Ahmad Javad - Azerbaijani Men, Family and Facts

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Ahmad Javad's Personal Details

Ahmad Javad was an Azerbaijani poet in the early twentieth century

InformationDetail
BirthdayMay 5, 1892
Died onOctober 13, 1937
NationalityAzerbaijani
FamousAzerbaijani Men, Writers, Poets
Cause of deathExecution
Birth PlaceShamkir District
GenderMale
Sun SignTaurus
Born inShamkir District
Famous asPoet
Died at Age45

// Famous Azerbaijani Men

Ahmad Javad's photo

Who is Ahmad Javad?

Ahmad Javad was an Azerbaijani poet in the early twentieth century. Javad grew up under the watchful eyes of his parents, learning three different languages (Turkish, Persian and Arabic) and studied English Literature. His claim to fame came from the fact that he wrote National Anthem of Azerbaijan. In addition to being a writer, Javad was also a teacher, a volunteer army fighter and an activist. One of his main focuses was fighting for the independence of Azerbaijan. He fought in a number of wars including World War I and the Balkan War. Javad was just one of the many writers during that time period who spoke and advocated against the Soviet system and communism. The ideas they had were considered a threat to the Soviet system and because of this, any one voicing their opinion against this was arrested and killed, including Javad

// Famous Poets

Childhood & Early Life

Ahmad Javad was born on May 5, 1892 in the village of Seyfali in Shamkir Rayon, Azerbaijan, and homeschooled for most of his primary education.

He graduated from Seminary in 1912 in Ganja and became a teacher and active participant in the literary and socio-political life inside the city.

He joined the “Caucasian detachment of volunteers” to fight on the side of Turkey during the Balkan War.

Career

In 1916, “Goshma”, a collection of Javad’s poetic works, was published.

In 1919, another collection of his poems “Dalga” was published.

Javad joined the political party “Musavat”, the oldest political party in Azerbaijan. He joined on the advice of Mammed Amin Rasulzade, the only president of the Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan.

In 1920, he became a teacher and headmaster in the village of Gusar Rayon. He taught the Russian as well as the Azeri language.

From 1920-1922, he was the public education’s branch manager at Quba Rayon.

From 1922-1927, he continued his studies in history and philosophy at Azerbaijan’s Pedagogic Institute. At the same time, he was a teacher at the technical school.

He was member of the Union of Soviet Writers of Azerbaijan and between 1924 and 1926, he was the group’s senior secretary.

After his move to Ganja in 1930, he became a teacher at the Ganja Agricultural Institute. He eventually progressed from a teacher to associate professor, finally ending up as the head of the Russian and Azerbaijani languages department.

In 1934, he became an editor in the translation department of the Azernashr Publishing house.

Javad became the head of the department of documentary films at ‘Azerbajanfilm’ film studio, after he left his position as editor at the publishing house.

Major Works

Javad is most well-known as the writer of the National Anthem of Azerbaijan, which was used during the Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan. This time period lasted only from 1918-1920.

The Azerbaijan Democratic Republic was re-established in 1991 and Javad’s writing was re-established as the National Anthem.

He was also the writer of the Turkish National March, “Chirpinirdi Gara Daniz.” Translated to “The Black Sea Struggles,” this song is most well-known in Turkey and is also one of his famous works.

Awards & Achievements

After his translation of “the Knight in tiger skin” by Shota Rustaveli, Javad was awarded the first premium in 1937.

Personal Life & Legacy

Javad married Shukruyya, the daughter of the Ajarian Duke, in 1916. Shukryaa’s parents were vehemently against her marrying Javad, so the young couple ran away together.

They had five children: Yilmaz Akhundzade (1936), Niyazi (1918), Aydin (1921), Tukay (1923), and Almas (unknown).

His first arrest came in 1925 after the publication of his poem “Goygol.” Critics said that Javad was a Nationalist and a Pan-Turkist, and was sending messages to the Musavat Party in Turkey using this poem.

In 1937, Javad, along with many other writers, was arrested and accused of being an “Enemy of the People” because he had close ties with people outside of the Soviet Union.

His sons Niyazi, Aydin, and Tukay were also arrested. They were accused of being children of an “Enemy of the People.”

After his arrest, his wife Shukryya was given the option of divorcing him and save herself from being sent into exile. She however refused. She believed the only thing worse than divorcing her husband, would be finding out that he was killed.

Shukryya, who was unaware that her husband was already dead, was sent into exile for 8.5 years in a camp called Aljir in Kazakhstan. During her time there, she worked as a seamstress for soldier uniforms, often working 16+ hour days.

Javad was shot to death on October 18, 1937 at the age of 45. He was killed almost immediately after his arrest.

Trivia

Javad was also a translator for classical writers like Shakespeare, Tolstoy and Gorky.

Javad was arrested three times: 1923, 1925 and 1937.

Two major translations he is known for are Shakespeare’s “Othello” and “Romeo and Juliet”

// Famous Writers

Ahmad Javad biography timelines

  • // 5th May 1892
    Ahmad Javad was born on May 5, 1892 in the village of Seyfali in Shamkir Rayon, Azerbaijan, and homeschooled for most of his primary education.
  • // 1912
    He graduated from Seminary in 1912 in Ganja and became a teacher and active participant in the literary and socio-political life inside the city.
  • // 1916
    In 1916, “Goshma”, a collection of Javad’s poetic works, was published.
  • // 1916
    Javad married Shukruyya, the daughter of the Ajarian Duke, in 1916. Shukryaa’s parents were vehemently against her marrying Javad, so the young couple ran away together.
  • // 1918 To 1920
    Javad is most well-known as the writer of the National Anthem of Azerbaijan, which was used during the Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan. This time period lasted only from 1918-1920.
  • // 1919
    In 1919, another collection of his poems “Dalga” was published.
  • // 1920
    In 1920, he became a teacher and headmaster in the village of Gusar Rayon. He taught the Russian as well as the Azeri language.
  • // 1920 To 1922
    From 1920-1922, he was the public education’s branch manager at Quba Rayon.
  • // 1922 To 1927
    From 1922-1927, he continued his studies in history and philosophy at Azerbaijan’s Pedagogic Institute. At the same time, he was a teacher at the technical school.
  • // 1923 To 1937
    Javad was arrested three times: 1923, 1925 and 1937.
  • // 1924 To 1926
    He was member of the Union of Soviet Writers of Azerbaijan and between 1924 and 1926, he was the group’s senior secretary.
  • // 1925
    His first arrest came in 1925 after the publication of his poem “Goygol.” Critics said that Javad was a Nationalist and a Pan-Turkist, and was sending messages to the Musavat Party in Turkey using this poem.
  • // 1930
    After his move to Ganja in 1930, he became a teacher at the Ganja Agricultural Institute. He eventually progressed from a teacher to associate professor, finally ending up as the head of the Russian and Azerbaijani languages department.
  • // 1934
    In 1934, he became an editor in the translation department of the Azernashr Publishing house.
  • // 1937
    After his translation of “the Knight in tiger skin” by Shota Rustaveli, Javad was awarded the first premium in 1937.
  • // 1937
    In 1937, Javad, along with many other writers, was arrested and accused of being an “Enemy of the People” because he had close ties with people outside of the Soviet Union.
  • // 18th Oct 1937
    Javad was shot to death on October 18, 1937 at the age of 45. He was killed almost immediately after his arrest.
  • // 1991
    The Azerbaijan Democratic Republic was re-established in 1991 and Javad’s writing was re-established as the National Anthem.

// Famous Azerbaijani

Ahmad Javad's FAQ

  • What is Ahmad Javad birthday?

    Ahmad Javad was born at 1892-05-05

  • When was Ahmad Javad died?

    Ahmad Javad was died at 1937-10-13

  • Where was Ahmad Javad died?

    Ahmad Javad was died in Baku

  • Which age was Ahmad Javad died?

    Ahmad Javad was died at age 45

  • Where is Ahmad Javad's birth place?

    Ahmad Javad was born in Shamkir District

  • What is Ahmad Javad nationalities?

    Ahmad Javad's nationalities is Azerbaijani

  • What is Ahmad Javad's cause of dead?

    Ahmad Javad dead because of Execution

  • What is Ahmad Javad's sun sign?

    Ahmad Javad is Taurus

  • How famous is Ahmad Javad?

    Ahmad Javad is famouse as Poet