Werner Heisenberg - Physicists, Timeline and Facts

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Werner Heisenberg's Personal Details

Werner Heisenberg was a Nobel Prize winning German scientist who propounded the Uncertainty Principle

InformationDetail
BirthdayDecember 5, 1901
Died onFebruary 1, 1976
NationalityGerman
FamousScientists, Physicists, ENTP
HobbiesMusic
Nick namesWerner Heisenberg
SpousesElisabeth Heisenberg
SiblingsErwin Heisenberg
Known asWerner Karl Heisenberg
Childrens Barbara Heisenberg, Christine Heisenberg, Jochen Heisenberg, Maria Heisenberg, Martin Heisenberg, Verena Heisenberg, Wolfgang Heisenberg
Universities
  • Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich
  • University of Göttingen
Birth PlaceWürzburg
ReligionLutheranism
GenderMale
FatherAugust Heisenberg
MotherAnnie Wecklein
Sun SignSagittarius
Born inWürzburg
Famous asPhysicist
Died at Age74

// Famous Physicists

Werner Heisenberg's photo

Who is Werner Heisenberg?

Werner Heisenberg was a German scientist and philosopher who was influential in the research of quantum mechanics in the mid-1900s. His work overlapped with the controversial political history of 20th-century Germany; his substantial theories in physics were published in the 1920s and 1930s. During the WWII he made important contribution in the development of nuclear reactor and he was also the head of nuclear research during the Nazi period. He was instrumental in rebuilding the scientific community in West Germany after the war. He proposed a model of atomic nucleus which consisted of protons the positively charged particles and some particles which possessed no charge or the neutrons. His discovery earned him the prestigious Nobel Prize in Physics. Other than his work on atomic nucleus he also made significant contribution in the fields of ferromagnetism and cosmic radiation. Heisenberg devoted a large portion of his life to teaching as he held important teaching positions at the universities of Copenhagen, Berlin, Leipzig and Munich. He worked closely with the leading German scientists of his generation including Niels Bohr and Max Born, and he advised doctoral students that would go on to contribute significant findings to the fields of physical science. His powerful reputation as a researcher and academic enabled him to lecture widely across Germany and abroad, spreading his theories around the world

// Famous Scientists

Childhood & Early Life

Heisenberg was born on December 5, 1901, in Würzburg, Germany. His father was a professor of medieval and Greek studies.

His brother Erwin was one year older and was a constant source of competition. Erwin grew up to become a chemist.

He studied physics under Max Born at the ‘University of Munich’, receiving his doctorate in 1923. The physicist Niels Bohr was also very influential in Werner’s career, under whom the latter learnt the nuances of atomic physics.

Career

After completing his doctorate, he went to research with his hero Niels Bohr in 1925. Their work at the ‘University of Copenhagen’ resulted in one of Heisenberg's first important papers.

He became a professor at the ‘University of Leipzig’ in 1927 and began teaching doctoral students. His program was highly sought after and resulted in dozens of important scientific alumni.

His teaching often afforded him the opportunity to travel and lecture outside of Germany. He gave lectures in Japan, India, and the United States in 1929.

His work creating a neutron-proton model of the nucleus was published in three significant papers. He was honored with the Nobel Prize in 1932 for his discovery.

When Hitler assumed control of Germany in 1933, Heisenberg was criticized by the SS for supporting Jewish scientists. He was threatened to be sent to a concentration camp despite his unwavering support for Germany.

In 1941, he left Leipzig to teach at the ‘University of Berlin’. He was named director of the important ‘Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Physics’.

During World War II, Heisenberg served in various leadership roles researching the development of the nuclear bomb. He was captured on May 3, 1945 by Allied forces, four days before the German surrender.

After the war, he was named director of the ‘Max Planck Institute for Physics’. He served in that position from 1948 to 1970.

He was elected president of the ‘Alexander von Humboldt Foundation’ in 1953. The foundation worked to bring foreign scientists to Germany for work.

Invited by many prestigious colleges around the world, he continued giving guest lectures. His 1955-56 ‘Gifford Lectures’ at the ‘University of Saint Andrews’ were published in a collection.

Major Works

His paper on quantum mechanics in 1925 was a major scientific breakthrough and led to developments in matrix mechanics. He worked with the Austrian physicist Wolfgang Pauli and the two became close friends.

He developed the uncertainty principle in 1927 while researching at the ‘University of Copenhagen’. This theory established the inverse relationship between the precise position of a particle and its momentum which became a fundamental principle in further physics research.

James Chadwick discovered the neutron in 1932, leading to Heisenberg's neutron-proton model in the same year. His three papers on the topic were monumental in the field of quantum physics.

Awards & Achievements

He won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1932 for his neutron-proton model and theory of quantum mechanics. His quantum theory resulted in the important discovery of allotropic forms of hydrogen.

In 1933, he won the ‘Max Planck Medal’ of the ‘German Physical Society’. The organization is the largest association for physicists in the world.

Personal Life & Legacy

He met Elisabeth Schumacher at a music recital in January 1937 and they were married four months later. The couple enjoyed classical music and Heisenberg was experienced as a pianist.

The couple had seven children over thirteen years, including twins in January 1938. Their son Jochen went on to study physics and teach at the ‘University of New Hampshire’.

Despite his devotion to science, he was a practicing Lutheran for his entire life. He gave many lectures about science and religion over the course of his career.

He suffered from cancer of the gall bladder and kidneys and died on April 1, 1976. He is buried in the famous ‘Munich Waldfriedhof’ cemetery.

Trivia

This famous personality’s grave stone is inscribed with the words "He lies here, somewhere." This is a joke about his famous Uncertainty Principle.

// Famous people with ENTP

Werner Heisenberg awards

YearNameAward

Other

1932 - Nobel Prize in Physics
1933 - Max Planck Medal

Werner Heisenberg biography timelines

  • // 5th Dec 1901
    Heisenberg was born on December 5, 1901, in Würzburg, Germany. His father was a professor of medieval and Greek studies.
  • // 1923
    He studied physics under Max Born at the ‘University of Munich’, receiving his doctorate in 1923. The physicist Niels Bohr was also very influential in Werner’s career, under whom the latter learnt the nuances of atomic physics.
  • // 1925
    After completing his doctorate, he went to research with his hero Niels Bohr in 1925. Their work at the ‘University of Copenhagen’ resulted in one of Heisenberg's first important papers.
  • // 1925
    His paper on quantum mechanics in 1925 was a major scientific breakthrough and led to developments in matrix mechanics. He worked with the Austrian physicist Wolfgang Pauli and the two became close friends.
  • // 1927
    He became a professor at the ‘University of Leipzig’ in 1927 and began teaching doctoral students. His program was highly sought after and resulted in dozens of important scientific alumni.
  • // 1927
    He developed the uncertainty principle in 1927 while researching at the ‘University of Copenhagen’. This theory established the inverse relationship between the precise position of a particle and its momentum which became a fundamental principle in further physics research.
  • // 1929
    His teaching often afforded him the opportunity to travel and lecture outside of Germany. He gave lectures in Japan, India, and the United States in 1929.
  • // 1932
    His work creating a neutron-proton model of the nucleus was published in three significant papers. He was honored with the Nobel Prize in 1932 for his discovery.
  • // 1932
    James Chadwick discovered the neutron in 1932, leading to Heisenberg's neutron-proton model in the same year. His three papers on the topic were monumental in the field of quantum physics.
  • // 1932
    He won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1932 for his neutron-proton model and theory of quantum mechanics. His quantum theory resulted in the important discovery of allotropic forms of hydrogen.
  • // 1933
    When Hitler assumed control of Germany in 1933, Heisenberg was criticized by the SS for supporting Jewish scientists. He was threatened to be sent to a concentration camp despite his unwavering support for Germany.
  • // 1933
    In 1933, he won the ‘Max Planck Medal’ of the ‘German Physical Society’. The organization is the largest association for physicists in the world.
  • // Jan 1937
    He met Elisabeth Schumacher at a music recital in January 1937 and they were married four months later. The couple enjoyed classical music and Heisenberg was experienced as a pianist.
  • // Jan 1938
    The couple had seven children over thirteen years, including twins in January 1938. Their son Jochen went on to study physics and teach at the ‘University of New Hampshire’.
  • // 1941
    In 1941, he left Leipzig to teach at the ‘University of Berlin’. He was named director of the important ‘Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Physics’.
  • // 3rd May 1945
    During World War II, Heisenberg served in various leadership roles researching the development of the nuclear bomb. He was captured on May 3, 1945 by Allied forces, four days before the German surrender.
  • // 1948 To 1970
    After the war, he was named director of the ‘Max Planck Institute for Physics’. He served in that position from 1948 to 1970.
  • // 1953
    He was elected president of the ‘Alexander von Humboldt Foundation’ in 1953. The foundation worked to bring foreign scientists to Germany for work.
  • // 1955 To 1956
    Invited by many prestigious colleges around the world, he continued giving guest lectures. His 1955-56 ‘Gifford Lectures’ at the ‘University of Saint Andrews’ were published in a collection.
  • // 1st Apr 1976
    He suffered from cancer of the gall bladder and kidneys and died on April 1, 1976. He is buried in the famous ‘Munich Waldfriedhof’ cemetery.

// Sagittarius Celebrities

Werner Heisenberg's FAQ

  • What is Werner Heisenberg birthday?

    Werner Heisenberg was born at 1901-12-05

  • When was Werner Heisenberg died?

    Werner Heisenberg was died at 1976-02-01

  • Where was Werner Heisenberg died?

    Werner Heisenberg was died in Munich

  • Which age was Werner Heisenberg died?

    Werner Heisenberg was died at age 74

  • Where is Werner Heisenberg's birth place?

    Werner Heisenberg was born in Würzburg

  • What is Werner Heisenberg nationalities?

    Werner Heisenberg's nationalities is German

  • What is Werner Heisenberg hobbies?

    Werner Heisenberg's hobbies is Music

  • What is Werner Heisenberg nick names?

    Werner Heisenberg's nickNames is Werner Heisenberg

  • Who is Werner Heisenberg spouses?

    Werner Heisenberg's spouses is Elisabeth Heisenberg

  • Who is Werner Heisenberg siblings?

    Werner Heisenberg's siblings is Erwin Heisenberg

  • Who is Werner Heisenberg childrens?

    Werner Heisenberg's childrens is Barbara Heisenberg, Christine Heisenberg, Jochen Heisenberg, Maria Heisenberg, Martin Heisenberg, Verena Heisenberg, Wolfgang Heisenberg

  • What was Werner Heisenberg universities?

    Werner Heisenberg studied at Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, University of Göttingen

  • What is Werner Heisenberg's religion?

    Werner Heisenberg's religion is Lutheranism

  • Who is Werner Heisenberg's father?

    Werner Heisenberg's father is August Heisenberg

  • Who is Werner Heisenberg's mother?

    Werner Heisenberg's mother is Annie Wecklein

  • What is Werner Heisenberg's sun sign?

    Werner Heisenberg is Sagittarius

  • How famous is Werner Heisenberg?

    Werner Heisenberg is famouse as Physicist