Shimon Peres - Former President of Israel, Life Achievements and Facts

Home  ›  Israeli  ›  Shimon PeresAugust 2, 1923172 views

0.0 based on 0 rates

Shimon Peres's Personal Details

Shimon Peres was a former Prime Minister and President of Israel

InformationDetail
BirthdayAugust 2, 1923
Died onSeptember 28, 2016
NationalityIsraeli
FamousFormer President of Israel, Nobel Peace Prize, Harvard University, New York University, Leaders, Political Leaders, Presidents, Prime Ministers
SpousesSonya Gelman
SiblingsGershon Perski
Known asSzymon Perski, Fmr P.M. Shimon Peres
Childrens Nehemia Peres, Yoni Peres, Zvia Valdan
Universities
  • Harvard University,New York University
  • Ben Shemen Youth Village
  • Harvard University
  • New York University
  • The New School
Notable Alumnis
  • Harvard University
  • New York University
Founder / Co-Founder
  • Peres Center for Peace
Birth PlaceWiszniew, Poland
ReligionJudaism
GenderMale
FatherYitzhak Perski
MotherSara Perski
Sun SignLeo
Born inWiszniew, Poland
Famous asFormer President of Israel
Died at Age93

// Famous Former President of Israel

Shimon Peres's photo

Who is Shimon Peres?

Shimon Peres was a former Prime Minister and President of Israel. He was one of the most seasoned politicians of Israel with a political career spanning over six decades. He served in several military and diplomatic posts at the time of the ‘War of Independence’ of Israel. Immediately after the war, he served as Deputy Director-General of Defense and later Director General. A Polish-born Israeli statesman, he remained a member of twelve cabinets, being first elected to the Knesset in November 1959. He continuously served the Knesset till 2007 barring a three months break in 2006. In Knesset he represented five different parties at different times namely ‘Rafi’, ‘Israeli Labor Party’, Mapai, ‘Kadima’ and the ‘Alignment’. He also remained Interim Prime Minister for a couple of times. He became the President of Israel in June 2007 and served a term of seven years. During his tenure as foreign minister of Israel he aided in negotiating a peace accord with the then chairman of the ‘Palestine Liberation Organisation’, Yāsir ʿArafāt. Both of them along with Yitzhak Rabin, the then Prime Minister of Israel, received the ‘Nobel Peace Prize’ jointly in 1994 for peace efforts.

// Famous Alumni of New York University

Childhood & Early Life

He was born on August 2, 1923, as Szymon Perski in Wiszniew, Poland in the family of Yitzhak Perski and Sara Perski. His father was an affluent timber merchant and his mother worked as a librarian.

He was raised at the house of his grandfather, Rabbi Zvi Meltzer who educated him and taught him Talmud. His grandfather had a great influence in his early life.

His father moved to Tel Aviv in 1932 and the family joined his father in 1934. In Tel Aviv he studied in ‘Balfour Elementary School’ and ‘Balfour High School’ and later at ‘Geula Gymnasium’. Thereafter, he attended Ben Shemen agricultural school.

For many years he stayed in Kibbutz Geva. He was a co-founder of Kibbutz Alumot.

In 1941 he became the Secretary of a ‘Labor Zionist’ youth movement called the ‘Hanoar Haoved Vehalomed’.

After coming back to Alumot he became secretary of the Kibbutz and led life as a shepherd and dairy farmer.

The ‘Holocaust’ massacre during the reign of the Nazis claimed lives of all his relatives living in Wiszniew in 1941.

When he was twenty he became one of the twelve elected members of the ‘Working and Learning Youth’ national secretariat of which only two including him were ‘Mapai’ party supporters. He led the movement after three years and went on to win a majority.

He was inducted in the secretariat of ‘Mapai’ by its head David Ben-Gurion.

He led an illegal quest encompassing a group of teenagers, an archaeologist, a zoologist and a Palmach scout to the restricted military zone at Negev in 1944. While the idea of the expedition was that of Yitzhak Sadeh, the Palmach head, it was funded by David Ben-Gurion. However, a British officer leading a Bedouin camel patrol arrested the group and interned them in a local jail in Beersheba for two weeks, Shimon Peres had to pay additional fine.

He and Moshe Dayan were made the youth delegates in the 1946 ‘Mapai’ delegation to the ‘Zionist Congress’.

He enlisted in the ‘Haganah’, a Jewish paramilitary organisation in 1947 and was delegated with the responsibility of arm purchase and personnel management.

In early 1950s he served as the director of the delegation of Defence Ministry in the US. There he attended ‘The New School’ and the ‘New York University’ and learnt English, philosophy and economics. He also attended ‘Harvard University’ to study advanced management.

Career

He became the Deputy Director-General of the Ministry of Defense in 1952 and in 1953 he was appointed Director-General of the Ministry of Defense by the then Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion. He was the youngest person to serve in the post and held it till 1959. His responsibilities included initiating strategic alliances and purchase of arms.

Through his negotiation Israel successfully signed up a tri-national agreement with the UK and France, obtained advanced Dassault Mirage III French jet fighter and set up the ‘Dimona’ nuclear reactor.

Since 1954 he participated in planning of the 1956 Suez War with the UK and France in the capacity of Director-General of the Ministry of Defense of Israel and visited Paris a few times in this pursuit.

When Israel resolved to go to war against Egypt by 1956, France evolved as the closest partner of Israel in the Middle East. The UK and France strategized with Israel, in its war against Egypt, to achieve their objective of taking control of the Suez Canal through a pre-planned mid-war intervention thus placing it under Anglo-French management. Their plan however failed following severe adverse response from USSR and the US.

In 1959 he was elected as a member of the Knesset representing ‘Mapai’ party and became the Deputy Defense Minister, a position he held till 1965.

In 1965 he left ‘Mapai’ party along with David Ben-Gurion, who formed ‘Rafi’ party. He became secretary general of the new party.

Thereafter, ‘Mapai’, ‘Rafi’ and ‘Ahdut HaAvoda’ merged on January 23, 1968 to form the ’Israeli Labor Party’.

He held several ministerial positions including Minister of Immigrant Absorption in 1969, Minister of Transportation and Communications from 1970 to 1974 and Information Minister in 1974. After a brief period he became the Minister of Defense in 1974 and held the post till 1977.

He became the leader of the party before the 1977 elections. When the then Prime Minister Rabin resigned following a scandal, Peres served as acting Prime Minister from April 22, 1977 to June 21, 1977.

He was made the chairman of the party following its defeat in the 1977 elections, a post he held till 1992.

In 1984 a ‘National Unity Government’ was formed where he became the Prime Minister of Israel for two non-consecutive terms in a rotation arrangement with Yitzhak Shamir, leader of the ‘Likud’ party.

He remained Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1986 to 1988 and thereafter Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Finance till 1990.

The ‘Israeli Labor Party’ made a comeback in the 1992 elections and Peres once again became the Minister of Foreign Affairs. The ‘Treaty of Peace’ with Jordan was signed in October 1994.

He became Prime Minister of Israel for the second time in November 1995 following assassination of Yitzhak Rabin on November 4 that year. He held the post till June 18, 1996.

‘The Peres Center for Peace’ that aims to create a foundation of peace between the people of the Middle East and advocates for social and economic development was founded by him in 1996.

He was a Foreign Affairs and Defense Committee member at the Knesset from 1996 to 1999.

From July 1999 to March 2001 he remained the Minister of Regional Cooperation and thereafter served as Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs in the National Unity government till October 2002.

He left ’Israeli Labor Party’ and joined a newly formed ‘Kadima’ party on November 30, 2005 to support Ariel Sharon.

He became Minister for the Development of the Negev and Galillee and also Vice Prime Minister in May 2006 after ‘Kadima’ won the elections and Ariel Sharon became Prime Minister of Israel.

The Knesset elected him as the 9th President of Israel on June 13, 2007. He took charge from July 15, 2007 and held the position till July 24, 2014.

Queen Elizabeth II conferred upon him the honorary ‘Knight Grand Cross’ of the ‘Order of St Michael and St George’ in November 2008.

In June 2012 President of United States, Barack Obama conferred upon him the ‘Presidential Medal of Freedom’.

He has written eleven books including ‘The Next Step’ (1965), ‘The New Middle East’ (1993), ‘For the Future of Israel’ (1998) and ‘Ben Gurion: A Political Life’ (2011).

Awards & Achievements

In 1994, he received the ‘Nobel Peace Prize’ jointly with Yāsir ʿArafāt and Yitzhak Rabin.

As ‘Minister of Foreign Affairs’, he initiated and negotiated a peace accord with the then chairman of the ‘Palestine Liberation Organisation’, Yāsir ʿArafāt that resulted in signing of the ‘Declaration of Principles’ in September 1993.

Personal Life & Legacy

He married Sonya Gelman in May 1945. She chose to keep away from public eye.

On January 20, 2011, she succumbed to heart failure in her home in Tel Aviv.

His daughter Dr. Tsvia ("Tsiki") Valdan and two sons Yoni Peres and Nehemia ("Chemi") Peres are all accomplished personalities in their respective fields.

Shimon Peres died on 28 September 2016 after suffering a massive stroke two weeks ago.

// Famous Alumni of Harvard University

Shimon Peres biography timelines

  • // 2nd Aug 1923
    He was born on August 2, 1923, as Szymon Perski in Wiszniew, Poland in the family of Yitzhak Perski and Sara Perski. His father was an affluent timber merchant and his mother worked as a librarian.
  • // 1932 To 1934
    His father moved to Tel Aviv in 1932 and the family joined his father in 1934. In Tel Aviv he studied in ‘Balfour Elementary School’ and ‘Balfour High School’ and later at ‘Geula Gymnasium’. Thereafter, he attended Ben Shemen agricultural school.
  • // 1941
    In 1941 he became the Secretary of a ‘Labor Zionist’ youth movement called the ‘Hanoar Haoved Vehalomed’.
  • // 1941
    The ‘Holocaust’ massacre during the reign of the Nazis claimed lives of all his relatives living in Wiszniew in 1941.
  • // 1944
    He led an illegal quest encompassing a group of teenagers, an archaeologist, a zoologist and a Palmach scout to the restricted military zone at Negev in 1944. While the idea of the expedition was that of Yitzhak Sadeh, the Palmach head, it was funded by David Ben-Gurion. However, a British officer leading a Bedouin camel patrol arrested the group and interned them in a local jail in Beersheba for two weeks, Shimon Peres had to pay additional fine.
  • // May 1945
    He married Sonya Gelman in May 1945. She chose to keep away from public eye.
  • // 1946
    He and Moshe Dayan were made the youth delegates in the 1946 ‘Mapai’ delegation to the ‘Zionist Congress’.
  • // 1947
    He enlisted in the ‘Haganah’, a Jewish paramilitary organisation in 1947 and was delegated with the responsibility of arm purchase and personnel management.
  • // 1954 To 1956
    Since 1954 he participated in planning of the 1956 Suez War with the UK and France in the capacity of Director-General of the Ministry of Defense of Israel and visited Paris a few times in this pursuit.
  • // 1956
    When Israel resolved to go to war against Egypt by 1956, France evolved as the closest partner of Israel in the Middle East. The UK and France strategized with Israel, in its war against Egypt, to achieve their objective of taking control of the Suez Canal through a pre-planned mid-war intervention thus placing it under Anglo-French management. Their plan however failed following severe adverse response from USSR and the US.
  • // 1959 To 1965
    In 1959 he was elected as a member of the Knesset representing ‘Mapai’ party and became the Deputy Defense Minister, a position he held till 1965.
  • // 1965
    In 1965 he left ‘Mapai’ party along with David Ben-Gurion, who formed ‘Rafi’ party. He became secretary general of the new party.
  • // 23rd Jan 1968
    Thereafter, ‘Mapai’, ‘Rafi’ and ‘Ahdut HaAvoda’ merged on January 23, 1968 to form the ’Israeli Labor Party’.
  • // 1977 To 1992
    He was made the chairman of the party following its defeat in the 1977 elections, a post he held till 1992.
  • // 1984
    In 1984 a ‘National Unity Government’ was formed where he became the Prime Minister of Israel for two non-consecutive terms in a rotation arrangement with Yitzhak Shamir, leader of the ‘Likud’ party.
  • // 1992 To Oct 1994
    The ‘Israeli Labor Party’ made a comeback in the 1992 elections and Peres once again became the Minister of Foreign Affairs. The ‘Treaty of Peace’ with Jordan was signed in October 1994.
  • // Sep 1993
    As ‘Minister of Foreign Affairs’, he initiated and negotiated a peace accord with the then chairman of the ‘Palestine Liberation Organisation’, Yāsir ʿArafāt that resulted in signing of the ‘Declaration of Principles’ in September 1993.
  • // 1994
    In 1994, he received the ‘Nobel Peace Prize’ jointly with Yāsir ʿArafāt and Yitzhak Rabin.
  • // Nov 1995 To 18th Jun 1996
    He became Prime Minister of Israel for the second time in November 1995 following assassination of Yitzhak Rabin on November 4 that year. He held the post till June 18, 1996.
  • // 1996
    ‘The Peres Center for Peace’ that aims to create a foundation of peace between the people of the Middle East and advocates for social and economic development was founded by him in 1996.
  • // 1996 To 1999
    He was a Foreign Affairs and Defense Committee member at the Knesset from 1996 to 1999.
  • // 30th Nov 2005
    He left ’Israeli Labor Party’ and joined a newly formed ‘Kadima’ party on November 30, 2005 to support Ariel Sharon.
  • // May 2006
    He became Minister for the Development of the Negev and Galillee and also Vice Prime Minister in May 2006 after ‘Kadima’ won the elections and Ariel Sharon became Prime Minister of Israel.
  • // Nov 2008
    Queen Elizabeth II conferred upon him the honorary ‘Knight Grand Cross’ of the ‘Order of St Michael and St George’ in November 2008.
  • // 20th Jan 2011
    On January 20, 2011, she succumbed to heart failure in her home in Tel Aviv.
  • // Jun 2012
    In June 2012 President of United States, Barack Obama conferred upon him the ‘Presidential Medal of Freedom’.
  • // 28th Sep 2016
    Shimon Peres died on 28 September 2016 after suffering a massive stroke two weeks ago.

// Famous Political Leaders

Shimon Peres's FAQ

  • What is Shimon Peres birthday?

    Shimon Peres was born at 1923-08-02

  • When was Shimon Peres died?

    Shimon Peres was died at 2016-09-28

  • Which age was Shimon Peres died?

    Shimon Peres was died at age 93

  • Where is Shimon Peres's birth place?

    Shimon Peres was born in Wiszniew, Poland

  • What is Shimon Peres nationalities?

    Shimon Peres's nationalities is Israeli

  • Who is Shimon Peres spouses?

    Shimon Peres's spouses is Sonya Gelman

  • Who is Shimon Peres siblings?

    Shimon Peres's siblings is Gershon Perski

  • Who is Shimon Peres childrens?

    Shimon Peres's childrens is Nehemia Peres, Yoni Peres, Zvia Valdan

  • What was Shimon Peres universities?

    Shimon Peres studied at Harvard University,New York University, Ben Shemen Youth Village, Harvard University, New York University, The New School

  • What was Shimon Peres notable alumnis?

    Shimon Peres's notable alumnis is Harvard University, New York University

  • Which company or organization was founded by Shimon Peres?

    Shimon Peres was the founder/co-founder of Peres Center for Peace

  • What is Shimon Peres's religion?

    Shimon Peres's religion is Judaism

  • Who is Shimon Peres's father?

    Shimon Peres's father is Yitzhak Perski

  • Who is Shimon Peres's mother?

    Shimon Peres's mother is Sara Perski

  • What is Shimon Peres's sun sign?

    Shimon Peres is Leo

  • How famous is Shimon Peres?

    Shimon Peres is famouse as Former President of Israel