Jan Tinbergen - Nobel Prize Winner in Economics, Career and Childhood

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Jan Tinbergen's Personal Details

Jan Tinbergen was a noted 20th century Dutch economist, who won the Nobel Prize in Economics in 1969

InformationDetail
BirthdayApril 12, 1903
Died onJune 9, 1994
NationalityDutch
FamousNobel Prize Winner in Economics, Intellectuals & Academics, Economists
SiblingsNikolaas Tinbergen
Universities
  • Leiden University
Founder / Co-Founder
  • Economists for Peace and Security
Birth PlaceThe Hague, Netherlands
GenderMale
FatherDirk Cornelis Tinbergen
MotherJeannette van Eek
Sun SignAries
Born inThe Hague, Netherlands
Famous asNobel Prize Winner in Economics
Died at Age91

// Famous Nobel Prize Winner in Economics

Jan Tinbergen's photo

Who is Jan Tinbergen?

Jan Tinbergen was a noted 20th century Dutch economist, who won the Nobel Prize in Economics in 1969. He broke new grounds in the development of econometrics, which connected mathematics and statistics to economic theory. Although he entered the University of Leiden with physics and mathematics, he soon realized that if he wanted to make some meaningful contribution to the society, he needed to study economics. Studying the subject in private, he earned his PhD in physics and thereafter joined Bureau of Statistics, where he worked for almost sixteen years before moving to Central Planning Bureau of Netherlands. Concurrently, he also taught at The Netherlands School of Economics, initially as an Associate Professor of Mathematics and Statistics. Later, on retiring from Central Planning Bureau, he devoted himself fulltime to teaching, having number of doctoral students, who later became eminent economists. Today, he is known as one of the founding fathers of econometrics. Understanding of dynamic models, developing the first macro econometric models as well as the solution of the identification problem are few of his major achievements. Known for his gentleness and modesty, he never criticized his colleagues. He could have used his talents to gather wealth, but he chose to devote his knowledge in the service of mankind.

// Famous Economists

Childhood & Early Life

Jan Tinbergen was born on April 12, 1903 in The Hague. His father, Dirk Cornelis Tinbergen, a scholar of Medieval Dutch, taught Dutch language in Gymnasium of The Hague. He successfully transmitted his love for art and language into his children, often taking them out for walks and bike rides.

His mother, Jeannette nee van Eek, was the daughter of a mathematics teacher. Before her marriage, she was primary teacher in Scheveningen, and thereafter started giving private tuitions to earn some extra income. She almost personified order and regularity, running the household efficiently and concurrently pursuing her own interest in mathematics.

Jan was the eldest of his parents’ five children. Next to him was Nikolaas Tinbergen, who in 1973 won the Nobel Prize for Physiology. Youngest was Luuk Tinbergen, who grew up to be a famous ornithologist and ecologist. Between them were a sister called Jacomiena and a brother named Dik.

Apart from his own siblings, Jan also grew up with number of other children, raised by the Tinbergens in the same house. Most of them had their parents living in Dutch East Indies. But during the First World War, they also had some Belgium and Austrian refugees living with them.

Jan Tinbergen was a very good student from the very beginning, earning certificate as the “most excellent pupil” in his primary school. Later he attended Hogere Bugerschool, which was designed especially for middle class children, who aspired to rise above their status. Here his favorite subjects were the sciences and mathematics.

The First World War broke out while he was studying at Hogere Bugerschool. The resulting horror influenced young Jan to a great extent and helped him to form his social and economic views early in his life.

After graduating from his school, Tinbergen had to appear for an additional examination in Latin and Greek, before he could enter the University of Leiden in 1921. Here he started with mathematics and theoretical physics because they were his favorite subjects.

At Leiden, he was especially influenced by Paul Ehrenfest, who would teach through dialogues. Later Tinbergen said in an interview that because of such practices, he was able to take part in discussions with Albert Einstein. Kamerling Onnes, Lorentz and Zeeman were also present there.

By his interaction with refugee children living in their home during the First World War, he was already acquainted with the horrors of the war. Sometime while studying at the University, he started accompanying the postman as he went on his rounds and was appalled by the poverty he saw.

Tinbergen realized that if he wanted to make significant contribution to the society he needed to study economics. He now wanted to quickly finish his course and then switch to economics.

All along, he continued with his social activities, founding a club for social democratic students and a student news paper. In 1923, while still an undergraduate, he officially became a member of the Labor Party and its youth wing.

In 1925, Tinbergen graduated from the University of Leiden. Thereafter, he was required to undertake the military service; but being a conscientious objector, he was allowed to opt out of it. Instead, he was assigned to an administrative position at the State Prison of Rotterdam State.

He was to serve at the Rotterdam State Prison for fifteen months. But after five months, at the intervention of his father, he was transferred to Central Bureau of Statistics in The Hague. Here he served for the remaining ten months.

In 1928, he returned to the University of Leiden for completing his doctoral degree. His dissertation, ‘Minimumproblemen in de natuurkunde en de ekonomie’ (Minimisation problems in Physics and Economics), combined his interest in physics, mathematics and economics. Working under Paul Ehrenfest, he defended his thesis in 1929.

Career

In 1928, the head of the Central Bureau of Statistics, pleased by his achievements, had offered Tinbergen a permanent job there. Therefore, soon after earning his PhD in Physics in 1929, he began his career as a statistician at CBS, remaining there until 1945.

Initially, he served as the editor of 'De Nederlandsche Conjunctuur', the newly founded official journal of the Bureau. But very soon, as it opened their unit of business cycle research, he was put in its charge.

Here, he took up empirical approach to solve the economic problems caused by the ongoing depression. Access to the vast data held by CBS also helped him to test his theoretical models.

In 1930, he cofounded Econometric Society with other like-minded youth, also starting a journal named 'Econometrica'. It provided the much needed platform for discussing and presenting different economic issues.

In 1931, concurrently with working at CBS, he started teaching at the University of Amsterdam as Professor of Statistics. Later in 1933, he moved to The Netherlands School of Economics in Rotterdam as Associate Professor of Mathematics and Statistics, a position he held until 1973.

In 1936, he was invited by the League of Nations to determine which of the business cycles as proposed by Gottfried Haberler was more practical. He therefore, took two years leave of absence from CBS and joined League of Nations as a consultant, completing his job by 1936.

As a consultant to the League of Nations, he analyzed economic development in the United States in the period between 1919 and 1932. The work served as a foundation for his business cycle theory, helping him to set up guidelines for economic development.

In 1939, his work on the United States was published as ‘Business Cycles in the United States, 1919–1932’ from Geneva. Meanwhile in 1938, he published another ground breaking work, ‘Statistical Testing of Business Cycle’. ‘Econometrics’, published in 1941 was another important work of this period.

In 1945, he left CBS and on 15 September 1945, he founded the Central Planning Bureau of Netherlands (Centraal Planbureau), becoming its founder director. Under his stewardship, it gained legality on 21 April, 1947. It was and still is an independent agency, financed by the Dutch government.

He remained with the Bureau until 1955. In this post Second World War period, he made immense contribution to the development of the war-torn country, creating econometric models on the basis of which the Dutch Government made its economic planning.

In spite of his busy schedule, he continued to write. Major works published during this period were ‘Business Cycles in the United Kingdom, 1870-1914’ (1951), ‘On the Theory of Economic Policy’ (1952) and ‘Centralization and Decentralization in Economic Policy’ (1954).

From 1955, he started concentrating on education, serving as a visiting professor at Harvard University for one year. In 1956, he returned home to continue teaching at The Netherlands School of Economics.

Although he had earlier taught various subjects, post 1956, he mainly taught ‘Development Programming’, cofounding the Econometric Institute in the same year. Also in 1956, he published ‘Economic Policy: Principles and Design’, another of his important works.

Post 1955, apart from teaching at The Netherlands School of Economics, he served as advisor to United Arab Republic, Turkey, Venezuela, Surinam, Indonesia and Pakistan. Moreover, he was appointed advisor by national and international organization like European Coal and Steel Community, International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, United Nations Secretariat.

In 1965, he was appointed Chairman of the United Nations Committee for Development Planning, serving in that capacity till 1972. During this period he helped to establish more than twenty institutions for economics in different countries like Turkey, India and Chile.

In 1973, he retired from The Netherlands School of Economics. Thereafter, he concentrated on writing, publishing 'The Dynamics of Business Cycles: A Study in Economic Fluctuations' (1974), ‘Income Distribution: Analysis and Policies’ (1975), 'Economic policy: Principles and Design' (1978), ‘Warfare and Welfare’ (1987), and ‘World Security and Equity’ (1990).

In 1989, he became one of the founding trustees of ‘Economists Against the Arms Race’ (ECAAR), a New York-based NGO, which has been registered by the United Nations. Today, it has been renamed as Economists for Peace and Security.

Major Works

Developing comprehensive macroeconomic models, which he first created for Netherlands in 1936, is one of his most important works. In it, he described the variables from the entire economy and then placed them in a mathematical relationship. Later, the same model was applied to the USA and the UK.

He is also remembered as a pioneer in modern economic dynamics. His contribution to the creation of modern techniques of economic forecasting and prediction is equally appreciated till dateJan .

Awards & Achievements

In 1969, Tinbergen co-received The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel "for having developed and applied dynamic models for the analysis of economic processes”. Norwegian economist, Ragnar Frisch, was his co-recipient.

In 1967, he received Erasmus Prize, awarded by the board of the Praemium Erasmianum Foundation.

He was elected a Fellow of the American Statistical Association in 1960 and of the International Institute of Social Studies in 1962. He was also a member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Science and of the International Academy of Science.

He also received honorary doctorate from around twenty renowned institutions.

Personal Life & Legacy

Little is known about Jan Tinbergen’s personal life except that he was married to Tine Johanna de Wit and possibly had four children. The family lived in a simple house in the middleclass neighborhood of The Haviklaan, The Hague.

An unassuming man, he never drove a car; but chose to take public transport to work even after winning the Nobel Prize. While he focused on the economic development around the world, he was also very fond of drawing, something that he learned as a child from his father.

On June 9, 1994, Jan Tinbergen died from natural causes, at The Hague, at the age of 91.

The Tinbergen Institute, an institute for research and education in economics, econometrics and finance, has been named after him.

Trivia

Jan Tinbergen learned number of languages; but with a different intention. He took this trouble only to be able to communicate better with people he worked with in different parts of the world.

// Famous Intellectuals & Academics

Jan Tinbergen awards

YearNameAward

Other

1969 - Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences

Jan Tinbergen biography timelines

  • // 12th Apr 1903
    Jan Tinbergen was born on April 12, 1903 in The Hague. His father, Dirk Cornelis Tinbergen, a scholar of Medieval Dutch, taught Dutch language in Gymnasium of The Hague. He successfully transmitted his love for art and language into his children, often taking them out for walks and bike rides.
  • // 1919 To 1932
    As a consultant to the League of Nations, he analyzed economic development in the United States in the period between 1919 and 1932. The work served as a foundation for his business cycle theory, helping him to set up guidelines for economic development.
  • // 1921
    After graduating from his school, Tinbergen had to appear for an additional examination in Latin and Greek, before he could enter the University of Leiden in 1921. Here he started with mathematics and theoretical physics because they were his favorite subjects.
  • // 1923
    All along, he continued with his social activities, founding a club for social democratic students and a student news paper. In 1923, while still an undergraduate, he officially became a member of the Labor Party and its youth wing.
  • // 1925
    In 1925, Tinbergen graduated from the University of Leiden. Thereafter, he was required to undertake the military service; but being a conscientious objector, he was allowed to opt out of it. Instead, he was assigned to an administrative position at the State Prison of Rotterdam State.
  • // 1928 To 1929
    In 1928, he returned to the University of Leiden for completing his doctoral degree. His dissertation, ‘Minimumproblemen in de natuurkunde en de ekonomie’ (Minimisation problems in Physics and Economics), combined his interest in physics, mathematics and economics. Working under Paul Ehrenfest, he defended his thesis in 1929.
  • // 1928
    In 1928, the head of the Central Bureau of Statistics, pleased by his achievements, had offered Tinbergen a permanent job there. Therefore, soon after earning his PhD in Physics in 1929, he began his career as a statistician at CBS, remaining there until 1945.
  • // 1930
    In 1930, he cofounded Econometric Society with other like-minded youth, also starting a journal named 'Econometrica'. It provided the much needed platform for discussing and presenting different economic issues.
  • // 1931
    In 1931, concurrently with working at CBS, he started teaching at the University of Amsterdam as Professor of Statistics. Later in 1933, he moved to The Netherlands School of Economics in Rotterdam as Associate Professor of Mathematics and Statistics, a position he held until 1973.
  • // 1936
    In 1936, he was invited by the League of Nations to determine which of the business cycles as proposed by Gottfried Haberler was more practical. He therefore, took two years leave of absence from CBS and joined League of Nations as a consultant, completing his job by 1936.
  • // 1936
    Developing comprehensive macroeconomic models, which he first created for Netherlands in 1936, is one of his most important works. In it, he described the variables from the entire economy and then placed them in a mathematical relationship. Later, the same model was applied to the USA and the UK.
  • // 1939
    In 1939, his work on the United States was published as ‘Business Cycles in the United States, 1919–1932’ from Geneva. Meanwhile in 1938, he published another ground breaking work, ‘Statistical Testing of Business Cycle’. ‘Econometrics’, published in 1941 was another important work of this period.
  • // 1945
    In 1945, he left CBS and on 15 September 1945, he founded the Central Planning Bureau of Netherlands (Centraal Planbureau), becoming its founder director. Under his stewardship, it gained legality on 21 April, 1947. It was and still is an independent agency, financed by the Dutch government.
  • // 1955
    He remained with the Bureau until 1955. In this post Second World War period, he made immense contribution to the development of the war-torn country, creating econometric models on the basis of which the Dutch Government made its economic planning.
  • // 1955 To 1956
    From 1955, he started concentrating on education, serving as a visiting professor at Harvard University for one year. In 1956, he returned home to continue teaching at The Netherlands School of Economics.
  • // 1955
    Post 1955, apart from teaching at The Netherlands School of Economics, he served as advisor to United Arab Republic, Turkey, Venezuela, Surinam, Indonesia and Pakistan. Moreover, he was appointed advisor by national and international organization like European Coal and Steel Community, International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, United Nations Secretariat.
  • // 1956
    Although he had earlier taught various subjects, post 1956, he mainly taught ‘Development Programming’, cofounding the Econometric Institute in the same year. Also in 1956, he published ‘Economic Policy: Principles and Design’, another of his important works.
  • // 1960 To 1962
    He was elected a Fellow of the American Statistical Association in 1960 and of the International Institute of Social Studies in 1962. He was also a member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Science and of the International Academy of Science.
  • // 1965 To 1972
    In 1965, he was appointed Chairman of the United Nations Committee for Development Planning, serving in that capacity till 1972. During this period he helped to establish more than twenty institutions for economics in different countries like Turkey, India and Chile.
  • // 1967
    In 1967, he received Erasmus Prize, awarded by the board of the Praemium Erasmianum Foundation.
  • // 1969
    In 1969, Tinbergen co-received The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel "for having developed and applied dynamic models for the analysis of economic processes”. Norwegian economist, Ragnar Frisch, was his co-recipient.
  • // 1973
    Jan was the eldest of his parents’ five children. Next to him was Nikolaas Tinbergen, who in 1973 won the Nobel Prize for Physiology. Youngest was Luuk Tinbergen, who grew up to be a famous ornithologist and ecologist. Between them were a sister called Jacomiena and a brother named Dik.
  • // 1989
    In 1989, he became one of the founding trustees of ‘Economists Against the Arms Race’ (ECAAR), a New York-based NGO, which has been registered by the United Nations. Today, it has been renamed as Economists for Peace and Security.
  • // 9th Jun 1994
    On June 9, 1994, Jan Tinbergen died from natural causes, at The Hague, at the age of 91.

// Famous Dutch

Jan Tinbergen's FAQ

  • What is Jan Tinbergen birthday?

    Jan Tinbergen was born at 1903-04-12

  • When was Jan Tinbergen died?

    Jan Tinbergen was died at 1994-06-09

  • Where was Jan Tinbergen died?

    Jan Tinbergen was died in The Hague

  • Which age was Jan Tinbergen died?

    Jan Tinbergen was died at age 91

  • Where is Jan Tinbergen's birth place?

    Jan Tinbergen was born in The Hague, Netherlands

  • What is Jan Tinbergen nationalities?

    Jan Tinbergen's nationalities is Dutch

  • Who is Jan Tinbergen siblings?

    Jan Tinbergen's siblings is Nikolaas Tinbergen

  • What was Jan Tinbergen universities?

    Jan Tinbergen studied at Leiden University

  • Which company or organization was founded by Jan Tinbergen?

    Jan Tinbergen was the founder/co-founder of Economists for Peace and Security

  • Who is Jan Tinbergen's father?

    Jan Tinbergen's father is Dirk Cornelis Tinbergen

  • Who is Jan Tinbergen's mother?

    Jan Tinbergen's mother is Jeannette van Eek

  • What is Jan Tinbergen's sun sign?

    Jan Tinbergen is Aries

  • How famous is Jan Tinbergen?

    Jan Tinbergen is famouse as Nobel Prize Winner in Economics