Andrei Gromyko - Diplomats, Life Achievements and Life

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Andrei Gromyko's Personal Details

Andrei Gromyko was a Russian statesman who served for many years as a diplomat of Soviet Union

InformationDetail
BirthdayJuly 18, 1909
Died onJuly 2, 1989
NationalityRussian
FamousMiscellaneous, Diplomats
SpousesLydia Dmitrievna Grinevich
Known asAndrei Andreyevich Gromyko
Childrens Anatoly, Emilia
Birth PlaceStaryja Hramyki, Russian Empire
GenderMale
FatherAndrei Matveyevich
MotherOlga Jevgenyevna
Sun SignCancer
Born inStaryja Hramyki, Russian Empire
Famous asDiplomat
Died at Age79

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Andrei Gromyko's photo

Who is Andrei Gromyko?

Andrei Gromyko was a Russian statesman who served for many years as a diplomat of Soviet Union. He was a representative of the Soviet Union and held many positions over the years in USSR. In his early years, he was appointed as the Soviet Ambassador to United States and Great Britain. Later in his career, he served first as the minister of foreign affairs and then as Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet. He played a crucial role in negotiations with foreign powers in major conferences around the world. He distinguished himself by his ability to implement effectively the policies of the Soviet leadership as the minister of foreign affairs. He was an expert diplomat and skilled at accommodating every Soviet leader and dealt with nine US presidents in his political career. He served for more than four decades as a government official with the USSR and was considered as a tremendous negotiator in the Soviet Union as well as in the West. He also strengthened the global influence of the Soviet Union and his decades of experience in international relations earned him the title of ‘Dean of World Diplomacy’. He was a brilliant politician and an excellent negotiator who played a pivotal role in expanding Soviet Union’s eminence and influence on a global scale.

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Childhood & Early Life

He was born on July 18, 1909 in Staryya Hramyki, Russian Empire, to Andrei Matveyevich, a seasonal worker at a local factory and his wife, Olga Jevgenyevna. They lived in the Belarusian village of Staryya Gramyki, near Gomel.

Both his parents had attended school only for a short period of time. Although his family and most of the village people were religious beings, he questioned the existence of almighty quite early in his life.

He became a member of the Komsomol, youth division of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, and held anti-religious speeches in the village with his friends and promoted Communist values when he was thirteen.

He received his primary school education and vocational training in Gomel. Then, he attended technical school in Borisov, on his mother’s advice.

After studying in Borisov for two years, he was appointed principal of a secondary school in Dzerzhinsk, where he taught, supervised the school, and continued his studies.

In 1933, he was offered an opportunity by the ‘Communist Party of Byelorussia’ to pursue post-graduation in Minsk, which he accepted with delight.

In 1936, after studying economics for three years, he became a researcher and lecturer at the Soviet Academy of Sciences. Subsequently, he was transferred from the Academy of Sciences to the diplomatic service.

Career

In 1943, he was appointed as the Soviet ambassador to the United States. During his tenure as ambassador he met prominent personalities such as, Charlie Chaplin, Marilyn Monroe and John Maynard Keynes.

In 1946, he was made Permanent Representative of the Soviet Union to the United Nations. Simultaneously, he was also promoted to deputy foreign minister in 1946 and then to the first deputy foreign minister in 1949.

In 1952, he became a candidate member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party and was appointed ambassador to the United Kingdom. His tenure as ambassador to the United Kingdom was a short one and he came back to Moscow in 1953.

After returning to Moscow, he resumed his post as first deputy foreign minister. In 1956 he attained full membership on the Central Committee.

He became the Minister of Foreign Affairs in 1957. He was the main Soviet negotiator with the United States government during his long tenure of 28 years.

In 1973, he became a member of the Politburo and was appointed as the first deputy chairman of the Council of Ministers in 1983.

In 1985, he was appointed as the President of the Soviet Union (the official title being Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet) by Mikhail Gorbachev.

After retiring from active politics in 1988, he started working on his memoirs which were published in the same year and translated into English in 1990.

Major Works

He became renowned for his extensive knowledge of international affairs and for his negotiating skills. He was entrusted with major diplomatic missions and policy statements. He took part in all the major negotiations of the Second World War and its immediate aftermath which resulted in the creation of the United Nations.

As the Foreign Minister of Soviet Union, his negotiating style was legendary. He would wear down his negotiating partners by arguing for hours over the most trivial of details, before tackling the meat of the issue, teasing out small victories, which he would trade for larger concessions later in the negotiations.

Awards & Achievements

In 1948, he was honored with the ‘Order of the Red Banner’, the highest award of the Soviet Union until 1930.

He was conferred the honor of being the ‘Hero of Socialist Labour’ twice in his career, first in 1969 and the second time in 1979.

In 1982, he received the ‘Lenin Prize’, one of the most prestigious awards of the Soviet Union.

He also received the Jubilee Medal "In Commemoration of the 100th Anniversary since the Birth of Vladimir Il'ich Lenin".

He was honored with ‘The Order of the Sun of Peru’, the highest award bestowed by the Peru to commend notable civil and military merit.

He was conferred with seven ‘Orders of Lenin’ in his career.

Personal Life & Legacy

In 1931, he married Lydia Dmitrievna Grinevich, daughter of Byelorussian peasants, whom he met in Minsk. They were blessed with two children: a son, Anatoly, and a daughter, Emilia.

On July 2, 1989, he died in Moscow, Soviet Union, after he was admitted to the hospital regarding some vascular problem. He was buried at the Novodevichy cemetery.

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Andrei Gromyko biography timelines

  • // 18th Jul 1909
    He was born on July 18, 1909 in Staryya Hramyki, Russian Empire, to Andrei Matveyevich, a seasonal worker at a local factory and his wife, Olga Jevgenyevna. They lived in the Belarusian village of Staryya Gramyki, near Gomel.
  • // 1931
    In 1931, he married Lydia Dmitrievna Grinevich, daughter of Byelorussian peasants, whom he met in Minsk. They were blessed with two children: a son, Anatoly, and a daughter, Emilia.
  • // 1933
    In 1933, he was offered an opportunity by the ‘Communist Party of Byelorussia’ to pursue post-graduation in Minsk, which he accepted with delight.
  • // 1936
    In 1936, after studying economics for three years, he became a researcher and lecturer at the Soviet Academy of Sciences. Subsequently, he was transferred from the Academy of Sciences to the diplomatic service.
  • // 1943
    In 1943, he was appointed as the Soviet ambassador to the United States. During his tenure as ambassador he met prominent personalities such as, Charlie Chaplin, Marilyn Monroe and John Maynard Keynes.
  • // 1946
    In 1946, he was made Permanent Representative of the Soviet Union to the United Nations. Simultaneously, he was also promoted to deputy foreign minister in 1946 and then to the first deputy foreign minister in 1949.
  • // 1948
    In 1948, he was honored with the ‘Order of the Red Banner’, the highest award of the Soviet Union until 1930.
  • // 1952
    In 1952, he became a candidate member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party and was appointed ambassador to the United Kingdom. His tenure as ambassador to the United Kingdom was a short one and he came back to Moscow in 1953.
  • // 1956
    After returning to Moscow, he resumed his post as first deputy foreign minister. In 1956 he attained full membership on the Central Committee.
  • // 1957
    He became the Minister of Foreign Affairs in 1957. He was the main Soviet negotiator with the United States government during his long tenure of 28 years.
  • // 1973
    In 1973, he became a member of the Politburo and was appointed as the first deputy chairman of the Council of Ministers in 1983.
  • // 1982
    In 1982, he received the ‘Lenin Prize’, one of the most prestigious awards of the Soviet Union.
  • // 1985
    In 1985, he was appointed as the President of the Soviet Union (the official title being Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet) by Mikhail Gorbachev.
  • // 1988
    After retiring from active politics in 1988, he started working on his memoirs which were published in the same year and translated into English in 1990.
  • // 2nd Jul 1989
    On July 2, 1989, he died in Moscow, Soviet Union, after he was admitted to the hospital regarding some vascular problem. He was buried at the Novodevichy cemetery.

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Andrei Gromyko's FAQ

  • What is Andrei Gromyko birthday?

    Andrei Gromyko was born at 1909-07-18

  • When was Andrei Gromyko died?

    Andrei Gromyko was died at 1989-07-02

  • Where was Andrei Gromyko died?

    Andrei Gromyko was died in Moscow, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union

  • Which age was Andrei Gromyko died?

    Andrei Gromyko was died at age 79

  • Where is Andrei Gromyko's birth place?

    Andrei Gromyko was born in Staryja Hramyki, Russian Empire

  • What is Andrei Gromyko nationalities?

    Andrei Gromyko's nationalities is Russian

  • Who is Andrei Gromyko spouses?

    Andrei Gromyko's spouses is Lydia Dmitrievna Grinevich

  • Who is Andrei Gromyko childrens?

    Andrei Gromyko's childrens is Anatoly, Emilia

  • Who is Andrei Gromyko's father?

    Andrei Gromyko's father is Andrei Matveyevich

  • Who is Andrei Gromyko's mother?

    Andrei Gromyko's mother is Olga Jevgenyevna

  • What is Andrei Gromyko's sun sign?

    Andrei Gromyko is Cancer

  • How famous is Andrei Gromyko?

    Andrei Gromyko is famouse as Diplomat