Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan

Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan - Confident, Facts and Personal Life

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Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan's Personal Details

Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was an Indian philosopher and statesman who served as the president of the nation from 1962 to 1967.

InformationDetail
BirthdaySeptember 5, 1888
Died onApril 17, 1975
NationalityIndian
FamousPhilosophers, Leaders, Presidents, Educators, Ambitious, Confident
SpousesSivakamu
Known asS. Radhakrishnan, Dr Radhakrishnan, Radhakrishnan
ChildrensSarvepalli Gopal
Universities
  • 1906 - Madras Christian College
  • Voorhees College
  • University of Madras
Birth PlaceThiruttani
ReligionHinduism
GenderMale
Sun SignVirgo
Born inThiruttani
Famous asConfident, Ambitious
Died at Age86

Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan's photo

Who is Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan?

Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was an Indian philosopher and statesman who served as the president of the nation from 1962 to 1967. Prior to this, he had served as the first Vice President of India from 1952 to 1962. An educator by profession, he had ventured into politics quite late in life. Born into a poor Brahmin family in southern India, he grew up to be an intelligent and bright boy with an unquenchable thirst for knowledge. His conservative father did not want the boy to learn English and hoped that he would become a priest. But the young Radhakrishnan excelled in his studies and attended the Madras Christian College on a scholarship and graduated with a master's degree in philosophy. He embarked on an academic career and with time established himself as one of India's most distinguished 20th century scholars of comparative religion and philosophy. He was influential in shaping the understanding of Hinduism, in both India and the West. It was only after India’s independence in 1947 that he became involved in politics. After representing India at UNESCO, he was made the country’s first vice president and later the president. His birthday, 5 September, is celebrated in India as Teachers' Day.

Childhood & Early Life

Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was born on 5 September 1888, in Thiruttani, Madras Presidency, British India, into a Telugu Brahmin family. His father's name was Sarvepalli Veeraswami and his mother's name was Sitamma.

His father worked as a subordinate revenue official in the service of a local zamindar (landlord) and the family was a modest one. He did not want his son to receive an English education and wanted him to become a priest. But life had other plans for the young boy.

Radhakrishnan received his education from K.V High School at Thiruttani before moving to the Hermansburg Evangelical Lutheran Mission School in Tirupati in 1896. A good student, he earned many scholarships.

He attended Voorhees College in Vellore for some time before moving on to the Madras Christian College at the age of 17. He studied philosophy and earned his master’s degree in 1906. His thesis for the M.A. degree was on "The Ethics of the Vedanta and its Metaphysical Presuppositions".

Career

Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan embarked on an academic career and joined the Department of Philosophy at the Madras Presidency College in 1909. He moved to the University of Mysore in 1918 where he taught at its Maharaja's College.

He was offered the professorship at the University of Calcutta in 1921 where he assumed the King George V Chair of Mental and Moral Science. He represented the university at the Congress of the Universities of the British Empire in June 1926 and the International Congress of Philosophyat Harvard University in September 1926.

A prominent academician by now, he was invited to deliver the Hibbert Lecture on the ideals of life which he delivered at Harris Manchester College, Oxford, in 1929.

He served as the Vice-Chancellor of Andhra University from 1931 to 1936 before being named Spalding Professor of Eastern Religions and Ethics at the University of Oxford and elected a Fellow of All Souls College.

He succeeded Pt. Madan Mohan Malaviya as the Vice-Chancellor of Banaras Hindu University (BHU) in 1939, a position he held till 1948.

Radhakrishnan’s entry into politics happened quite late in life. He represented India at UNESCO from 1946 to 1952. He was also the Ambassador of India to the Soviet Union from 1949 to 1952.

Radhakrishnan was elected as the first Vice-President of India in 1952, during the tenure of President Rajendra Prasad and Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru. He succeeded Rajendra Prasad to become the second President of India in 1962 and retired from politics five years later.

He was also a renowned author and penned books such as ‘Indian Philosophy’ (two volumes, 1923–27), ‘The Philosophy of the Upanishads’ (1924), ‘An Idealist View of Life’ (1932), ‘Eastern Religions and Western Thought’ (1939), and ‘East and West: Some Reflections’ (1955).

Major Works

Radhakrishnan is counted amongst India's best and most influential scholars of comparative religion and philosophy. His defense of Hinduism against "uninformed Western criticism" has been highly influential, both in India and the Western world. He is credited to have made Hinduism more readily accessible for the Western audience.

Awards & Achievements

In 1954, he was honored with the Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian award in India.

In 1968 he became the first person to get Sahitya Akademi fellowship, the highest honor conferred by the Sahitya Akademi on a writer.

Shortly before his death in 1975, he was bestowed with the Templeton Prize for advocating non-aggression and conveying "a universal reality of God that embraced love and wisdom for all people."

Personal Life & Legacy

When he was 16, he entered into an arranged marriage with Sivakamu, a distant cousin. The couple had five daughters and a son. His wife died in 1956, after over 51 years of marriage.

His birthday, 5 September, has been celebrated as Teachers' Day in India since 1962, the year he became the president, in honor of his belief that "teachers should be the best minds in the country."

He died on 17 April 1975, at the age of 86.

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Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan's awards

YearNameAward

Other

01954 - Bharat Ratna
0 1975 - Templeton Prize
0 1961 - Peace Prize of the German Book Trade
0 1963 - Order of Merit

Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan biography timelines

  • // 5th Sep 1888
    Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was born on 5 September 1888, in Thiruttani, Madras Presidency, British India, into a Telugu Brahmin family. His father's name was Sarvepalli Veeraswami and his mother's name was Sitamma.
  • // 1896
    Radhakrishnan received his education from K.V High School at Thiruttani before moving to the Hermansburg Evangelical Lutheran Mission School in Tirupati in 1896. A good student, he earned many scholarships.
  • // 1906
    He attended Voorhees College in Vellore for some time before moving on to the Madras Christian College at the age of 17. He studied philosophy and earned his master’s degree in 1906. His thesis for the M.A. degree was on "The Ethics of the Vedanta and its Metaphysical Presuppositions".
  • // 1909 To 1918
    Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan embarked on an academic career and joined the Department of Philosophy at the Madras Presidency College in 1909. He moved to the University of Mysore in 1918 where he taught at its Maharaja's College.
  • // 1929
    A prominent academician by now, he was invited to deliver the Hibbert Lecture on the ideals of life which he delivered at Harris Manchester College, Oxford, in 1929.
  • // 1931 To 1936
    He served as the Vice-Chancellor of Andhra University from 1931 to 1936 before being named Spalding Professor of Eastern Religions and Ethics at the University of Oxford and elected a Fellow of All Souls College.
  • // 1939 To 1948
    He succeeded Pt. Madan Mohan Malaviya as the Vice-Chancellor of Banaras Hindu University (BHU) in 1939, a position he held till 1948.
  • // 1952 To 1962
    Radhakrishnan was elected as the first Vice-President of India in 1952, during the tenure of President Rajendra Prasad and Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru. He succeeded Rajendra Prasad to become the second President of India in 1962 and retired from politics five years later.
  • // 1954
    In 1954, he was honored with the Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian award in India.
  • // 1956
    When he was 16, he entered into an arranged marriage with Sivakamu, a distant cousin. The couple had five daughters and a son. His wife died in 1956, after over 51 years of marriage.
  • // 1962
    His birthday, 5 September, has been celebrated as Teachers' Day in India since 1962, the year he became the president, in honor of his belief that "teachers should be the best minds in the country."
  • // 1968
    In 1968 he became the first person to get Sahitya Akademi fellowship, the highest honor conferred by the Sahitya Akademi on a writer.
  • // 1975
    Shortly before his death in 1975, he was bestowed with the Templeton Prize for advocating non-aggression and conveying "a universal reality of God that embraced love and wisdom for all people."
  • // 17th Apr 1975
    He died on 17 April 1975, at the age of 86.

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Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan's FAQ

  • What is Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan birthday?

    Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was born at 1888-09-05

  • When was Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan died?

    Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was died at 1975-04-17

  • Where was Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan died?

    Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was died in Chennai

  • Which age was Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan died?

    Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was died at age 86

  • Where is Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan's birth place?

    Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was born in Thiruttani

  • What is Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan nationalities?

    Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan's nationalities is Indian

  • Who is Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan spouses?

    Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan's spouses is Sivakamu

  • Who is Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan childrens?

    Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan's childrens is Sarvepalli Gopal

  • What was Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan universities?

    Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan studied at 1906 - Madras Christian College, Voorhees College, University of Madras

  • What is Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan's religion?

    Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan's religion is Hinduism

  • What is Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan's sun sign?

    Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan is Virgo

  • How famous is Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan?

    Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan is famouse as Confident, Ambitious