamal Abdel Nasser, President of Egypt from receiving arms from the U.S.

He was the founder-member of the ‘Council of Foreign Relations’.

He was the Chairman of the ‘Commission on a Just and Durable Peace’ of the ‘Federal Council of Churches’ in America which was later called the ‘National Council of Churches’ and also chaired its conference.

He served as the Trustee of the ‘Rockefeller Foundation’ and was the Chairman of the ‘Carnegie Endowment for International Peace’.

In 1959, the ‘Medal of Freedom’ and the ‘Sylvanus Thayer Award’ were awarded to him posthumously.

Personal Life & Legacy

He married Janet Pomeroy Avery on June 26, 1912.

His eldest son John W.F. Dulles was a professor at the ‘University of Texas’ at Austin. His younger son Avery Dulles, a converted Roman Catholic, was the first American theologian to serve as a Cardinal. His daughter Lillias Dulles Hinshaw was a Presbyterian minister.

Allen Welsh Dulles, his younger brother worked as the Director of ‘Central Intelligence’. His sister Eleanor Lansing Dulles who served the State Department played a significant role in the effective reconstruction of the economy of Europe post war.

John Foster Dulles was diagnosed with colon cancer. He underwent several operations and underwent radiotherapy over the years but recurrence of cancer deteriorated his health further. On May 24, 1959 he died at Walter Reed.

On May 27, 1959, his funeral service was held at the ‘Washington National Cathedral’ and he was buried at the ‘Arlington National Cemetery’.

Trivia

In 1954 he was named ‘Man of the Year’ by Time Magazine.

Many places and institutions including the ‘Washington Dulles International Airport’ in Dulles, Virginia, the ‘John Foster Dulles Elementary School’ in Cincinnati, Ohio and the ‘Dulles Avenue’ at Sugar Land, Texas, were named after him as a mark of honour.

// Famous Diplomats

John Foster Dulles biography timelines

  • // 25th Feb 1888
    John Foster Dulles was born on February 25, 1888, to Allen Macy Dulles and Edith Dulles in Washington, D.C.
  • // 1908
    He joined the ‘Princeton University’ and graduated as a Phi Beta Kappa member in 1908.
  • // 1911
    In 1911, John Foster Dulles joined ‘Sullivan and Cromwell’, an international law firm at Wall Street and here he specialized in international law.
  • // 26th Jun 1912
    He married Janet Pomeroy Avery on June 26, 1912.
  • // 1918
    In 1918, he was inducted as a legal counsel by President Woodrow Wilson in the U.S. delegation for the ‘Versailles Peace Conference’. He worked under his uncle Robert Lansing, who was the then Secretary of State. As a junior diplomat, he made a mark by contesting vehemently against imposition of reparations on Germany. He later served as a ‘War Reparations Committee’ member.
  • // 1920
    In 1920, he became a partner in the law firm ‘Sullivan and Cromwell’. He was instrumental in designing the ‘Dawes Plan’ that lowered reparation payments of Germany. He ensured that American firms lend money to the states and private companies of Germany to mitigate the reparation problem temporarily. The profits of such investments were sent to France and Britain as reparation money which was again used by these two countries to repay war loans taken from the United States.
  • // 1924
    Dulles was a very religious man and in 1924 he defended Rev. Harry Emerson Fosdick in a church trial. Fosdick was charged of heresy by his opponents.
  • // 1927
    In 1927, he became the head of ‘Sullivan and Cromwell’.
  • // 1929
    In 1929, following the Wall Street Crash, his practice in broking and documentation on international loans came to a standstill.
  • // 1945
    He attended the ‘San Francisco Conference’ held in 1945 in the capacity of an advisor to Arthur H. Vandenberg and aided in drafting the preamble to the ‘United Nations Charter’.
  • // 8th Nov 1949
    On July 7, 1949, he became an interim U.S. Senator from New York after being appointed by Governor Dewey following resignation of Democrat Robert F. Wagner. He served the post till November 8, 1949 and thereafter lost to Democrat Herbert Lehman during special election held to fill the vacancy.
  • // 1950
    During the late 1940s, he developed the ‘rollback’ policy on behalf of the Republican Party against the ‘containment’ model of the Democrats with the aim to contend with international Communism. His critical analysis of the American ‘containment’ policy’ which was published as ‘War or Peace’ in 1950 during the administration of the Democrat President Harry S. Truman was acclaimed.
  • // Jan 1953
    In January 1953, John Foster Dulles was inducted as the ‘Secretary of State’ under President Dwight Eisenhower. He followed the ‘containment’ policy started by former President Harry S. Truman during the Treaty of Peace with Japan, to neutralise the Taiwan Strait at the time of the Korean War. The ‘Japanese Peace Treaty’ which restored full autonomy to Japan under the terms and conditions of the United States was completed under his supervision.
  • // Mar 1953
    He considered Communism as ‘Godless Terrorism’. In March 1953 he advocated the decision of Eisenhower who directed the ‘Central Intelligence Agency’ led by Dulles’ brother Allen to chalk out plans to overthrow Mohammed Mossadegh, the Prime Minister of Iran.
  • // 1954
    He was the proponent of the 1954 ‘Southeast Asia Treaty Organization’ that enabled collective action contending aggression. It was signed by representatives of the United States, Britain, Australia, New Zealand, France, Philippines, Pakistan and Thailand.
  • // 1954
    In 1954 he was named ‘Man of the Year’ by Time Magazine.
  • // Nov 1956
    In the wake of the ‘Suez Crisis, in November 1956, he firmly countered the Anglo-French intrusion of the Suez Canal zone.
  • // 1958
    In 1958, he prevented Gamal Abdel Nasser, President of Egypt from receiving arms from the U.S.
  • // 1959
    In 1959, the ‘Medal of Freedom’ and the ‘Sylvanus Thayer Award’ were awarded to him posthumously.
  • // 24th May 1959
    John Foster Dulles was diagnosed with colon cancer. He underwent several operations and underwent radiotherapy over the years but recurrence of cancer deteriorated his health further. On May 24, 1959 he died at Walter Reed.
  • // 27th May 1959
    On May 27, 1959, his funeral service was held at the ‘Washington National Cathedral’ and he was buried at the ‘Arlington National Cemetery’.

// Famous Alumni of George Washington University

John Foster Dulles's FAQ

  • What is John Foster Dulles birthday?

    John Foster Dulles was born at 1888-02-25

  • When was John Foster Dulles died?

    John Foster Dulles was died at 1959-05-24

  • Where was John Foster Dulles died?

    John Foster Dulles was died in Walter Reed Hospital in Washington, D.C., U.S.

  • Which age was John Foster Dulles died?

    John Foster Dulles was died at age 71

  • Where is John Foster Dulles's birth place?

    John Foster Dulles was born in Washington, D.C., U.S.

  • What is John Foster Dulles nationalities?

    John Foster Dulles's nationalities is American

  • What is John Foster Dulles ideologies?

    John Foster Dulles's ideologies is Republicans

  • Who is John Foster Dulles spouses?

    John Foster Dulles's spouses is Janet Pomeroy Avery (m. 1912–1959)

  • Who is John Foster Dulles childrens?

    John Foster Dulles's childrens is Avery Dulles, John W. F. Dulles, Lillias Dulles Hinshaw

  • What was John Foster Dulles universities?

    John Foster Dulles studied at George Washington University,Princeton University

  • What was John Foster Dulles notable alumnis?

    John Foster Dulles's notable alumnis is George Washington University, Princeton University

  • What is John Foster Dulles's political ideology?

    John Foster Dulles's political ideology is Republican

  • What is John Foster Dulles's religion?

    John Foster Dulles's religion is Presbyterian

  • Who is John Foster Dulles's father?

    John Foster Dulles's father is Allen Macy Dulles

  • Who is John Foster Dulles's mother?

    John Foster Dulles's mother is Ecdith

  • What is John Foster Dulles's sun sign?

    John Foster Dulles is Pisces

  • How famous is John Foster Dulles?

    John Foster Dulles is famouse as Former United States Secretary of State