William Ewart Gladstone

William Ewart Gladstone - Oxford University, Career and Family

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William Ewart Gladstone's Personal Details

William Ewart Gladstone was a famous British politician who served as the Prime Minister of United Kingdom four times

InformationDetail
BirthdayDecember 29, 1809
Died onMay 19, 1898
NationalityBritish
FamousEton College, Oxford University, Leaders, Political Leaders
SpousesCatherine Gladstone
SiblingsJohn
ChildrensAgnes Gladstone, Catherine Jessy Gladstone, Helen Gladstone, Henry Neville Gladstone, Herbert John Gladstone, Mary Gladstone, Rev. Stephen Edward Gladstone, William Henry Gladstone
Universities
  • Eton College,Oxford University
  • Christ Church
  • Oxford
Notable Alumnis
  • Eton College
  • Oxford University
Birth Place Liverpool
Political IdeologyConservative, Peelite and Liberal
ReligionChurch of England
GenderMale
FatherSir John Gladstone
MotherLeith
Sun SignCapricorn
Born inLiverpool
Died at Age88

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William Ewart Gladstone's photo

Who is William Ewart Gladstone?

One of the most formidable men the history of UK politics, William Ewart Gladstone was the Prime Minster of United Kingdom four times. Known as the ‘The People's William’, he was a Conservative when he entered politics, but later moved to the liberal party, where he remained till his retirement. A god-fearing person and man of principles, Gladstone brought a wave of reforms in Britain and also freed Ireland by separating its Church from Britain. His intelligence and command over language were two of his several impressive traits which he used to the best of his capacity. The number of reforms that he brought about while in power won him the approval of his countrymen, who elected him more than once. During his fourth term as the PM (at the age of 82), influential journalist William Stead wrote “Mr. Gladstone is old enough to be the grandfather of the younger race of politicians, but his courage, his faith, and his versatility, put the youngest of them to shame.”

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Childhood & Early Life

William was born to Sir John Gladstone and Anne MacKenzie Robertson. He started his elementary education at a rectory at the St. Thomas's Church at Seaforth in 1816.

Later, he attended the Eton College and went to the Christ Church, Oxford from where he matriculated in 1828.

In December 1831, he received his double first class degree in mathematics and classics. Thereafter, he embarked on a tour to Belgium, France, Germany and Italy.

Career

Following his return, he was elected as a Conservative Member of Parliament for Newark in 1832.

In December 1834, he was made the Junior Lord of the Treasury in Sir Robert Peel's office and later became the Under-Secretary of State for War and the Colonies.

He was appointed the vice-president of the board of trade and in 1843 he moved up to the post of president.

When Lord Palmerston, the Whig leader, assumed office as the Prime Minister in 1859, he made Gladstone the Chancellor of the Exchequer.

He left the Conservative Party to join the Liberals and participated in elections from South Lancashire in 1865 and became the leader of the House of Commons, as well as Chancellor of the Exchequer.

In December 1868, the Conservatives lost in the general elections and Gladstone, who was then the leader of the Liberal Party, became the Prime Minister.

However, in the 1874 General Elections, he lost to the Conservative leader, Benjamin Disraeli.

The next election, held in 1880, proved to be fruitful for the Liberal Party and Gladstone was elected as the Prime Minister for the second time.

The Liberals won the election again in 1886 and he became the Prime Minister for a third term. After his victory, one of his major accomplishments was influencing the parliament to accept the Irish Home Rule.

In the 1892 General Elections, he was elected for one more time, assuming the office of the Prime Minister on 15th August.

He resigned from the office on 2nd March, 1894 at the age of 84 - the oldest Prime Minister in the history of United Kingdom.

Major Works

When Prime Minister John Russell retired and Gladstone became the Leader of the Liberals and eventually the Prime Minister, he brought about a number of significant reforms such as disestablishment of the Church of Ireland and implementation of the Forster Education Act in 1870 to provide free elementary education.

In 1883, he passed ‘The Corrupt Practices Act’, which stated the amount of money politicians could spend while campaigning during the elections. This was a major step towards reducing corruption in British politics.

In the Reform Act of 1884, he proposed to allow the working class males to vote just like the ones residing in townships. The proposal was materialized into a law which stated that adult male householders and �10 tenants (another six million men) were allowed to exercise franchise.

Personal Life & Legacy

He married Catherine Glynne on 25th July 1839 and had eight children with her. The couple was married for 59 years, till Gladstone’s death.

He was diagnosed with mouth cancer, which eventually made him weak. He died at the age of 88, owing old age and heart failure.

Gladstone, Queensland, a town in Australia, is named after him and so is Gladstone, a town in Canada.

Trivia

This former Prime Minster of the United Kingdom, who served four terms, worked towards the rehabilitation of prostitutes of London. He often walked up to them and motivated them to lead a decent life.

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William Ewart Gladstone biography timelines

  • // 29th Dec 1809
    William was born to Sir John Gladstone and Anne MacKenzie Robertson. He started his elementary education at a rectory at the St. Thomas's Church at Seaforth in 1816.
  • // 1828
    Later, he attended the Eton College and went to the Christ Church, Oxford from where he matriculated in 1828.
  • // Dec 1831
    In December 1831, he received his double first class degree in mathematics and classics. Thereafter, he embarked on a tour to Belgium, France, Germany and Italy.
  • // 1832
    Following his return, he was elected as a Conservative Member of Parliament for Newark in 1832.
  • // Dec 1834
    In December 1834, he was made the Junior Lord of the Treasury in Sir Robert Peel's office and later became the Under-Secretary of State for War and the Colonies.
  • // 25th Jul 1839
    He married Catherine Glynne on 25th July 1839 and had eight children with her. The couple was married for 59 years, till Gladstone’s death.
  • // 1843
    He was appointed the vice-president of the board of trade and in 1843 he moved up to the post of president.
  • // 1859
    When Lord Palmerston, the Whig leader, assumed office as the Prime Minister in 1859, he made Gladstone the Chancellor of the Exchequer.
  • // 1865
    He left the Conservative Party to join the Liberals and participated in elections from South Lancashire in 1865 and became the leader of the House of Commons, as well as Chancellor of the Exchequer.
  • // Dec 1868
    In December 1868, the Conservatives lost in the general elections and Gladstone, who was then the leader of the Liberal Party, became the Prime Minister.
  • // 1870
    When Prime Minister John Russell retired and Gladstone became the Leader of the Liberals and eventually the Prime Minister, he brought about a number of significant reforms such as disestablishment of the Church of Ireland and implementation of the Forster Education Act in 1870 to provide free elementary education.
  • // 1874
    However, in the 1874 General Elections, he lost to the Conservative leader, Benjamin Disraeli.
  • // 1880
    The next election, held in 1880, proved to be fruitful for the Liberal Party and Gladstone was elected as the Prime Minister for the second time.
  • // 1883
    In 1883, he passed ‘The Corrupt Practices Act’, which stated the amount of money politicians could spend while campaigning during the elections. This was a major step towards reducing corruption in British politics.
  • // 1884
    In the Reform Act of 1884, he proposed to allow the working class males to vote just like the ones residing in townships. The proposal was materialized into a law which stated that adult male householders and �10 tenants (another six million men) were allowed to exercise franchise.
  • // 1886
    The Liberals won the election again in 1886 and he became the Prime Minister for a third term. After his victory, one of his major accomplishments was influencing the parliament to accept the Irish Home Rule.
  • // 1892
    In the 1892 General Elections, he was elected for one more time, assuming the office of the Prime Minister on 15th August.
  • // 2nd Mar 1894
    He resigned from the office on 2nd March, 1894 at the age of 84 - the oldest Prime Minister in the history of United Kingdom.
  • // 19th May 1898
    He was diagnosed with mouth cancer, which eventually made him weak. He died at the age of 88, owing old age and heart failure.

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William Ewart Gladstone's FAQ

  • What is William Ewart Gladstone birthday?

    William Ewart Gladstone was born at 1809-12-29

  • When was William Ewart Gladstone died?

    William Ewart Gladstone was died at 1898-05-19

  • Where was William Ewart Gladstone died?

    William Ewart Gladstone was died in Hawarden Castle

  • Which age was William Ewart Gladstone died?

    William Ewart Gladstone was died at age 88

  • Where is William Ewart Gladstone's birth place?

    William Ewart Gladstone was born in Liverpool

  • What is William Ewart Gladstone nationalities?

    William Ewart Gladstone's nationalities is British

  • Who is William Ewart Gladstone spouses?

    William Ewart Gladstone's spouses is Catherine Gladstone

  • Who is William Ewart Gladstone siblings?

    William Ewart Gladstone's siblings is John

  • Who is William Ewart Gladstone childrens?

    William Ewart Gladstone's childrens is Agnes Gladstone, Catherine Jessy Gladstone, Helen Gladstone, Henry Neville Gladstone, Herbert John Gladstone, Mary Gladstone, Rev. Stephen Edward Gladstone, William Henry Gladstone

  • What was William Ewart Gladstone universities?

    William Ewart Gladstone studied at Eton College,Oxford University, Christ Church, Oxford

  • What was William Ewart Gladstone notable alumnis?

    William Ewart Gladstone's notable alumnis is Eton College, Oxford University

  • What is William Ewart Gladstone's political ideology?

    William Ewart Gladstone's political ideology is Conservative, Peelite and Liberal

  • What is William Ewart Gladstone's religion?

    William Ewart Gladstone's religion is Church of England

  • Who is William Ewart Gladstone's father?

    William Ewart Gladstone's father is Sir John Gladstone

  • Who is William Ewart Gladstone's mother?

    William Ewart Gladstone's mother is Leith

  • What is William Ewart Gladstone's sun sign?

    William Ewart Gladstone is Capricorn