Otto Diels - Organic Chemists, Family and Family

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Otto Diels's Personal Details

Otto Diels or Otto Paul Herman Diels was a German scientist who received the Nobel Prize in chemistry

InformationDetail
BirthdayJanuary 23, 1876
Died onMarch 7, 1954
NationalityGerman
FamousScientists, Chemists, Inorganic Chemists, Organic Chemists
SpousesPaula Geyer
Universities
  • Humboldt University of Berlin
Birth PlaceHamburg, German Empire
GenderMale
FatherHermann Diels
MotherBertha Dubell
Sun SignAquarius
Born inHamburg, German Empire
Famous asChemist
Died at Age78

// Famous Scientists

Otto Diels's photo

Who is Otto Diels?

Otto Diels or Otto Paul Herman Diels was a German scientist who received the Nobel Prize in chemistry for developing a process by which cyclic organic compounds could be obtained. This process was called the ‘diene synthesis’ or the ‘Diels-Alder reaction’. He shared the Nobel Prize with another scientist, Kurt Alder, who had worked jointly with him in developing the process. His work led to the production of synthetic plastics and rubber. His initial research was in the field of inorganic chemistry during which he discovered a highly reactive substance known as ‘carbon suboxide’. He later changed his research to encompass the domain of organic chemistry. His process of using selenium to remove hydrogen atoms from cyclic organic compounds not only helped the synthesis of plastics and rubber but also became a useful tool for finding out the complicated chemical structures of a series of steroids. He was successful in dehydrogenating cholesterol with the help of selenium which produced a skeletal structure of steroids. During the period when he was at the ‘University of Kiel’, he worked with Kurt Alder to develop the ‘Diels-Alder reaction’ which helped to synthesize unsaturated cyclic organic compounds leading to the production of synthetic plastic and rubber compounds, alkaloids and insecticides at a low cost without using any catalyst, reagent, high temperature or pressure.

// Famous Chemists

Childhood & Early Life

Otto Diels was born on January 23, 1876 in Hamburg, Germany. His father, Hermann Diels, was a professor at the University of Berlin and taught classical philology. His mother, Bertha Dubell, was a district judge’s daughter.

He had two brothers named Ludwig and Paul who went on to become professors in the fields of botany and Slavic philology respectively.

When he was two-year-old his family moved from Hamburg to Berlin where his father was offered a professorship at the university.

He did his early schooling from 1882 to 1895 at the ‘Joachimsthalsches Gymnasium’ in Berlin.

In 1895 he enrolled at the University of Berlin to study chemistry along with other science subjects.

He received his doctoral degree from the university in 1899.

Career

Immediately after graduation from the University of Berlin in 1899, he was appointed an assistant at the Institute of Chemistry at the same university.

He progressed very fast through the ranks and soon became a lecturer in 1904 and was then promoted to professor in 1906.

In 1906 he discovered ‘carbon suboxide’ which is the anhydride acidic form of malonic acid. He found out the chemical composition and properties of this highly reactive substance. The information about its chemical structure helped him understand the composition of different carbon oxides.

In 1913 he was appointed the Head of the Department of chemistry at the Berlin University and became a full professor in 1915.

He was appointed as an associate professor at the Chemical Institute of the Royal Friedrich Wilhelm University in Kiel in 1914.

In 1916 he moved to the Christian Albrecht University of Kiel as the Professor and Director of the Institute of Chemistry and remained in the post till his retirement in 1945.

In 1927 he introduced the use of selenium as a reagent for removing hydrogen atoms from hydroaromatic compounds. The process he devised could be used to remove the hydrogen atoms from the molecules of certain organic compounds under external control by using metallic selenium producing a completely new structure.

In 1928 he and one of his students, Kurt Alder, developed a method known as the ‘Diels-Alder reaction’ which helped him synthesize a large number of organic compounds. In this experiment simple ‘dienes’ such as ‘butadiene’ could be converted into cyclic ‘dienes’ which lead to the production of new organic compounds. New types of polymers, alkaloids, and plastics could be obtained in this way. This was his most important discovery and won him the Nobel Prize.

He became a member of the ‘Bavarian Academy of Sciences’ and the scientific academies of Gottingen and Halle during this period and an Emeritus Professor in 1945.

During the end of the Second World War the Chemical Institute was totally destroyed in Allied air raids. He had to stop work and applied for retirement in September 1944 and was granted the permission to retire in March 1945.

In 1946 he was again requested to continue as the director of the Chemical Institute operating from makeshift quarters which he agreed to.

Major Works

Otto Diels authored and published his work ‘Einfuhrung in die organische Chemie’ in 1907 which had nineteen editions by 1962. It is one of the most popular textbooks in the field of organic chemistry.

His papers were published in many scientific journals and magazines including the periodical ‘Liebigs Annalen der Chemie’.

Awards & Achievements

Otto Diels was awarded a gold medal at the International Exhibition held in St. Louis, USA, in 1904.

He was awarded the Adolf von Baeyer Memorial Medal in 1931 by the ‘Society of German Chemists’.

In 1946 he was awarded an honorary doctorate by the ‘Medical faculty of Christian Albrecht University’.

He won the Nobel Prize in chemistry in 1950.

In 1952 he was awarded the ‘Grosskreuz des Verdienstordens der Bundesrepublik Deutschland’.

Personal Life & Legacy

He married Paula Geyer in 1909 and had three sons and two daughters from the marriage.

He lost two of his sons at the eastern front during World War II.

His home was also razed to the ground by Allied bombing during the later stages of the World War II.

Otto Diels died of heart failure on March 7, 1954 in Kiel in West Germany, which is now part of unified Germany.

Trivia

Otto Diels was fond of music and reading and liked traveling. He was also fond of mountaineering in his younger days.

// Famous Organic Chemists

Otto Diels awards

YearNameAward

Other

Nobel Prize in Chemistry (1950)

Otto Diels biography timelines

  • // 23rd Jan 1876
    Otto Diels was born on January 23, 1876 in Hamburg, Germany. His father, Hermann Diels, was a professor at the University of Berlin and taught classical philology. His mother, Bertha Dubell, was a district judge’s daughter.
  • // 1882 To 1895
    He did his early schooling from 1882 to 1895 at the ‘Joachimsthalsches Gymnasium’ in Berlin.
  • // 1895
    In 1895 he enrolled at the University of Berlin to study chemistry along with other science subjects.
  • // 1899
    He received his doctoral degree from the university in 1899.
  • // 1899
    Immediately after graduation from the University of Berlin in 1899, he was appointed an assistant at the Institute of Chemistry at the same university.
  • // 1904 To 1906
    He progressed very fast through the ranks and soon became a lecturer in 1904 and was then promoted to professor in 1906.
  • // 1904
    Otto Diels was awarded a gold medal at the International Exhibition held in St. Louis, USA, in 1904.
  • // 1906
    In 1906 he discovered ‘carbon suboxide’ which is the anhydride acidic form of malonic acid. He found out the chemical composition and properties of this highly reactive substance. The information about its chemical structure helped him understand the composition of different carbon oxides.
  • // 1907 To 1962
    Otto Diels authored and published his work ‘Einfuhrung in die organische Chemie’ in 1907 which had nineteen editions by 1962. It is one of the most popular textbooks in the field of organic chemistry.
  • // 1909
    He married Paula Geyer in 1909 and had three sons and two daughters from the marriage.
  • // 1913 To 1915
    In 1913 he was appointed the Head of the Department of chemistry at the Berlin University and became a full professor in 1915.
  • // 1914
    He was appointed as an associate professor at the Chemical Institute of the Royal Friedrich Wilhelm University in Kiel in 1914.
  • // 1916 To 1945
    In 1916 he moved to the Christian Albrecht University of Kiel as the Professor and Director of the Institute of Chemistry and remained in the post till his retirement in 1945.
  • // 1927
    In 1927 he introduced the use of selenium as a reagent for removing hydrogen atoms from hydroaromatic compounds. The process he devised could be used to remove the hydrogen atoms from the molecules of certain organic compounds under external control by using metallic selenium producing a completely new structure.
  • // 1928
    In 1928 he and one of his students, Kurt Alder, developed a method known as the ‘Diels-Alder reaction’ which helped him synthesize a large number of organic compounds. In this experiment simple ‘dienes’ such as ‘butadiene’ could be converted into cyclic ‘dienes’ which lead to the production of new organic compounds. New types of polymers, alkaloids, and plastics could be obtained in this way. This was his most important discovery and won him the Nobel Prize.
  • // 1931
    He was awarded the Adolf von Baeyer Memorial Medal in 1931 by the ‘Society of German Chemists’.
  • // Sep 1944 To Mar 1945
    During the end of the Second World War the Chemical Institute was totally destroyed in Allied air raids. He had to stop work and applied for retirement in September 1944 and was granted the permission to retire in March 1945.
  • // 1945
    He became a member of the ‘Bavarian Academy of Sciences’ and the scientific academies of Gottingen and Halle during this period and an Emeritus Professor in 1945.
  • // 1946
    In 1946 he was again requested to continue as the director of the Chemical Institute operating from makeshift quarters which he agreed to.
  • // 1946
    In 1946 he was awarded an honorary doctorate by the ‘Medical faculty of Christian Albrecht University’.
  • // 1950
    He won the Nobel Prize in chemistry in 1950.
  • // 1952
    In 1952 he was awarded the ‘Grosskreuz des Verdienstordens der Bundesrepublik Deutschland’.
  • // 7th Mar 1954
    Otto Diels died of heart failure on March 7, 1954 in Kiel in West Germany, which is now part of unified Germany.

// Famous Inorganic Chemists

Otto Diels's FAQ

  • What is Otto Diels birthday?

    Otto Diels was born at 1876-01-23

  • When was Otto Diels died?

    Otto Diels was died at 1954-03-07

  • Where was Otto Diels died?

    Otto Diels was died in Kiel

  • Which age was Otto Diels died?

    Otto Diels was died at age 78

  • Where is Otto Diels's birth place?

    Otto Diels was born in Hamburg, German Empire

  • What is Otto Diels nationalities?

    Otto Diels's nationalities is German

  • Who is Otto Diels spouses?

    Otto Diels's spouses is Paula Geyer

  • What was Otto Diels universities?

    Otto Diels studied at Humboldt University of Berlin

  • Who is Otto Diels's father?

    Otto Diels's father is Hermann Diels

  • Who is Otto Diels's mother?

    Otto Diels's mother is Bertha Dubell

  • What is Otto Diels's sun sign?

    Otto Diels is Aquarius

  • How famous is Otto Diels?

    Otto Diels is famouse as Chemist