Henry Parkes - Politician, Career and Childhood

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Henry Parkes's Personal Details

Henry Parkes was a famous Australian politician who served as the Premier of the Colony of New South Wales

InformationDetail
BirthdayMay 27, 1815
Died onApril 27, 1896
NationalityAustralian
FamousPolitician, Leaders, Political Leaders
SpousesClarinda Varney, Eleanor Dixon, Julia Lynch
Childrens Annie T. Parkes, Clarinda Martha Parkes, Clarinda Sarah Parkes, Cobden Parkes, Mary Edith Parkes, Mary Parkes, Milton Parkes, Robert Sydney Parkes, Thomas Campbell Parkes, Varney Parkes
Birth PlaceCanley
GenderMale
Sun SignGemini
Born inCanley
Famous asPolitician
Died at Age80

// Famous Politician

Henry Parkes's photo

Who is Henry Parkes?

Sir Henry Parkes was born to extreme poverty and difficulty in England. After a hard-scrabble life as a boy, Henry learned a variety of important manual skills. Desperate to educate himself, he began studying British poetry and used his new-found writing skills to court his first wife. After poverty and the death of two of their children left them eager for a new environment, Parkes and his wife emigrated to Australia. After years of backbreaking poverty, Henry found his niche as a politician when it was discovered that he had excellent oratory skills. He struggled to stay afloat financially with a series of newspapers and books, but his passionately patriotic writings and inflammatory rhetoric drew widespread support. He then managed to climb up the slippery rope of politics in a key colony, becoming the prime minister five different times. Unfortunately, Parkes badly mismanaged his private finances and often had to leave his wife and children behind, mired in deep poverty under heavy debts. Using his bombast and stature as an elder statesman, Parkes was a strong advocate for his adopted homeland and helped shape several key political ideas that coalesced soon after his death with the creation of the Commonwealth of Australia

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Childhood & Early Life

Henry Parks was born on May 27, 1815 in Canley, near Coventry in Warwickshire, England in Great Britain. Henry's father was an impoverished tenant farmer. Little is known about Henry's mother, who died in childbirth a few years after Henry's birth.

As a young boy, Henry received little formal education and often worked in order to provide food for his family. At age 17, while working as an apprentice in Birmingham, he joined a political union.

Career

In 1839, Parkes and his wife moved to London. A few weeks later, they boarded a ship to Australia. Their daughter was born on board just two days before landing.

In 1842, a book of poetry written by the skilled writer was published entitled 'Stolen Moments'.

He leveraged money to found three different newspapers. Despite his best efforts, Henry was soon heavily in debt. While the newspapers were operating, he used them to publish more of his poetry as well as editorial columns supporting Australian culture.

In 1854, this eloquent orator ran in a special election for the position of representative of the City of Sydney to the New South Wales parliament. He garnered nearly twice the number of votes as his closest rival.

In 1856, the parliamentarian resigned his seat in protest at the inefficacy of the New South Wales parliament. Despite widespread calls for him to run for re-elected, he refused.

In 1857, Parkes published a book of his poetry entitled 'Murmurs of the Stream'.

By 1858, despite concentrating all his efforts towards making his newspapers profitable, he was heavily in debt. Parkes decided to run for election again, representing a different constituency in New South Wales. Although he was elected, he resigned six months later due to complications from his personal debts.

In 1864, he was re-elected to the New South Wales parliament, representing yet another district.

In 1866, a legislative maneuver ousted the head of the parliament. Governor Sir James Martin awarded the position of Colonial Secretary to Parkes. He would hold this position for three years, after which he would spend three years out of office.

In 1870, Parkes published his book of poetry entitled 'Studies in Rhyme'. That same year, he had to resign from the legislature again due to complications related to his personal debts.

In 1871, he was elected to the legislature, representing yet another constituency. A year later, after differing political factions resulted in a deadlock, Parkes became the Premier of the Colony of New South Wales. He would hold the position for three years.

In 1875, he lost his position as the Premier of the Colony of New South Wales after a number of political scandals. Two years later, he resigned his position in the legislature, citing boredom as the reason. But when his colleague's brief government collapsed a few months later, Henry returned as the Premier of the Colony of New South Wales for a few months.

In 1878, he used political maneuvering to once again become Premier of the Colony of New South Wales. He would hold the position for the next five years.

In 1885, Parkes published his book, 'The Beauteous Terrorist and Other Poems'. That same year, he successfully was re-elected to parliament, representing yet another district.

In 1887, this seasoned politician took advantage of political turmoil to become Premier of the Colony of New South Wales for the fourth time. He would hold the position for three years.

In 1889, after a brief hiatus, he once again became Premier of the Colony of New South Wales. He would hold the position for two years.

Late in 1889, Parkes delivered his most famous speech, entitled 'The Tenterfield Oration', which gave a clarion call to the federalists to devise a constitution which would be necessary for bringing into existence a federal government with a federal parliament for the conduct of national undertaking.

Major Works

Sir Henry Parkes was the long-time premier of New South Wales and is considered to be the founding father of the Commonwealth of Australia. Though this politician could not live long enough to see the successful implementation of his vision, his contribution towards inception of the Commonwealth is unparalleled.

Personal Life & Legacy

Henry Parkes was married three times. He married Clarinda Varney in 1836 and remained with her until her death.

In 1895 after Eleanor’s death, he married Julia Lynch, whom he remained with until his own death.

Henry Parkes breathed his last on April 27, 1896. He died of natural causes.

In total, Sir Henry Parkes fathered 17 legitimate children: Thomas, Clarinda Martha, Clarinda Sarah, Robert, Mary, Mary Edith, Milton, Lily Maria, Annie, Gertrude, Varney, Lily Faulconbridge, Sydney, Kenilworth, Aurora, Henry Cobden and Charles Jessel.

Parkes was devoutly religious to the Church of England his entire life.

Trivia

Despite being deeply in debt most of his life, the majority of governments under Parkes' premiership usually ran a surplus in their budgets

// Famous Political Leaders

Henry Parkes biography timelines

  • // 27th May 1815
    Henry Parks was born on May 27, 1815 in Canley, near Coventry in Warwickshire, England in Great Britain. Henry's father was an impoverished tenant farmer. Little is known about Henry's mother, who died in childbirth a few years after Henry's birth.
  • // 1836
    Henry Parkes was married three times. He married Clarinda Varney in 1836 and remained with her until her death.
  • // 1839
    In 1839, Parkes and his wife moved to London. A few weeks later, they boarded a ship to Australia. Their daughter was born on board just two days before landing.
  • // 1842
    In 1842, a book of poetry written by the skilled writer was published entitled 'Stolen Moments'.
  • // 1854
    In 1854, this eloquent orator ran in a special election for the position of representative of the City of Sydney to the New South Wales parliament. He garnered nearly twice the number of votes as his closest rival.
  • // 1856
    In 1856, the parliamentarian resigned his seat in protest at the inefficacy of the New South Wales parliament. Despite widespread calls for him to run for re-elected, he refused.
  • // 1857
    In 1857, Parkes published a book of his poetry entitled 'Murmurs of the Stream'.
  • // 1858
    By 1858, despite concentrating all his efforts towards making his newspapers profitable, he was heavily in debt. Parkes decided to run for election again, representing a different constituency in New South Wales. Although he was elected, he resigned six months later due to complications from his personal debts.
  • // 1864
    In 1864, he was re-elected to the New South Wales parliament, representing yet another district.
  • // 1866
    In 1866, a legislative maneuver ousted the head of the parliament. Governor Sir James Martin awarded the position of Colonial Secretary to Parkes. He would hold this position for three years, after which he would spend three years out of office.
  • // 1870
    In 1870, Parkes published his book of poetry entitled 'Studies in Rhyme'. That same year, he had to resign from the legislature again due to complications related to his personal debts.
  • // 1871
    In 1871, he was elected to the legislature, representing yet another constituency. A year later, after differing political factions resulted in a deadlock, Parkes became the Premier of the Colony of New South Wales. He would hold the position for three years.
  • // 1875
    In 1875, he lost his position as the Premier of the Colony of New South Wales after a number of political scandals. Two years later, he resigned his position in the legislature, citing boredom as the reason. But when his colleague's brief government collapsed a few months later, Henry returned as the Premier of the Colony of New South Wales for a few months.
  • // 1878
    In 1878, he used political maneuvering to once again become Premier of the Colony of New South Wales. He would hold the position for the next five years.
  • // 1885
    In 1885, Parkes published his book, 'The Beauteous Terrorist and Other Poems'. That same year, he successfully was re-elected to parliament, representing yet another district.
  • // 1887
    In 1887, this seasoned politician took advantage of political turmoil to become Premier of the Colony of New South Wales for the fourth time. He would hold the position for three years.
  • // 1889
    In 1889, after a brief hiatus, he once again became Premier of the Colony of New South Wales. He would hold the position for two years.
  • // 1889
    Late in 1889, Parkes delivered his most famous speech, entitled 'The Tenterfield Oration', which gave a clarion call to the federalists to devise a constitution which would be necessary for bringing into existence a federal government with a federal parliament for the conduct of national undertaking.
  • // 1895
    In 1895 after Eleanor’s death, he married Julia Lynch, whom he remained with until his own death.
  • // 27th Apr 1896
    Henry Parkes breathed his last on April 27, 1896. He died of natural causes.

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Henry Parkes's FAQ

  • What is Henry Parkes birthday?

    Henry Parkes was born at 1815-05-27

  • When was Henry Parkes died?

    Henry Parkes was died at 1896-04-27

  • Where was Henry Parkes died?

    Henry Parkes was died in Sydney

  • Which age was Henry Parkes died?

    Henry Parkes was died at age 80

  • Where is Henry Parkes's birth place?

    Henry Parkes was born in Canley

  • What is Henry Parkes nationalities?

    Henry Parkes's nationalities is Australian

  • Who is Henry Parkes spouses?

    Henry Parkes's spouses is Clarinda Varney, Eleanor Dixon, Julia Lynch

  • Who is Henry Parkes childrens?

    Henry Parkes's childrens is Annie T. Parkes, Clarinda Martha Parkes, Clarinda Sarah Parkes, Cobden Parkes, Mary Edith Parkes, Mary Parkes, Milton Parkes, Robert Sydney Parkes, Thomas Campbell Parkes, Varney Parkes

  • What is Henry Parkes's sun sign?

    Henry Parkes is Gemini

  • How famous is Henry Parkes?

    Henry Parkes is famouse as Politician