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Lal Bahadur Shastri Country & Life Achievements, Libra - ๐‹๐š๐ฅ ๐๐š๐ก๐š๐๐ฎ๐ซ ๐’๐ก๐š๐ฌ๐ญ๐ซ๐ข Biography
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Socialists
Lalita Devi
AnilHari KrishnaKusumSumanSunil and Ashok
Ramnagar, Varanasi, United Provinces, British Raj
Socialist
Hinduism
Male
Sharada Prasad Srivastava
Ramdulari Devi
Libra
Ramnagar, Varanasi, United Provinces, British Raj
61
Tashkent, Soviet Union (now in Uzbekistan)
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Who is Lal Bahadur Shastri?

undefined - Lal Bahadur ShastriLal Bahadur Shastri

Lal Bahadur Shastri was an Indian political leader who served as the second Prime Minister of the Republic of India. Influenced by prominent Indian national leaders like Mahatma Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru, he plunged into the Indian independence movement in early 1920s. Before becoming the Prime Minister of India, he served in a number of other departments like the railway ministry and the home ministry. With his policies of non alignment and socialism and influences of Nehruvian socialism in his political thinking, Shastri became one of the most loved political leaders of all times. He coined the famous slogan โ€œJai Jawan Jai Kisanโ€ during the Indo-Pakistan war of 1965. His death is still considered as a mystery for nobody knows under what circumstances he died. He died while he was in the process of signing the Tashkent Agreement on 10 January 1966 - the formal declaration of the end of Indo-Pak war. He is the only Indian Prime Minister to have died in office overseas. He was the first person to be posthumously awarded the India's highest civilian award, Bharat Ratna.

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Lal Bahadur Shastri Childhood & Early Life

Shastri was born in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh to Sharada Prasad and Ramdulari Devi. His father was a clerk in the Revenue Office of Allahbad but died when Shastri was only a year old. He was raised along with his two sisters by his mother.

He studied at the East Central Railway Inter College in Varanasi and later graduated from Kashi Vidyapeeth in 1926. Soon after, he joined the Servants of the People Society which was founded by a prominent nationalist leader of that time - Lala Lajpath Rai.

Lal Bahadur Shastri Career

Shastri became a part of Indian independence movement in 1920s and was driven by the ideas of Mahatma Gandhi. He joined Gandhiโ€™s famous Salt Satyagraha in 1930, for which he was sent to the prison for two and a half years.

That did not deter him from working as the Organizing Secretary of the Parliamentary Board of U.P. in 1937. He was again sent to prison for a year for being a part of the nationalist Satyagraha movement.

He was again imprisoned in 1942 for joining Mahatma Gandhiโ€™s Quit India Movement and instructing freedom fighters from Jawaharlal Nehruโ€™s house. He was imprisoned this time for 4 years.

In 1947, Shastri was appointed as the Police and Transport minister of Uttar Pradesh.

He was made the General Secretary of the All-India Congress Committee in 1951. Later next year, he was elected to Rajya Sabha and was made the Minister of Railways and Transport.

Although the Railways and Transport of India flourished under him but he resigned from the post in 1952, taking responsibility for a railway accident in Tamil Nadu in which approximately 112 people died.

In 1957, he was again elected to the cabinet as the Commerce and Industry minister and within 4 years he was chosen for the prestigious post of Home Minister.

When Jawahar Lal Nehru, the then Prime Minister of India, died in office in 1964, the Congress Party President K. Kamaraj put Shastriโ€™s name forward for the post of the Prime Minister. He was elected the Prime Minister of India the same year.

Under his tenure as the Prime Minister, Shastri lead the country during India-Pakistan war in 1965 and it was during this war that he coined the slogan โ€œJai Jawan Jai Kishanโ€. It soon began the national slogan.

After the ceasefire with Pakistan was declared in 1965, he attended a summit in Tashkent with the Pakistani President Muhammad Ayub Khan. Later next year, both the leaders signed the Tashkent Declaration.

Lal Bahadur Shastri Major Works

Shastri dealt with many basic problems during his tenure in various ministries - food shortage, unemployment and poverty. To overcome the acute food shortage, he devised a long-term strategy - "Green Revolution". Apart from the Green Revolution, he also helped in promoting the White Revolution.

Lal Bahadur Shastri Awards & Achievements

Shastri was the first person to be posthumously awarded India's highest civilian award, Bharat Ratna.

Lal Bahadur Shastri Personal Life & Legacy

Shastri married Lalita Devi from Mirzapur, Uttar Pradesh in 1928. He had six children with herโ€”Kusum, Hari Krishna, Suman, Anil, Sunil and Ashok. The family lost Ashok when he was only 37 years old.

He died in Tashkent in 1966, the day after signing the Tashkent Declaration, reportedly due to a heart attack, but his death remains a mystery.

Lal Bahadur Shastri Trivia

The National Dairy Development Board was formed in 1965 during Shastri reign as Prime Minister.

Varanasi International Airport is named after him.

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Lal Bahadur Shastri awards

  • Other

    • Bharat Ratna
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Lal Bahadur Shastri biography timelines

  • Shastri was born in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh to Sharada Prasad and Ramdulari Devi. His father was a clerk in the Revenue Office of Allahbad but died when Shastri was only a year old. He was raised along with his two sisters by his mother.
    2nd Oct 1904
  • Shastri became a part of Indian independence movement in 1920s and was driven by the ideas of Mahatma Gandhi. He joined Gandhiโ€™s famous Salt Satyagraha in 1930, for which he was sent to the prison for two and a half years.
    1920
  • He studied at the East Central Railway Inter College in Varanasi and later graduated from Kashi Vidyapeeth in 1926. Soon after, he joined the Servants of the People Society which was founded by a prominent nationalist leader of that time - Lala Lajpath Rai.
    1926
  • Shastri married Lalita Devi from Mirzapur, Uttar Pradesh in 1928. He had six children with herโ€”Kusum, Hari Krishna, Suman, Anil, Sunil and Ashok. The family lost Ashok when he was only 37 years old.
    1928
  • That did not deter him from working as the Organizing Secretary of the Parliamentary Board of U.P. in 1937. He was again sent to prison for a year for being a part of the nationalist Satyagraha movement.
    1937
  • He was again imprisoned in 1942 for joining Mahatma Gandhiโ€™s Quit India Movement and instructing freedom fighters from Jawaharlal Nehruโ€™s house. He was imprisoned this time for 4 years.
    1942
  • In 1947, Shastri was appointed as the Police and Transport minister of Uttar Pradesh.
    1947
  • He was made the General Secretary of the All-India Congress Committee in 1951. Later next year, he was elected to Rajya Sabha and was made the Minister of Railways and Transport.
    1951
  • Although the Railways and Transport of India flourished under him but he resigned from the post in 1952, taking responsibility for a railway accident in Tamil Nadu in which approximately 112 people died.
    1952
  • In 1957, he was again elected to the cabinet as the Commerce and Industry minister and within 4 years he was chosen for the prestigious post of Home Minister.
    1957
  • When Jawahar Lal Nehru, the then Prime Minister of India, died in office in 1964, the Congress Party President K. Kamaraj put Shastriโ€™s name forward for the post of the Prime Minister. He was elected the Prime Minister of India the same year.
    1964
  • Under his tenure as the Prime Minister, Shastri lead the country during India-Pakistan war in 1965 and it was during this war that he coined the slogan โ€œJai Jawan Jai Kishanโ€. It soon began the national slogan.
    1965
  • After the ceasefire with Pakistan was declared in 1965, he attended a summit in Tashkent with the Pakistani President Muhammad Ayub Khan. Later next year, both the leaders signed the Tashkent Declaration.
    1965
  • The National Dairy Development Board was formed in 1965 during Shastri reign as Prime Minister.
    1965
  • He died in Tashkent in 1966, the day after signing the Tashkent Declaration, reportedly due to a heart attack, but his death remains a mystery.
    11th Jan 1966
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Frequently asked questions about Lal Bahadur Shastri

  • What is Lal Bahadur Shastri birthday?

    Lal Bahadur Shastri was born at October 2, 1904

  • Where is Lal Bahadur Shastri's birth place?

    Lal Bahadur Shastri was born in Ramnagar, Varanasi, United Provinces, British Raj

  • What is Lal Bahadur Shastri nationalities?

    Lal Bahadur Shastri's nationalities is Indian

  • What is Lal Bahadur Shastri ideologies?

    Lal Bahadur Shastri's ideologies is Socialists

  • Who is Lal Bahadur Shastri spouses?

    Lal Bahadur Shastri's spouses is Lalita Devi

  • Who is Lal Bahadur Shastri childrens?

    Lal Bahadur Shastri's childrens is Anil, Hari Krishna, Kusum, Suman, Sunil and Ashok

  • What is Lal Bahadur Shastri's political ideology?

    Lal Bahadur Shastri's political ideology is Socialist

  • What is Lal Bahadur Shastri's religion?

    Lal Bahadur Shastri's religion is Hinduism

  • Who is Lal Bahadur Shastri's father?

    Lal Bahadur Shastri's father is Sharada Prasad Srivastava

  • Who is Lal Bahadur Shastri's mother?

    Lal Bahadur Shastri's mother is Ramdulari Devi

  • What is Lal Bahadur Shastri's sun sign?

    Lal Bahadur Shastri is Libra

  • When was Lal Bahadur Shastri died?

    Lal Bahadur Shastri was died at January 11, 1966

  • Where was Lal Bahadur Shastri died?

    Lal Bahadur Shastri was died in Tashkent, Soviet Union (now in Uzbekistan)

  • Which age was Lal Bahadur Shastri died?

    Lal Bahadur Shastri was died at age 61