Max von Laue - Physicists, Birthday and Life

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Max von Laue's Personal Details

Max von Laue or Max Theodor Felix von Laue was a German physicist who was awarded the Nobel Prize for physics in 1914.

InformationDetail
BirthdayOctober 9, 1879
Died onApril 24, 1960
NationalityGerman
FamousScientists, Physicists
SpousesMagdalene Degen
Universities
  • University of Göttingen
  • Humboldt University of Berlin
  • Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich
  • University of Strasbourg
Cause of deathAccident
Birth PlacePfaffendorf, Kingdom of Prussia, German Empire
GenderMale
FatherJulius von Laue
MotherMinna Zerrener
Sun SignLibra
Born inPfaffendorf, Kingdom of Prussia, German Empire
Famous asPhysicist
Died at Age80

// Famous Scientists

Max von Laue's photo

Who is Max von Laue?

Max von Laue or Max Theodor Felix von Laue was a German physicist who was awarded the Nobel Prize for physics in 1914 for his discovery of the diffraction of X-rays by crystals. The structure of crystals became an important subject of future studies due to this discovery. The studies of crystals led to the study of solid-state physics which contributed immensely to the development of modern day electronics. He suggested that an X-ray passing through a crystal would get diffracted into a number of rays and form a pattern on a photographic plate. The pattern would show the atomic structure of the crystal. He always supported Einstein’s ‘theory of relativity’ and carried out many experiments on quantum theory, disintegration of atoms and on the Compton Effect of light changing its wavelength under various conditions. He also contributed to finding solutions to problems related to superconductivity. Because of his capability of making sound judgments, he was always called upon to provide advice in different areas of German scientific experiments. In spite of the danger of being ostracized he was the only one who supported the theory of relativity when Hitler came to power and protested when Einstein was forced to resign from the Berlin Academy.

// Famous Physicists

Childhood & Early Life

Max von Laue was born on October 9, 1879 at Pfaffendorf, near Koblenz in Germany. His father, Julius von Laue, was an official in the German military administration. His mother was Minna Zerrener.

He did his schooling in the cities of Posen, Strasbourg and Berlin. During his studies at the Protestant school in Strasbourg, he was first exposed to science by Professor Goering.

He left school in 1898 to carry out military training for one year. After completing his military training, he joined the ‘University of Strasbourg’ where he studied physics, chemistry and mathematics.

Career

In 1902 Max von Laue joined the ‘University of Berlin’ to work under Professor Max Planck after spending one semester at the ‘University of Munich’. Lectures given here by O. Lummer on heat radiation and interference spectroscopy influenced him to carry out his own experiments on interference.

Max von Laue moved to the ‘University of Gottingen’ after obtaining his doctorate from the ‘University of Berlin’ in 1903. Here he worked under Professor W. Abraham and Professor W. Voight for two years.

He got the opportunity of becoming the assistant of Professor Max Planck at ‘Institute of Theoretical Physics’ in Berlin in1906 where he worked on thermodynamics and optics.

He became the ‘Privatdozent’ at the ‘University of Munich in 1909 where he taught thermodynamics, optics and the relativity theory.

He joined the ‘University of Zurich’ as a professor of physics in 1912. During this time, two of his students under his guidance proved his theory of diffraction of X-rays passing through crystals.

In 1914 he joined the ‘Frankfurt on Main’ as a ‘Professor of Physics’ and remained there till 1919.

From 1916 onwards he carried out experiments on vacuum tubes that were used in wireless communications and telephony.

The ‘Institute for Physics’ was established at Berlin-Dahlem in 1914 under the directorship of Einstein. Laue became its Deputy Director in 1917.

He was appointed the director of the ‘Institute for Theoretical Physics’ of the ‘University of Berlin’ in 1919 and held the post till 1943.

During this time from 1934 onwards he worked for ‘Physikalisch-Technische Reichsanstalt’ located in Berlin-Charlottenburg as their consultant.

He stayed in Wurttemberg from 1944 to 1945 and wrote his book titled ‘History of Physics’.

During his last days in Wurttemberg he saw the French troops arrive and was taken away to England along with nine more German scientists by Anglo-American troops.

He was confined in England up to 1946 where he wrote a paper on the low absorption of X-rays by crystals during diffraction which he contributed to the ‘International Union of Crystallographers’ at the Harvard University, U.S, in 1948.

He went back to the ‘Max Planck Institute’ in Gottingen in 1946 as acting director and became the ‘Titular Professor’ at the university.

In 1948 he became the honorary president of the ‘International Union of Crystallographers.

He became director of the ‘Max-Planck Institute’ in April 1951 which was named ‘Fritz Haber Institute for Physical Chemistry’ later in1953. He retired from active service in 1958.

Major Works

Max von Laue wrote his book titled ‘History of Physics’ during 1944-1945 which had four editions and was translated into seven other languages.

He also wrote eight papers on the application of the theory of relativity between 1907 and 1911.

He published his book on restricted theory in 1911 and a book on general theory in 1921.

Awards & Achievements

Max von Laue was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1914.

Apart from the Nobel Prize he received many awards such as the Max-Planck Medal, the Ladenburg Medal, the Bimla-Churn-Law Gold Medal and others.

He was awarded honorary doctorates by various universities around the world.

Personal Life & Legacy

He married Magdalene Degen in 1910 and they had two children.

Max von Laue died of fatal injuries from a car accident on April 24, 1960.

He loved mountaineering, skiing, sailing, motoring and classical music.

He suffered occasionally from depression in later life but recovered very quickly from it.

Trivia

He loved to drive cars and motor bikes at high speeds but never met with any motoring accident before he was killed in the one.

// Famous German

Max von Laue biography timelines

  • // 9th Oct 1879
    Max von Laue was born on October 9, 1879 at Pfaffendorf, near Koblenz in Germany. His father, Julius von Laue, was an official in the German military administration. His mother was Minna Zerrener.
  • // 1898
    He left school in 1898 to carry out military training for one year. After completing his military training, he joined the ‘University of Strasbourg’ where he studied physics, chemistry and mathematics.
  • // 1902
    In 1902 Max von Laue joined the ‘University of Berlin’ to work under Professor Max Planck after spending one semester at the ‘University of Munich’. Lectures given here by O. Lummer on heat radiation and interference spectroscopy influenced him to carry out his own experiments on interference.
  • // 1903
    Max von Laue moved to the ‘University of Gottingen’ after obtaining his doctorate from the ‘University of Berlin’ in 1903. Here he worked under Professor W. Abraham and Professor W. Voight for two years.
  • // 1906
    He got the opportunity of becoming the assistant of Professor Max Planck at ‘Institute of Theoretical Physics’ in Berlin in1906 where he worked on thermodynamics and optics.
  • // 1907 To 1911
    He also wrote eight papers on the application of the theory of relativity between 1907 and 1911.
  • // 1909
    He became the ‘Privatdozent’ at the ‘University of Munich in 1909 where he taught thermodynamics, optics and the relativity theory.
  • // 1910
    He married Magdalene Degen in 1910 and they had two children.
  • // 1911 To 1921
    He published his book on restricted theory in 1911 and a book on general theory in 1921.
  • // 1912
    He joined the ‘University of Zurich’ as a professor of physics in 1912. During this time, two of his students under his guidance proved his theory of diffraction of X-rays passing through crystals.
  • // 1914 To 1919
    In 1914 he joined the ‘Frankfurt on Main’ as a ‘Professor of Physics’ and remained there till 1919.
  • // 1914 To 1917
    The ‘Institute for Physics’ was established at Berlin-Dahlem in 1914 under the directorship of Einstein. Laue became its Deputy Director in 1917.
  • // 1914
    Max von Laue was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1914.
  • // 1916
    From 1916 onwards he carried out experiments on vacuum tubes that were used in wireless communications and telephony.
  • // 1919 To 1943
    He was appointed the director of the ‘Institute for Theoretical Physics’ of the ‘University of Berlin’ in 1919 and held the post till 1943.
  • // 1934
    During this time from 1934 onwards he worked for ‘Physikalisch-Technische Reichsanstalt’ located in Berlin-Charlottenburg as their consultant.
  • // 1944 To 1945
    He stayed in Wurttemberg from 1944 to 1945 and wrote his book titled ‘History of Physics’.
  • // 1944 To 1945
    Max von Laue wrote his book titled ‘History of Physics’ during 1944-1945 which had four editions and was translated into seven other languages.
  • // 1946 To 1948
    He was confined in England up to 1946 where he wrote a paper on the low absorption of X-rays by crystals during diffraction which he contributed to the ‘International Union of Crystallographers’ at the Harvard University, U.S, in 1948.
  • // 1946
    He went back to the ‘Max Planck Institute’ in Gottingen in 1946 as acting director and became the ‘Titular Professor’ at the university.
  • // 1948
    In 1948 he became the honorary president of the ‘International Union of Crystallographers.
  • // 24th Apr 1960
    Max von Laue died of fatal injuries from a car accident on April 24, 1960.

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Max von Laue's FAQ

  • What is Max von Laue birthday?

    Max von Laue was born at 1879-10-09

  • When was Max von Laue died?

    Max von Laue was died at 1960-04-24

  • Where was Max von Laue died?

    Max von Laue was died in West Berlin

  • Which age was Max von Laue died?

    Max von Laue was died at age 80

  • Where is Max von Laue's birth place?

    Max von Laue was born in Pfaffendorf, Kingdom of Prussia, German Empire

  • What is Max von Laue nationalities?

    Max von Laue's nationalities is German

  • Who is Max von Laue spouses?

    Max von Laue's spouses is Magdalene Degen

  • What was Max von Laue universities?

    Max von Laue studied at University of Göttingen, Humboldt University of Berlin, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, University of Strasbourg

  • What is Max von Laue's cause of dead?

    Max von Laue dead because of Accident

  • Who is Max von Laue's father?

    Max von Laue's father is Julius von Laue

  • Who is Max von Laue's mother?

    Max von Laue's mother is Minna Zerrener

  • What is Max von Laue's sun sign?

    Max von Laue is Libra

  • How famous is Max von Laue?

    Max von Laue is famouse as Physicist