José Mujica - Former President of Uruguay, Birthday and Life

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José Mujica's Personal Details

Jose Mujica was the former President of Uruguay, who is known for implementing progressive reforms and legalizing marijuana sales in the country

InformationDetail
BirthdayMay 20, 1935
NationalityUruguayan
FamousFormer President of Uruguay, Leaders, Political Leaders, Presidents
HobbiesGardening
SpousesLucía Topolansky
Known asJose Mujica, José Alberto Mujica Cordano
Birth PlaceMontevideo
ReligionAtheism
GenderMale
FatherDemetrio Mujica
MotherLucy Cordano
Net Worth$1.8 million as of Jun 9,2017
Sun SignTaurus
Born inMontevideo
Famous asFormer President of Uruguay

// Famous Former President of Uruguay

José Mujica's photo

Who is José Mujica?

Jose Mujica was the president of Uruguay. Growing up in the poor and remote section of his native country, he had a difficult start in life. When his father was crushed by heavy debt, which eventually led to his death, Jose was forced to help his family survive. He took this sense of toughness with him when he joined an armed revolutionary group. Training and living in the jungle, the guerillas were determined to fight off the yoke of a brutal dictatorship. After a series of daring raids, Jose and his companions were unable to resist the overwhelming opposition forces and were convicted and given long sentences behind bars. After a grueling, difficult period of incarceration, he was finally released. Determined to pursue change by a different path, he ran for office and quickly rose through the ranks. After securing a productive term as a cabinet minister, Mujica threw his hat in the ring and was elected president. Following through on his campaign promises, he quickly implemented a number of far-reaching social justice programs for his country. Making alliances with a number of friendly, like-minded nations led to greater influence and trade in the region. After a transformational and productive term in office, Mujica peacefully stepped down from the presidency and peacefully retired to a private life

// Famous Presidents

Childhood & Early Life

José Alberto "Pepe" Mujica Cordano was born on May 20, 1935 in Montevideo, Uruguay. His father, Demetrio Mujica, was a Basque and his mother, Lucy Cordano, a descendent of Italian immigrants.

When Jose was 5 years old, his father went bankrupt. A few months later he died, leaving the family in dire straits. Alberto was forced to work delivering goods for a local bakery.

Jose was an avid cyclist when he was a teenager. He raced for several different bicycle clubs.

Career

In 1966, Mujica joined the MLN-Tumpamaros, an armed revolutionary group. Three years later, he led a squad of MLN guerillas in the mission to take over the city of Pando.

In 1970, he was shot six times by police. He was expected to die in the hospital but made a miraculous recovery.

In 1971, he was arrested for his involvement in revolutionary activities but escaped from prison. He was quickly re-arrested but managed to escape again the following year.

Mujica spent the next 13 years in prison. While imprisoned he faced numerous atrocities and at one point he was held in a watering trough. He also spent several years in solitary confinement.

In 1985, a new amnesty law freed thousands of prisoners. Mujica was among the liberated prisoners.

In 1989, he founded the ‘Movement of Popular Participation’ (MPP) political party. He soon rose through the ranks.

In 1994, he successfully stood for election as a deputy. He was just one of two MPP members to win their election. Five years later, was successfully elected as a senator.

In 2004, Mujica's MPP party became the most powerful party in the country. This helped boost his successful re-election bid as senator.

In 2005, he was appointed as the Minister of Livestock, Agriculture and Fisheries. Accepting the cabinet position meant resigning from the senate. Later in the same year, he married Lucia Topolansky, a fellow Aymara.

In 2008, the ‘Broad Front’, a coalition of several political parties, agreed on Mujica as their candidate for president.

In 2009, he was elected as president after winning a run-off election. The following year, he settled a long running dispute between Argentina and Uruguay over a key river.

In 2011, he became ‘president pro tempore’ of the Mercosur trading bloc. He served for one year.

In 2012, he was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize. At the end of the year, he began another term as ‘president pro tempore’ of Mercosur.

In 2013, his government formally legalized state-controlled sales of marijuana. Same-sex marriage was also legalized at this time.

Mujica served as the ‘president pro tempore’ of the ‘Union of South American Nations’. He served from December 4, 2014 to March 1, 2015

On March 1, 2015, Mujica's term in office came to an end. He has now retired to private live where he plans to grow chrysanthemums.

Awards & Achievements

On August 16, 2010, he was awarded the ‘Grand Collar of the National Order of Merit’, the highest order of merit in Paraguay.

On January 25, 2011, he was conferred upon the ‘Grand Collar of the Order of the Sun’, the highest order of merit in Peru.

On January 28, 2014, Mujica was awarded the ‘Order of the Aztec Eagle’, the highest award in Mexico.

On December 4, 2014, El Pepe was awarded the ‘National Order of San Lorenzo’, the highest award in Ecuador.

Personal Life & Legacy

Jose is married to Lucia Topolansky. They have no children. The humble politician is known for his simple lifestyle and donates 90% of his Presidential salary to the needy. He also refused to live in the presidential palace, preferring his humble farm instead.

Trivia

Mujica is a self-described atheist. His nickname is "El Pepe". He has a three-legged dog named Manuela

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José Mujica biography timelines

  • // 20th May 1935
    José Alberto "Pepe" Mujica Cordano was born on May 20, 1935 in Montevideo, Uruguay. His father, Demetrio Mujica, was a Basque and his mother, Lucy Cordano, a descendent of Italian immigrants.
  • // 1966
    In 1966, Mujica joined the MLN-Tumpamaros, an armed revolutionary group. Three years later, he led a squad of MLN guerillas in the mission to take over the city of Pando.
  • // 1970
    In 1970, he was shot six times by police. He was expected to die in the hospital but made a miraculous recovery.
  • // 1971
    In 1971, he was arrested for his involvement in revolutionary activities but escaped from prison. He was quickly re-arrested but managed to escape again the following year.
  • // 1985
    In 1985, a new amnesty law freed thousands of prisoners. Mujica was among the liberated prisoners.
  • // 1989
    In 1989, he founded the ‘Movement of Popular Participation’ (MPP) political party. He soon rose through the ranks.
  • // 1994
    In 1994, he successfully stood for election as a deputy. He was just one of two MPP members to win their election. Five years later, was successfully elected as a senator.
  • // 2004
    In 2004, Mujica's MPP party became the most powerful party in the country. This helped boost his successful re-election bid as senator.
  • // 2005
    In 2005, he was appointed as the Minister of Livestock, Agriculture and Fisheries. Accepting the cabinet position meant resigning from the senate. Later in the same year, he married Lucia Topolansky, a fellow Aymara.
  • // 2008
    In 2008, the ‘Broad Front’, a coalition of several political parties, agreed on Mujica as their candidate for president.
  • // 2009
    In 2009, he was elected as president after winning a run-off election. The following year, he settled a long running dispute between Argentina and Uruguay over a key river.
  • // 16th Aug 2010
    On August 16, 2010, he was awarded the ‘Grand Collar of the National Order of Merit’, the highest order of merit in Paraguay.
  • // 2011
    In 2011, he became ‘president pro tempore’ of the Mercosur trading bloc. He served for one year.
  • // 25th Jan 2011
    On January 25, 2011, he was conferred upon the ‘Grand Collar of the Order of the Sun’, the highest order of merit in Peru.
  • // 2012
    In 2012, he was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize. At the end of the year, he began another term as ‘president pro tempore’ of Mercosur.
  • // 2013
    In 2013, his government formally legalized state-controlled sales of marijuana. Same-sex marriage was also legalized at this time.
  • // 28th Jan 2014
    On January 28, 2014, Mujica was awarded the ‘Order of the Aztec Eagle’, the highest award in Mexico.
  • // 4th Dec 2014 To 1st Mar 2015
    Mujica served as the ‘president pro tempore’ of the ‘Union of South American Nations’. He served from December 4, 2014 to March 1, 2015
  • // 4th Dec 2014
    On December 4, 2014, El Pepe was awarded the ‘National Order of San Lorenzo’, the highest award in Ecuador.
  • // 1st Mar 2015
    On March 1, 2015, Mujica's term in office came to an end. He has now retired to private live where he plans to grow chrysanthemums.

// Famous Leaders

José Mujica's FAQ

  • What is José Mujica birthday?

    José Mujica was born at 1935-05-20

  • Where is José Mujica's birth place?

    José Mujica was born in Montevideo

  • What is José Mujica nationalities?

    José Mujica's nationalities is Uruguayan

  • What is José Mujica hobbies?

    José Mujica's hobbies is Gardening

  • Who is José Mujica spouses?

    José Mujica's spouses is Lucía Topolansky

  • What is José Mujica's religion?

    José Mujica's religion is Atheism

  • Who is José Mujica's father?

    José Mujica's father is Demetrio Mujica

  • Who is José Mujica's mother?

    José Mujica's mother is Lucy Cordano

  • What is José Mujica's sun sign?

    José Mujica is Taurus

  • How famous is José Mujica?

    José Mujica is famouse as Former President of Uruguay