Howard Hughes - Aerospace Engineer, Family and Childhood

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Howard Hughes's Personal Details

Howard Hughes was an American aviator, business tycoon, philanthropist and also a film maker

InformationDetail
BirthdayDecember 24, 1905
Died onApril 5, 1976
NationalityAmerican
FamousAerospace Engineer, Entrepreneurs, Film Maker, Inventors, Philanthropists, Recluses, Aviation, Engineers, Directors, T V & Movie Producers, Inventors & Discoverers, Aviators
City/StateTexas
Nick namesSpruce Goose
SpousesElla Rice (m. 1925–1929), Jean Peters (m. 1957–1971), Terry Moore (m. 1949–1976)
Known asHoward Robard Hughes Jr.
Founder / Co-Founder
  • Hughes Aircraft Company
Cause of deathDrug Overdose
Birth PlaceHumble, Texas, US
GenderMale
FatherHoward Robard Hughes Sr.
MotherAllene Gano
Net Worth$4 billion
Sun SignCapricorn
Born inHumble, Texas, US
Famous asEntrepreneur, Aerospace Engineer, Filmmaker, Inventor, Aviator, Philanthropist
Died at Age70

// Famous Aerospace Engineer

Howard Hughes's photo

Who is Howard Hughes?

Howard Robard Hughes Jr. was a man of many talents and interests and made his name as a business magnate, investor, aviator, aerospace engineer, film maker and philanthropist. He inherited his family's successful oil tool business and began investing in films. He gained eminence in Hollywood from the late 1920s, making big-budget and often controversial films such as, The Racket, Hell's Angels, Scarface, and The Outlaw. He was one of the most significant aviators in history. Besides designing and building planes, he risked his own life several times testing planes and setting new world air speed. While he is credited with many aviation innovations such as the first retractable landing gear, he is also remembered for one of his biggest flops—the Spruce Goose. He acquired and expanded Trans World Airlines, which later merged with American Airlines. He established the Howard Hughes Medical Institute in Miami, Florida, something close to his heart since losing his mother as a child. Hughes is also remembered for his eccentric behavior and reclusive lifestyle in later life, caused in part by a worsening obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD) and chronic pain. At the time of his death, he was one of the wealthiest people in the world and perhaps the loneliest.

// Famous Entrepreneurs

Childhood & Early Life

Howard Robard Hughes, Jr was born on December 24, 1905 to Howard R. Hughes, Sr., and Allene Stone Gano who were industrialists. His birthplace is uncertain recorded as either Humble or Houston, Texas.

As a boy, he showed a great inclination towards engineering and built Houston’ first radio transmitter and a motorized bicycle before he was12. He liked math, flying and took flying lessons at 14.

He lost his mother in 1922 and father two years later and inherited 75 percent of the family fortune. On his 19th birthday, he took complete control of his legacy.

Career

Hughes moved to Los Angeles, where he hoped to make a name for himself making movies. When his first attempt failed, he hired Noah Dietrich to head the movie subsidiary of his tool company.

His first two films, Everybody's Acting and Two Arabian Knights, were financial successes - the latter (directed by Lewis Milestone in 1928), won an Academy Award for Best Comedy Direction.

He produced the crime film ‘The Racket’ in 1928 and ‘The Front Page’, a comedy film, three years later. Both the films were nominated for the Oscars.

He spent US$3.8 million to make the 1930 flying film, Hell’s Angels, and earned nearly $8 million above production and advertising costs. It received one Academy Award nomination, and its aviation sequences remain unequaled.

In 1932, he founded the Hughes Aircraft Company in Glendale, California. Under the pseudonym "Charles Howard" he got a job as a baggage handler for American Airlines and became a co-pilot within weeks.

On September 13, 1935, he set a new land speed record of 352.46 M.P.H. at Santa Ana, California, in the Silver Bullet, the world’s fastest plane, built by Hughes Aircraft.

In 1937, he made the world's greatest long-distance speed flight, setting a new transcontinental record from Los Angeles to Newark, New Jersey, of seven hours, twenty-eight minutes - an improvement over his own record.

In 1938, he flew around the world in a record three days, nineteen hours, and seventeen minutes, with four crewmen, in a Lockheed Model 14 twin-engine transport and returned home to a ticker-tape welcome.

In 1939, he quietly purchased a majority share of TWA stock for nearly US$7 million and took control of the airline, but was forced by the federal courts to sell his shares later.

He directed the 1943 Western film, The Outlaw, which starred Jane Russell. He designed a special bra for his leading lady, and turned the actress into a sex symbol and a Hollywood icon.

The Hughes D-2, an American fighter and bomber project begun by him as a private venture never proceeded past the flight testing phase but was the predecessor of the Hughes XF-11.

The Hughes XF-11, a prototype military reconnaissance aircraft was designed by him for the USAF. Although 100 F-11s were ordered in 1943, only two prototypes were completed and subjected to Senate investigation.

Involved in a near-fatal aircraft accident in 1946 while performing the first flight of the reconnaissance aircraft, the XF-11 near California, he sustained serious injuries and was rescued by Marine Master Sgt. Durkin.

The Hughes H-4 Hercules popularly called the Spruce Goose was a prototype heavy transport aircraft designed and built by the Hughes Aircraft company. After its only flight in 1947, the project was aborted.

He gained control of RKO Pictures which suffered because of his capricious management style. He sold the company to the General Tire and Rubber Company for $25 million in 1955.

Major Works

In 1947, Hughes proved skeptics wrong with a surprise test flight of the HK-1 in The Long Beach, California, lasting less than sixty seconds, one of the most famous flights ever.

In 1953, he launched the Howard Hughes Medical Institute in Miami, Florida, with the express goal of basic biomedical research, including trying to understand, in Hughes' words, the "genesis of life itself."

Awards& Achievements

Hughes was awarded the Congressional Gold Medal in 1939, in recognition of his achievements in advancing the science of aviation and thus bringing great credit to his country and the world.

He was presented with the Octave Chanute Award in 1940 for outstanding contribution made by him as a pilot or test personnel to the advancement of arts, science and technology and aeronautics.

Between 1952 and 2003, he was inducted into the Aviation Hall Of Fame, International Aerospace Hall Of Fame and Nevada Business Hall Of Fame, the last two posthumously.

Personal Life & Legacy

Hughes married twice, first to Ella Rice and then actress Jean Peters. He dated many famous women, including Billie Dove, Bette Davis, Ava Gardner, Olivia de Havilland, Katharine Hepburn, Ginger Rogers and Gene Tierney.

As early as the 1930s, he displayed signs of obsessive-compulsive disorder which only worsened with time. The numerous aircraft crashes left him in pain and physically dependent. He became very reclusive and eccentric towards his end.

In 2004, his early life was depicted in the feature film The Aviator, played by Leonardo DiCaprio who was nominated for an Academy Award for his portrayal of the aviator.

Trivia

This maverick aviator once dated 3 ladies at the same time and the same place and would have gotten away except one of them got suspicious with his frequent excuses to leave the table.||Q

He rejected actor Clark Gable because he thought Clark’s ears were too large and called James Cagney a "little runt". He thought both will amount to nothing but he was wrong.

// Famous Film Maker

Howard Hughes awards

YearNameAward

Other

1939Congressional Gold Medal
1936-1938 - Harmon Trophy
1938 - Collier Trophy
1940 - Octave Chanute Award

Howard Hughes biography timelines

  • // 25th Dec 1905
    Howard Robard Hughes, Jr was born on December 24, 1905 to Howard R. Hughes, Sr., and Allene Stone Gano who were industrialists. His birthplace is uncertain recorded as either Humble or Houston, Texas.
  • // 1922
    He lost his mother in 1922 and father two years later and inherited 75 percent of the family fortune. On his 19th birthday, he took complete control of his legacy.
  • // 1928
    His first two films, Everybody's Acting and Two Arabian Knights, were financial successes - the latter (directed by Lewis Milestone in 1928), won an Academy Award for Best Comedy Direction.
  • // 1928
    He produced the crime film ‘The Racket’ in 1928 and ‘The Front Page’, a comedy film, three years later. Both the films were nominated for the Oscars.
  • // 1930
    He spent US$3.8 million to make the 1930 flying film, Hell’s Angels, and earned nearly $8 million above production and advertising costs. It received one Academy Award nomination, and its aviation sequences remain unequaled.
  • // 1932
    In 1932, he founded the Hughes Aircraft Company in Glendale, California. Under the pseudonym "Charles Howard" he got a job as a baggage handler for American Airlines and became a co-pilot within weeks.
  • // 13th Sep 1935
    On September 13, 1935, he set a new land speed record of 352.46 M.P.H. at Santa Ana, California, in the Silver Bullet, the world’s fastest plane, built by Hughes Aircraft.
  • // 1937
    In 1937, he made the world's greatest long-distance speed flight, setting a new transcontinental record from Los Angeles to Newark, New Jersey, of seven hours, twenty-eight minutes - an improvement over his own record.
  • // 1938
    In 1938, he flew around the world in a record three days, nineteen hours, and seventeen minutes, with four crewmen, in a Lockheed Model 14 twin-engine transport and returned home to a ticker-tape welcome.
  • // 1939
    In 1939, he quietly purchased a majority share of TWA stock for nearly US$7 million and took control of the airline, but was forced by the federal courts to sell his shares later.
  • // 1939
    Hughes was awarded the Congressional Gold Medal in 1939, in recognition of his achievements in advancing the science of aviation and thus bringing great credit to his country and the world.
  • // 1940
    He was presented with the Octave Chanute Award in 1940 for outstanding contribution made by him as a pilot or test personnel to the advancement of arts, science and technology and aeronautics.
  • // 1943
    He directed the 1943 Western film, The Outlaw, which starred Jane Russell. He designed a special bra for his leading lady, and turned the actress into a sex symbol and a Hollywood icon.
  • // 1943
    The Hughes XF-11, a prototype military reconnaissance aircraft was designed by him for the USAF. Although 100 F-11s were ordered in 1943, only two prototypes were completed and subjected to Senate investigation.
  • // 1946
    Involved in a near-fatal aircraft accident in 1946 while performing the first flight of the reconnaissance aircraft, the XF-11 near California, he sustained serious injuries and was rescued by Marine Master Sgt. Durkin.
  • // 1947
    In 1947, Hughes proved skeptics wrong with a surprise test flight of the HK-1 in The Long Beach, California, lasting less than sixty seconds, one of the most famous flights ever.
  • // 1952 To 2003
    Between 1952 and 2003, he was inducted into the Aviation Hall Of Fame, International Aerospace Hall Of Fame and Nevada Business Hall Of Fame, the last two posthumously.
  • // 1953
    In 1953, he launched the Howard Hughes Medical Institute in Miami, Florida, with the express goal of basic biomedical research, including trying to understand, in Hughes' words, the "genesis of life itself."
  • // 1955
    He gained control of RKO Pictures which suffered because of his capricious management style. He sold the company to the General Tire and Rubber Company for $25 million in 1955.
  • // 2004
    In 2004, his early life was depicted in the feature film The Aviator, played by Leonardo DiCaprio who was nominated for an Academy Award for his portrayal of the aviator.

// Famous Inventors

Howard Hughes's FAQ

  • What is Howard Hughes birthday?

    Howard Hughes was born at 1905-12-24

  • When was Howard Hughes died?

    Howard Hughes was died at 1976-04-05

  • Where was Howard Hughes died?

    Howard Hughes was died in Houston, Texas, U.S

  • Which age was Howard Hughes died?

    Howard Hughes was died at age 70

  • Where is Howard Hughes's birth place?

    Howard Hughes was born in Humble, Texas, US

  • What is Howard Hughes nationalities?

    Howard Hughes's nationalities is American

  • What is Howard Hughes nick names?

    Howard Hughes's nickNames is Spruce Goose

  • Who is Howard Hughes spouses?

    Howard Hughes's spouses is Ella Rice (m. 1925–1929), Jean Peters (m. 1957–1971), Terry Moore (m. 1949–1976)

  • Which company or organization was founded by Howard Hughes?

    Howard Hughes was the founder/co-founder of Hughes Aircraft Company

  • What is Howard Hughes's cause of dead?

    Howard Hughes dead because of Drug Overdose

  • Who is Howard Hughes's father?

    Howard Hughes's father is Howard Robard Hughes Sr.

  • Who is Howard Hughes's mother?

    Howard Hughes's mother is Allene Gano

  • What is Howard Hughes's sun sign?

    Howard Hughes is Capricorn

  • How famous is Howard Hughes?

    Howard Hughes is famouse as Entrepreneur, Aerospace Engineer, Filmmaker, Inventor, Aviator, Philanthropist