Gregor Mendel

Gregor Mendel - Scientists, Life Achievements and Facts

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Gregor Mendel's Personal Details

Gregor Mendel was an Austrian scientist and monk credited with being the father of modern genetics for his pioneering work in the study of heredity

InformationDetail
BirthdayJuly 22, 1822
Died onJanuary 6, 1884
NationalityAustrian
FamousScientists, Geneticists
SiblingsTheresia Mendel, Veronica Mendel
Known asfather of modern genetics
Universities
  • Palacký University Olomouc University of Vienna
Birth PlaceHeinzendorf bei Odrau, Austrian Empire
GenderMale
FatherAnton Mendel
MotherRosine (Schwirtlich) Mendel
Sun SignCancer
Born inHeinzendorf bei Odrau, Austrian Empire
Died at Age61

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Gregor Mendel's photo

Who is Gregor Mendel?

Gregor Mendel, born as Johann Mendel, was an Austrian scientist and monk hailed as the “Father of modern genetics” for his pioneering research in the field of heredity. He was a monk in Augustinian Abbey of St Thomas in Brno where he worked as a teacher. He had a deep interest in botany which led him to conduct experiments on pea plants. Inspired by the work of a biologist named Franz Unger, he began his experiments in the monastery’s sprawling gardens. Over the course of his study he observed that there were seven characteristics in the pea plants, and two forms of each characteristic. These characteristics included seed shape and pod shape in addition to plant height and seed colour. Mendel observed that the seven characteristics he had recognized remained consistent over generations in purebred plants. For eight years, he carefully crossbred and grew thousands of pea plants, and patiently analyzed and compared the plants and seeds for difference in colour and size of the seeds, and variations in length of the plants. He took various precautions to prevent the accidental pollination of the flowers which could have altered the results of the experiments. His meticulous study and the resultant observations led to what is today known as Mendel’s Laws of Inheritance.

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Childhood & Early Life

Gregor Mendel was born as the middle child and only son of Anton and Rosine Mendel. He had two sisters and the family lived and worked on the farm they had owned for generations.

As a child he worked in the garden and studied beekeeping which cultivated in him a deep love for biological sciences.

He received his early schooling in his own small village but had to be sent to a nearby town for his secondary education. The decision to send away their only son was not an easy one for his parents, but they did it for sake of his future.

Later on he went to the University of Olomouc where he studied philosophy and physics from 1840 to 1843.

Career & Works

In 1843, he began his training as a priest and joined the Augustinian Abbey of St Thomas in Brno as a monk. He took the name ‘Gregor’ on entering the religious field.

The monastery sent him to the University of Vienna to study under Abbot C.F.Napp. There he studied physics and mathematics under Christian Doppler and botany from Franz Unger.

He rejoined the monastery as a teacher in 1853 where he was motivated by his colleagues to conduct a study on plants.

He began to conduct his practical study on plants in 1856.He studied edible pea plants and recognized seven distinct characteristics that remained consistent over generations in purebred varieties. These characteristics included: height of the plant, shape of the pod, shape of the seed, size and colour of the seeds, etc.

He cross-pollinated the plants with contrasting characteristics in order to study the effects on the offspring. He also took due precaution to prevent accidental pollination by insects. He cultivated thousands of pea plants over the course of his experiments.

He collected the seeds of the offspring and analyzed them for variations in colour, shape, and size. He also compared the plants for differences in height.

Over a period of eight years he painstakingly examined the plants, pods and seeds and made observations that would form the basis for a deeper study of genetics.

He presented the results of his experiments at the Natural History Society of Brno in 1865. His findings were published in a paper ‘Experiments on Plant Hybridization’ in 1866. But his research failed to create an impact at that time.

In 1868, he was made abbot of the monastery where he had been teaching for the past many years. The increased responsibilities prevented him from conducting any further scientific experiments.

Gregor Mendel’s works failed to gain much importance during his lifetime, but formed the foundation for what is today known as Mendel’s Laws of Inheritance.

Major Works

Mendel through his extensive experimentation and analysis founded the three laws or principles of inheritance: The law of segregation, the law of dominance, and the law of independent assortment.

He developed the concepts of dominant and recessive genes that explain how genetic traits are passed along from generation to generation.

His 1865 paper ‘Experiments on Plant Hybridization’ which was largely ignored during his lifetime is today regarded as the base of genetic experimentation.

Personal Life & Legacy

As a young man he had very close and loving relations with his parents. Being a monk, he never married and led a life of celibacy.

He died at the age of 61 after suffering from kidney problems.

His work on heredity which did not find much acceptance during his lifetime took on much greater significance after his death and he was posthumously hailed as the father of modern genetics.

Trivia

He founded the 'Austrian Meteorological Society' in 1865.

He had also tried conducting experiments on honeybees but was not much successful.

All the papers in his possession were burned after his death.

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Gregor Mendel biography timelines

  • // 22nd Jul 1822
    Gregor Mendel was born as the middle child and only son of Anton and Rosine Mendel. He had two sisters and the family lived and worked on the farm they had owned for generations.
  • // 1840 To 1843
    Later on he went to the University of Olomouc where he studied philosophy and physics from 1840 to 1843.
  • // 1843
    In 1843, he began his training as a priest and joined the Augustinian Abbey of St Thomas in Brno as a monk. He took the name ‘Gregor’ on entering the religious field.
  • // 1853
    He rejoined the monastery as a teacher in 1853 where he was motivated by his colleagues to conduct a study on plants.
  • // 1856
    He began to conduct his practical study on plants in 1856.He studied edible pea plants and recognized seven distinct characteristics that remained consistent over generations in purebred varieties. These characteristics included: height of the plant, shape of the pod, shape of the seed, size and colour of the seeds, etc.
  • // 1865
    He presented the results of his experiments at the Natural History Society of Brno in 1865. His findings were published in a paper ‘Experiments on Plant Hybridization’ in 1866. But his research failed to create an impact at that time.
  • // 1865
    He founded the 'Austrian Meteorological Society' in 1865.
  • // 1868
    In 1868, he was made abbot of the monastery where he had been teaching for the past many years. The increased responsibilities prevented him from conducting any further scientific experiments.
  • // 6th Jan 1884
    He died at the age of 61 after suffering from kidney problems.

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Gregor Mendel's FAQ

  • What is Gregor Mendel birthday?

    Gregor Mendel was born at 1822-07-22

  • When was Gregor Mendel died?

    Gregor Mendel was died at 1884-01-06

  • Where was Gregor Mendel died?

    Gregor Mendel was died in Brno (Brünn), Austria-Hungary

  • Which age was Gregor Mendel died?

    Gregor Mendel was died at age 61

  • Where is Gregor Mendel's birth place?

    Gregor Mendel was born in Heinzendorf bei Odrau, Austrian Empire

  • What is Gregor Mendel nationalities?

    Gregor Mendel's nationalities is Austrian

  • Who is Gregor Mendel siblings?

    Gregor Mendel's siblings is Theresia Mendel, Veronica Mendel

  • What was Gregor Mendel universities?

    Gregor Mendel studied at Palacký University Olomouc University of Vienna

  • Who is Gregor Mendel's father?

    Gregor Mendel's father is Anton Mendel

  • Who is Gregor Mendel's mother?

    Gregor Mendel's mother is Rosine (Schwirtlich) Mendel

  • What is Gregor Mendel's sun sign?

    Gregor Mendel is Cancer