Hugo Theorell - Swedish Men, Family and Childhood

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Hugo Theorell's Personal Details

Nobel Prize winner Hugo Theorell was a Swedish scientist

InformationDetail
BirthdayJuly 6, 1903
Died onAugust 15, 1982
NationalitySwedish
FamousSwedish Men, Swedish Scientists, Scientists
Known asAxel Hugo Theodor Theorell ForMemRS
GenderMale
Sun SignCancer
Famous asSwedish scientist
Died at Age79

// Famous Swedish Men

Hugo Theorell's photo

Who is Hugo Theorell?

Nobel laureate Hugo Theorell was a scientist of Swedish origin. He received Nobel Prize in Physiology of Medicine for his important discoveries of oxidation enzymes. His earlier research works regarding the role of lipids showed that lipids have a significant role in reducing erythrocyte sedimentation rate or ESR. He is credited for discovering proteins like crystalline myoglobin, found in red muscle. He described this protein as the carrier of oxygen in muscle area. His extensive study defined the chemical structure of yellow colored enzyme found in yeast. He also conducted detail research on the chemical structure of cytochrome. Apart from that, he studied the link of cytochrom with heme nucleus. His innovative research showed the working process of ADH enzymes in breaking down alcohol in kidney. He had an important contribution regarding the isolation of enzymes like lactoperoxidase, found in milk. In later period of his life, he researched to crystallize an enzyme from horse’s liver. He also pursued his study on ethyl alcohol .One of the most important discoveries of Hugo includes his development of blood alcohol test to check drunk drivers. He was the recipient of several honorary doctorates from seven prestigious universities of places like Paris, Pennsylvania and so on.

// Famous Swedish Scientists

Childhood & Early Life

Born in Linkoping, Sweden, Hugo Theorell was the son of Thure Theorell, a surgeon-major to the First Life Grenadiers in Linkoping and Armida Bill. Hugo attended a State Secondary School in Linkoping for nine years.

He cleared his matriculation examination from that school on May 23, 1921. In the same year, he took admission at the Karolinska Institute to study medicine. In 1924, he graduated as a Bachelor of Medicine.

After a brief period, he started working as an assistant at the Institute of Medical Chemistry at Stockholm. From 1928 to 1929, he served as a temporary associate professor at this institute.

After that, he studied bacteriology under Professor Calmette for three months at the Pasteur Institute in Paris. He became an M.D. in 1930. The subject of his thesis was the lipids of the blood plasma.

Career

After completing his M.D., he worked as a lecturer in psychological chemistry at the Karolinska Institute. It was Hugo who for the first time noticed the presence of crystalline myoglobin while pursuing research works in Svedberg’s Institute of Physical Chemistry in Uppsala, Sweden in 1931.

In the following year, he worked as associate professor of medical and psychological chemistry at the University of Uppsala. Later, from 1933 to 1935, he worked as a Rockefeller Fellow in the laboratory of Otto Warburg at Berlin-Dahlem.

At that time, he pursued research on oxidation enzymes. In 1934, with the application of his own electrophoretic methods, he purified and crystallized a yellow colored enzyme found in yeast.

Moreover, he separated lactoflavin, a pigment part of that enzyme from the colorless protein carrier. His research established the fact that the portion of lactoflavin was a type of protein.

Based on its chemical structure, he named the substance as flavin mononucleotide. In 1937, he acted as the director of the Biochemical Department of the Nobel Medical Institute in Stockholm.

In 1938, he conducted research on the structure of cytochrome and its relation with heme nucleus. From 1940 to 1946, he acted as the Secretary of Swedish Medical Society.

In 1941, the research work on the relation of iron with cytochrome kept him busy. His joint research work with Anders Ehrenberg was about the structure of the cytochrome c molecule. Their work proved that the centre of the cytochrome c contains an iron atom.

Besides this, their work introduced the theory of embedded heme. According to this theory, the core portion of cytochrome c is surrounded by helical peptide chains to protect its iron atom from oxidized agents. He also constructed a model of this centre part to provide a clear idea about his theory.

From 1942 to 1950, he served as a member of the Swedish Society for Medical Research. In association with his co-researchers, he crystallized a peroxidase of horseradish.

In 1943, their research work resulted in the isolation of lactoperoxidase, a type of enzyme from milk. From 1947 to 1948, he was the Chairman of the Swedish Medical Society.

Moreover, he acted as the Chairman of the Association of Swedish Chemists from 1947 to 1949. In 1948, he played a vital role in crystallizing an enzyme from horse’s liver.

In 1950, his research work determined the velocity of the liver dehydrogenase. From 1950 to 1954, he was a member of the State Research Council for the Natural Sciences.

At that time, he continued research on the working process of the alcohol dehydrogenases. Besides research works, he also acted as the chief editor of “Nordisk Medicin”, a journal from 1954.

His innovative research work showed that the enzyme secreted from liver oxidizes alcohol and transforms it into aldehyde and the yeast enzyme plays a key role in reducing aldehyde to alcohol.

His next research work was on ethyl alcohol. In 1957, the National Academy of Sciences in Washington elected him as its Foreign Associate. In 1959, he became a Foreign Member of the Royal Society.

From 1967 to 1968, he was the president of the Swedish Academy of Sciences. From 1967 to 1973, he played the role of the president of the International Union of Biochemists.

Personal Life & Legacy

He married Elin Margit Elilsabeth Alenius Theorell in 1931. Elin Margit was a pianist by profession. They had a daughter, Eva Kristina Theorell and three sons whose names were Klas Thure Gabriel, Henning Hugo and Per Gunnar Tores Theorell. Hugo passed away in Stockholm.

Trivia

This renowned scientist of Swedish origin had a special interest in music and was a member of the Swedish Royal Academy of music. Moreover, he was also well known as a talented violinist.

// Famous Scientists

Hugo Theorell biography timelines

  • // 6th Jul 1903
    Born in Linkoping, Sweden, Hugo Theorell was the son of Thure Theorell, a surgeon-major to the First Life Grenadiers in Linkoping and Armida Bill. Hugo attended a State Secondary School in Linkoping for nine years.
  • // 1921 To 1924
    He cleared his matriculation examination from that school on May 23, 1921. In the same year, he took admission at the Karolinska Institute to study medicine. In 1924, he graduated as a Bachelor of Medicine.
  • // 1928 To 1929
    After a brief period, he started working as an assistant at the Institute of Medical Chemistry at Stockholm. From 1928 to 1929, he served as a temporary associate professor at this institute.
  • // 1930
    After that, he studied bacteriology under Professor Calmette for three months at the Pasteur Institute in Paris. He became an M.D. in 1930. The subject of his thesis was the lipids of the blood plasma.
  • // 1931
    After completing his M.D., he worked as a lecturer in psychological chemistry at the Karolinska Institute. It was Hugo who for the first time noticed the presence of crystalline myoglobin while pursuing research works in Svedberg’s Institute of Physical Chemistry in Uppsala, Sweden in 1931.
  • // 1931
    He married Elin Margit Elilsabeth Alenius Theorell in 1931. Elin Margit was a pianist by profession. They had a daughter, Eva Kristina Theorell and three sons whose names were Klas Thure Gabriel, Henning Hugo and Per Gunnar Tores Theorell. Hugo passed away in Stockholm.
  • // 1933 To 1935
    In the following year, he worked as associate professor of medical and psychological chemistry at the University of Uppsala. Later, from 1933 to 1935, he worked as a Rockefeller Fellow in the laboratory of Otto Warburg at Berlin-Dahlem.
  • // 1934
    At that time, he pursued research on oxidation enzymes. In 1934, with the application of his own electrophoretic methods, he purified and crystallized a yellow colored enzyme found in yeast.
  • // 1937
    Based on its chemical structure, he named the substance as flavin mononucleotide. In 1937, he acted as the director of the Biochemical Department of the Nobel Medical Institute in Stockholm.
  • // 1938 To 1946
    In 1938, he conducted research on the structure of cytochrome and its relation with heme nucleus. From 1940 to 1946, he acted as the Secretary of Swedish Medical Society.
  • // 1941
    In 1941, the research work on the relation of iron with cytochrome kept him busy. His joint research work with Anders Ehrenberg was about the structure of the cytochrome c molecule. Their work proved that the centre of the cytochrome c contains an iron atom.
  • // 1942 To 1950
    From 1942 to 1950, he served as a member of the Swedish Society for Medical Research. In association with his co-researchers, he crystallized a peroxidase of horseradish.
  • // 1943 To 1948
    In 1943, their research work resulted in the isolation of lactoperoxidase, a type of enzyme from milk. From 1947 to 1948, he was the Chairman of the Swedish Medical Society.
  • // 1947 To 1949
    Moreover, he acted as the Chairman of the Association of Swedish Chemists from 1947 to 1949. In 1948, he played a vital role in crystallizing an enzyme from horse’s liver.
  • // 1950 To 1954
    In 1950, his research work determined the velocity of the liver dehydrogenase. From 1950 to 1954, he was a member of the State Research Council for the Natural Sciences.
  • // 1954
    At that time, he continued research on the working process of the alcohol dehydrogenases. Besides research works, he also acted as the chief editor of “Nordisk Medicin”, a journal from 1954.
  • // 1957 To 1959
    His next research work was on ethyl alcohol. In 1957, the National Academy of Sciences in Washington elected him as its Foreign Associate. In 1959, he became a Foreign Member of the Royal Society.
  • // 1967 To 1973
    From 1967 to 1968, he was the president of the Swedish Academy of Sciences. From 1967 to 1973, he played the role of the president of the International Union of Biochemists.

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Hugo Theorell's FAQ

  • What is Hugo Theorell birthday?

    Hugo Theorell was born at 1903-07-06

  • When was Hugo Theorell died?

    Hugo Theorell was died at 1982-08-15

  • Which age was Hugo Theorell died?

    Hugo Theorell was died at age 79

  • What is Hugo Theorell nationalities?

    Hugo Theorell's nationalities is Swedish

  • What is Hugo Theorell's sun sign?

    Hugo Theorell is Cancer

  • How famous is Hugo Theorell?

    Hugo Theorell is famouse as Swedish scientist