Isambard Kingdom Brunel
share
Isambard Kingdom Brunel Childhood & Facts, British - ๐ˆ๐ฌ๐š๐ฆ๐›๐š๐ซ๐ ๐Š๐ข๐ง๐ ๐๐จ๐ฆ ๐๐ซ๐ฎ๐ง๐ž๐ฅ Biography
5.0 based on 1 votes
Mary Elizabeth Horsley
Florence Mary BrunelHenry Marc BrunelIsambard Brunel Junior
Lycรฉe Henri-IVUniversity of Caen
Portsmouth, England
Male
Sir Marc Isambard Brunel
Sophia Kingdom
Aries
Portsmouth, England
53
London, England
Show more

Who is Isambard Kingdom Brunel?

undefined - Isambard Kingdom BrunelIsambard Kingdom Brunel

Isambard Kingdom Brunel was a great English civil engineer who lived during the 19th century. He was the man who built the Great Western Railway, the railway company which linked London with the west part of England. The company, which pioneered the use of large, more economic wagons, was known as "God's Wonderful Railway". Brunel was a civil engineer with a highly innovative mind. He was always open to experimenting with different engineering techniques and ideas in order to devise better solutions to the existing problems. Many โ€œfirstsโ€ in British civil engineering are credited to him. A risk-taker, he was never afraid to move away from traditionally held notions nor was he loath to implement unconventional concepts. He came up with the idea of building a tunnel under a river and played a pivotal role in the development of the first propeller-driven iron ship meant to sail on the oceans thus revolutionizing naval engineering. His brilliant mind could have achieved much more, if he had not been a heavy smoker. He suffered a stroke and died when he was just 53. Named at the second place in a BBC public poll, โ€˜100 Greatest Britonsโ€™, he was a much celebrated civil engineer during his time; several monuments erected in his honor are testament to the fact that is revered in todayโ€™s times too.

Show more

Isambard Kingdom Brunel Childhood & Early Life

He was born to a French civil engineer Sir Marc Isambard Brunel and Sophia Kingdom in Hampshire. He had two sisters. His father was a successful professional and he had a happy childhood.

His father tutored him in drawing and observational techniques. From a young age his father instilled in him a love for civil engineering.

He was sent to Dr. Morrellโ€™s boarding school in Hove when he was eight. His father was very particular that Isambard receive high quality education and thus he sent him to the College of Caen in Normandy and then Lyc๏ฟฝe Henri-IV in Paris.

His father, though a brilliant engineer, was poor with managing finances and had accumulated a lot of debts because of which he was sent to a debtorโ€™s prison. He was however released later on.

Isambard tried for a seat in the famous French engineering school ๏ฟฝcole Polytechnique. But the school refused to accept him as he was a foreigner. He then became an apprentice under horologist Abraham-Louis Breguet and came back to England in 1822.

Isambard Kingdom Brunel Career

On returning to England he started working with his father. The work to build a tunnel under London's River Thames began in 1825 and a couple of years later Isambard Brunel was appointed Resident Engineer on the project which his father was managing.

A major accident occurred during the building of the tunnel in 1828 in which two senior miners were killed. Brunel himself narrowly escaped death and was seriously injured. This forced the work to stop for several years.

In 1831, a competition was held for finding the best design to build a bridge across the Avon river gorge at Clifton in Bristol. Brunel won the competition and got the opportunity to design the Clifton Suspension Bridge.

Work on the Clifton Suspension Bridge began in 1831. The bridge had the longest span of any bridge in the world at that time. However, the work had to be stopped because of the Queen Square Riots. The bridge would not be completed within Brunelโ€™s lifetime.

He was appointed chief engineer of the Great Western Railway in 1833. He decided to use a broad gauge of 7 ft (2,134 mm) for the tracks which created much controversy as most British Railways of that time used standard gauge. The railway started running its first trains in 1838.

In 1836, he was appointed engineer of Great Western Steam Ship Company and began the construction of the SS Great Britain, a passenger steamship, which was the first propeller driven iron ship and also the largest ship of her time. The ship was launched in 1843.

He designed the SS Great Western, an oak-hulled paddle-wheel steamship, built for crossing the Atlantic. From 1837 to 1839, she was the largest passenger ship. She was later sold to the Royal Mail Steam Packet Company.

Over the course of his career he designed many bridges including the Royal Albert Bridge spanning the River Tamar, the Somerset Bridge, the Windsor Railway Bridge, and the Maidenhead Railway Bridge over the Thames.

Isambard Kingdom Brunel Major Works

He is best known as the chief engineer of the Great Western Railway project. The railway was built to connect London with the west of England and Wales. He implemented many innovations in his design of the railway which later came to be known as "God's Wonderful Railway".

Isambard Kingdom Brunel Awards & Achievements

He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1830.

The Brunel Museum in England is dedicated to the works of Isambard Kingdom Brunel and his father, Marc.

Isambard Kingdom Brunel Personal Life & Legacy

He married Mary Elizabeth in 1836. His wife was the daughter of composer Horsley. The couple had three children. One of his sons, Henry, too became a successful civil engineer.

He was a heavy smoker. He suffered a stroke in 1859 and died after ten days; he was just 53 years old.

Isambard Kingdom Brunel Trivia

This early 19th century English civil engineer was the subject of โ€˜Greatโ€™, an animated film directed by Bob Godfrey in 1975.

Show more

Isambard Kingdom Brunel biography timelines

  • He was born to a French civil engineer Sir Marc Isambard Brunel and Sophia Kingdom in Hampshire. He had two sisters. His father was a successful professional and he had a happy childhood.
    9th Apr 1806
  • Isambard tried for a seat in the famous French engineering school ๏ฟฝcole Polytechnique. But the school refused to accept him as he was a foreigner. He then became an apprentice under horologist Abraham-Louis Breguet and came back to England in 1822.
    1822
  • On returning to England he started working with his father. The work to build a tunnel under London's River Thames began in 1825 and a couple of years later Isambard Brunel was appointed Resident Engineer on the project which his father was managing.
    1825
  • A major accident occurred during the building of the tunnel in 1828 in which two senior miners were killed. Brunel himself narrowly escaped death and was seriously injured. This forced the work to stop for several years.
    1828
  • He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1830.
    1830
  • In 1831, a competition was held for finding the best design to build a bridge across the Avon river gorge at Clifton in Bristol. Brunel won the competition and got the opportunity to design the Clifton Suspension Bridge.
    1831
  • He was appointed chief engineer of the Great Western Railway in 1833. He decided to use a broad gauge of 7 ft (2,134 mm) for the tracks which created much controversy as most British Railways of that time used standard gauge. The railway started running its first trains in 1838.
    1833
  • In 1836, he was appointed engineer of Great Western Steam Ship Company and began the construction of the SS Great Britain, a passenger steamship, which was the first propeller driven iron ship and also the largest ship of her time. The ship was launched in 1843.
    1836
  • He married Mary Elizabeth in 1836. His wife was the daughter of composer Horsley. The couple had three children. One of his sons, Henry, too became a successful civil engineer.
    1836
  • He designed the SS Great Western, an oak-hulled paddle-wheel steamship, built for crossing the Atlantic. From 1837 to 1839, she was the largest passenger ship. She was later sold to the Royal Mail Steam Packet Company.
    1837 To 1839
  • He was a heavy smoker. He suffered a stroke in 1859 and died after ten days; he was just 53 years old.
    15th Sep 1859
Show more

Frequently asked questions about Isambard Kingdom Brunel

  • What is Isambard Kingdom Brunel birthday?

    Isambard Kingdom Brunel was born at April 9, 1806

  • Where is Isambard Kingdom Brunel's birth place?

    Isambard Kingdom Brunel was born in Portsmouth, England

  • What is Isambard Kingdom Brunel nationalities?

    Isambard Kingdom Brunel's nationalities is British

  • Who is Isambard Kingdom Brunel spouses?

    Isambard Kingdom Brunel's spouses is Mary Elizabeth Horsley

  • Who is Isambard Kingdom Brunel childrens?

    Isambard Kingdom Brunel's childrens is Florence Mary Brunel, Henry Marc Brunel, Isambard Brunel Junior

  • What was Isambard Kingdom Brunel universities?

    Isambard Kingdom Brunel studied at Lycรฉe Henri-IV, University of Caen university

  • Who is Isambard Kingdom Brunel's father?

    Isambard Kingdom Brunel's father is Sir Marc Isambard Brunel

  • Who is Isambard Kingdom Brunel's mother?

    Isambard Kingdom Brunel's mother is Sophia Kingdom

  • What is Isambard Kingdom Brunel's sun sign?

    Isambard Kingdom Brunel is Aries

  • When was Isambard Kingdom Brunel died?

    Isambard Kingdom Brunel was died at September 15, 1859

  • Where was Isambard Kingdom Brunel died?

    Isambard Kingdom Brunel was died in London, England

  • Which age was Isambard Kingdom Brunel died?

    Isambard Kingdom Brunel was died at age 53