# Famous Mathematicians - List of Famous Mathematicians

A mathematician is an expert in the field of mathematics; a person who is highly skilled and knowledgeable. It is a science that deals with numbers and their interrelations, combinations and operations, data, measurements, quantity, structure, space and generalizations. The science is extensively used in the fields of finance, engineering, industries, robotics, astronomy, business, information technology, and various other fields. Mathematicians analyze data, study patterns and develop mathematical models that not only help to further human knowledge, but are also utilized for solving problems in various fields. These scientists work in the fields of pure and applied mathematics. In the pure form of this science, the researchers work through abstract problems with the sole motive of furthering human knowledge and contributing to theory formation. On the other hand, professionals working in the applied form formulate mathematical models for problem solving in real-world situations. But these two fields are overlapping—what starts out as a theoretical study may spawn some practical applications, while applied study of maths may sometimes contribute to its theoretical base. They need to be highly analytical and technologically savvy with excellent reasoning skills. Browse this section to explore about the life and works of various famous mathematicians from all over the world.

## The Most Famous Mathematicians | |||
---|---|---|---|

Name | Birthday | Nationality | Bio |

Terence Tao | July 17, 1975 | Australian, American | Terence Tao is an Australian- American mathematician who has contributed enormously to the field of mathematics |

Pythagoras | 570 BC | Greek | Pythagoras of Samos was a Greek mathematician and philosopher |

Bhāskara II | 1114 | Indian | Bhaskara II was a 12th century Indian mathematician |

Isaac Newton | January 4, 1643 | British | Isaac Newton was an English scientist and mathematician, who discovered gravitation and Newtonian Mechanics |

Paul Dirac | August 8, 1902 | British | Paul Dirac was an English theoretical physicist known for his contributions to quantum mechanics and quantum electrodynamics |

Grigori Perelman | June 13, 1966 | Russian | Grigori Perelman is a Russian mathematician who is best known for his contributions to Riemannian geometry and geometric topology |

Brahmagupta | 598 | Indian | Brahmagupta was a highly accomplished ancient Indian astronomer and mathematician |

Alfred North Whitehead | February 15, 1861 | British, American | Alfred North Whitehead was a famous British Mathematician, who co-authored the historical ‘Principia Mathematica’ with Bertrand Russell |

James Harris Simons | 1938 | American | James Simons is an American mathematician and hedge fund manager who founded the famous Renaissance Technologies |

Georg Cantor | March 3, 1845 | German, Russian | George Cantor was an established mathematician who defined the cardinal and the ordinal numbers |

### Grigori Perelman

Grigori Perelman is a Russian mathematician who is best known for his contributions to Riemannian geometry and geometric topology

### John Hasbrouck Van Vleck

John Hasbrouck Van Vleck was an American physicist and mathematician who won a share of the 1977 Nobel Prize in Physics

### Herbert A. Hauptman

Herbert Aaron Hauptman was an American mathematician who won the 1985 Nobel Prize in Chemistry

### Manjul Bhargava

Manjul Bhargava is a Canadian-American mathematician known for his contributions to number theory

### Leonid Kantorovich

Leonid Kantorovich was a Russian mathematician and economist

### Paul Bernays

Paul Isaac Bernays was a famous Swiss mathematician who developed a new discipline of mathematical logic

### Shakuntala Devi

Shakuntala Devi was an Indian writer and mathematical prodigy popularly known as the "human computer"