I. K. Gujral

I. K. Gujral - Former Prime Minister of India, Timeline and Personal Life

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I. K. Gujral's Personal Details

I.K

InformationDetail
BirthdayDecember 4, 1919
Died onNovember 30, 2012
NationalityIndian
FamousLeaders, Political Leaders, Prime Ministers, Former Prime Minister of India
SpousesSheila Gujra
Known asInder Kumar Gujral
ChildrensNaresh Gujral and Vishal Gujral
Founder / Co-Founder
  • Gujral Doctrine
Birth PlaceJhelum, Punjab, British India (now in Punjab, Pakistan)
ReligionHinduism
GenderMale
FatherAvtar Narain
MotherPushpa Gujral
Sun SignSagittarius
Born inJhelum, Punjab, British India (now in Punjab, Pakistan)
Famous asFormer Prime Minister of India
Died at Age92

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I. K. Gujral's photo

Who is I. K. Gujral?

Inder Kumar Gujral, also known as I.K. Gujral, was an Indian politician and served as the thirteenth Prime Minister of India. He was a poetic person who found his true calling in politics from his college days. He belonged to a family of true patriots; his father and mother were actively involved in the freedom struggle and even his sister and brother were known as freedom fighters during that time. Gujral himself followed the footsteps by taking part in the Quit India Movement. His college politics expeditions took him to join the Communist Party of India but not for long, he switched to the Indian National Congress after the Indo-Pak war. His brilliance in administration and other political duties earned him the special attention of the then Prime Minister of India, Smt. Indira Gandhi, who appointed him as the Minister of Information and Broadcasting during the Emergency in 1975. Besides his love for his country and politics, Gujral spent most of his time writing poetry in Urdu as he was a big fan of the language and admired many Urdu poets and writers. In his book, ‘The Foreign Policies of India’ he has talked in depth about the aspirations that he had for India, how he wanted India to have warm and welcoming relations with the neighboring countries.

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Childhood & Early Life

Inder Kumar Gujral was born in 1919 in Jhelum, Pakistan, to Avtar Narain and Pushpa Gujral. He was born into the family of freedom fighters - his parents took active part in the freedom struggle. Even his brother and sister, Satish and Uma, joined the freedom struggle.

In 1942, Gujral was sent to jail for taking a part in the Quit India Movement. He finished his studies from D.A.V. College, Hailey College of Commerce and Forman Christian College University, Lahore, Pakistan. He became a member of the Communist Party of India during college days.

Career

Gujral became the vice-president of the New Delhi Municipal Committee in 1958.

In 1964, he joined the Indian National Congress and became a member of the Rajya Sabha, the Upper House of the Parliament in the same year.

During the tough times of Emergency in 1975, he was the Minister of Information and Broadcasting and was put into the important position of taking care of media during a time of censorship in India and was in total control of Doordarshan.

From 1976-1980, Gujral served as the Ambassador of India to the U.S.S.R. Gujral left the Congress party in 1980s and joined Janta Dal.

From 1989-1990, he served as the Minister of External Affairs during the reign of V. P. Singh, and again in 1996, he became the Minister of External Affairs during the rule of H.D. Deve Gowda.

In 1997 Gujral was chosen as the Prime Minister of India, but he held the position only for eleven months.

Major Works

”The Gujral Doctrine” that he developed as an instrument of foreign policy, remains the highlight of his career. It stresses on the importance on maintaining friendly relations with the neighboring countries. This doctrine earned him a great deal of respect.

Personal Life & Legacy

Gujral married Shiela Bhasin in 1945. She was his friend from college and a poet by profession, an acclaimed one at that. The couple had two sons together - Naresh Gujral and Vishal Gujral. Sheila died in 2011.

He was diagnosed with a lung infection in 2012 and was admitted at Medanta Hospital in Gurgaon, Haryana. His condition worsened at the hospital and soon he was declared quite critical. He passed away within a few days.

Trivia

This former Prime Minister of India was a big admirer of the Urdu language, poets and poetry and used to converse and write in Urdu language quite fluently.

Gujral’s brother Satish Gujral is a famous painter.

Gujral’s autobiography is called Matters of Discretion: An Autobiography.

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I. K. Gujral biography timelines

  • // 4th Dec 1919
    Inder Kumar Gujral was born in 1919 in Jhelum, Pakistan, to Avtar Narain and Pushpa Gujral. He was born into the family of freedom fighters - his parents took active part in the freedom struggle. Even his brother and sister, Satish and Uma, joined the freedom struggle.
  • // 1942
    In 1942, Gujral was sent to jail for taking a part in the Quit India Movement. He finished his studies from D.A.V. College, Hailey College of Commerce and Forman Christian College University, Lahore, Pakistan. He became a member of the Communist Party of India during college days.
  • // 1945 To 2011
    Gujral married Shiela Bhasin in 1945. She was his friend from college and a poet by profession, an acclaimed one at that. The couple had two sons together - Naresh Gujral and Vishal Gujral. Sheila died in 2011.
  • // 1958
    Gujral became the vice-president of the New Delhi Municipal Committee in 1958.
  • // 1964
    In 1964, he joined the Indian National Congress and became a member of the Rajya Sabha, the Upper House of the Parliament in the same year.
  • // 1975
    During the tough times of Emergency in 1975, he was the Minister of Information and Broadcasting and was put into the important position of taking care of media during a time of censorship in India and was in total control of Doordarshan.
  • // 1976 To 1980
    From 1976-1980, Gujral served as the Ambassador of India to the U.S.S.R. Gujral left the Congress party in 1980s and joined Janta Dal.
  • // 1989 To 1996
    From 1989-1990, he served as the Minister of External Affairs during the reign of V. P. Singh, and again in 1996, he became the Minister of External Affairs during the rule of H.D. Deve Gowda.
  • // 1997
    In 1997 Gujral was chosen as the Prime Minister of India, but he held the position only for eleven months.
  • // 30th Nov 2012
    He was diagnosed with a lung infection in 2012 and was admitted at Medanta Hospital in Gurgaon, Haryana. His condition worsened at the hospital and soon he was declared quite critical. He passed away within a few days.

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I. K. Gujral's FAQ

  • What is I. K. Gujral birthday?

    I. K. Gujral was born at 1919-12-04

  • When was I. K. Gujral died?

    I. K. Gujral was died at 2012-11-30

  • Where was I. K. Gujral died?

    I. K. Gujral was died in Gurgaon, Haryana, India

  • Which age was I. K. Gujral died?

    I. K. Gujral was died at age 92

  • Where is I. K. Gujral's birth place?

    I. K. Gujral was born in Jhelum, Punjab, British India (now in Punjab, Pakistan)

  • What is I. K. Gujral nationalities?

    I. K. Gujral's nationalities is Indian

  • Who is I. K. Gujral spouses?

    I. K. Gujral's spouses is Sheila Gujra

  • Who is I. K. Gujral childrens?

    I. K. Gujral's childrens is Naresh Gujral and Vishal Gujral

  • Which company or organization was founded by I. K. Gujral?

    I. K. Gujral was the founder/co-founder of Gujral Doctrine

  • What is I. K. Gujral's religion?

    I. K. Gujral's religion is Hinduism

  • Who is I. K. Gujral's father?

    I. K. Gujral's father is Avtar Narain

  • Who is I. K. Gujral's mother?

    I. K. Gujral's mother is Pushpa Gujral

  • What is I. K. Gujral's sun sign?

    I. K. Gujral is Sagittarius

  • How famous is I. K. Gujral?

    I. K. Gujral is famouse as Former Prime Minister of India