Gulzarilal Nanda - Former Prime Minister of India, Family and Life

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Gulzarilal Nanda's Personal Details

Gulzarilal Nanda was an Indian politician who served as Interim Prime Minister twice in 1962 and 1966

InformationDetail
BirthdayJuly 4, 1898
Died onJanuary 15, 1998
NationalityIndian
FamousFormer Prime Minister of India, Leaders, Political Leaders, Prime Ministers
Birth PlaceSialkot, Punjab, British India (now in Punjab, Pakistan)
GenderMale
Sun SignCancer
Born inSialkot, Punjab, British India (now in Punjab, Pakistan)
Famous asFormer Prime Minister of India
Died at Age99

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Gulzarilal Nanda's photo

Who is Gulzarilal Nanda?

Gulzarilal Nanda was an eminent Indian politician who is widely known for his stint as interim Prime Minister of India twice. Though both his terms were uneventful, the timing was crucial. When Jawaharlal Nehru passed away in 1962, India was trying to overcome from the war with China. At the crucial point, Nanda stepped up to lead the nation which was leaderless. Following the appointment of Lal Bahadur Shastri, Nanda stepped down from his position as interim Prime Minister only to take it up yet again in 1966 when Lal Bahadur Shastri passed away. Once again, the time when Nanda stepped up was crucial as India was reeling from a war with Pakistan in 1965. Nanda served both the terms for merely thirteen days each. However, Nanda’s career isn’t just about his role as interim Prime Minister. Before being appointed as the PM, Nanda served the nation through various government appointments. An economist by background, Nanda specialized in labour issues and worked as Labour Minister. Nanda represented India in various national and internal conferences. He also served as the Minister of Home Affairs from 1963 to 1966. For his immeasurable work during Indian freedom struggle and later in post independent India, Nanda was awarded the prestigious Bharat Ratna.

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Childhood & Early Life

Gulzarilal Nanda was born on July 4, 1898 in Sialkotin a Punjabi, Hindu family. Sialkot was then a part of the Punjab province of British India. After the partition of India in 1947 it became a part of Pakistan.

Young Nanda received his early education in Lahore, Amritsar, Agra an Allahabad.

Career

Nanda started his career as a research scholar on Labour problems at Allahabad University. He worked there from 1920 to 1921. Besides his academic career, Nanda kept himself updated with the freedom struggle movement. He was an ardent follower of Gandhi.

In 1921, Nanda took up the post of Professor of Economics at the National College in Bombay. Unable to refrain himself from actively participating in the freedom struggle, Nanda joined the Non Cooperation Movement against the British.

From 1922 until 1946, Nanda served as the secretary of the Ahmedabad Textile Labour Association. In between, Nanda was twice jailed, once in 1932 for his active participation in Satyagraha and later in 1942 for two years. He was freed after two years in 1944.

Meanwhile, in 1937, Nanda was elected to the Bombay Legislative Assembly, wherein he served as the Parliamentary Secretary for Labor and Excise to the Government of Bombay for two years until 1939. In this profile, Nanda actively worked for advancement and progress of the city and its governance.

Nanda worked as the Labour Minister of the Bombay Government from 1946 to 1950. During his tenure as Labour Minister, Nanda successfully carried out several important tasks. He directed the Labour Disputes Bill in the state assembly, served as the Trustee of the Kasturba Memorial Trust, took up the post of the secretary of the Hindustan MazdoorSevakSangh (Indian Labor Welfare Organization), and was the Chairman of the Bombay Housing Board.

Nanda became a member of the National Planning Committee. He was instrumental in organising the Indian National Trade Union Congress, and eventually became its president.

As Labour Minister of India, Nanda represented the country at the International Labor Conference in Geneva, Switzerland in 1947 as a government delegate. Meanwhile, he worked on The Freedom of Association Committee which held various conferences across Europeincluding Sweden, France, Switzerland, Belgium, and the UK. During his time at the Committee conference, he studied foreign labour and housing conditions.

In 1950, Nanda became a part of the Planning Commission of India. He was appointed its Vice Chairman. The following year, he was appointed as the Planning Minister. In addition to that, he took charge of the Irrigation and Power portfolio as well.

During the general elections of 1952, Nanda was elected a Lok Sabha member from Bombay. The same year, he was reinstated as the Minister for Planning, Irrigation, and Power. In 1955, Nanda led the Indian Delegation to the Plan Consultative Committee held in Singapore.

In 1957, Nanda was elected to the Lok Sabha again. He was appointed the Union Minister for Labour, Employment and Planning. Eventually, he was given the post of Deputy Chairman of the Planning Commission.

In 1959, he once again represented India at the International Labor Conference in Geneva. Furthermore, he also visited the Federal Republic of Germany, Yugoslavia, and Austria.

In 1962, Nanda was re-elected to the Lok Sabha, this time however from the Sabarkantha constituency in Gujarat. The same year, he initiated the Congress Forum for Socialist Action.

Between 1962 and 1963, Nanda served as the Union Minister for Labour and Employment. Later from 1963 until 1966, he served as the Minister for Home Affairs.

While Nanda was serving as the Minister of Home Affairs, India’s then Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru died. Nanda was made the Interim Prime Minister and he served in this position for thirteen days before election of the next Prime Minister of India, Lal Bahadur Shastri.

Once again in 1966, when Lal Bahadur Shastri passed away, Gulzarilal Nanda became the Interim Prime Minister of India. He yet again served the position for thirteen days before Indira Gandhi came to power.

Major Works

Nanda worked as an eminent Indian politician specializing on labour issues. He, in his lifetime, served the Government of India as the Labour Minister and later as the Minister of Home Affairs. A multi-talented personality, he even took up the profile of Irrigation and Power. Though Nanda dedicatedly worked all through, the high point in his career came when he twice took up the post of interim Prime Minister for thirteen days each in 1962 and 1966.

Awards & Achievements

He was amongst the 42 members who were honored with ‘Proud Past Alumni’ from Allahabad University Alumni Association, NCR, Ghaziabad.

To commemorate his dedication and service to the country, Government of India bestowed upon him the country’s highest civilian award, Bharat Ratna in 1997.

Personal Life & Legacy

Nanda tied the knot with Lakshmi. The couple was blessed with three children, two sons and a daughter.

Despite being a well-known politician and leader of the Indian freedom movement, Nanda lived a life with meagre means.

Nanda breathed his last on January 15, 1998 in Ahmedabad, Gujarat.

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Gulzarilal Nanda awards

YearNameAward

Other

Bharat Ratna
1997

Gulzarilal Nanda biography timelines

  • // 4th Jul 1898 To 1947
    Gulzarilal Nanda was born on July 4, 1898 in Sialkotin a Punjabi, Hindu family. Sialkot was then a part of the Punjab province of British India. After the partition of India in 1947 it became a part of Pakistan.
  • // 1920 To 1921
    Nanda started his career as a research scholar on Labour problems at Allahabad University. He worked there from 1920 to 1921. Besides his academic career, Nanda kept himself updated with the freedom struggle movement. He was an ardent follower of Gandhi.
  • // 1921
    In 1921, Nanda took up the post of Professor of Economics at the National College in Bombay. Unable to refrain himself from actively participating in the freedom struggle, Nanda joined the Non Cooperation Movement against the British.
  • // 1937 To 1939
    Meanwhile, in 1937, Nanda was elected to the Bombay Legislative Assembly, wherein he served as the Parliamentary Secretary for Labor and Excise to the Government of Bombay for two years until 1939. In this profile, Nanda actively worked for advancement and progress of the city and its governance.
  • // 1946 To 1950
    Nanda worked as the Labour Minister of the Bombay Government from 1946 to 1950. During his tenure as Labour Minister, Nanda successfully carried out several important tasks. He directed the Labour Disputes Bill in the state assembly, served as the Trustee of the Kasturba Memorial Trust, took up the post of the secretary of the Hindustan MazdoorSevakSangh (Indian Labor Welfare Organization), and was the Chairman of the Bombay Housing Board.
  • // 1947
    As Labour Minister of India, Nanda represented the country at the International Labor Conference in Geneva, Switzerland in 1947 as a government delegate. Meanwhile, he worked on The Freedom of Association Committee which held various conferences across Europeincluding Sweden, France, Switzerland, Belgium, and the UK. During his time at the Committee conference, he studied foreign labour and housing conditions.
  • // 1950
    In 1950, Nanda became a part of the Planning Commission of India. He was appointed its Vice Chairman. The following year, he was appointed as the Planning Minister. In addition to that, he took charge of the Irrigation and Power portfolio as well.
  • // 1952 To 1955
    During the general elections of 1952, Nanda was elected a Lok Sabha member from Bombay. The same year, he was reinstated as the Minister for Planning, Irrigation, and Power. In 1955, Nanda led the Indian Delegation to the Plan Consultative Committee held in Singapore.
  • // 1957
    In 1957, Nanda was elected to the Lok Sabha again. He was appointed the Union Minister for Labour, Employment and Planning. Eventually, he was given the post of Deputy Chairman of the Planning Commission.
  • // 1959
    In 1959, he once again represented India at the International Labor Conference in Geneva. Furthermore, he also visited the Federal Republic of Germany, Yugoslavia, and Austria.
  • // 1962
    In 1962, Nanda was re-elected to the Lok Sabha, this time however from the Sabarkantha constituency in Gujarat. The same year, he initiated the Congress Forum for Socialist Action.
  • // 1962 To 1966
    Nanda worked as an eminent Indian politician specializing on labour issues. He, in his lifetime, served the Government of India as the Labour Minister and later as the Minister of Home Affairs. A multi-talented personality, he even took up the profile of Irrigation and Power. Though Nanda dedicatedly worked all through, the high point in his career came when he twice took up the post of interim Prime Minister for thirteen days each in 1962 and 1966.
  • // 1966
    Once again in 1966, when Lal Bahadur Shastri passed away, Gulzarilal Nanda became the Interim Prime Minister of India. He yet again served the position for thirteen days before Indira Gandhi came to power.
  • // 1997
    To commemorate his dedication and service to the country, Government of India bestowed upon him the country’s highest civilian award, Bharat Ratna in 1997.
  • // 15th Jan 1998
    Nanda breathed his last on January 15, 1998 in Ahmedabad, Gujarat.

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Gulzarilal Nanda's FAQ

  • What is Gulzarilal Nanda birthday?

    Gulzarilal Nanda was born at 1898-07-04

  • When was Gulzarilal Nanda died?

    Gulzarilal Nanda was died at 1998-01-15

  • Where was Gulzarilal Nanda died?

    Gulzarilal Nanda was died in Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India

  • Which age was Gulzarilal Nanda died?

    Gulzarilal Nanda was died at age 99

  • Where is Gulzarilal Nanda's birth place?

    Gulzarilal Nanda was born in Sialkot, Punjab, British India (now in Punjab, Pakistan)

  • What is Gulzarilal Nanda nationalities?

    Gulzarilal Nanda's nationalities is Indian

  • What is Gulzarilal Nanda's sun sign?

    Gulzarilal Nanda is Cancer

  • How famous is Gulzarilal Nanda?

    Gulzarilal Nanda is famouse as Former Prime Minister of India