Marcel Proust - Novelists, Career and Family

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Marcel Proust's Personal Details

Marcel Proust was a French novelist, essayist, and literary critic, admired for influencing the modernist style of writing

InformationDetail
BirthdayJuly 10, 1871
Died onNovember 18, 1922
NationalityFrench
FamousNovelists, Gays, Recluses, Writers
SiblingsRobert
Known asMarcel Proust
Universities
  • Lycée Condorcet
Birth Place Auteuil-Neuilly-Passy
GenderMale
FatherAchille Adrien Proust
MotherJeanne Clémence Weil
Sun SignCancer
Born inAuteuil-Neuilly-Passy
Famous asFrench novelist
Died at Age51

// Famous Novelists

Marcel Proust's photo

Who is Marcel Proust?

Marcel Proust, whose novels inspired a whole generation of great writers, is regarded as one of most acclaimed writers of the modern times. This twentieth century novelist was known to have as much impact on literature, as Tolstoy had during the nineteenth century. His writing was so compelling and impressive that even the great English writer Virginia Woolf once exclaimed “Oh if I could write like that!". Born during the Fourth French Revolution, Proust grew up witnessing a lot of turmoil in the society. His magnum opus ‘In Search of Lost Time’, which earned him great fame and recognition, describes the society plagued by chaos and absurdities brought about by industrialization. The beautiful and the awe-inspiring nature, which had been the subject and the muse of poets and writers of the previous ages, began to fade with the beginning of industrialization. But, Proust was among those few people who found inspiration to write, despite all the cynicism.

// Famous Recluses

Childhood & Early Life

Marcel Proust was born as Valentin-Louis-Georges-Eugene-Marcel Proust to Achille Adrien Proust, a famous doctor in Paris.

He was just nine when he had a serious asthma attack. After the incident, his parents were extremely careful about his health and did not allow him to attend school as a regular student initially.

In 1882, he attended the Lyc�e Condorcet School but his education was again interrupted due to illness. Nevertheless, he received an award for displaying extraordinary skills in literature in the final year.

Career

Proust served in the French army from 1889 to 1890, during which he was stationed at the Coligny Barracks in Orl�ans. From 1890 to 1891, he contributed columns to the journal ‘Le Mensuel’.

He was also one of the founding members of the literary periodical called ‘Le Banquet’ in which he published a number of articles.

In 1896, he published his first book titled, ‘Les Plaisirs et les Jours’, which comprised a collection of essays, short stories and poems.

Proust tried to write a novel but did not succeed and began translating and interpreting the works of the English art historian, John Ruskin.

The year 1908 proved beneficial for him as he began writing satires on the works by other writers, all of which were published in the daily newspaper ‘Le Figaro’.

These writings rendered him the confidence to expand the horizon of his works. Thus, he began writing essays, articles and short stories, eventually merging and developing them into a single novel.

He converted his essay ‘Contre Sainte-Beuve’, into a single novel in 1909. He titled it as ‘� la recherche du temps perdu’ and the first part of the novel ‘Du C�t� de chez Swann’ was published in 1913.

In 1919, the second part of the novel ‘� l’ombre des jeunes filles en fleurs’, was published. Proust published the last three volumes during the last three years of his life.

Major Works

His masterpiece ‘� la recherche du temps perdu’, translated as ‘In Search of Lost Time’ in English, was called the “greatest novel of the 20th century” by Graham Greene, and “greatest fiction to date” by W. Somerset Maugham.

Personal Life & Legacy

Proust was a homosexual and was one of the first European novelists to write on the subject of homosexuality.

The writer was deeply affected by the death of his mother in September 1905.

After the death of his mother, his health began to deteriorate and he spent the last three years of his life in his cork-lined bedroom.

He died of pneumonia and a pulmonary inflammation and was buried in the P�re Lachaise Cemetery in Paris.

Trivia:

This famous novelist was homosexual and never married. He was known to have an affair with Reynaldo Hahn, a composer, conductor, music critic, diarist and singer.

// Famous Gays

Marcel Proust biography timelines

  • // 10th Jul 1871
    Marcel Proust was born as Valentin-Louis-Georges-Eugene-Marcel Proust to Achille Adrien Proust, a famous doctor in Paris.
  • // 1882
    In 1882, he attended the Lyc�e Condorcet School but his education was again interrupted due to illness. Nevertheless, he received an award for displaying extraordinary skills in literature in the final year.
  • // 1889 To 1891
    Proust served in the French army from 1889 to 1890, during which he was stationed at the Coligny Barracks in Orl�ans. From 1890 to 1891, he contributed columns to the journal ‘Le Mensuel’.
  • // 1896
    In 1896, he published his first book titled, ‘Les Plaisirs et les Jours’, which comprised a collection of essays, short stories and poems.
  • // 1905
    The writer was deeply affected by the death of his mother in September 1905.
  • // 1908
    The year 1908 proved beneficial for him as he began writing satires on the works by other writers, all of which were published in the daily newspaper ‘Le Figaro’.
  • // 1909 To 1913
    He converted his essay ‘Contre Sainte-Beuve’, into a single novel in 1909. He titled it as ‘� la recherche du temps perdu’ and the first part of the novel ‘Du C�t� de chez Swann’ was published in 1913.
  • // 1919 To 1922
    In 1919, the second part of the novel ‘� l’ombre des jeunes filles en fleurs’, was published. Proust published the last three volumes during the last three years of his life.
  • // 18th Nov 1922
    He died of pneumonia and a pulmonary inflammation and was buried in the P�re Lachaise Cemetery in Paris.

// Famous Writers

Marcel Proust's FAQ

  • What is Marcel Proust birthday?

    Marcel Proust was born at 1871-07-10

  • When was Marcel Proust died?

    Marcel Proust was died at 1922-11-18

  • Where was Marcel Proust died?

    Marcel Proust was died in Paris

  • Which age was Marcel Proust died?

    Marcel Proust was died at age 51

  • Where is Marcel Proust's birth place?

    Marcel Proust was born in Auteuil-Neuilly-Passy

  • What is Marcel Proust nationalities?

    Marcel Proust's nationalities is French

  • Who is Marcel Proust siblings?

    Marcel Proust's siblings is Robert

  • What was Marcel Proust universities?

    Marcel Proust studied at Lycée Condorcet

  • Who is Marcel Proust's father?

    Marcel Proust's father is Achille Adrien Proust

  • Who is Marcel Proust's mother?

    Marcel Proust's mother is Jeanne Clémence Weil

  • What is Marcel Proust's sun sign?

    Marcel Proust is Cancer

  • How famous is Marcel Proust?

    Marcel Proust is famouse as French novelist