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Richard Attenborough Childhood & Timeline, British - 𝐑𝐢𝐜𝐡𝐚𝐫𝐝 𝐀𝐭𝐭𝐞𝐧𝐛𝐨𝐫𝐨𝐮𝐠𝐡 Biography
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Sheila Sim
David Attenborough
Royal Academy Of Dramatic Art
Royal Academy Of Dramatic Art
Cambridge, England
Male
Frederick Levi Attenborough
Mary Clegg
$20 million
Virgo
Cambridge, England
90
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Who is Richard Attenborough?

undefined - Richard AttenboroughRichard Attenborough

The man who brought to life on screen the life and teachings of the great leader of the Indian nationalist movement, Mohandas Gandhi, in the movie ‘Gandhi’, Richard Attenborough was an actor, film director and producer. Attenborough as an actor had already made a mark for himself in Hollywood, but when he directed the film, ‘Gandhi’, he became a legend of sorts. He began his acting career as a theatre artist before moving on to work in films. A prolific actor, he worked tirelessly and was one of the most talented British actors ever to grace the silver screen. Born to a scholar and academician father, young Richard chose an unlikely profession for himself. But he definitely imbibed his parents’ dedication towards their respective professions, their idealism and sense of social responsibility. Starting out as an actor, he was initially stereotyped as someone who played cowards. But Attenborough was no coward in real life and lived the life of a highly principled man. After a successful stint as an actor he took to direction and made several successful movies like ‘Gandhi’ and ‘Cry Freedom’, both based on the lives of social activists.

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Richard Attenborough Childhood & Early Life

He was the eldest son of Frederick Attenborough and Mary Clegg. His father was a scholar and a fellow of the Emmanuel College, Cambridge while his mother was a founding member of the Marriage Guidance Council.

He studied at the Wyggeston Grammar School for Boys in Leicester before going to Royal Academy of Dramatic Art (RADA) to study drama.

His family was principled and socially responsible. His parents adopted two German Jewish refugee orphan girls in 1939 and raised them in addition to their own three boys.

Richard Attenborough Career

He served in the Royal Air Force during the Second World War. There he flew with the Film Unit over Europe and filmed from the rear gunner’s position on several occasions.

He began his acting career on stage before moving on to Hollywood. His first film appearance was in 1942 though in an uncredited role.

His breakthrough role came in 1947 when he played Pinkie Brown in the film noir, ‘Brighton Rock’ based on Graham Greene’s novel. His role was much appreciated.

The 1950s were a very productive time for Attenborough who had by now become a popular actor. Over this decade he appeared in several comedies like ‘Private’s Progress’ (1956) and ‘I’m All Right Jack’ (1959).

He got the chance to appear in the ensemble cast of ‘The Great Escape’ in 1963 as Squadron Leader Roger Bartlett. The movie went on to become a major blockbuster.

In 1966, he starred along with Steve McQueen and Richard Crenna in the period war film, ‘The Sand Pebbles’ which was the story of a rebellious U.S. Navy Machinist’s Mate.

He made his directorial debut with ‘Oh! What a Lovely War!’ in 1969. The film was based on the stage musical of the same name. The film had an ensemble cast including John Mills, Laurence Olivier, and Jack Hawkins.

In 1977, he played a role in an Indian film directed by Satyajit Ray. He portrayed the character of General Outram in the film, ‘Shatranj Ke Khilari’ which was based on a short story by Munshi Premchand.

Over the 1980s he took acting roles less frequently and focused more on direction. He produced and directed ‘Gandhi’, a biographical film about Indian nationalist movement leader Mohandas Gandhi in 1982. The film was both a huge critical and commercial hit.

He directed the film, ‘Cry Freedom’ in 1987 which was a movie based on the activities of the black social reformer Steve Biko, set in the apartheid era of South Africa. Biko was a man Attenborough greatly respected.

He played the role of John Hammond in the 1993 science fiction ‘Jurassic Park’. The movie which became a super hit spawned a sequel, ‘The Lost World: Jurassic Park’ in 1997 in which he reprised the role.

He could not act or direct many films over the new millennium due to his advancing age and health problems. He directed his last movie, ‘Closing the Ring’ in 2007.

Richard Attenborough Major Works

The 1982 movie ‘Gandhi’ is considered to be his masterpiece. Based on the life of the Indian nationalist, Mohandas Gandhi, this movie was very close to Attenborough’s heart. The film was very well received by the critics and won numerous awards and nominations.

Richard Attenborough Awards & Achievements

He won two Academy Awards for ‘Gandhi’ at the 55th Academy Awards, 1983, in the categories “Best Director” and “Best Picture”. He also won the BAFTA Awards for “Best Film” and “Best Direction” for the same.

Richard Attenborough Personal Life & Legacy

He married actress Sheila Sim in 1945. The couple was happily married and was blessed with three children. His daughter Jane perished in the Asian tsunami in 2004.

He was a dedicated philanthropist who served as the President of the Muscular Dystrophy campaign.

He believed that everyone irrespective of race, color, or ethnicity should get the right to education and was actively involved with the United World Colleges movement and the Waterford Kamhlaba United World College.

His health had been deteriorating over the last few years due to advancing age. He breathed his last on 24 August, 2014, shortly before his 91st birthday.

Richard Attenborough Trivia

The British naturalist David Attenborough is the younger brother of this great actor cum director.

This famous film director was a big fan of Picasso ceramics and had a vast collection of them.

Richard Attenborough Academy Awards(Oscars)

Richard Attenborough Golden Globe Awards

Richard Attenborough BAFTA Awards

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Richard Attenborough awards

  • Academy Awards(Oscars)

    • 1983
      Best Picture
      Gandhi (1982)
    • 1983
      Best Director
      Gandhi (1982)
  • Golden Globe Awards

    • 1983
      Best Director - Motion Picture
      Gandhi (1982)
    • 1968
      Best Supporting Actor
      Doctor Dolittle (1967)
    • 1967
      Best Supporting Actor
      The Sand Pebbles (1966)
  • BAFTA Awards

    • 1983
      Best Direction
      Gandhi (1982)
    • 1983
      Best Film
      Gandhi (1982)
    • 1965
      Best British Actor
      Guns at Batasi (1964)
    • 1965
      Best British Actor
      Seance on a Wet Afternoon (1964)
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Richard Attenborough biography timelines

  • He began his acting career on stage before moving on to Hollywood. His first film appearance was in 1942 though in an uncredited role.
    1942
  • He married actress Sheila Sim in 1945. The couple was happily married and was blessed with three children. His daughter Jane perished in the Asian tsunami in 2004.
    1945
  • His breakthrough role came in 1947 when he played Pinkie Brown in the film noir, ‘Brighton Rock’ based on Graham Greene’s novel. His role was much appreciated.
    1947
  • He got the chance to appear in the ensemble cast of ‘The Great Escape’ in 1963 as Squadron Leader Roger Bartlett. The movie went on to become a major blockbuster.
    1963
  • In 1966, he starred along with Steve McQueen and Richard Crenna in the period war film, ‘The Sand Pebbles’ which was the story of a rebellious U.S. Navy Machinist’s Mate.
    1966
  • He made his directorial debut with ‘Oh! What a Lovely War!’ in 1969. The film was based on the stage musical of the same name. The film had an ensemble cast including John Mills, Laurence Olivier, and Jack Hawkins.
    1969
  • In 1977, he played a role in an Indian film directed by Satyajit Ray. He portrayed the character of General Outram in the film, ‘Shatranj Ke Khilari’ which was based on a short story by Munshi Premchand.
    1977
  • Over the 1980s he took acting roles less frequently and focused more on direction. He produced and directed ‘Gandhi’, a biographical film about Indian nationalist movement leader Mohandas Gandhi in 1982. The film was both a huge critical and commercial hit.
    1982
  • He won two Academy Awards for ‘Gandhi’ at the 55th Academy Awards, 1983, in the categories “Best Director” and “Best Picture”. He also won the BAFTA Awards for “Best Film” and “Best Direction” for the same.
    1983
  • He directed the film, ‘Cry Freedom’ in 1987 which was a movie based on the activities of the black social reformer Steve Biko, set in the apartheid era of South Africa. Biko was a man Attenborough greatly respected.
    1987
  • He played the role of John Hammond in the 1993 science fiction ‘Jurassic Park’. The movie which became a super hit spawned a sequel, ‘The Lost World: Jurassic Park’ in 1997 in which he reprised the role.
    1993
  • He could not act or direct many films over the new millennium due to his advancing age and health problems. He directed his last movie, ‘Closing the Ring’ in 2007.
    2007
  • His health had been deteriorating over the last few years due to advancing age. He breathed his last on 24 August, 2014, shortly before his 91st birthday.
    24th Aug 2014
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Frequently asked questions about Richard Attenborough

  • What is Richard Attenborough birthday?

    Richard Attenborough was born at August 29, 1923

  • Where is Richard Attenborough's birth place?

    Richard Attenborough was born in Cambridge, England

  • What is Richard Attenborough nationalities?

    Richard Attenborough's nationalities is British

  • Who is Richard Attenborough spouses?

    Richard Attenborough's spouses is Sheila Sim

  • Who is Richard Attenborough siblings?

    Richard Attenborough's siblings is David Attenborough

  • What was Richard Attenborough universities?

    Richard Attenborough studied at Royal Academy Of Dramatic Art university

  • What was Richard Attenborough notable alumnis?

    Richard Attenborough's notable alumnis is Royal Academy Of Dramatic Art

  • Who is Richard Attenborough's father?

    Richard Attenborough's father is Frederick Levi Attenborough

  • Who is Richard Attenborough's mother?

    Richard Attenborough's mother is Mary Clegg

  • What is Richard Attenborough's sun sign?

    Richard Attenborough is Virgo

  • When was Richard Attenborough died?

    Richard Attenborough was died at August 24, 2014

  • Which age was Richard Attenborough died?

    Richard Attenborough was died at age 90