Egon Schiele - Artists & Painters, Career and Facts

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Egon Schiele's Personal Details

Egon Schiele was an Austrian painter - a major figurative painter of the early 20th century

InformationDetail
BirthdayJune 12, 1890
Died onOctober 31, 1918
NationalityAustrian
FamousArtists & Painters, Artists
SpousesEdith Harms
SiblingsElvira, Gertrude, Melanie
Known asEgon Schiele
Universities
  • Kunstgewerbeschule
  • Vienna
  • Austria (1906)
  • Akademie der Bildenden Künste
  • Vienna
  • Austria (1906)
Founder / Co-Founder
  • New Art Group
Birth PlaceTulln an der Donau
GenderMale
FatherAdolf Schiele
MotherMarie
Sun SignGemini
Born inTulln an der Donau
Famous asPainter
Died at Age28

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Egon Schiele's photo

Who is Egon Schiele?

Egon Schiele was a famous Austrian painter, famous for being influenced by the works of Gustav Klimt and pioneering into the art of expressionism. He is still remembered for his outrageously bold and sexual drawings, the portraits of nude models and himself. The sexual undertone in his work was highly criticized during his time, was called vulgar and grotesque but today they are considered as masterpieces. He was born and brought up in Austria and lived all of his life there. His family did not approve of his painting endeavors and talent. But after the death of his father, his maternal uncle did him a favor by letting him pursue his passion and soon he came in contact with the famous artist Gustav Klimt who influenced him and facilitated his growth in the realm of art and expression. Schiele started with condemning the conventional structure of painting, got influenced by Klimt for a good part of his career and then moved towards expressing what defined him ––freedom of human sexuality and its bold portrayal. He had quite an exciting and adventurous life before he succumbed to his untimely death––he practiced extreme lifestyle with his mistresses, got imprisoned for seducing young girls, had to join the army during the World War I to become a guard of Russian POW, married a socially acceptable woman––all of these incidents influenced his paintings a great deal and helped in his evolution as an artist. He has been described as an artist who was stricken with the tragedy of his father’s death and his sole solace was to express himself in the dark side of sexuality, death and decay.

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Childhood & Early Life

Egon Schiele was born in Tulln, Austria to Adolf and Marie Schiele. His father worked as a station master of the Tulln station in the Austrian State Railways and died of syphilis when Egon was only 15 years old.

Until 11, Schiele was fascinated by trains and used to sketch them. It infuriated his father and he burnt those sketches. He was not a very studious student and was only interested in athletics and drawing.

When his father died, his maternal uncle, Leopold Czihaczec, became his official guardian. Schiele troubled him by not taking interest in academics but his uncle recognized his aptitude for drawing. After much resistance, he allowed him a tutor.

In 1906, Schiele started studying at the Kunstgewerbeschule, Vienna, but within one year he was sent to Akademie der Bildenden K�nste for a more traditional learning. He got tired of the conservative style there and left within 3 years.

Career

In 1907, Schiele met Gustav Klimt who took him under his wings, as he was famous for mentoring young artists. He was peculiarly interested in Schiele and bought his drawings, arranged models for him, etc.

The following year, Schiele managed to put up his first art exhibition in Klosterneuburg. He left his academy in Vienna in 1909 and started his own group the ‘Neukunstgruppe ("New Art Group")’ with the other discontented students.

In 1909, he got an invite from Klimt to exhibit some of his paintings at the Vienna Kunstschau. As he was no more obliged towards his academy, he started exploring the human form and human sexuality.

From 1910-14, Schiele started taking part in various exhibitions, like, Neukunstgruppe in Prague (1910), Budapest (1912), Cologne (1912), Secessionist shows in Munich and solo shows in the Galerie Hans Goltz (1913) and Paris (1914).

In 1912, Schiele was arrested for seducing a girl below the age of consent. He spent 24 days in prison and there he painted a series of 12 paintings portraying the distress of the prison life.

After getting married in 1915, he was ordered to take active role in the army. He was responsible for guarding and escorting Russian Prisoners at Prague. He was eventually made a clerk in POW camp.

While working in the army, he continued to exhibit in Berlin, Munich and Dresden. He also painted Russian POW and used an abandoned store room as his studio. In 1917, he came back to Vienna and started painting full-time again.

In 1918, Schiele participated in the Secession’s 49th exhibition in Vienna. He displayed in total 50 works and drew a poster for the exhibition–– evocation of the ‘Last Supper’, with a picture of himself in the place of Christ.

Major Works

Schiele’s drawings and their scope grew with the experiences of his life. He started out with strong impressions of Klimt’s work, experimented with human sexuality by drawing nudes and then he moved to themes like death and rebirth after his imprisonment.

It was during the war and his involvement in it that highly influenced his work and gave his paintings the detailing it lacked before. Although, most of his models were military officers, Painting nude females still remained his personal favorites.

Personal Life & Legacy

In 1911, Schiele came in contact with Walburga (Wally) Neuzil, a 17 year old model, for some of his paintings. He was introduced to him by Gustav Klimt. She is considered as Klimt’s mistress by many.

Both of them ran away from Vienna to the small town of Cesk� Krumlov in southern Bohemia but their outrageous lifestyle was vehemently disapproved by the people of the town - especially his employing of teenage girls as his models.

Facing resistance from people, the couple moved to Neulangbach and continued with their lifestyle. Schiele’s studio became famous for being a hangout point for the delinquent children of the town.

In 1912, he was arrested for seducing a girl who was below the age of consent to form sexual relationship with him. He was imprisoned and his paintings were declared as pornographic and erotic.

He got married to Edith Harms in 1915 and wanted to continue his affair with Wally. She left him and never saw him again. This is time when he made his famous painting ‘Death and the Maiden’.

In 1918, Schiele’s wife, Edith, died of the Spanish flu, which had already killed 20,000,000 people in Europe. When she died she was 6 months pregnant and within three days of her death, Schiele also succumbed to it and died.

Trivia

A biographical German movie, ‘Excess & Punishment’ in 1980 was based on this genius painter's life.

Joanna Scott’s ‘Arrogance’ is a novel based on his life and has him as the main protagonist.

‘Portrait of Wally’ (1912) was purchased by Rudolf Leopold in 1954. He made it a part of the collection of the Leopold Museum when it was established by the Austrian government, purchasing more than 5,000 pieces that Leopold had owned.

He showed sexual tendencies towards his sister, Gerti, from a very young age but his father was quite aware of it and once when both of them had locked themselves inside a room, he had to break it down to see what they were doing.

When he was sixteen he took his twelve-year-old, sister, Gerti by train to Trieste without the consent of his parents and spent a night in a hotel room with her.

Death of his father had a major influence on his life; he never got over it and incorporated the feeling of loneliness and abandonment that he felt with his death, into his paintings. He often visited the places that his father used to frequent when he was alive.

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Egon Schiele biography timelines

  • // 12th Jun 1890
    Egon Schiele was born in Tulln, Austria to Adolf and Marie Schiele. His father worked as a station master of the Tulln station in the Austrian State Railways and died of syphilis when Egon was only 15 years old.
  • // 1906
    In 1906, Schiele started studying at the Kunstgewerbeschule, Vienna, but within one year he was sent to Akademie der Bildenden K�nste for a more traditional learning. He got tired of the conservative style there and left within 3 years.
  • // 1907
    In 1907, Schiele met Gustav Klimt who took him under his wings, as he was famous for mentoring young artists. He was peculiarly interested in Schiele and bought his drawings, arranged models for him, etc.
  • // 1909
    The following year, Schiele managed to put up his first art exhibition in Klosterneuburg. He left his academy in Vienna in 1909 and started his own group the ‘Neukunstgruppe ("New Art Group")’ with the other discontented students.
  • // 1909
    In 1909, he got an invite from Klimt to exhibit some of his paintings at the Vienna Kunstschau. As he was no more obliged towards his academy, he started exploring the human form and human sexuality.
  • // 1910 To 1914
    From 1910-14, Schiele started taking part in various exhibitions, like, Neukunstgruppe in Prague (1910), Budapest (1912), Cologne (1912), Secessionist shows in Munich and solo shows in the Galerie Hans Goltz (1913) and Paris (1914).
  • // 1911
    In 1911, Schiele came in contact with Walburga (Wally) Neuzil, a 17 year old model, for some of his paintings. He was introduced to him by Gustav Klimt. She is considered as Klimt’s mistress by many.
  • // 1912
    In 1912, Schiele was arrested for seducing a girl below the age of consent. He spent 24 days in prison and there he painted a series of 12 paintings portraying the distress of the prison life.
  • // 1912
    In 1912, he was arrested for seducing a girl who was below the age of consent to form sexual relationship with him. He was imprisoned and his paintings were declared as pornographic and erotic.
  • // 1915
    After getting married in 1915, he was ordered to take active role in the army. He was responsible for guarding and escorting Russian Prisoners at Prague. He was eventually made a clerk in POW camp.
  • // 1915
    He got married to Edith Harms in 1915 and wanted to continue his affair with Wally. She left him and never saw him again. This is time when he made his famous painting ‘Death and the Maiden’.
  • // 1917
    While working in the army, he continued to exhibit in Berlin, Munich and Dresden. He also painted Russian POW and used an abandoned store room as his studio. In 1917, he came back to Vienna and started painting full-time again.
  • // 1918
    In 1918, Schiele participated in the Secession’s 49th exhibition in Vienna. He displayed in total 50 works and drew a poster for the exhibition–– evocation of the ‘Last Supper’, with a picture of himself in the place of Christ.
  • // 31st Oct 1918
    In 1918, Schiele’s wife, Edith, died of the Spanish flu, which had already killed 20,000,000 people in Europe. When she died she was 6 months pregnant and within three days of her death, Schiele also succumbed to it and died.
  • // 1954
    ‘Portrait of Wally’ (1912) was purchased by Rudolf Leopold in 1954. He made it a part of the collection of the Leopold Museum when it was established by the Austrian government, purchasing more than 5,000 pieces that Leopold had owned.
  • // 1980
    A biographical German movie, ‘Excess & Punishment’ in 1980 was based on this genius painter's life.

// Famous Austrian

Egon Schiele's FAQ

  • What is Egon Schiele birthday?

    Egon Schiele was born at 1890-06-12

  • When was Egon Schiele died?

    Egon Schiele was died at 1918-10-31

  • Where was Egon Schiele died?

    Egon Schiele was died in Vienna

  • Which age was Egon Schiele died?

    Egon Schiele was died at age 28

  • Where is Egon Schiele's birth place?

    Egon Schiele was born in Tulln an der Donau

  • What is Egon Schiele nationalities?

    Egon Schiele's nationalities is Austrian

  • Who is Egon Schiele spouses?

    Egon Schiele's spouses is Edith Harms

  • Who is Egon Schiele siblings?

    Egon Schiele's siblings is Elvira, Gertrude, Melanie

  • What was Egon Schiele universities?

    Egon Schiele studied at Kunstgewerbeschule, Vienna, Austria (1906), Akademie der Bildenden Künste, Vienna, Austria (1906)

  • Which company or organization was founded by Egon Schiele?

    Egon Schiele was the founder/co-founder of New Art Group

  • Who is Egon Schiele's father?

    Egon Schiele's father is Adolf Schiele

  • Who is Egon Schiele's mother?

    Egon Schiele's mother is Marie

  • What is Egon Schiele's sun sign?

    Egon Schiele is Gemini

  • How famous is Egon Schiele?

    Egon Schiele is famouse as Painter