Camillo Golgi - Physicians, Birthday and Childhood

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Camillo Golgi's Personal Details

Camillo Golgi was an Italian physician, biologist and pathologist who won the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1906.

InformationDetail
BirthdayJuly 7, 1843
Died onJanuary 21, 1926
NationalityItalian
FamousPhysicians, Biologists, Pathologists
SpousesLina Aletti
Known asDr. Camillo Golgi
Universities
  • 1865 - University of Pavia
Birth PlaceCorteno, Kingdom of Lombardy–Venetia, Italy
GenderMale
Sun SignCancer
Born inCorteno, Kingdom of Lombardy–Venetia, Italy
Famous asPhysician, Pathologist, Biologist
Died at Age82

// Famous Pathologists

Camillo Golgi's photo

Who is Camillo Golgi?

Camillo Golgi was an Italian physician, biologist and pathologist who won the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1906 along with the Spanish histologist Santiago Ramón y Cajal. Several anatomical and physiological phenomena are named after this man who is considered to be the greatest neuroscientist of the nineteenth century. Golgi—with the aid of basic facilities—developed the silver nitrate method of studying nerve tissues. This helped in the discovery of a nerve cell that has many dendrites or nerve extensions. This is now called ‘Golgi cell’, after the name of its discoverer, Camillo Golgi. This discovery supported the experiments of German anatomist Wilhelm von Waldeyer-Hartz and Ramón y Cajal who went on to establish the nerve cells as the rudimentary structural unit of the entire nervous system. This turned out to be a crucial point in the advancement of modern neuroscience. Later, his experiments led to the discovery of the ‘Golgi tendon spindle’ or ‘Golgi tendon organ’ and the ‘Golgi complex’ or ‘Golgi apparatus’. Camillo Golgi also studied the causes of malaria and found out that the tertian and quartan malarial fevers happen due to the presence of a protozoan parasite named ‘Plasmodium’. He was a famous teacher and the door of his laboratory was open for every young researchers.

// Famous Physicians

Childhood & Early Life

Camillo Golgi was born on 7 July 1843 in the village of Corteno, in the province of Brescia (Lombardy) in northern Italy. The village is now called Corteno Golgi after his name. His father was a doctor and district medical officer in Brescia.

He studied medicine at the University of Pavia. He was an intern at the Institute of Psychiatry directed by Cesare Lombroso.

While working in the laboratory of experimental pathology under Giulio Bizzozero, a professor of histology and pathology, Golgi got interested in experimental research and histological techniques.

In 1865, he graduated from the University of Pavia. He was a student when the fight for independence was going on in Italy.

Career

After graduating, he continued to research in Pavia at the Hospital of St. Matteo. During this time, his research was mostly concentrated on the nervous system.

In 1872, he had to stop his academic research and joined the Hospital of Chronically Ill (Pio Luogo degli lncurabili) in Abbiategrasso as a chief medical officer. In a small kitchen cum laboratory, Golgi started his experiments of staining nervous tissue using mainly silver.

In 1873, he published a short note describing his observation of the elements of the nervous tissue. The note was named 'On the structure of the brain grey matter' and was published in the ‘Gazzetta Medica Italiana’.

In 1875, Golgi published the first drawings of neural structures as revealed by the ‘Golgi stain’ in an article on the olfactory bulbs.

In 1878 Golgi discovered the tendinous sensory corpuscles that are later named Golgi tendon organs.

In 1885, an illustrated monograph on the precise anatomy of the central nervous organs came out. In the same year, he returned to Pavia. He joined his alma mater in 1876 as Professor of Histology.

In 1881, he was appointed to the chair of General Pathology at the University of Pavia.

From 1886 to 1892, Golgi provided important contributions to the study of by elaborating the life-cycle of Plasmodium and the chronological coincidence between the repeated fever and the discharge of the parasite in the red cells.

In 1897, Golgi discovered the intracellular structure in neutrons, which was named after him as Golgi apparatus.

In 1900, Camillo Golgi was named senator by King Umberto I.

In 1913, he became foreign member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences.

He retired in 1918 but held the position of professor emeritus at the University of Pavia.

Major Works

Camillo Golgi’s most important work was the discovery of ‘black reaction’ or ‘reazione nera’ (later known as ‘Golgi’s stain’) which is a method of staining nervous cells with the use of silver nitrate. The subsequent reaction allowed him to see the paths of nerve cells in the brain for the first time. In addition, his discovery of Golgi apparatus was a real advancement in cell biology and makes him the most frequently cited scientist in cytology. Its existence confirmed in the mid-1950s by the use of the electron microscope. The Golgi apparatus plays an important role in the intracellular sorting, trafficking and targeting of proteins.

Awards & Achievements

In 1906, Golgi jointly won the Nobel Prize for Physiology with Santiago Ramón y Cajal for their studies on the structure of the nervous system.

Personal Life & Legacy

In 1877, he married Lina Aletti, the niece of Giulio Bizzozero. The couple had no children, and adopted Golgi's niece Carolina (now Mrs. Carolina Golgi-Papini).

His publications are anthologised in Opera Omnia that appeared in four volumes (first three in 1903, fourth volume in 1929).

Camillo Golgi died in Pavia, Italy, on 21 January 1926 and was buried in the Monumental Cemetery of Pavia (viale San Giovannino).

A marble statue has been erected in his honour, in a yard of the old buildings of the University of Pavia.

The Historical Museum at the University of Pavia devoted a hall to Golgi where one can find his certificates of honorary degrees, diplomas and awards.

Trivia

Adelchi Negri discovered the Negri bodies and Emilio Veratti put forward the idea of sarcoplasmic reticulum in skeletal muscle fibers for the first time in Golgi’s laboratory.

// Famous Biologists

Camillo Golgi awards

YearNameAward

Other

Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1906)

Camillo Golgi biography timelines

  • // 7th Jul 1843
    Camillo Golgi was born on 7 July 1843 in the village of Corteno, in the province of Brescia (Lombardy) in northern Italy. The village is now called Corteno Golgi after his name. His father was a doctor and district medical officer in Brescia.
  • // 1865
    In 1865, he graduated from the University of Pavia. He was a student when the fight for independence was going on in Italy.
  • // 1872
    In 1872, he had to stop his academic research and joined the Hospital of Chronically Ill (Pio Luogo degli lncurabili) in Abbiategrasso as a chief medical officer. In a small kitchen cum laboratory, Golgi started his experiments of staining nervous tissue using mainly silver.
  • // 1873
    In 1873, he published a short note describing his observation of the elements of the nervous tissue. The note was named 'On the structure of the brain grey matter' and was published in the ‘Gazzetta Medica Italiana’.
  • // 1875
    In 1875, Golgi published the first drawings of neural structures as revealed by the ‘Golgi stain’ in an article on the olfactory bulbs.
  • // 1876 To 1885
    In 1885, an illustrated monograph on the precise anatomy of the central nervous organs came out. In the same year, he returned to Pavia. He joined his alma mater in 1876 as Professor of Histology.
  • // 1877
    In 1877, he married Lina Aletti, the niece of Giulio Bizzozero. The couple had no children, and adopted Golgi's niece Carolina (now Mrs. Carolina Golgi-Papini).
  • // 1878
    In 1878 Golgi discovered the tendinous sensory corpuscles that are later named Golgi tendon organs.
  • // 1881
    In 1881, he was appointed to the chair of General Pathology at the University of Pavia.
  • // 1886 To 1892
    From 1886 to 1892, Golgi provided important contributions to the study of by elaborating the life-cycle of Plasmodium and the chronological coincidence between the repeated fever and the discharge of the parasite in the red cells.
  • // 1897
    In 1897, Golgi discovered the intracellular structure in neutrons, which was named after him as Golgi apparatus.
  • // 1900
    In 1900, Camillo Golgi was named senator by King Umberto I.
  • // 1903 To 1929
    His publications are anthologised in Opera Omnia that appeared in four volumes (first three in 1903, fourth volume in 1929).
  • // 1906
    In 1906, Golgi jointly won the Nobel Prize for Physiology with Santiago Ramón y Cajal for their studies on the structure of the nervous system.
  • // 1913
    In 1913, he became foreign member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences.
  • // 1918
    He retired in 1918 but held the position of professor emeritus at the University of Pavia.
  • // 21st Jan 1926
    Camillo Golgi died in Pavia, Italy, on 21 January 1926 and was buried in the Monumental Cemetery of Pavia (viale San Giovannino).

// Famous Italian

Camillo Golgi's FAQ

  • What is Camillo Golgi birthday?

    Camillo Golgi was born at 1843-07-07

  • When was Camillo Golgi died?

    Camillo Golgi was died at 1926-01-21

  • Where was Camillo Golgi died?

    Camillo Golgi was died in Pavia, Italy

  • Which age was Camillo Golgi died?

    Camillo Golgi was died at age 82

  • Where is Camillo Golgi's birth place?

    Camillo Golgi was born in Corteno, Kingdom of Lombardy–Venetia, Italy

  • What is Camillo Golgi nationalities?

    Camillo Golgi's nationalities is Italian

  • Who is Camillo Golgi spouses?

    Camillo Golgi's spouses is Lina Aletti

  • What was Camillo Golgi universities?

    Camillo Golgi studied at 1865 - University of Pavia

  • What is Camillo Golgi's sun sign?

    Camillo Golgi is Cancer

  • How famous is Camillo Golgi?

    Camillo Golgi is famouse as Physician, Pathologist, Biologist