Jack Kilby - Inventor of Integrated Circuit, Birthday and Life

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Jack Kilby's Personal Details

Jack Kilby was an American electronic engineer who received the Nobel Prize for his invention of the integrated circuit

InformationDetail
BirthdayNovember 8, 1923
Died onJune 20, 2005
NationalityAmerican
FamousInventor of Integrated Circuit, University Of Illinois, Electronics Engineers, Electrical Engineers, Inventors & Discoverers
HobbiesWoodworking, Photography, Reading
City/StateMissouri
Known asJack St. Clair Kilby
Universities
  • University Of Illinois
  • University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign
  • University of Wisconsin-Madison
  • University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee
  • Great Bend High School
Notable Alumnis
  • University Of Illinois
Discoveries / Inventions
  • Integrated Circuit
Cause of deathCancer
Birth PlaceJefferson City
GenderMale
Sun SignScorpio
Born inJefferson City
Famous asInventor of integrated circuit
Died at Age81

// Famous Inventor of Integrated Circuit

Jack Kilby's photo

Who is Jack Kilby?

Jack Kilby can be rightly acknowledged as the face of modern computing, for had it not been for his invention of the integrated circuit and microchip, the computer industry wouldn’t have been what it is today. The world today is literally at the palm top, with integrated circuit and microchip meeting much of our daily needs and requirements. Before Kilby invented the integrated circuit, computers were mostly room-sized with a restricted usage. It was his discovery that transformed the machine into the size we use today. The small wonder has revolutionized the way electronic industry works and can be safely regarded as a historical discovery in computer technology. Jack Kilby’s association with science and electronics was long. Having an affinity for physics and mathematics since early on, Kilby, after completing his studies, took up job at Texas Instruments. It was while solving the problem of ‘tyranny of numbers’ that Kilby was first struck with the idea of an integrated circuit. Working along the idea, in 1958, he eventually invented the integrated circuit. For the same, he received numerous prestigious and esteemed awards and honors, including the Nobel Prize. Kilby’s other contribution include invention of thermal printer and world’s first integrated-circuit based calculator

// Famous Alumni of University Of Illinois

Childhood & Early Life

Jack Kilby was born on November 8, 1923 in Jefferson City, Missouri. His father owned a small electric company, which ignited in young Kilby the passion for electronics.

During World War II, Kilby served in the military as a technician stationed in India. Since an early age, Kilby, much like his father was hooked to radio so much so that he was often called an amateur radio buff.

Academically proficient, Kilby completed his preliminary education from the Great Bend High School. In 1947, he completed his graduation with a degree in electrical engineering from the University of Illinois. Three years later, he completed his Masters’ in the subject from the University of Wisconsin-Extension in Milwaukee.

While studying for his Masters’ in Electrical Engineering, Kilby worked at the Centralab in Milwaukee. An electronic manufacturing company, he was involved in making parts of radio, television and hearing aids.

Career

In 1958, Kilby commenced his career as an engineer at the Texas Instruments. His long-held interest in working on electronic component miniaturization realized with this appointment.

At the time of his appointment, the ‘tyranny of numbers’ was a prevalent problem that the electronic industry was facing while designing circuits. Kilby soon dismissed the universal belief that a micro-module would solve the problem. He instead believed that a semiconductor was the only cost-effective way to provide the solution

Working on his ideas, he combined the isolated electronic components so as to make them work in a miniature environment. This led to the evolution of an integrated circuit, the first miniaturized electronic circuit that revolutionized the way technology was used until then. He filed for a US patent on February 1959. Kilby shares the credit of the invention of integrated circuit along with Robert Noyce, an inventor who too developed another type of the integrated circuit.

Following his big breakthrough, Jack Kilby’s integrated circuit found a place in military, industrial and commercial application. The microchip technology assisted in building the first of both the military system and the computer-incorporated integrated circuit.

Though the invention of integrated circuit was a revolution for the computing world, people were sceptical of its performance and abilities. As such, to put an end to all cynicism, he went on to develop a calculator which would successfully commercialize the integrated circuit. People were amazed by the creation of the pocket device which though miniature in size was as powerful as the electro-mechanical computer.

Kilby is also credited with devising the thermal printer. The printer served as a useful device in day-to-day application and was primarily used in portable data terminals.

With an aim to work independently, Kilby took a leave of absence from Texas Instruments in 1970. During this time, he explored the use of silicon technology in generating electrical power from sunlight.

For six years, from 1978 to 1984, Kilby held the position of Distinguished Professor of Electrical Engineering at Texas A&M University. Meanwhile in 1983, he retired from Texas Instruments.

Major Works

Kilby’s most important contribution in the field of electronic technology has been as the inventor of integrated circuit. It was while solving the problem of ‘tyranny of numbers’ while at Texas Instruments that Kilby was first struck with the idea of miniaturization of electronic circuits. In September 1958, he finally came up with the design of an integrated circuit. He combined isolated electronic elements to work together in a miniature environment thus leading to his most revolutionary discovery.

Other than discovering the integrated circuit, Kilby is also noted as the inventor of thermal printers and world’s first integrated-circuit based calculator. This pocket sized device was first termed Pocketronic.

Awards & Achievements

For his outstanding contribution in the field of engineering and technology, Kilby was bestowed with nation’s most prestigious honors of the field such as the National Medal of Science in 1969 and later National Medal of Technology in 1990.

In 1967, he was elected as a member of the National Academy of Engineering and later in 1982 was inducted in the National Inventors Hall of Fame.

The Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers recognized the significant contribution made by Kilby in the field of electronic technology and subsequently awarded him with the numerous awards including IEEE Fellow, IEEE David Sarnoff Award, IEEE Cledo Brunetti Award, IEEE Centennial Medal and IEEE Medal of Honor.

In 1998, he received Honorary Professorship from the National Chiao Tung University (NCTU) in Taiwan

Kilby became the proud recipient of the highly esteemed Nobel Prize in Physics in 2000 for his breakthrough invention of the integrated circuit. He shared the honor with Robert Noyce and acknowledged the latter’s contribution in the field.

In addition to awards and medals, Kilby was honoured with honorary doctorate degree from several universities including Southern Methodist University, the University of Miami, University of Illinois, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Texas A&M University and Yale and Rochester Institute of Technology.

Personal Life & Legacy

Kilby breathed his last on June 20, 2005 in Dallas, Texas. He was suffering from cancer.

Posthumously, several buildings and institutions have been named after him including The Kilby Center, TI's Research Center for silicon manufacturing, the Jack Kilby Computer Centre at the Merchiston Campus of Edinburgh Napier University and so on.

Trivia

The calculator which we so often use today bears its emergence to this American electrical engineer who also invented the integrated circuit.

// Famous Electronics Engineers

Jack Kilby awards

YearNameAward

Other

1990National Medal of Technology and Innovation
1970National Medal of Science for Engineering
2000 - Nobel Prize in Physics
1989 - Charles Stark Draper Prize
1986 - IEEE Medal of Honor

Jack Kilby biography timelines

  • // 8th Nov 1923
    Jack Kilby was born on November 8, 1923 in Jefferson City, Missouri. His father owned a small electric company, which ignited in young Kilby the passion for electronics.
  • // 1947
    Academically proficient, Kilby completed his preliminary education from the Great Bend High School. In 1947, he completed his graduation with a degree in electrical engineering from the University of Illinois. Three years later, he completed his Masters’ in the subject from the University of Wisconsin-Extension in Milwaukee.
  • // 1958
    In 1958, Kilby commenced his career as an engineer at the Texas Instruments. His long-held interest in working on electronic component miniaturization realized with this appointment.
  • // Sep 1958
    Kilby’s most important contribution in the field of electronic technology has been as the inventor of integrated circuit. It was while solving the problem of ‘tyranny of numbers’ while at Texas Instruments that Kilby was first struck with the idea of miniaturization of electronic circuits. In September 1958, he finally came up with the design of an integrated circuit. He combined isolated electronic elements to work together in a miniature environment thus leading to his most revolutionary discovery.
  • // Feb 1959
    Working on his ideas, he combined the isolated electronic components so as to make them work in a miniature environment. This led to the evolution of an integrated circuit, the first miniaturized electronic circuit that revolutionized the way technology was used until then. He filed for a US patent on February 1959. Kilby shares the credit of the invention of integrated circuit along with Robert Noyce, an inventor who too developed another type of the integrated circuit.
  • // 1967 To 1982
    In 1967, he was elected as a member of the National Academy of Engineering and later in 1982 was inducted in the National Inventors Hall of Fame.
  • // 1969 To 1990
    For his outstanding contribution in the field of engineering and technology, Kilby was bestowed with nation’s most prestigious honors of the field such as the National Medal of Science in 1969 and later National Medal of Technology in 1990.
  • // 1970
    With an aim to work independently, Kilby took a leave of absence from Texas Instruments in 1970. During this time, he explored the use of silicon technology in generating electrical power from sunlight.
  • // 1978 To 1984
    For six years, from 1978 to 1984, Kilby held the position of Distinguished Professor of Electrical Engineering at Texas A&M University. Meanwhile in 1983, he retired from Texas Instruments.
  • // 1998
    In 1998, he received Honorary Professorship from the National Chiao Tung University (NCTU) in Taiwan
  • // 2000
    Kilby became the proud recipient of the highly esteemed Nobel Prize in Physics in 2000 for his breakthrough invention of the integrated circuit. He shared the honor with Robert Noyce and acknowledged the latter’s contribution in the field.
  • // 20th Jun 2005
    Kilby breathed his last on June 20, 2005 in Dallas, Texas. He was suffering from cancer.

// Famous Electrical Engineers

Jack Kilby's FAQ

  • What is Jack Kilby birthday?

    Jack Kilby was born at 1923-11-08

  • When was Jack Kilby died?

    Jack Kilby was died at 2005-06-20

  • Where was Jack Kilby died?

    Jack Kilby was died in Dallas

  • Which age was Jack Kilby died?

    Jack Kilby was died at age 81

  • Where is Jack Kilby's birth place?

    Jack Kilby was born in Jefferson City

  • What is Jack Kilby nationalities?

    Jack Kilby's nationalities is American

  • What is Jack Kilby hobbies?

    Jack Kilby's hobbies is Woodworking,Photography,Reading

  • What was Jack Kilby universities?

    Jack Kilby studied at University Of Illinois, University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign, University of Wisconsin-Madison, University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee, Great Bend High School

  • What was Jack Kilby notable alumnis?

    Jack Kilby's notable alumnis is University Of Illinois

  • What is Jack Kilby's inventions/discoveries?

    Integrated Circuit was invented (or discovered) by Jack Kilby

  • What is Jack Kilby's cause of dead?

    Jack Kilby dead because of Cancer

  • What is Jack Kilby's sun sign?

    Jack Kilby is Scorpio

  • How famous is Jack Kilby?

    Jack Kilby is famouse as Inventor of integrated circuit