Bernardino Rivadavia - First President of Argentina, Birthday and Childhood

Home  ›  Argentinian  ›  Bernardino RivadaviaMay 20, 178080 views

5.0 based on 2 rates

Bernardino Rivadavia's Personal Details

Bernardino Rivadavia was the first President of Argentina

InformationDetail
BirthdayMay 20, 1780
Died onSeptember 2, 1845
NationalityArgentinian
FamousFirst President of Argentina, Leaders, Presidents
Founder / Co-Founder
  • University of Buenos Aires
Birth PlaceBuenos Aires
GenderMale
Sun SignTaurus
Born inBuenos Aires
Famous asFirst President of Argentina
Died at Age65

// Famous First President of Argentina

Bernardino Rivadavia's photo

Who is Bernardino Rivadavia?

Bernardino Rivadavia was the first President of Argentina, serving from February 1826 to July 1827. Even though he is recognized as the first president of Argentina, which was then called the United Provinces of Rio de la Plata, his rule was accepted only in Buenos Aires. There was no constitution for more than half of his rule and he did not complete a full mandate. As a leader, he received much praise from liberal historians for being a great historical man. He was also condemned for Anglophillia. The son of a wealthy Spanish lawyer, he attended the Royal College of San Carlos for some time but quit midway before completing his studies. As a young man, he was active in the Argentine resistance to the British invasion and in the May Revolution movement. A strong supporter of the movement for independence from Spain, he played a leading role in organizing the militia, disbanding the Spanish courts, and freeing the press from censorship. He then moved to Europe for a few years. Upon his return he became even more active in the country’s politics and was eventually made the President of Argentina. In this position he implemented several reforms to improve education and culture though his rule was marred by political chaos.

// Famous Leaders

Childhood & Early Life

Bernardino de la Trinidad González Rivadavia y Rivadavia was born on May 20, 1780, in Buenos Aires. He was the fourth son of Benito Bernardino González de Rivadavia, a wealthy Spanish lawyer, and his wife María Josefa de Jesús Rodríguez de Rivadeneyra. At the time of his birth, Buenos Aires was a part of Spain's colonial empire.

He grew up to be an independent-minded young man and was an early advocate of freedom from Spanish rule. He attended the Royal College of San Carlos for some time but left before completing his studies.

He played an active role in the resistance to the British invasion of 1806 and participated in the May Revolution movement in 1810.

Later Years

Bernardino Rivadavia soon became one of the leading figures of the Argentine Independence movement. In 1811, he became the Secretary of the Treasury and Secretary of War as a member of the governing triumvirate.

In this position he was instrumental in bringing about several reforms. He played a major role in organizing the militia, disbanding the Spanish courts, freeing the press from censorship, and ending the slave trade.

The triumvirate, however, did not last long. The Spanish King Ferdinand VII returned to the throne by 1814 and started the Absolutist Restauration. In the wake of this political development, director Supreme Gervasio Posadas sent Rivadavia along with Manuel Belgrano to Europe to seek support for the United Provinces of La Plata, the original provinces of Argentina, from both Spain and Britain.

While in Europe, he visited Spain, Britain, and France as well. He stayed in Europe for six years and over this time he observed the growing development of the Industrial Revolution, and the rise of Romanticism. This sojourn also exposed him to the views of such thinkers as Bentham, Adam Smith, Jovellanos, and Campomanes.

Rivadavia returned to Buenos Aires in 1820. In 1821, Governor Martín Rodríguez named Rivadavia a minister in his government. He worked hard in this position, toiling for five years promoting a constitutional government in accordance with European liberal ideologies.

He focused heavily on improving the education and infrastructure in the city of Buenos Aires. He constructed many educational institutes including the University of Buenos Aires, and built the continent's first museum of natural science.

In 1826, Rivadavia was elected the first President of Argentina. He continued his work of augmenting the city’s cultural development and founded many museums, and expanded the national library.

He implemented many reforms which were influenced by his travels in Europe. He organized a Parliament and a system of courts, extended the right to vote to all males over the age of 20, guaranteed freedom of the press, and secured individual and property rights.

However, his efforts to encourage immigration were unsuccessful and his land reform program also proved to be a failure. Furthermore, he earned the ire of the church by abolishing ecclesiastical courts.

He became the president at a very tumultuous time in Argentina’s political history. Ongoing war with Brazil over territory in modern Uruguay depleted the government’s resources causing much resentment to the citizens.

Forced to resign in June 1827, he fled to exile in Europe in 1829. He returned to Argentina in 1834 but was immediately sentenced again to exile. He then went to Spain after spending some time in Brazil.

Major Works

Bernardino Rivadavia is much praised for his cultural initiatives and efforts to improve the education in Buenos Aires. He founded the University of Buenos Aires, the largest university in Argentina, in addition to several other institutions of educational and cultural significance. He is also credited to have built the Bernardino Rivadavia Natural Sciences Museum.

Personal Life & Legacy

In 1809, he married Juana del Pino y Vera Mujica, daughter of the viceroy of the Río de la Plata, Joaquín del Pino. The couple had four children.

He died on September 2, 1845, in exile in Spain. He was 65.

// Famous Presidents

Bernardino Rivadavia biography timelines

  • // 20th May 1780
    Bernardino de la Trinidad González Rivadavia y Rivadavia was born on May 20, 1780, in Buenos Aires. He was the fourth son of Benito Bernardino González de Rivadavia, a wealthy Spanish lawyer, and his wife María Josefa de Jesús Rodríguez de Rivadeneyra. At the time of his birth, Buenos Aires was a part of Spain's colonial empire.
  • // 1806 To 1810
    He played an active role in the resistance to the British invasion of 1806 and participated in the May Revolution movement in 1810.
  • // 1809
    In 1809, he married Juana del Pino y Vera Mujica, daughter of the viceroy of the Río de la Plata, Joaquín del Pino. The couple had four children.
  • // 1811
    Bernardino Rivadavia soon became one of the leading figures of the Argentine Independence movement. In 1811, he became the Secretary of the Treasury and Secretary of War as a member of the governing triumvirate.
  • // 1814
    The triumvirate, however, did not last long. The Spanish King Ferdinand VII returned to the throne by 1814 and started the Absolutist Restauration. In the wake of this political development, director Supreme Gervasio Posadas sent Rivadavia along with Manuel Belgrano to Europe to seek support for the United Provinces of La Plata, the original provinces of Argentina, from both Spain and Britain.
  • // 1820 To 1821
    Rivadavia returned to Buenos Aires in 1820. In 1821, Governor Martín Rodríguez named Rivadavia a minister in his government. He worked hard in this position, toiling for five years promoting a constitutional government in accordance with European liberal ideologies.
  • // 1826
    In 1826, Rivadavia was elected the first President of Argentina. He continued his work of augmenting the city’s cultural development and founded many museums, and expanded the national library.
  • // 2nd Sep 1845
    He died on September 2, 1845, in exile in Spain. He was 65.

// Taurus Celebrities

Bernardino Rivadavia's FAQ

  • What is Bernardino Rivadavia birthday?

    Bernardino Rivadavia was born at 1780-05-20

  • When was Bernardino Rivadavia died?

    Bernardino Rivadavia was died at 1845-09-02

  • Where was Bernardino Rivadavia died?

    Bernardino Rivadavia was died in Cádiz

  • Which age was Bernardino Rivadavia died?

    Bernardino Rivadavia was died at age 65

  • Where is Bernardino Rivadavia's birth place?

    Bernardino Rivadavia was born in Buenos Aires

  • What is Bernardino Rivadavia nationalities?

    Bernardino Rivadavia's nationalities is Argentinian

  • Which company or organization was founded by Bernardino Rivadavia?

    Bernardino Rivadavia was the founder/co-founder of University of Buenos Aires

  • What is Bernardino Rivadavia's sun sign?

    Bernardino Rivadavia is Taurus

  • How famous is Bernardino Rivadavia?

    Bernardino Rivadavia is famouse as First President of Argentina