John Rawls - Philosophers, Family and Family

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John Rawls's Personal Details

John Rawls was an American academician, philosopher and writer

InformationDetail
BirthdayFebruary 21, 1921
Died onNovember 24, 2002
NationalityAmerican
FamousPhilosophers, Atheists, Princeton University, Intellectuals & Academics, Philosophers
City/StateMaryland
SpousesMargaret Fox
SiblingsBobby, Tommy
Known asJohn Bordley Rawls
Universities
  • Princeton University
  • Princeton University
  • Kent School
Notable Alumnis
  • Princeton University
Birth PlaceBaltimore
Political IdeologyPolitical philosophy,, Liberalism
ReligionWestern Philosophy
GenderMale
FatherWilliam Lee Rawls
MotherAnna Abell Stump
Sun SignPisces
Born inBaltimore
Famous asAmerican Philosopher
Died at Age81

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John Rawls's photo

Who is John Rawls?

John Rawls was one of the leading American philosophers who specialised in moral and political philosophy. He was the author of ‘A Theory of Justice', which is still considered to be one of the most important publications in political philosophy. He was awarded the Schock Prize for Logic and Philosophy and the National Humanities Medal. Apart from his career in philosophy, Rawls also served in the United States Army during the World War II, serving in the Pacific, New Guinea, Philippines and Japan. However, he quit the same after witnessing the Hiroshima bombing. Upon leaving the army, he continued his education and went on to obtain his Ph.D. from the Princeton University. He later taught at the Harvard University, where he remained for around 40 years.

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Childhood & Early Life

John Rawls was born in Baltimore, Maryland, to William Lee Rawls, an attorney and Anna Abell Stump Rawls. He suffered from an emotional turmoil early on, when two of his brothers died in childhood due to fatal illnesses.

He briefly attended a school in Baltimore after which he enrolled at the Kent School in Connecticut. In 1939, he enrolled at the Princeton University.

In 1943, soon after obtaining a degree in arts, he was commissioned into the United States Army. He served during the World War II but left the army, after witnessing the Hiroshima bombing.

Withdrawing his service from the army, he got enrolled again at the Princeton University in 1946, to secure a PhD in the field of moral philosophy.

In 1950, he published the thesis titled, ‘A Study in the Grounds of Ethical Knowledge: Considered with Reference to Judgments on the Moral Worth of Character’.

Upon obtaining a PhD in 1950, he started teaching at the Princeton University - a position he held onto for two years.

Career

In 1951, he published 'Outline of a Decision Procedure for Ethics', in the Cornell University journal titled, ‘Philosophical Review'. In the same journal, he also wrote, ‘Justice as Fairness' and 'The Sense of Justice'.

In 1952, he was awarded the Fulbright Fellowship to Oxford University. He returned to the United States of America, where he initially worked as an assistant professor and later became the associate professor at the Cornell University.

By 1962, he became a full time professor at Cornell University and soon received a tenured position from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. However, he opted to teach at the Harvard University.

In 1963, he authored a chapter titled, ‘Constitutional Liberty and the Concept of Justice' for the book, ‘Nomos, VI: Justice', Yearbook of the American Society for Political and Legal Philosophy.

In 1967, he authored the chapter titled, ‘Distributive Justice’ in the Peter Laslett and W. G. Runciman book titled, 'Philosophy, Politics, and Society'. The following year, he wrote the article, ‘Distributive Justice: Some Addenda'.

In 1971, he authored ‘A Theory of Justice’, which was published by the Belknap Press of Harvard University Press. This is regarded as one of his most important works on political philosophy and ethics.

In November 1974, he wrote the article titled, ‘Reply to Alexander and Musgrave' in the 'Quarterly Journal of Economics'. The same year, he also published 'Some Reasons for the Maximin Criterion' in the 'American Economic Review'.

In 1993, he came out with an updated version of ‘A Theory of Justice’ titled'Political Liberalism'. The work was published by the Columbia University Press. The same year, he authored the article titled, ‘The Law of Peoples', which was published in the 'Critical Inquiry'.

In 2001, he published ‘Justice as Fairness: A Restatement', in response to criticism of his book, ‘A Theory of Justice’. The book presented a shorter summary of the philosophies that was edited by Erin Kelly.

Major Works

‘A Theory of Justice’ is one of his seminal works and magnum opus that was widely hailed during its time of publication as ‘'the most important work in moral philosophy since the end of World War II'.

Awards & Achievements

In 1999, he received the Schock Prize for his work in 'Logic and Philosophy'.

In 1999, he was the recipient of the National Humanities Medal.

Personal Life & Legacy

In 1928, when he was barely seven years old, he suffered from diphtheria. The next year, he was struck with pneumonia.

In 1949, he married Brown University graduate, Margaret Fox.

This famous American political philosopher did not like giving interviews and was not comfortable with limelight.

He was an atheist.

In 1995, he suffered from a series of strokes, after which he could no longer work.

He died at the age of 81 in Lexington, Massachusetts.

Trivia

He was a leading American philosopher in moral and political philosophy whose work in political philosophy is dubbed as Rawlsianism.

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John Rawls biography timelines

  • // 21st Feb 1921
    John Rawls was born in Baltimore, Maryland, to William Lee Rawls, an attorney and Anna Abell Stump Rawls. He suffered from an emotional turmoil early on, when two of his brothers died in childhood due to fatal illnesses.
  • // 1928
    In 1928, when he was barely seven years old, he suffered from diphtheria. The next year, he was struck with pneumonia.
  • // 1939
    He briefly attended a school in Baltimore after which he enrolled at the Kent School in Connecticut. In 1939, he enrolled at the Princeton University.
  • // 1943
    In 1943, soon after obtaining a degree in arts, he was commissioned into the United States Army. He served during the World War II but left the army, after witnessing the Hiroshima bombing.
  • // 1946
    Withdrawing his service from the army, he got enrolled again at the Princeton University in 1946, to secure a PhD in the field of moral philosophy.
  • // 1949
    In 1949, he married Brown University graduate, Margaret Fox.
  • // 1950
    In 1950, he published the thesis titled, ‘A Study in the Grounds of Ethical Knowledge: Considered with Reference to Judgments on the Moral Worth of Character’.
  • // 1950
    Upon obtaining a PhD in 1950, he started teaching at the Princeton University - a position he held onto for two years.
  • // 1951
    In 1951, he published 'Outline of a Decision Procedure for Ethics', in the Cornell University journal titled, ‘Philosophical Review'. In the same journal, he also wrote, ‘Justice as Fairness' and 'The Sense of Justice'.
  • // 1952
    In 1952, he was awarded the Fulbright Fellowship to Oxford University. He returned to the United States of America, where he initially worked as an assistant professor and later became the associate professor at the Cornell University.
  • // 1962
    By 1962, he became a full time professor at Cornell University and soon received a tenured position from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. However, he opted to teach at the Harvard University.
  • // 1963
    In 1963, he authored a chapter titled, ‘Constitutional Liberty and the Concept of Justice' for the book, ‘Nomos, VI: Justice', Yearbook of the American Society for Political and Legal Philosophy.
  • // 1967
    In 1967, he authored the chapter titled, ‘Distributive Justice’ in the Peter Laslett and W. G. Runciman book titled, 'Philosophy, Politics, and Society'. The following year, he wrote the article, ‘Distributive Justice: Some Addenda'.
  • // 1971
    In 1971, he authored ‘A Theory of Justice’, which was published by the Belknap Press of Harvard University Press. This is regarded as one of his most important works on political philosophy and ethics.
  • // 1974
    In November 1974, he wrote the article titled, ‘Reply to Alexander and Musgrave' in the 'Quarterly Journal of Economics'. The same year, he also published 'Some Reasons for the Maximin Criterion' in the 'American Economic Review'.
  • // 1993
    In 1993, he came out with an updated version of ‘A Theory of Justice’ titled'Political Liberalism'. The work was published by the Columbia University Press. The same year, he authored the article titled, ‘The Law of Peoples', which was published in the 'Critical Inquiry'.
  • // 1995
    In 1995, he suffered from a series of strokes, after which he could no longer work.
  • // 1999
    In 1999, he received the Schock Prize for his work in 'Logic and Philosophy'.
  • // 1999
    In 1999, he was the recipient of the National Humanities Medal.
  • // 2001
    In 2001, he published ‘Justice as Fairness: A Restatement', in response to criticism of his book, ‘A Theory of Justice’. The book presented a shorter summary of the philosophies that was edited by Erin Kelly.
  • // 24th Nov 2002
    He died at the age of 81 in Lexington, Massachusetts.

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John Rawls's FAQ

  • What is John Rawls birthday?

    John Rawls was born at 1921-02-21

  • When was John Rawls died?

    John Rawls was died at 2002-11-24

  • Where was John Rawls died?

    John Rawls was died in Lexington

  • Which age was John Rawls died?

    John Rawls was died at age 81

  • Where is John Rawls's birth place?

    John Rawls was born in Baltimore

  • What is John Rawls nationalities?

    John Rawls's nationalities is American

  • Who is John Rawls spouses?

    John Rawls's spouses is Margaret Fox

  • Who is John Rawls siblings?

    John Rawls's siblings is Bobby, Tommy

  • What was John Rawls universities?

    John Rawls studied at Princeton University, Princeton University, Kent School

  • What was John Rawls notable alumnis?

    John Rawls's notable alumnis is Princeton University

  • What is John Rawls's political ideology?

    John Rawls's political ideology is Political philosophy,, Liberalism

  • What is John Rawls's religion?

    John Rawls's religion is Western Philosophy

  • Who is John Rawls's father?

    John Rawls's father is William Lee Rawls

  • Who is John Rawls's mother?

    John Rawls's mother is Anna Abell Stump

  • What is John Rawls's sun sign?

    John Rawls is Pisces

  • How famous is John Rawls?

    John Rawls is famouse as American Philosopher