Peter Mark Roget

Peter Mark Roget - Academics, Birthday and Facts

Violet FieldHome › BritishPeter Mark RogetJanuary 18, 1779122 views

0 based on 0 rates
Peter Mark Roget Biography Stories 

Peter Mark Roget's Personal Details

Peter Mark Roget was an English physician and philologist who is most celebrated for 'Roget's Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases'.

InformationDetail
BirthdayJanuary 18, 1779
Died onSeptember 12, 1869
NationalityBritish
FamousUniversity Of Edinburgh, Intellectuals & Academics, Inventors & Discoverers, Physicians, Academics, Intellectuals, Lexicographer
SpousesMary Taylor
Known asPeter Mark Roget, Roget, Peter Roget
Universities
  • University Of Edinburgh
  • University of Edinburgh
Notable Alumnis
  • University Of Edinburgh
Birth PlaceSoho
GenderMale
Sun SignCapricorn
Born inSoho
Famous asLexicographer
Died at Age90

// Famous Lexicographer

Noah Webster

Noah Webster

Noah Webster was a famous American lexicographer, political writer, editor and English language spelling reformer. This biography provides detailed information about his childhood, life, works, achievements and timeline.

Peter Mark Roget's photo

Who is Peter Mark Roget?

Peter Mark Roget was an English physician, philologist and inventor who is most celebrated for 'Roget's Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases', a classified collection of related words, first published in 1852. Born to a Swiss clergyman in England, Roget attended the Edinburgh University and graduated in medicine. As a young physician, he published works on tuberculosis and on the effects of nitrous oxide, then used as an anesthetic. After initially practicing in Bristol and Manchester, he moved to London and continued to lecture on medical topics. Later, Roget invented a slide rule to calculate the roots and powers of numbers which formed the basis of slide rules that served as the common currency in schools and universities until the invention of the calculator. He also had a keen interest in optics and wrote a paper suggesting the methods to improve the kaleidoscope. Along with that, he also wrote papers on a wide range of topics such as, natural theology, phenology and contributed to several encyclopedias of the time. After taking effective retirement from medicine, he spent the rest of his life on the project for which he is most remembered today, 'Roget's Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases', a dictionary of synonyms. A fellow of the Royal Society, he served as its Secretary for more than 20 years, and his remarkable Thesaurus has never been out of print since its first publication

// Famous Academics

David Suzuki

David Suzuki

David Suzuki is a Canadian academic and science broadcaster. This biography gives detailed information about his childhood, career, personal life and timeline.

Abū Rayḥān al-Bīrūnī

Abū Rayḥān al-Bīrūnī

Abu Rayhan al-Biruni is esteemed as one among the supreme scholar belonging to medieval Persia. This biography of Al-Biruni provides detailed information about his childhood, life, achievements, works and timeline.

Ayodele Awojobi

Ayodele Awojobi

Ayodele Awojobi was a Nigerian educator, author, inventor, and political activist. This biography of Ayodele Awojobi provides detailed information about his childhood, life, achievements, works & timeline

Childhood & Early Life

Peter Mark Roget was born on January 18, 1779, in Soho, London, England, to Jean Roget, a Swiss clergyman, and his wife, Catherine Romilly. He had a younger sister.

The death of his father when Peter was a child had a deep impact on him. He struggled with depression for most of his life. By the age of eight, his fascination with list-making as a coping mechanism was well established.

After completing school, Roget went to the University of Edinburgh where he studied medicine, graduating in 1798.

Career

From 1808 to 1840, he practiced as an able physician in London, and also became an inventor, natural theologian and a lexicographer in his illustrious career.

In 1814, he invented a ‘log-log’ slide rule for calculating the roots and powers of numbers. It helped to perform exponential and root calculations and was particularly useful for calculations involving fractional powers and roots.

Later, he developed an interest in optics and in December 1824, Roget presented a paper entitled ‘Explanation of an optical deception in the appearance of the spokes of a wheel when seen through vertical apertures’.

In 1834, he became the first Fullerian Professor of Physiology at the Royal Institution. Later, he played a key role in the establishment of the University of London in 1836, where he worked as an examiner in physiology.

He also published numerous papers on physiology and health, such as the fifth ‘Bridgewater Treatise’, ‘Animal and Vegetable Physiology considered with reference to Natural Theology’ (1834), and articles for several editions of ‘Encyclopædia Britannica’.

He was a founder of the ‘Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge’ and wrote a series of popular manuals for the society. He also displayed amazing skill in creating and solving chess problems and designed an inexpensive pocket chessboard.

Roget was one of the 26 founders of the Medical and Chirurgical Society of London, established in 1805, which later became the Royal Society of Medicine. He served as the Secretary of the Royal Society for more than two decades.

In 1840, Peter Mark Roget retired from professional life and later also resigned from the post of Secretary of the Royal Society, in 1848. Thereafter, he started preparations to publish the work for which he is most remembered today.

After retirement, he dedicated himself to his dictionary of synonyms, based on notes he had been compiling since early in his career. This was the catalogue of words organized by their meanings, the compilation of which had been an avocation since 1805.

The first printed edition of his philological work, published in 1852, was called ‘Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases Classified and Arranged so as to Facilitate the Expression of Ideas and Assist in Literary Composition’.

During his lifetime, it had twenty-eight printings and upon Roget’s death, it was revised and expanded by his son, John Roget, and later by John's son, Samuel Romilly Roget.

Major Works

Peter Mark Roget is most remembered for his ‘Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases’ (1852), a comprehensive classification of synonyms or verbal equivalents that is still popular in modern editions.

His significant accomplishments include the invention of a ‘log-log’ slide rule in 1814, used to calculate number roots and squares. The rule was the standard method for calculation until the invention of calculator.

Awards & Achievements

From 1827 to 1848, Peter Mark Roget served as the Secretary of the Royal Society.

Personal Life & Legacy

Roget was married to Mary Taylor and had two children, one son, John, and a daughter named Catherine. His wife died in 1833 and he never remarried.

Peter Mark Roget died on September 12, 1869, in West Malvern, Worcestershire, England, at the age of 90. He is buried there in the cemetery of St James's Church.

Peter Mark Roget biography timelines

  • // 18th Jan 1779
    Peter Mark Roget was born on January 18, 1779, in Soho, London, England, to Jean Roget, a Swiss clergyman, and his wife, Catherine Romilly. He had a younger sister.
  • // 1798
    After completing school, Roget went to the University of Edinburgh where he studied medicine, graduating in 1798.
  • // 1805
    Roget was one of the 26 founders of the Medical and Chirurgical Society of London, established in 1805, which later became the Royal Society of Medicine. He served as the Secretary of the Royal Society for more than two decades.
  • // 1805
    After retirement, he dedicated himself to his dictionary of synonyms, based on notes he had been compiling since early in his career. This was the catalogue of words organized by their meanings, the compilation of which had been an avocation since 1805.
  • // 1808 To 1840
    From 1808 to 1840, he practiced as an able physician in London, and also became an inventor, natural theologian and a lexicographer in his illustrious career.
  • // 1814
    In 1814, he invented a ‘log-log’ slide rule for calculating the roots and powers of numbers. It helped to perform exponential and root calculations and was particularly useful for calculations involving fractional powers and roots.
  • // 1814
    His significant accomplishments include the invention of a ‘log-log’ slide rule in 1814, used to calculate number roots and squares. The rule was the standard method for calculation until the invention of calculator.
  • // Dec 1824
    Later, he developed an interest in optics and in December 1824, Roget presented a paper entitled ‘Explanation of an optical deception in the appearance of the spokes of a wheel when seen through vertical apertures’.
  • // 1827 To 1848
    From 1827 to 1848, Peter Mark Roget served as the Secretary of the Royal Society.
  • // 1833
    Roget was married to Mary Taylor and had two children, one son, John, and a daughter named Catherine. His wife died in 1833 and he never remarried.
  • // 1834 To 1836
    In 1834, he became the first Fullerian Professor of Physiology at the Royal Institution. Later, he played a key role in the establishment of the University of London in 1836, where he worked as an examiner in physiology.
  • // 1834
    He also published numerous papers on physiology and health, such as the fifth ‘Bridgewater Treatise’, ‘Animal and Vegetable Physiology considered with reference to Natural Theology’ (1834), and articles for several editions of ‘Encyclopædia Britannica’.
  • // 1840 To 1848
    In 1840, Peter Mark Roget retired from professional life and later also resigned from the post of Secretary of the Royal Society, in 1848. Thereafter, he started preparations to publish the work for which he is most remembered today.
  • // 1852
    The first printed edition of his philological work, published in 1852, was called ‘Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases Classified and Arranged so as to Facilitate the Expression of Ideas and Assist in Literary Composition’.
  • // 1852
    Peter Mark Roget is most remembered for his ‘Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases’ (1852), a comprehensive classification of synonyms or verbal equivalents that is still popular in modern editions.
  • // 12th Sep 1869
    Peter Mark Roget died on September 12, 1869, in West Malvern, Worcestershire, England, at the age of 90. He is buried there in the cemetery of St James's Church.

// Famous University Of Edinburgh

Sarojini Naidu

Sarojini Naidu

Sarojini Naidu was an Indian freedom fighter and poet. Read this brief biography to find more on her life.

Charles Darwin

Charles Darwin

Charles Darwin was one of the most influential figures in human history. Go through this biography to get details about his life, profile and timeline.

David Hume

David Hume

David Hume was a Scottish philosopher, essayist and historian, known for his radical philosophical scepticism and empiricism. This biography explores his childhood, family life, facts, achievements, philosophies and timeline.

Eric Liddell

Eric Liddell

Eric Liddell was a Scottish athlete, rugby player and missionary. This biography provides get detailed information on his childhood, achievements and timeline.

Oliver Goldsmith

Oliver Goldsmith

Oliver Goldsmith was an Anglo-Irish essayist and novelist of the 18th century. Go through this biography to know in details about his life, profile, childhood and timeline.

Peter C. Doherty

Peter C. Doherty

Peter C Doherty is a renowned Australian scientist circle, who was received the Nobel Prize in Physiology for the discovery of how immune system recognizes virus-infected cells. Read this biography to know in details about his childhood, life, career

Peter Mark Roget's FAQ

  • What is Peter Mark Roget birthday?

    Peter Mark Roget was born at 1779-01-18

  • When was Peter Mark Roget died?

    Peter Mark Roget was died at 1869-09-12

  • Where was Peter Mark Roget died?

    Peter Mark Roget was died in West Malvern

  • Which age was Peter Mark Roget died?

    Peter Mark Roget was died at age 90

  • Where is Peter Mark Roget's birth place?

    Peter Mark Roget was born in Soho

  • What is Peter Mark Roget nationalities?

    Peter Mark Roget's nationalities is British

  • Who is Peter Mark Roget spouses?

    Peter Mark Roget's spouses is Mary Taylor

  • What was Peter Mark Roget universities?

    Peter Mark Roget studied at University Of Edinburgh, University of Edinburgh

  • What was Peter Mark Roget notable alumnis?

    Peter Mark Roget's notable alumnis is University Of Edinburgh

  • What is Peter Mark Roget's sun sign?

    Peter Mark Roget is Capricorn

  • How famous is Peter Mark Roget?

    Peter Mark Roget is famouse as Lexicographer