Fiorello H. La Guardia - 99th Mayor of New York City, Facts and Facts

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Fiorello H. La Guardia's Personal Details

Fiorello Henry La Guardia was an American politician and lawyer best known for being the 99th Mayor of New York City for three terms

InformationDetail
BirthdayDecember 11, 1882
Died onSeptember 20, 1947
NationalityAmerican
Famous99th Mayor of New York City, Republicans, New York University, Leaders, Political Leaders
IdeologiesRepublicans
SpousesMarie Fisher LaGuardia, Thea Almerigotti LaGuardia
SiblingsGemma La Guardia Gluck
Known asFiorello Henry La Guardia
Childrens Eric Henry LaGuardia, Fioretta Thea LaGuardia, Jean Marie LaGuardia
Universities
  • New York University
  • New York University
  • New York University School of Law
Notable Alumnis
  • New York University
Founder / Co-Founder
  • New York City Opera
  • Fiorello H. LaGuardia High School
Birth PlaceGreenwich Village, Manhattan, New York, United States
Political IdeologyRepublican
ReligionEpiscopal Church
Height157cm
GenderMale
FatherAchille La Guardia
MotherIrene Coen Luzzato
Sun SignSagittarius
Born inGreenwich Village, Manhattan, New York, United States
Famous as99th Mayor of New York City
Died at Age64

// Famous 99th Mayor of New York City

Fiorello H. La Guardia's photo

Who is Fiorello H. La Guardia?

Fiorello Henry La Guardia was an American politician and lawyer. He is noted for his service as the Republican Mayor of New York City for three terms. A dynamic and enterprising man, nicknamed as ‘the Little Flower’, he remained as one of the most remarkable mayors in the history of United States. Though he was an influential and authoritative leader, his policies on several reforms were designed considering sentiments of diverse population of his constituency. He supported Democrat President Franklin D. Roosevelt and received grants for New York City. He revived the city by unifying the transit system, directing construction of economic public housing, parks, playgrounds, re-structuring police force and constructing airports among others. He won over the corrupt Democratic machine prevailing at the time of world war and depression. He was instrumental in re-establishing employment on the basis of merit instead of patronization of jobs. His administration appointed skilled groups not associated with the political system. His endeavour in giving New York a modern infrastructure boosting the expectation bar for an improved urban livelihood and corruption free machinery secured his position as one of the toughest and successful mayors in the United States.

// Famous Alumni of New York University

Childhood & Early Life

Fiorello Henry La Guardia was born on December 11, 1882 in New York City’s Greenwich Village to Achille La Guardia and Irene Coen. His father was an Italian and a lapsed Catholic from Cerignola and his mother was an Italian-Jewish woman from Trieste.

He was brought up as an Episcopalian and remained so all his life. During his childhood, his middle name ‘Enrico’ was anglicized to ‘Henry’.

He and his family shifted to Arizona where his father served as a bandmaster in the U.S. Army at Fort Whipple.

He studied in public schools and at the high school in Prescott in Arizona. After his father was discharged as a bandmaster 1898, he stayed in Trieste.

From 1900 to 1903, he worked in the U.S. consulate in Budapest as a clerk and assistant of the U.S. consul general.

From 1903 to 1906, he served in Fiume (at present Rijeka, Croatia) as consular agent.

He completed his graduation from ‘Dwight School’ located at the Upper West Side of New York. He served at the ‘New York Society for the Prevention of Cruelty for Children’.

He was a linguist and was fluent in Italian, Yiddish, French, German, Hungarian and Croatian languages. He served as an interpreter from 1907 to 1910 for the ‘U.S. Bureau of Immigration’ stationed at its Ellis Island immigration office.

In 1910, he completed his graduation from ‘New York University School of Law’ and joined the bar.

Career

In January 191,5 he became Deputy Attorney General of New York.

On November 7, 1916, he became the first Italian-American Congress member to be elected to the ‘U.S. House of Representatives’.

His tenure in the office of the ‘U.S. House of Representatives’ was short-lived as on August 15, 1917 he was inducted in the Army Air Service of the U.S during World War I. He was promoted as major in command of one of the units of Ca.44 bombers posted at the Italian-Austrian front.

On December 31, 1919, he gave up his seat in Congress. He was chosen to contest as the Republican nominee for the presidential post of ‘New York City Board of Aldermen’ and served in the post from 1920 to 1921.

In 1922, he won a Congress seat from East Harlem and rendered his service in the House till March 3, 1933. As a progressive reformer he railed against immigration quotas and aided labour legislation including the ‘Norris-La Guardia Act’.

In 1929, he lost to Tammany politician, James J. Walker in a bid to become mayor.

He supported the independence movement of Ireland and anti-czarist Russian Revolution but did not support Vladimir Lenin rather approved of American influence for democracy and national independence and for contending autocracy. He supported internationalism and was outspoken in favour of disarmament and peace conferences and also of ‘Inter-Parliamentary Union’ and ‘League of Nations’.

Fiorello Henry La Guardia was a proponent of several progressive issues including removal of American troops from Nicaragua, permitting more immigration, being vocal for the rights of striking miners, minorities, poor farmers and impoverished families. He contended for progressive income taxes, employment insurance for workers who lost their jobs in Great Depression and increased government supervision on Wall Street.

On November 7, 1933, Fiorello Henry La Guardia became the 99th mayor of New York City and was re-elected twice in 1937 and 1941 thus serving the position for twelve years.

He was a Freemason and a music lover known for his spontaneity organising professional as well as student’s orchestras. He was a member of the music fraternity ‘Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia’. In 1936 he was instrumental in establishing ‘High School of Music & Arts’ (now called the ‘Fiorello H. La Guardia High School of Music & Art and Performing Arts’).

In 1938, he proposed for an improved City Charter and successfully set up ‘New York City Board of Estimate’.

In 1939 ‘Interborough Rapid Transit Company’ was bought by New York City under his supervision thus enabling full public takeover of the subway system.

As mayor he vehemently took actions to control criminal and unethical activities including arresting gangsters and armed bandits, banning sale and possession of artichoke till its price remained inflated and shutting down burlesque theatres.

During the World War II, in 1941 he was appointed by President Roosevelt as the first director of ‘Office of Civilian Defence’, a national agency to combat German air raids.

On March 29, 1946, he became the director general of ‘the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration’.

Major Works

As mayor he supported Democrat President Franklin D. Roosevelt and agencies of New Deal like PWA, CWA and WPA and in turn received $1.1 billion federal money for New York.

The East River Drive, Triborough Bridge, West Side Highway, LaGuardia Airport and Brooklyn Battery are some of the many developments that took place during his tenure as mayor that transformed the face of New York.

Personal Life & Legacy

On March 8, 1919, he married Thea Almerigotti who was an Istria immigrant. Their daughter Fioretta Thea, born on June 1920, died on May 1921 due to spinal meningitis while his wife Thea Almerigotti died on n November 29, 1921 due to tuberculosis .

He married his former secretary in the congress, Marie Fisher, in 1929. The couple adopted Eric Henry and Jean Marie who was the daughter of Thea Almerigotti’s sister.

On September 20, 1947, he died in his home in Bronx after suffering from pancreatic cancer. He was buried at the ‘Woodlawn Cemetery’ in Bronx.

Trivia

The ‘United States Postal Service’ issued a 14¢ postage stamp in 1972 in his honour.

‘LaGuardia Airport’, New York, the ‘LaGuardia Community College’, New York and the LaGuardia Street, Tel Aviv, Israel, are some of the many places named after him.

He ranked first in the category of nation’s mayors in the 1993 poll for historians and social scientists.

// Famous Political Leaders

Fiorello H. La Guardia biography timelines

  • // 11th Dec 1882
    Fiorello Henry La Guardia was born on December 11, 1882 in New York City’s Greenwich Village to Achille La Guardia and Irene Coen. His father was an Italian and a lapsed Catholic from Cerignola and his mother was an Italian-Jewish woman from Trieste.
  • // 1898
    He studied in public schools and at the high school in Prescott in Arizona. After his father was discharged as a bandmaster 1898, he stayed in Trieste.
  • // 1900 To 1903
    From 1900 to 1903, he worked in the U.S. consulate in Budapest as a clerk and assistant of the U.S. consul general.
  • // 1903 To 1906
    From 1903 to 1906, he served in Fiume (at present Rijeka, Croatia) as consular agent.
  • // 1907 To 1910
    He was a linguist and was fluent in Italian, Yiddish, French, German, Hungarian and Croatian languages. He served as an interpreter from 1907 to 1910 for the ‘U.S. Bureau of Immigration’ stationed at its Ellis Island immigration office.
  • // 1910
    In 1910, he completed his graduation from ‘New York University School of Law’ and joined the bar.
  • // 7th Nov 1916
    On November 7, 1916, he became the first Italian-American Congress member to be elected to the ‘U.S. House of Representatives’.
  • // 15th Aug 1917
    His tenure in the office of the ‘U.S. House of Representatives’ was short-lived as on August 15, 1917 he was inducted in the Army Air Service of the U.S during World War I. He was promoted as major in command of one of the units of Ca.44 bombers posted at the Italian-Austrian front.
  • // 8th Mar 1919 To 29th Nov 1921
    On March 8, 1919, he married Thea Almerigotti who was an Istria immigrant. Their daughter Fioretta Thea, born on June 1920, died on May 1921 due to spinal meningitis while his wife Thea Almerigotti died on n November 29, 1921 due to tuberculosis .
  • // 1922 To 3rd Mar 1933
    In 1922, he won a Congress seat from East Harlem and rendered his service in the House till March 3, 1933. As a progressive reformer he railed against immigration quotas and aided labour legislation including the ‘Norris-La Guardia Act’.
  • // 1929
    In 1929, he lost to Tammany politician, James J. Walker in a bid to become mayor.
  • // 1929
    He married his former secretary in the congress, Marie Fisher, in 1929. The couple adopted Eric Henry and Jean Marie who was the daughter of Thea Almerigotti’s sister.
  • // 1936
    He was a Freemason and a music lover known for his spontaneity organising professional as well as student’s orchestras. He was a member of the music fraternity ‘Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia’. In 1936 he was instrumental in establishing ‘High School of Music & Arts’ (now called the ‘Fiorello H. La Guardia High School of Music & Art and Performing Arts’).
  • // 1938
    In 1938, he proposed for an improved City Charter and successfully set up ‘New York City Board of Estimate’.
  • // 1939
    In 1939 ‘Interborough Rapid Transit Company’ was bought by New York City under his supervision thus enabling full public takeover of the subway system.
  • // 1941
    During the World War II, in 1941 he was appointed by President Roosevelt as the first director of ‘Office of Civilian Defence’, a national agency to combat German air raids.
  • // 29th Mar 1946
    On March 29, 1946, he became the director general of ‘the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration’.
  • // 20th Sep 1947
    On September 20, 1947, he died in his home in Bronx after suffering from pancreatic cancer. He was buried at the ‘Woodlawn Cemetery’ in Bronx.
  • // 1972
    The ‘United States Postal Service’ issued a 14¢ postage stamp in 1972 in his honour.
  • // 1993
    He ranked first in the category of nation’s mayors in the 1993 poll for historians and social scientists.

// Famous Leaders

Fiorello H. La Guardia's FAQ

  • What is Fiorello H. La Guardia birthday?

    Fiorello H. La Guardia was born at 1882-12-11

  • When was Fiorello H. La Guardia died?

    Fiorello H. La Guardia was died at 1947-09-20

  • Where was Fiorello H. La Guardia died?

    Fiorello H. La Guardia was died in The Bronx, New York, United States

  • Which age was Fiorello H. La Guardia died?

    Fiorello H. La Guardia was died at age 64

  • Where is Fiorello H. La Guardia's birth place?

    Fiorello H. La Guardia was born in Greenwich Village, Manhattan, New York, United States

  • What is Fiorello H. La Guardia nationalities?

    Fiorello H. La Guardia's nationalities is American

  • What is Fiorello H. La Guardia ideologies?

    Fiorello H. La Guardia's ideologies is Republicans

  • Who is Fiorello H. La Guardia spouses?

    Fiorello H. La Guardia's spouses is Marie Fisher LaGuardia, Thea Almerigotti LaGuardia

  • Who is Fiorello H. La Guardia siblings?

    Fiorello H. La Guardia's siblings is Gemma La Guardia Gluck

  • Who is Fiorello H. La Guardia childrens?

    Fiorello H. La Guardia's childrens is Eric Henry LaGuardia, Fioretta Thea LaGuardia, Jean Marie LaGuardia

  • What was Fiorello H. La Guardia universities?

    Fiorello H. La Guardia studied at New York University, New York University, New York University School of Law

  • What was Fiorello H. La Guardia notable alumnis?

    Fiorello H. La Guardia's notable alumnis is New York University

  • Which company or organization was founded by Fiorello H. La Guardia?

    Fiorello H. La Guardia was the founder/co-founder of New York City Opera, Fiorello H. LaGuardia High School

  • What is Fiorello H. La Guardia's political ideology?

    Fiorello H. La Guardia's political ideology is Republican

  • What is Fiorello H. La Guardia's religion?

    Fiorello H. La Guardia's religion is Episcopal Church

  • How tall is Fiorello H. La Guardia?

    Fiorello H. La Guardia's height is 157

  • Who is Fiorello H. La Guardia's father?

    Fiorello H. La Guardia's father is Achille La Guardia

  • Who is Fiorello H. La Guardia's mother?

    Fiorello H. La Guardia's mother is Irene Coen Luzzato

  • What is Fiorello H. La Guardia's sun sign?

    Fiorello H. La Guardia is Sagittarius

  • How famous is Fiorello H. La Guardia?

    Fiorello H. La Guardia is famouse as 99th Mayor of New York City