Herbert A. Hauptman - University Of Maryland, Birthday and Childhood

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Herbert A. Hauptman's Personal Details

Herbert Aaron Hauptman was an American mathematician who won the 1985 Nobel Prize in Chemistry

InformationDetail
BirthdayFebruary 14, 1917
Died onOctober 23, 2011
NationalityAmerican
FamousUniversity Of Maryland, Scientists, Mathematicians
SpousesEdith Citrynell
Known asHerbert Aaron Hauptman
Childrens Barbara (born 1947), Carol (born 1950).
Universities
  • University Of Maryland
Notable Alumnis
  • University Of Maryland
Birth PlaceNew York City
GenderMale
FatherIsrael Hauptman
MotherLeah Rosenfeld
Sun SignAquarius
Born inNew York City
Famous asMathematician
Died at Age94

// Famous Mathematicians

Herbert A. Hauptman's photo

Who is Herbert A. Hauptman?

Herbert Aaron Hauptman was an American mathematician who was one of the joint recipients of the 1985 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. He was a pioneer in utilizing mathematical equations thereby paving way for novel ways in research for the determination of the structure of molecules of crystallized materials. Interested in mathematics and science as a child, he later took up a Bachelor’s degree in Mathematics from the City College of New York and an M. A. degree in mathematics from Columbia University. He completed his Ph.D. in mathematics from the University of Maryland and subsequently began working with chemist Jerome Karle on X-Ray crystallography. His knowledge in mathematics and Jerome Karle’s expertise in physical chemistry enabled them to identify the issues associated with X-Ray crystallography, introduce probabilistic methods and deduce mathematical equations while working on understanding molecular structure. Hauptman and Jerome Karle won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1985 for the ‘development of direct methods for the determination of crystal structures’. Hauptman later continued his research as part of the crystallographic group of the Medical Foundation of Buffalo where he took up role as research director and President. He also taught at the Department of Computer Science and Biophysical Sciences in the University of Buffalo. Over his career, he authored over 170 publications in the form of journals, papers, articles, books and chapters.

// Famous Alumni of University Of Maryland

Childhood & Early Life:

Herbert Aaron Hauptman was born on 14 February 1917, at New York City, USA. He was the oldest child of Jewish couple Leah (Rosenfeld) and Israel Hauptman.

He completed his school education from Townsend Harris High School and grew interested in mathematics and science. He later pursued his studies from City College of New York and graduated in 1937 with a Bachelor of Science degree in Mathematics.

He completed his M. A. degree in Mathematics from Columbia University in 1939. After the World War II, he went on to pursue Ph.D. at the University of Maryland at College Park. He subsequently began working in association with physical chemist, Jerome Karle, at the Naval Research Laboratory in Washington D.C. Herbert A. Hauptman completed his Ph.D. in Mathematics from the University of Maryland in 1955.

Career

In 1947, after World War II, along with pursuing advanced studies, Herbert A. Hauptman began working in collaboration with Jerome Karle at the Naval Research Laboratory in Washington, D.C.

Together, they focused on X-ray crystallography, to derive a 3D structure of a molecule by studying the pattern of scattering of a beam of X-Ray through a crystal form of the molecule. The method of X- ray crystallography had several limitations as scientists could not do more than predict the structure of the molecule which had to be confirmed by further investigation.

Along with Jerome Karle, Hauptman utilized probability theory to understand the light patterns on the X- Ray film, computed the angles at which X-ray beams were diverted as they went past the electrons surrounding the atom nucleus. These observations led to the development of equations that enabled to accurately determine the position of atoms.

These ideas were published in the 1953 monograph ‘Solution of the Phase Problem I. The Centrosymmetric Crystal’. The monograph included information regarding structure invariants and seminvariants and special linear combinations of the phases. Information regarding non-centrosymmetric space groups was added a few years later.

These ideas were beneficial for researchers working with antibiotics, hormones and vitamins as with this method, previously inaccessible structures could be studied.

He was keen to pursue his career in naval research rather than laser guided missiles and thus in 1970 joined the crystallographic group of the Medical Foundation of Buffalo (renamed the Hauptman-Woodward institute since 1994). The private foundation specialized in endocrine research.

In 1972, he became research director of the Medical Foundation of Buffalo and in 1988 took on the role of President and maintained the role until his death. He also worked as Research Professor in the Department of Biophysical Sciences and Adjunct Professor in the Department of Computer Science at the University at Buffalo.

He continued his study on issues in crystallography and towards the 1980s shifted his attention to the study of larger molecules.

He was known to have written more than 170 publications in the form of papers, books, journals and articles.

Major Works

Herbert A. Hauptman was a mathematician who worked on revolutionary methods to identify molecular structure utilizing X-ray crystallography. His works had a positive impact on subsequent research in modern chemistry as well as the pharmaceutical industry.

Awards and Achievements:

He was awarded the Belden Prize in Mathematics by the City College of New York in 1935.

In 1984 he jointly received the Patterson Award by American Crystallography Association in Lexington.

Herbert A. Hauptman and Jerom Karle were jointly awarded the 1985 Nobel Prize in Chemistry.

He was inducted into the Townsend Harris Hall of fame in 1989.

In 1991, he was awarded the Dirac Medal for the Advancement of Theoretical Physics by the University of New South Wales, Australia.

He was member of prestigious professional societies like Jewish Academy of Arts and Sciences, U.S. National Academy of Sciences, Philosophical Society of Washington and Association of Independent Research Institutes.

Personal Life & Legacy

Herbert A. Hauptman married Edith Citrynell in 1940 and the couple had two daughters; Barbara (born in 1947) and Carol (born in 1950).

He was among the 22 Nobel laureates to sign the 2003 Humanist Manifesto by the American Humanist Association.

He died on 23 October 2011 at Buffalo, New York, after suffering a stroke, at the age of 94.

// Famous Scientists

Herbert A. Hauptman awards

YearNameAward

Other

Nobel Prize in Chemistry (1985) (jointly with Jerome Karle)
Dirac Medal (1991)

Herbert A. Hauptman biography timelines

  • // 14th Feb 1917
    Herbert Aaron Hauptman was born on 14 February 1917, at New York City, USA. He was the oldest child of Jewish couple Leah (Rosenfeld) and Israel Hauptman.
  • // 1935
    He was awarded the Belden Prize in Mathematics by the City College of New York in 1935.
  • // 1937
    He completed his school education from Townsend Harris High School and grew interested in mathematics and science. He later pursued his studies from City College of New York and graduated in 1937 with a Bachelor of Science degree in Mathematics.
  • // 1939 To 1955
    He completed his M. A. degree in Mathematics from Columbia University in 1939. After the World War II, he went on to pursue Ph.D. at the University of Maryland at College Park. He subsequently began working in association with physical chemist, Jerome Karle, at the Naval Research Laboratory in Washington D.C. Herbert A. Hauptman completed his Ph.D. in Mathematics from the University of Maryland in 1955.
  • // 1940
    Herbert A. Hauptman married Edith Citrynell in 1940 and the couple had two daughters; Barbara (born in 1947) and Carol (born in 1950).
  • // 1947
    In 1947, after World War II, along with pursuing advanced studies, Herbert A. Hauptman began working in collaboration with Jerome Karle at the Naval Research Laboratory in Washington, D.C.
  • // 1953
    These ideas were published in the 1953 monograph ‘Solution of the Phase Problem I. The Centrosymmetric Crystal’. The monograph included information regarding structure invariants and seminvariants and special linear combinations of the phases. Information regarding non-centrosymmetric space groups was added a few years later.
  • // 1970 To 1994
    He was keen to pursue his career in naval research rather than laser guided missiles and thus in 1970 joined the crystallographic group of the Medical Foundation of Buffalo (renamed the Hauptman-Woodward institute since 1994). The private foundation specialized in endocrine research.
  • // 1972 To 1988
    In 1972, he became research director of the Medical Foundation of Buffalo and in 1988 took on the role of President and maintained the role until his death. He also worked as Research Professor in the Department of Biophysical Sciences and Adjunct Professor in the Department of Computer Science at the University at Buffalo.
  • // 1984
    In 1984 he jointly received the Patterson Award by American Crystallography Association in Lexington.
  • // 1985
    Herbert A. Hauptman and Jerom Karle were jointly awarded the 1985 Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
  • // 1989
    He was inducted into the Townsend Harris Hall of fame in 1989.
  • // 1991
    In 1991, he was awarded the Dirac Medal for the Advancement of Theoretical Physics by the University of New South Wales, Australia.
  • // 2003
    He was among the 22 Nobel laureates to sign the 2003 Humanist Manifesto by the American Humanist Association.
  • // 23rd Oct 2011
    He died on 23 October 2011 at Buffalo, New York, after suffering a stroke, at the age of 94.

// Aquarius Celebrities

Herbert A. Hauptman's FAQ

  • What is Herbert A. Hauptman birthday?

    Herbert A. Hauptman was born at 1917-02-14

  • When was Herbert A. Hauptman died?

    Herbert A. Hauptman was died at 2011-10-23

  • Where was Herbert A. Hauptman died?

    Herbert A. Hauptman was died in Buffalo, New York

  • Which age was Herbert A. Hauptman died?

    Herbert A. Hauptman was died at age 94

  • Where is Herbert A. Hauptman's birth place?

    Herbert A. Hauptman was born in New York City

  • What is Herbert A. Hauptman nationalities?

    Herbert A. Hauptman's nationalities is American

  • Who is Herbert A. Hauptman spouses?

    Herbert A. Hauptman's spouses is Edith Citrynell

  • Who is Herbert A. Hauptman childrens?

    Herbert A. Hauptman's childrens is Barbara (born 1947), Carol (born 1950).

  • What was Herbert A. Hauptman universities?

    Herbert A. Hauptman studied at University Of Maryland

  • What was Herbert A. Hauptman notable alumnis?

    Herbert A. Hauptman's notable alumnis is University Of Maryland

  • Who is Herbert A. Hauptman's father?

    Herbert A. Hauptman's father is Israel Hauptman

  • Who is Herbert A. Hauptman's mother?

    Herbert A. Hauptman's mother is Leah Rosenfeld

  • What is Herbert A. Hauptman's sun sign?

    Herbert A. Hauptman is Aquarius

  • How famous is Herbert A. Hauptman?

    Herbert A. Hauptman is famouse as Mathematician