Victoria, Princess Royal - Empress of Germany, Birthday and Childhood

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Victoria, Princess Royal's Personal Details

Empress Frederick was the Empress of Germany and Queen of Prussia by marriage to German Emperor Frederick III

InformationDetail
BirthdayNovember 21, 1840
Died onAugust 5, 1901
NationalityBritish
FamousEmpress of Germany, Empresses, Queens, Historical Personalities, Empresses & Queens
SpousesFrederick III, German Emperor
SiblingsEdward VII, Princess Alice of the United Kingdom, Princess Beatrice of the United Kingdom
Known asVictoria, Princess Royal
Childrens Wilhelm II
Birth PlaceBuckingham Palace
GenderFemale
FatherAlbert, Prince Consort
MotherQueen Victoria
Sun SignScorpio
Born inBuckingham Palace
Famous asEmpress of Germany
Died at Age60

// Famous Empresses

Victoria, Princess Royal's photo

Who is Victoria, Princess Royal?

Empress Frederick was the Empress of Germany and Queen of Prussia by marriage to German Emperor Frederick III. Born as Victoria Adelaide Mary Louise and also known as ‘Victoria, Princess Royal’, she became famous as Empress Frederick after her husband’s death. The eldest child of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom and Prince Albert, she was the heiress to the throne, in line to succeed her mother as queen of the United Kingdom, until the birth of her younger brother. She was a bright young girl and received a good education—she was well versed in different languages and was also taught science, literature, philosophy, and history. She also developed a keen interest in astronomy later on. As was the custom in those days, the princess was groomed for marriage from a young age and first met her future husband, Prince Frederick William of Prussia, when she was only 11 years old. The marriage which took place after a few years was undoubtedly a dynastic alliance, but it also proved to be a happy one for the couple. After the death of her father-in-law, King William I, in 1888, her husband ascended the throne as the Emperor Frederick III (and as King Frederick III of Prussia) and she became The German Empress, Queen of Prussia. However her husband died just months after becoming the king, and upon his death she became known as Empress Frederick

// Famous Queens

Childhood & Early Life

She was born Victoria Adelaide Mary Louise on 21 November 1840 at Buckingham Palace, London, as the eldest daughter of England's Queen Victoria and Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.

Being the oldest child of the queen, she was regarded as the heiress presumptive to the throne of the United Kingdom before the birth of her younger brother Prince Albert.

In 1841, she was given the honorary title of Princess Royal, a title sometimes conferred on the eldest daughter of the sovereign.

She was an intelligent and curious child and her parents ensured that she received a good education. She learnt to read and write before the age of five and was taught different languages like French and German as she grew older. She was also educated in subjects like science, literature, Latin, politics, philosophy, and history.

From a young age she was groomed for marriage and she was just 11 years old when she first met her future husband, Prince Frederick William of Prussia, when he and his parents were on a visit to London. Frederick was the son of Prince William of Prussia and Princess Augusta of Saxe-Weimar.

The couple became engaged in 1855 when Victoria was just 14 and her future husband was 24; they were married in 1858.

Later Life

Prince Frederick’s uncle King Frederick William IV of Prussia died in January 1861. Since the king was childless, Prince Frederick’s father ascended the throne as King William I, and Prince Frederick became Crown Prince of Prussia. Victoria therefore became Crown Princess.

From the time of her marriage, Victoria felt that Prussia's standards of living were not up to those found in Great Britain. Also she held liberal and Anglophile views which were shared by her husband, but did not find favor with the Prussian minister-president, Otto von Bismarck.

Victoria also pushed for Prussia to assume a leadership role in the unification of the German states. This unification did occur in 1871, but it happened under von Bismarck's guidance, not Victoria’s. This incident further fuelled the animosity between the two.

On 9 March 1888, King William I died and Prince Frederick ascended the throne as Emperor Frederick III (and as King Frederick III of Prussia) while Victoria adopted the title and style of Her Imperial and Royal Majesty The German Empress, Queen of Prussia.

At the time of his ascension, Frederick was 56 years old and suffering from a debilitating cancer of the larynx. Terminally ill, he ruled for just 99 days before he breathed his last. Upon his death Victoria became known as Her Imperial Majesty The Empress Frederick.

Following the death of Emperor Frederick, the couple’s eldest son succeeded to the throne as Emperor Wilhelm II. Victoria however had strained relations with her son who did not share her liberal views.

She then went on to live a retired life at Castle Friedrichshof, a castle she had built in memory of her late husband in the hills near Kronberg. She was also a patron of the arts and learning and established schools for the higher education of girls and for nurses' training in Berlin.

Awards & Achievements

Empress Frederick was made Dame of the Order of Louise and bestowed with the Royal Order of Victoria and Albert, First Class.

Personal Life & Legacy

Victoria married Prince Frederick William of Prussia at the Chapel Royal, St. James's Palace, on 25 January 1858. Theirs was a happy marriage that produced eight children. Frederick died of throat cancer in 1888 and the grief-stricken Victoria dressed in mourning clothing for the rest of her life.

She was diagnosed with inoperable breast cancer in 1899 and the disease soon spread to her spine. She died at Castle Friedrichshof on 5 August 1901, aged 60.

// Famous Empress of Germany

Victoria, Princess Royal biography timelines

  • // 21st Nov 1840
    She was born Victoria Adelaide Mary Louise on 21 November 1840 at Buckingham Palace, London, as the eldest daughter of England's Queen Victoria and Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.
  • // 1841
    In 1841, she was given the honorary title of Princess Royal, a title sometimes conferred on the eldest daughter of the sovereign.
  • // 1855 To 1858
    The couple became engaged in 1855 when Victoria was just 14 and her future husband was 24; they were married in 1858.
  • // 25th Jan 1858 To 1888
    Victoria married Prince Frederick William of Prussia at the Chapel Royal, St. James's Palace, on 25 January 1858. Theirs was a happy marriage that produced eight children. Frederick died of throat cancer in 1888 and the grief-stricken Victoria dressed in mourning clothing for the rest of her life.
  • // Jan 1861
    Prince Frederick’s uncle King Frederick William IV of Prussia died in January 1861. Since the king was childless, Prince Frederick’s father ascended the throne as King William I, and Prince Frederick became Crown Prince of Prussia. Victoria therefore became Crown Princess.
  • // 1871
    Victoria also pushed for Prussia to assume a leadership role in the unification of the German states. This unification did occur in 1871, but it happened under von Bismarck's guidance, not Victoria’s. This incident further fuelled the animosity between the two.
  • // 9th Mar 1888
    On 9 March 1888, King William I died and Prince Frederick ascended the throne as Emperor Frederick III (and as King Frederick III of Prussia) while Victoria adopted the title and style of Her Imperial and Royal Majesty The German Empress, Queen of Prussia.
  • // 1899 To 5th Aug 1901
    She was diagnosed with inoperable breast cancer in 1899 and the disease soon spread to her spine. She died at Castle Friedrichshof on 5 August 1901, aged 60.

// Famous Historical Personalities

Victoria, Princess Royal's FAQ

  • What is Victoria, Princess Royal birthday?

    Victoria, Princess Royal was born at 1840-11-21

  • When was Victoria, Princess Royal died?

    Victoria, Princess Royal was died at 1901-08-05

  • Where was Victoria, Princess Royal died?

    Victoria, Princess Royal was died in Schlosshotel Kronberg

  • Which age was Victoria, Princess Royal died?

    Victoria, Princess Royal was died at age 60

  • Where is Victoria, Princess Royal's birth place?

    Victoria, Princess Royal was born in Buckingham Palace

  • What is Victoria, Princess Royal nationalities?

    Victoria, Princess Royal's nationalities is British

  • Who is Victoria, Princess Royal spouses?

    Victoria, Princess Royal's spouses is Frederick III, German Emperor

  • Who is Victoria, Princess Royal siblings?

    Victoria, Princess Royal's siblings is Edward VII, Princess Alice of the United Kingdom, Princess Beatrice of the United Kingdom

  • Who is Victoria, Princess Royal childrens?

    Victoria, Princess Royal's childrens is Wilhelm II

  • Who is Victoria, Princess Royal's father?

    Victoria, Princess Royal's father is Albert, Prince Consort

  • Who is Victoria, Princess Royal's mother?

    Victoria, Princess Royal's mother is Queen Victoria

  • What is Victoria, Princess Royal's sun sign?

    Victoria, Princess Royal is Scorpio

  • How famous is Victoria, Princess Royal?

    Victoria, Princess Royal is famouse as Empress of Germany