Martin Van Buren

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Martin Van Buren's Personal Details

Martin Van Buren was the first American president who was born as the citizen of United States, free from the British colonial rule

InformationDetail
BirthdayDecember 5, 1782
Died onJuly 24, 1862
NationalityAmerican
FamousDemocrats, Leaders, Political Leaders
IdeologiesDemocrats
City/StateNew Yorkers
SpousesHannah Hoes
SiblingsDerike Van Buren, Lawrence Van Buren
ChildrensAbraham, John, Martin, Smith
Universities
  • Kinderhook Academy
  • Washington Seminary in Claverack
Birth PlaceKinderhook
Political IdeologyFree Soil (1848–1854), Democratic-Republican (Before 1825), Democratic (1828–1848)
ReligionDutch Reformed
GenderMale
FatherAbraham Van Buren
MotherMaria Hoes Van Buren
Sun SignSagittarius
Born inKinderhook
Died at Age79

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Martin Van Buren's photo

Who is Martin Van Buren?

Martin Van Buren was an illustrious lawyer and a brilliant politician, who became the eighth President of the United States of America. He along with some of his colleagues put together the Democratic Party, which changed the very way in which American politics had been run till then. Buren was a man of impeccable character and shrewd political skill, though he came from a humble background. In order to carve a niche for himself in politics, he garnered the support of powerful and influential New Yorkers, who had big stake in the territory’s administration. Buren was the first American president of Dutch descent and also the first to be born as the citizen of United States, free from the British colonial rule. He also holds the distinction of being the first president elected from New York. Buren tried his best to manage the fragile economic condition of the country but his presidential term was plagued by the Panic of 1837. His political opponents pinned its blame on him and named him "Martin Van Ruin". Take an in depth look at the life of this charming statesman, who today is remembered as the man who laid the cornerstone of the American political system.

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Childhood & Early Life

Martin Van Buren was born in Kinderhook, New York. His father, named Abraham, was a man of limited means, a farmer and tavern owner, who supported American Revolution.

Listening to various political get-togethers at his father’s tavern, he developed a sharp political acumen.

He received his elementary education in his small village school and then transferred to the Kinderhook Academy, where he studied Latin before attending the Washington Seminary in Claverack.

By the time he turned 14, his father could no longer afford his college tuition fee and therefore Martin began working at the office of Francis Sylvester. In 1803, his hard work paid off, when he received admission to the bar.

Career

He joined active politics since he was 17 years old, however he got his major breakthrough in 1812, when he became a member of the New York State Senate.

Later in 1815, he was appointed as the attorney general of New York. These posts allowed him to hone his political skills and he proved himself as serious political leader.

While serving his second term as the New York Senator, he lost his wife; despite this personal setback he did not relent in pursuing his political ambitions and was elected as a United States Senator in 1821.

After the presidential elections of 1824, he along with some other key members of Democratic-Republican Party, like Andrew Jackson, William Crawford and John Calhoun formed an alternate party.

He was elected as the governor of New York, in 1828; therefore, he resigned from his Senate post.

In 1829, after becoming the President of the United States Andrew Jackson, appointed him as his Secretary of State.

His tenure as the Secretary of State lasted only till the end of the first presidential term as he had to resign on April 1831, due to the Petticoat affair. However, he continued to be part of Jackson’s Kitchen Cabinet.

Later in August 1831, Jackson rewarded his loyalty and grace while handling the Petticoat affair by appointing him as the minister to the Great Britain.

While running for the second term as president, in 1832, Jackson chose him as his running mate and the duo easily won the elections.

By the end of Jackson’s second term in 1835, the Democratic Party members unanimously nominated Van Buren for presidential post.

In 1836 presidential elections, he quite easily won the popular vote and defeated his three Whig Party, opponents

In March 1837, he became the eighth President of the United States and immediately found himself surrounded by various challenges, as the first great depression had paralyzed the U.S. economy.

To improve the economic slowdown, he suggested that the federal funds should be held in an independent treasury, this happened but many years later; meanwhile his detractors made him an easy scapegoat for the crises.

On August 5, 1837 he declared his opposition towards the annexation of Texas; this enraged the expansionists against him.

He did not take any concrete action against the British, on whose instigation the Canadian rebels had seized Caroline (American ship) in January 1838. An American was killed in the skirmish.

In August 1839, a mutinous slave ship, named the Amistad was caught on American shores and he sided with the Spanish government as he agreed that the slaves were Spain’s property, most saw this as pro slavery gesture.

In November, 1840, he ran for the second presidential term but was defeated by the Whig Party candidate, William Henry Harrison.

In 1844, Van Bur believed that he might once again win a presidential nomination from the Democratic Party but instead James K. Polk was nominated.

In 1848, he was nominated by the Free Soil Party as their presidential candidate but he managed to get 10 percent of the popular vote and retired to his home in Kinderhook.

Personal Life & Legacy

He was married to Hannah Hoes, who was his first cousin and childhood sweetheart. They had four sons and one daughter.

On February 5, 1819, Hannah Van Buren passed away after 12 years of marriage due to tuberculosis. She was 35 years old at the time of her death.

Martin Van Buren passed away at the age of 79 due to bronchial asthma and heart failure, at his Lindenwald estate in Kinderhook. His body was interred at the Kinderhook Cemetery.

Van Buren County, Michigan is named after him. The county was so named in 1829 when Van Buren was Secretary of State. It was done in the hope of winning support in Preseident Andrew Jackson's administration for Michigan's bid to become a state.

In 1938, the United States postal service issued an eight cent postage stamp dedicated to Martin Van Buren.

Trivia

He became the first U.S. President, who was born as an American citizen.

He grew up in a Dutch community of Kinderhook and growing up spoke Dutch as his first language rather than English.

He paved the foundation of a new party based on the agenda of minimalist government, this group later evolved as the Democratic Party.

Several nick names stuck to him throughout his political career, including The Careful Dutchman, The Enchanter, The Red Fox of Kinderhook, The Great Manager, Martin Van Ruin, The Mistletoe Politician, and Little Matt etc.

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Martin Van Buren biography timelines

  • // 1803
    By the time he turned 14, his father could no longer afford his college tuition fee and therefore Martin began working at the office of Francis Sylvester. In 1803, his hard work paid off, when he received admission to the bar.
  • // 1812
    He joined active politics since he was 17 years old, however he got his major breakthrough in 1812, when he became a member of the New York State Senate.
  • // 1815
    Later in 1815, he was appointed as the attorney general of New York. These posts allowed him to hone his political skills and he proved himself as serious political leader.
  • // 1821
    While serving his second term as the New York Senator, he lost his wife; despite this personal setback he did not relent in pursuing his political ambitions and was elected as a United States Senator in 1821.
  • // 1824
    After the presidential elections of 1824, he along with some other key members of Democratic-Republican Party, like Andrew Jackson, William Crawford and John Calhoun formed an alternate party.
  • // 1828
    He was elected as the governor of New York, in 1828; therefore, he resigned from his Senate post.
  • // 1829
    In 1829, after becoming the President of the United States Andrew Jackson, appointed him as his Secretary of State.
  • // Apr 1831
    His tenure as the Secretary of State lasted only till the end of the first presidential term as he had to resign on April 1831, due to the Petticoat affair. However, he continued to be part of Jackson’s Kitchen Cabinet.
  • // Aug 1831
    Later in August 1831, Jackson rewarded his loyalty and grace while handling the Petticoat affair by appointing him as the minister to the Great Britain.
  • // 1832
    While running for the second term as president, in 1832, Jackson chose him as his running mate and the duo easily won the elections.
  • // 1835
    By the end of Jackson’s second term in 1835, the Democratic Party members unanimously nominated Van Buren for presidential post.
  • // 1836
    In 1836 presidential elections, he quite easily won the popular vote and defeated his three Whig Party, opponents
  • // Mar 1837
    In March 1837, he became the eighth President of the United States and immediately found himself surrounded by various challenges, as the first great depression had paralyzed the U.S. economy.
  • // 5th Aug 1837
    On August 5, 1837 he declared his opposition towards the annexation of Texas; this enraged the expansionists against him.
  • // Nov 1840
    In November, 1840, he ran for the second presidential term but was defeated by the Whig Party candidate, William Henry Harrison.
  • // 1844
    In 1844, Van Bur believed that he might once again win a presidential nomination from the Democratic Party but instead James K. Polk was nominated.
  • // 1848
    In 1848, he was nominated by the Free Soil Party as their presidential candidate but he managed to get 10 percent of the popular vote and retired to his home in Kinderhook.

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Martin Van Buren's FAQ

  • What is Martin Van Buren birthday?

    Martin Van Buren was born at 1782-12-05

  • When was Martin Van Buren died?

    Martin Van Buren was died at 1862-07-24

  • Where was Martin Van Buren died?

    Martin Van Buren was died in Kinderhook

  • Which age was Martin Van Buren died?

    Martin Van Buren was died at age 79

  • Where is Martin Van Buren's birth place?

    Martin Van Buren was born in Kinderhook

  • What is Martin Van Buren nationalities?

    Martin Van Buren's nationalities is American

  • What is Martin Van Buren ideologies?

    Martin Van Buren's ideologies is Democrats

  • Who is Martin Van Buren spouses?

    Martin Van Buren's spouses is Hannah Hoes

  • Who is Martin Van Buren siblings?

    Martin Van Buren's siblings is Derike Van Buren, Lawrence Van Buren

  • Who is Martin Van Buren childrens?

    Martin Van Buren's childrens is Abraham, John, Martin, Smith

  • What was Martin Van Buren universities?

    Martin Van Buren studied at Kinderhook Academy, Washington Seminary in Claverack

  • What is Martin Van Buren's political ideology?

    Martin Van Buren's political ideology is Free Soil (1848–1854), Democratic-Republican (Before 1825), Democratic (1828–1848)

  • What is Martin Van Buren's religion?

    Martin Van Buren's religion is Dutch Reformed

  • Who is Martin Van Buren's father?

    Martin Van Buren's father is Abraham Van Buren

  • Who is Martin Van Buren's mother?

    Martin Van Buren's mother is Maria Hoes Van Buren

  • What is Martin Van Buren's sun sign?

    Martin Van Buren is Sagittarius