James Cronin

James Cronin - University Of Chicago, Timeline and Family

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James Cronin's Personal Details

James Cronin was an American nuclear physicist who won the 1980 Nobel Prize in Physics

InformationDetail
BirthdaySeptember 29, 1931
Died onAugust 25, 2016
NationalityAmerican
FamousSouthern Methodist University, University Of Chicago, Scientists, Physicists
Known asJames Watson Cronin, James W. Cronin
Universities
  • Southern Methodist University,University Of Chicago
  • 1955 - University of Chicago
  • 1951 - Southern Methodist University
Notable Alumnis
  • Southern Methodist University
  • University Of Chicago
Birth PlaceChicago
GenderMale
Sun SignLibra
Born inChicago
Famous asPhysicist
Died at Age84

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James Cronin's photo

Who is James Cronin?

James Cronin was an American nuclear physicist who was one of the joint winners of 1980 Nobel Prize in Physics. He was born in the city of Chicago in Illinois but grew up in Dallas, Texas where is father was a professor of Greek as well as Latin at the Southern Methodist University. He studied at the Southern Methodist University and graduated in mathematics and physics before continuing with his education at the University of Chicago. After obtaining his doctorate from the University of Chicago, he started working at the Brookhaven National Laboratory and after some time he joined Princeton University as a professor at the insistence of nuclear physicist Val Fitch. It was at Princeton University that Cronin did his most productive work and in collaboration with Val Fitch he came up with the studies that eventually resulted in the discovery of CP violation. Cronin worked for a year in France and then returned to Princeton University to continue on his research on CP violation. He left Princton for University of Chicago and had a fruitful time at his alma mater. He had also spent a year at CERN and worked on neutral pion.

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Childhood & Early Life

Jason Cronin was born on 29 September 1931, in Chicago, to James Farley Cronin and Dorothy Watson. At the time of his birth, his father was a classical languages student at University of Chicago. Later on, he worked as a professor at Southern Methodist University in Dallas, Texas.

Jason received his primary and secondary education from Highland Park Public School System. During his years as a high school student, he started to take a keen interest in physics and his teacher Charles H. Marshall was an important source of guidance.

He attended the Southern Methodist University in Dallas, Texas for his undergraduate studies and graduated in 1951 with mathematics and physics as his major subjects. Subsequently, he enrolled in University of Chicago for his post graduate education and obtained his doctorate in the year 1955.

Career

After obtaining his doctorate from the University of Chicago, he became a part of the group headed by scientists like Rodney Cool and Oreste Piccioni to work on the 3 GeV generator, named Brookhaven Cosmotron, at Brookhaven National Laboratory. He also studied the phenomenon called parity violation as noticed in hyper particles in the state of decay.

Renowned nuclear physicist Val Fitch was highly impressed by his work at the Brookhaven National Laboratory and offered him a chance to become a professor at Princeton University. He took up the offer and became a professor in 1958. He started working at particle physics, a department that was supported by the Office of Naval Research.

His primary research at Princeton University was concerned with hyperon decays and subsequently he collaborated with Val Fitch on his study of neutral K meson decays. The research conducted with Val Fitch helped in discovering CP violation in 1964. Subsequently, he took a year off and worked at the Centre d’Etudes Nucleaires located in Saclay, France.

He rejoined Princeton University in 1965 and for the next six years immersed himself in further studies and experiments on CP violation. Subsequently, he was appointed as a professor at the University of Chicago in 1971 and the incentive for him was that he could work with the freshly manufactured 400 GeV particle accelerator at the university.

During his years at the University of Chicago, he worked at Fermilab, where the particle accelerator was kept. His experiments were concerned with the process of producing particles at high momentum and also on the process of direct leptons.

In 1982, he went to CERN and spent a year there. At CERN, his experiments dealt with the measurement of the live span of a neutral pion.

Major Works

His study, in collaboration with Val Fitch, on the decays suffered by neutral K mesons and the discovery of CP violation, in 1964, is without doubt the most important work of his career. He shared the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1980 for the discovery.

Awards & Achievements

In 1976, he won the E. O. Lawrence Award and the John Price Wetherill Medal.

James Cronin and Val Fitch shared the Nobel Prize in Physics 1980 "for the discovery of violations of fundamental symmetry principles in the decay of neutral K-mesons".

Personal Life & Legacy

He married Annette Martin in 1954. The couple had three children: two daughters, Cathryn and Emily, and a son, Daniel. His wife, Annette, passed away in 2005 due to complications from Parkinson’s disease.

He married Carol Champlin in November of 2006.

His daughter Cathryn died of leukemia in 2011.

He died on August 25, 2016, at the age of 84.

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James Cronin's awards

YearNameAward

Other

01980 - Nobel Prize in Physics
0 1970 - Guggenheim Fellowship for Natural Sciences
0 US & Canada
0 2000 - National Medal of Science for Physical Science

James Cronin biography timelines

  • // 29th Sep 1931
    Jason Cronin was born on 29 September 1931, in Chicago, to James Farley Cronin and Dorothy Watson. At the time of his birth, his father was a classical languages student at University of Chicago. Later on, he worked as a professor at Southern Methodist University in Dallas, Texas.
  • // 1951 To 1955
    He attended the Southern Methodist University in Dallas, Texas for his undergraduate studies and graduated in 1951 with mathematics and physics as his major subjects. Subsequently, he enrolled in University of Chicago for his post graduate education and obtained his doctorate in the year 1955.
  • // 1954 To 2005
    He married Annette Martin in 1954. The couple had three children: two daughters, Cathryn and Emily, and a son, Daniel. His wife, Annette, passed away in 2005 due to complications from Parkinson’s disease.
  • // 1958
    Renowned nuclear physicist Val Fitch was highly impressed by his work at the Brookhaven National Laboratory and offered him a chance to become a professor at Princeton University. He took up the offer and became a professor in 1958. He started working at particle physics, a department that was supported by the Office of Naval Research.
  • // 1964
    His primary research at Princeton University was concerned with hyperon decays and subsequently he collaborated with Val Fitch on his study of neutral K meson decays. The research conducted with Val Fitch helped in discovering CP violation in 1964. Subsequently, he took a year off and worked at the Centre d’Etudes Nucleaires located in Saclay, France.
  • // 1964 To 1980
    His study, in collaboration with Val Fitch, on the decays suffered by neutral K mesons and the discovery of CP violation, in 1964, is without doubt the most important work of his career. He shared the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1980 for the discovery.
  • // 1965 To 1971
    He rejoined Princeton University in 1965 and for the next six years immersed himself in further studies and experiments on CP violation. Subsequently, he was appointed as a professor at the University of Chicago in 1971 and the incentive for him was that he could work with the freshly manufactured 400 GeV particle accelerator at the university.
  • // 1976
    In 1976, he won the E. O. Lawrence Award and the John Price Wetherill Medal.
  • // 1980
    James Cronin and Val Fitch shared the Nobel Prize in Physics 1980 "for the discovery of violations of fundamental symmetry principles in the decay of neutral K-mesons".
  • // 1982
    In 1982, he went to CERN and spent a year there. At CERN, his experiments dealt with the measurement of the live span of a neutral pion.
  • // 2006
    He married Carol Champlin in November of 2006.
  • // 2011
    His daughter Cathryn died of leukemia in 2011.
  • // 25th Aug 2016
    He died on August 25, 2016, at the age of 84.

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James Cronin's FAQ

  • What is James Cronin birthday?

    James Cronin was born at 1931-09-29

  • When was James Cronin died?

    James Cronin was died at 2016-08-25

  • Where was James Cronin died?

    James Cronin was died in Saint Paul, Minnesota, U.S.

  • Which age was James Cronin died?

    James Cronin was died at age 84

  • Where is James Cronin's birth place?

    James Cronin was born in Chicago

  • What is James Cronin nationalities?

    James Cronin's nationalities is American

  • What was James Cronin universities?

    James Cronin studied at Southern Methodist University,University Of Chicago, 1955 - University of Chicago, 1951 - Southern Methodist University

  • What was James Cronin notable alumnis?

    James Cronin's notable alumnis is Southern Methodist University, University Of Chicago

  • What is James Cronin's sun sign?

    James Cronin is Libra

  • How famous is James Cronin?

    James Cronin is famouse as Physicist