Manuel González Flores - 31st President of Mexico, Life Achievements and Facts

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Manuel González Flores's Personal Details

Manuel Gonzalez Flores was a liberal politician and military general who served as the 31st president of Mexico

InformationDetail
BirthdayJune 18, 1833
Died onApril 10, 1893
NationalityMexican
Famous31st President of Mexico, Leaders, Political Leaders, Presidents, Military Leaders
Known asManuel Gonzalez, Manuel del Refugio González Flores
Birth PlaceMatamoros
GenderMale
Sun SignGemini
Born inMatamoros
Famous as31st President of Mexico
Died at Age59

// Famous 31st President of Mexico

Manuel González Flores's photo

Who is Manuel González Flores?

Manuel Gonzalez Flores was a liberal politician and military general who served as the 31st president of Mexico. Joining the military after the death of his father, he was devoted to duty and gallantry. He was brave during times of combat and didn’t hesitate to fight under the military leader he believed in. Gonzalez was active on both the Conservative and Liberal sides during his military career, flip-flopping between both parties depending on who was leading the group. He was a key player during the French Intervention of Mexico (lieutenant) and during the Reform War (general). In addition to his strong military background, Gonzalez also had quite an extensive political background. Starting out as a lowly solder in the Army, he progressed rapidly to the offices of Governor, Secretary of Defense, Secretary of the Navy and ultimately the President. He was considered courageous and intelligent, as well as greedy for power. Although not much is known about his family life, we do know that he was married twice in the same year (presumably after his first wife died) ande that he fathered two sons. When he died, he made sure to tell his family and friends to obey and honor Porfirio Diaz, his successor.

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Childhood & Early Life

Manuel Gonzalez Flores was born on June 18, 1833 in Matamoros, Tamaulipas, Mexico. He was one of four children to Coronel Fernando Gonzalez Lerma and Eusebia Flores Capistran.

He was heavily influenced by his father’s death at the hands of the United States’ invaders, which resulted in Flores joining the army at the age of 19 in 1947.

Career

Showing his support for Antonio de Padua María Severino López de Santa Anna, Gonzalez engaged in combat alongside the Conservative forces from 1853-1855.

He was wounded in 1856 during the Battle at Ocotlan where he was engaged in combat with the rebels who were opposed to President Ignacio Comonfort.

In 1859, he joined Conservative General Miguel Miramon in an attack against President Benito Juarez. In 1867, General Miramon was executed for treason at the order of President Juarez.

In 1860, Congress offered amnesty to the Conservatives and Gonzalez took it. During the same time, he fought alongside the Liberals against the French invasion and Maximillian of Habsburg.

In 1862, while serving under Porfirio Diaz, he was wounded in the defense of Puebla and taken prisoner by the French. After his escape, Diaz made him chief of the Army of the Center.

He continued to engage the enemy under Diaz’s commands, fighting in the battles of Miahuatlan and La Carbonera, Oaxaca. He was once again captured and taken prisoner by the French. He was later paroled and rejoined the Mexican army.

In 1867, while fighting at Puebla, Gonzalez lost his right arm. That same year, President Juarez appointed him to the position of military commander of the Federal District, as well as governor of the National Palace.

Gonzalez served as President of Mexico from December 1, 1880 until November 30, 1884.

Major Works

While he was president, Gonzalez opened the railway from Mexico City to El Paso, Texas.

He also founded the Banco Nacional de Mexico.

In the state of Puebla, he established industrial and agricultural settlements that were made up of 1,500 Italians.

He also inaugurated the country’s first submarine cable.

In 1882, he helped establish the metric system throughout the country.

He was also pivotal in settling a dispute with Guatemala. The dispute was settled peacefully.

While in office, Gonzalez managed to get the Constitution of 1857 amended, changing who succeeded the president in case of death while in office. The new succession would go to the president of the Senate.

Personal Life & Legacy

In May 1860, Gonzalez married Mariana Vazquez. Later that year, Mariana died, allowing him to remarry.

In September 1860, he married Laura Fdz Mantecon Arteaga.

Gonzalez and Arteaga had two sons: Manuel Gonzalez Hijo, Fdz Mantecon (March 20, 1863) and Fernando Gonzalez, Fdz Mantecon (July 6, 1865).

After his presidency ended, he was charged with embezzlement of public funds. The grand jury failed to press charges against him.

He died on April 10, 1893 at Chapingo, State of Mexico.

Trivia

After the grand jury failed to press embezzlement charges against him, he became governor of Guanajuato. He was elected unanimously and served from 1884-1893.

He was the first president to be elected by popular vote from his home state of Tamaulipas.

In 1854, he fought against Porfirio Diaz, but later fought along with Diaz in the 1860s.

He was preceded and succeeded by Porfirio Diaz.

// Famous Military Leaders

Manuel González Flores biography timelines

  • // 18th Jun 1833
    Manuel Gonzalez Flores was born on June 18, 1833 in Matamoros, Tamaulipas, Mexico. He was one of four children to Coronel Fernando Gonzalez Lerma and Eusebia Flores Capistran.
  • // 1853 To 1855
    Showing his support for Antonio de Padua María Severino López de Santa Anna, Gonzalez engaged in combat alongside the Conservative forces from 1853-1855.
  • // 1854
    In 1854, he fought against Porfirio Diaz, but later fought along with Diaz in the 1860s.
  • // 1856
    He was wounded in 1856 during the Battle at Ocotlan where he was engaged in combat with the rebels who were opposed to President Ignacio Comonfort.
  • // 1857
    While in office, Gonzalez managed to get the Constitution of 1857 amended, changing who succeeded the president in case of death while in office. The new succession would go to the president of the Senate.
  • // 1859 To 1867
    In 1859, he joined Conservative General Miguel Miramon in an attack against President Benito Juarez. In 1867, General Miramon was executed for treason at the order of President Juarez.
  • // 1860
    In 1860, Congress offered amnesty to the Conservatives and Gonzalez took it. During the same time, he fought alongside the Liberals against the French invasion and Maximillian of Habsburg.
  • // May 1860
    In May 1860, Gonzalez married Mariana Vazquez. Later that year, Mariana died, allowing him to remarry.
  • // Sep 1860
    In September 1860, he married Laura Fdz Mantecon Arteaga.
  • // 1862
    In 1862, while serving under Porfirio Diaz, he was wounded in the defense of Puebla and taken prisoner by the French. After his escape, Diaz made him chief of the Army of the Center.
  • // 20th Mar 1863 To 6th Jul 1865
    Gonzalez and Arteaga had two sons: Manuel Gonzalez Hijo, Fdz Mantecon (March 20, 1863) and Fernando Gonzalez, Fdz Mantecon (July 6, 1865).
  • // 1867
    In 1867, while fighting at Puebla, Gonzalez lost his right arm. That same year, President Juarez appointed him to the position of military commander of the Federal District, as well as governor of the National Palace.
  • // 1st Dec 1880 To 30th Nov 1884
    Gonzalez served as President of Mexico from December 1, 1880 until November 30, 1884.
  • // 1882
    In 1882, he helped establish the metric system throughout the country.
  • // 1884 To 1893
    After the grand jury failed to press embezzlement charges against him, he became governor of Guanajuato. He was elected unanimously and served from 1884-1893.
  • // 10th Apr 1893
    He died on April 10, 1893 at Chapingo, State of Mexico.
  • // 1947
    He was heavily influenced by his father’s death at the hands of the United States’ invaders, which resulted in Flores joining the army at the age of 19 in 1947.

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Manuel González Flores's FAQ

  • What is Manuel González Flores birthday?

    Manuel González Flores was born at 1833-06-18

  • When was Manuel González Flores died?

    Manuel González Flores was died at 1893-04-10

  • Where was Manuel González Flores died?

    Manuel González Flores was died in Chapingo, State of mexico

  • Which age was Manuel González Flores died?

    Manuel González Flores was died at age 59

  • Where is Manuel González Flores's birth place?

    Manuel González Flores was born in Matamoros

  • What is Manuel González Flores nationalities?

    Manuel González Flores's nationalities is Mexican

  • What is Manuel González Flores's sun sign?

    Manuel González Flores is Gemini

  • How famous is Manuel González Flores?

    Manuel González Flores is famouse as 31st President of Mexico