Oskar Schindler

Oskar Schindler - ENTJ, Birthday and Personal Life

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Oskar Schindler Biography Stories 

Oskar Schindler's Personal Details

Oskar Schindler was a German industrialist who helped save the lives of thousands of Jews during the Holocaust

InformationDetail
BirthdayApril 28, 1908
Died onOctober 9, 1974
NationalityGerman
FamousBusiness People, ENTJ
SpousesEmilie Pelzl
SiblingsElfriede
Birth PlaceSvitavy
Political IdeologySudeten German Party, National Socialist German Workers Party (NSDAP)
ReligionRoman Catholic
GenderMale
FatherHans Schindler
MotherLouisa
Sun SignTaurus
Born inSvitavy
Died at Age66

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Oskar Schindler's photo

Who is Oskar Schindler?

Oskar Schindler was a German industrialist who helped save the lives of hundreds of Jews from Hitler’s onslaught during the Holocaust. The World War II was a time of wide spread terror and destruction especially for the Jews who were subjected to systematic mass murder at the hands of Adolf Hitler who led Nazi Germany. Schindler was a businessman who operated several factories which employed thousands of people including numerous Jews. Although initially as a businessman he was concerned only with the profit-making aspect of his ventures, gradually a conversion took over him and he began spending all his life’s earnings on saving the lives of the Jews employed in his factories. As a young man he was a Nazi spy and used to collect information on railways, military installations, etc. in order to make some money. He also became a member of the Nazi party after his stint as a Nazi spy. He acquired an enamelware factory, which employed thousand Jews. At the time of the Holocaust, he invested his time, money and soul into protecting his employees, and even risked his own life for them. Saving the Jews became his life’s calling and he fully devoted himself to this cause.

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Childhood & Early Life

He was born to Johann “Hans” Schindler and Franziska "Fanny" Schindler. His father owned a farm machinery business.

After completing his primary education he did not go to university or college.

Later Years

He learnt several trades such as chauffeuring and machinery and worked with his father for three years. After he quit working for his father he found work at Moravian Electrotechnic.

He served for 18 months in the Czech army where he rose to the rank of Lance-Corporal in the Tenth Infantry Regiment of the 31st Army. After his army stint he returned to Moravian Electrotechnic which went bankrupt leaving him unemployed.

He was employed at the Jarslav Simek Bank of Prague from 1931 till 1938.

He became a spy for the Abwehr, the intelligence service of Nazi Germany in 1936. He used to collect information on railways, military installations, and troop movements for them. After this, he became a member of the Nazi Party.

During the early 1940s, he acquired an enamelware factory which became known as ‘Emalia’. The business thrived and by 1944 around 1,750 workers—including 1,000 Jews—were employed there. His connections with the Abwehr helped him obtain contracts to produce enamelware for the military.

During the 1940s, the Jews were in extreme danger of being deported and sent to Nazi concentration camps. Schindler helped protect his Jewish employees by bribing Nazi officials and giving them expensive gifts.

Schindler was initially a shrewd businessman who was concerned only about making profits. But as the World War II progressed, he made it his life’s purpose to save as many Jews as he could. He spent all his earnings, time and efforts on this cause.

He protected his Jews by declaring them as valuable employees of his factory and therefore necessary for the running and operation of his businesses.

In 1943, Plaszow concentration camp was opened with sadistic Amon Goth as its in-charge. Goth wanted all the factories, including Schindler’s, to be moved inside the camp gates. But Schindler tactfully bribed him and prevented his factory from being moved. He also convinced Goth to let him build a subcamp for Jews at his own expense where the inmates were kept safe and sound.

All the rescue works undertaken by Schindler were not without risks; he was often arrested and imprisoned for his various activities. Yet he never gave up on his efforts to rescue Jews.

By 1944, Nazi had plans to close down all factories not directly involved in war efforts. Schindler ordered his factories to produce anti-tank grenades instead of cookware in order to save his factory and workers. He also moved his factory and employees to Brunnlitz. Along with other supporters of this cause, he composed a list of 1,200 Jews who were sent to Brunnlitz in October that year.

By the time the World War II ended, Schindler had spent all his earnings on bribing and purchasing supplies for his workers. He was virtually penniless by this time and also in danger of being arrested as a war criminal.

He went to Argentina in 1949 where he tried to establish himself again by running businesses. However, he could never again prosper and returned to Germany where he filed for bankruptcy. He survived during his later years on donations sent by the Jews he had helped rescue.

Major Works

He helped save the lives of 1,200 Jews during the Holocaust by employing them in his enamelware factory and by protecting them from the onslaught of Nazis through his diplomacy and bribery. He invested all his life’s earnings and even risked his own life many times in his incessant efforts to rescue as many Jews as possible.

Awards & Achievements

He was named ‘Righteous Among the Nations’ in 1963 by the State of Israel for his work during the war. This award was bestowed upon non-Jews who actively helped to rescue Jews during the Holocaust.

Personal Life & Legacy

He married Emilie Pelzl in 1928. His wife also played a very significant role in rescuing the 1,200 Jews along with Schindler. He abandoned his wife in 1957.

He had numerous love affairs. His relationship with Aurelie Schlegel resulted in the birth of two children.

He died in 1974 at the age of 66.

Trivia

Steven Spielberg’s movie ‘Schindler’s List’ is based upon the life and works of this great individual.

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Oskar Schindler biography timelines

  • // 28th Apr 1908
    He was born to Johann “Hans” Schindler and Franziska "Fanny" Schindler. His father owned a farm machinery business.
  • // 1928
    He married Emilie Pelzl in 1928. His wife also played a very significant role in rescuing the 1,200 Jews along with Schindler. He abandoned his wife in 1957.
  • // 1931 To 1938
    He was employed at the Jarslav Simek Bank of Prague from 1931 till 1938.
  • // 1936
    He became a spy for the Abwehr, the intelligence service of Nazi Germany in 1936. He used to collect information on railways, military installations, and troop movements for them. After this, he became a member of the Nazi Party.
  • // 1943
    In 1943, Plaszow concentration camp was opened with sadistic Amon Goth as its in-charge. Goth wanted all the factories, including Schindler’s, to be moved inside the camp gates. But Schindler tactfully bribed him and prevented his factory from being moved. He also convinced Goth to let him build a subcamp for Jews at his own expense where the inmates were kept safe and sound.
  • // 1944
    By 1944, Nazi had plans to close down all factories not directly involved in war efforts. Schindler ordered his factories to produce anti-tank grenades instead of cookware in order to save his factory and workers. He also moved his factory and employees to Brunnlitz. Along with other supporters of this cause, he composed a list of 1,200 Jews who were sent to Brunnlitz in October that year.
  • // 1949
    He went to Argentina in 1949 where he tried to establish himself again by running businesses. However, he could never again prosper and returned to Germany where he filed for bankruptcy. He survived during his later years on donations sent by the Jews he had helped rescue.
  • // 1963
    He was named ‘Righteous Among the Nations’ in 1963 by the State of Israel for his work during the war. This award was bestowed upon non-Jews who actively helped to rescue Jews during the Holocaust.
  • // 9th Oct 1974
    He died in 1974 at the age of 66.

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Oskar Schindler's FAQ

  • What is Oskar Schindler birthday?

    Oskar Schindler was born at 1908-04-28

  • When was Oskar Schindler died?

    Oskar Schindler was died at 1974-10-09

  • Where was Oskar Schindler died?

    Oskar Schindler was died in Hildesheim

  • Which age was Oskar Schindler died?

    Oskar Schindler was died at age 66

  • Where is Oskar Schindler's birth place?

    Oskar Schindler was born in Svitavy

  • What is Oskar Schindler nationalities?

    Oskar Schindler's nationalities is German

  • Who is Oskar Schindler spouses?

    Oskar Schindler's spouses is Emilie Pelzl

  • Who is Oskar Schindler siblings?

    Oskar Schindler's siblings is Elfriede

  • What is Oskar Schindler's political ideology?

    Oskar Schindler's political ideology is Sudeten German Party, National Socialist German Workers Party (NSDAP)

  • What is Oskar Schindler's religion?

    Oskar Schindler's religion is Roman Catholic

  • Who is Oskar Schindler's father?

    Oskar Schindler's father is Hans Schindler

  • Who is Oskar Schindler's mother?

    Oskar Schindler's mother is Louisa

  • What is Oskar Schindler's sun sign?

    Oskar Schindler is Taurus