Ramon Magsaysay - 7th President of the Philippines, Timeline and Childhood

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Ramon Magsaysay's Personal Details

Ramon Magsaysay was the seventh president of the Philippines

InformationDetail
BirthdayAugust 31, 1907
Died onMarch 17, 1957
NationalityFilipinos
Famous7th President of the Philippines, Leaders, Political Leaders, Presidents
SpousesLuz Magsaysay
Known asRamón del Fierro Magsaysay, Ramón
Childrens Ramon Magsaysay
Universities
  • 1932 - José Rizal University
  • University of the Philippines
Birth PlaceIba, Zambales, Philippines
ReligionCatholicism
GenderMale
FatherExequiel Magsaysay
MotherPerfecta del Fierro y Quimson
Sun SignVirgo
Born inIba, Zambales, Philippines
Famous as7th President of the Philippines
Died at Age49

// Famous 7th President of the Philippines

Ramon Magsaysay's photo

Who is Ramon Magsaysay?

Ramon Magsaysay was the seventh president of the Philippines. He is best known for defeating the communist-led Hukbalahap (HUK) movement and restoring law and order during his stint as the secretary of defense of the Philippines. In order to resist the HUK, he reformed the army by including honest farmers in the army units and dismissing corrupt and inactive officers. Magsaysay led, what is believed to be, the most successful antiguerrilla campaign in the modern history. As the president of the Philippines, Ramon Magsaysay maintained close ties with the United States and negotiated the Laurel-Langley Agreement, which was a trade agreement between the two countries to satisfy the diverse Filipino economic interests. He also brought about significant land reforms, including vast irrigation projects and enhancement of power plants. Trade and industry flourished during his time and the Philippines flourished in sports and culture. He remained an active spokesperson against communism during the Cold War. Magsaysay was well-known for his humility; he insisted on being called "Mr. President" and not "His Excellency". He was posthumously called the "Idol of the Masses".

// Famous Political Leaders

Childhood & Early Life

Ramon del Fierro Magsaysay was born in Iba, Zambales, Philippine Islands, on August 31, 1907 to Exequiel Magsaysay y de los Santos, a blacksmith, and Perfecta del Fierro y Quimson, a schoolteacher.

He attended high school at Zambales Academy in San Narciso, Zambale and entered the University of the Philippines in 1927, to study a pre-medical course.

From 1928 to 1932, he studied at the Institute of Commerce at José Rizal College, where he received a baccalaureate in commerce.

Ramsaysay worked as an automobile mechanic in a bus company in Florida and shop superintendent to support himself.

Career

After the World War II broke out, he joined the motor pool of the 31st Infantry Division of the Philippines Army.

In 1942, he had to stay in hiding from the Japanese forces. During this time, he organized the Western Luzon Guerrilla Forces, and was elected captain on April 5, 1942.

He acted as a supply officer in Col. Merrill's famed guerrilla outfit and later as commander of a 10,000 strong force. Magsaysay was among those active in clearing the Zambales coast of the Japanese before the landing of American forces in 1945.

On April 22, 1946, Magsaysay was elected to the Philippine House of Representatives under the banner of the Liberal Party.

In 1948, he was chosen as chairman of the Committee on guerrilla affairs. He went to Washington to ensure that the Philippine veterans are granted rights in the Rogers Veterans Bill.

In the 1949 election, he was re-elected to a second term in the House of Representatives as the Chairman of the House National Defense Committee.

During the rise of communist guerrillas, Ramon Magsaysay offered President Elpidio Quirino a plan to fight against them so the former appointed him the Secretary of National Defence on August 31, 1950.

In June 1952, Magsaysay made a goodwill tour to Washington, D.C. , New York, and Mexico.

On February 28 1953, he resigned as defense secretary and decided to run for the seat of the president under the Nacionalista Party.

On November 10, 1953 the elections were held and Magsaysay defeated opponent Elpidio Quirino to become the new president of the Philippines.

During his term as the president, Ramon Magsaysay laid the foundation of the Manila Pact of 1954, created to defeat communist-Marxist movements in South East Asia, South Asia and the Southwestern Pacific.

In early 1954, President Magsaysay appointed Benigno Aquino, Jr. as personal emissary to Luís Taruc, leader of the Hukbalahap, a communist guerrilla group.

From February to mid-September 1954, Magsaysay carried out the largest anti-Huk operation, "Operation Thunder-Lightning" that led to the capture of Luis Taruc on 17 May.

Awards & Achievements

During Magsaysay’s administration, Philippines became Asia’s second cleanest and well-governed country. His tenure is often referred to as the Philippines' Golden Years.

Magsaysay’s Presidential Complaints and Action Committee heard nearly 60,000 complaints in a year, and settled more than 30,000 through direct action and a little more than 25,000 through government agencies.

Magsaysay established the National Resettlement and Rehabilitation Administration (NARRA) which granted about sixty-five thousand acres to three thousand poor families for settlement purposes.

He also established the Agricultural Credit and Cooperative Financing Administration (ACCFA) to make available rural credits of almost ten million dollars.

Magsaysay initiated the formation of Liberty Wells Association that managed to raise a considerable sum for the construction of artesian wells for the development of agrarian sector.

March 17, 1958 Ramon Magsaysay was awarded the Golden Heart Presidential Award posthumously.

He received the Order of the White Elephant (April 1955) from the government of Thailand and the Grand Cross of the Royal Order of Cambodia (January 1956) from the government of Cambodia.

Personal Life & Legacy

He married Luz Magsaysay On June 16, 1933 and they had three children - Teresita Banzon-Magsaysay, Milagros Banzon-Magsaysay, and Ramon Banzon-Magsaysay, Jr.

On March 16, 1957, while coming back from Cebu City to Manila, Magsaysay died when the presidential plane crashed on Mt. Manunggal in Cebu.

The Ramon Magsaysay Award is an annual award, established in April 1957 by the trustees of the Rockefeller Brothers Fund to continue Ramon Magsaysay's exemplary integrity in governance, brave service to the nation, and realistic idealism in a democratic society.

Trivia

Magsaysay was the first Filipino President who regularly wore the national costume, Barong Tagalog.

When Magsaysay got the news that his political ally Moises Padilla was killed by the forces of provincial governor Lacson, he himself carried Padilla's dead body with his bare hands and delivered it to the morgue.

// Famous Presidents

Ramon Magsaysay biography timelines

  • // 31st Aug 1907
    Ramon del Fierro Magsaysay was born in Iba, Zambales, Philippine Islands, on August 31, 1907 to Exequiel Magsaysay y de los Santos, a blacksmith, and Perfecta del Fierro y Quimson, a schoolteacher.
  • // 1927
    He attended high school at Zambales Academy in San Narciso, Zambale and entered the University of the Philippines in 1927, to study a pre-medical course.
  • // 1928 To 1932
    From 1928 to 1932, he studied at the Institute of Commerce at José Rizal College, where he received a baccalaureate in commerce.
  • // 16th Jun 1933
    He married Luz Magsaysay On June 16, 1933 and they had three children - Teresita Banzon-Magsaysay, Milagros Banzon-Magsaysay, and Ramon Banzon-Magsaysay, Jr.
  • // 5th Apr 1942
    In 1942, he had to stay in hiding from the Japanese forces. During this time, he organized the Western Luzon Guerrilla Forces, and was elected captain on April 5, 1942.
  • // 1945
    He acted as a supply officer in Col. Merrill's famed guerrilla outfit and later as commander of a 10,000 strong force. Magsaysay was among those active in clearing the Zambales coast of the Japanese before the landing of American forces in 1945.
  • // 22nd Apr 1946
    On April 22, 1946, Magsaysay was elected to the Philippine House of Representatives under the banner of the Liberal Party.
  • // 1948
    In 1948, he was chosen as chairman of the Committee on guerrilla affairs. He went to Washington to ensure that the Philippine veterans are granted rights in the Rogers Veterans Bill.
  • // 1949
    In the 1949 election, he was re-elected to a second term in the House of Representatives as the Chairman of the House National Defense Committee.
  • // 31st Aug 1950
    During the rise of communist guerrillas, Ramon Magsaysay offered President Elpidio Quirino a plan to fight against them so the former appointed him the Secretary of National Defence on August 31, 1950.
  • // Jun 1952
    In June 1952, Magsaysay made a goodwill tour to Washington, D.C. , New York, and Mexico.
  • // 28th Feb 1953
    On February 28 1953, he resigned as defense secretary and decided to run for the seat of the president under the Nacionalista Party.
  • // 10th Nov 1953
    On November 10, 1953 the elections were held and Magsaysay defeated opponent Elpidio Quirino to become the new president of the Philippines.
  • // 1954
    During his term as the president, Ramon Magsaysay laid the foundation of the Manila Pact of 1954, created to defeat communist-Marxist movements in South East Asia, South Asia and the Southwestern Pacific.
  • // 1954
    In early 1954, President Magsaysay appointed Benigno Aquino, Jr. as personal emissary to Luís Taruc, leader of the Hukbalahap, a communist guerrilla group.
  • // Sep 1954
    From February to mid-September 1954, Magsaysay carried out the largest anti-Huk operation, "Operation Thunder-Lightning" that led to the capture of Luis Taruc on 17 May.
  • // Apr 1955 To Jan 1956
    He received the Order of the White Elephant (April 1955) from the government of Thailand and the Grand Cross of the Royal Order of Cambodia (January 1956) from the government of Cambodia.
  • // 16th Mar 1957
    On March 16, 1957, while coming back from Cebu City to Manila, Magsaysay died when the presidential plane crashed on Mt. Manunggal in Cebu.
  • // Apr 1957
    The Ramon Magsaysay Award is an annual award, established in April 1957 by the trustees of the Rockefeller Brothers Fund to continue Ramon Magsaysay's exemplary integrity in governance, brave service to the nation, and realistic idealism in a democratic society.
  • // 17th Mar 1958
    March 17, 1958 Ramon Magsaysay was awarded the Golden Heart Presidential Award posthumously.

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Ramon Magsaysay's FAQ

  • What is Ramon Magsaysay birthday?

    Ramon Magsaysay was born at 1907-08-31

  • When was Ramon Magsaysay died?

    Ramon Magsaysay was died at 1957-03-17

  • Where was Ramon Magsaysay died?

    Ramon Magsaysay was died in Balamban

  • Which age was Ramon Magsaysay died?

    Ramon Magsaysay was died at age 49

  • Where is Ramon Magsaysay's birth place?

    Ramon Magsaysay was born in Iba, Zambales, Philippines

  • What is Ramon Magsaysay nationalities?

    Ramon Magsaysay's nationalities is Filipinos

  • Who is Ramon Magsaysay spouses?

    Ramon Magsaysay's spouses is Luz Magsaysay

  • Who is Ramon Magsaysay childrens?

    Ramon Magsaysay's childrens is Ramon Magsaysay

  • What was Ramon Magsaysay universities?

    Ramon Magsaysay studied at 1932 - José Rizal University, University of the Philippines

  • What is Ramon Magsaysay's religion?

    Ramon Magsaysay's religion is Catholicism

  • Who is Ramon Magsaysay's father?

    Ramon Magsaysay's father is Exequiel Magsaysay

  • Who is Ramon Magsaysay's mother?

    Ramon Magsaysay's mother is Perfecta del Fierro y Quimson

  • What is Ramon Magsaysay's sun sign?

    Ramon Magsaysay is Virgo

  • How famous is Ramon Magsaysay?

    Ramon Magsaysay is famouse as 7th President of the Philippines