Heydar Aliyev - Former President of Azerbaijan, Birthday and Life

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Heydar Aliyev's Personal Details

Heydar Aliyev was the third President of Azerbaijan who served from October 1993 to October 2003

InformationDetail
BirthdayMay 10, 1923
Died onDecember 12, 2003
NationalityAzerbaijani
FamousFormer President of Azerbaijan, Leaders, Political Leaders, Presidents
SpousesZarifa Aliyeva
Known asHeydar Alirza oglu Aliyev, Gaydar Aliev
Birth PlaceNakhchivan City.
GenderMale
Sun SignTaurus
Born inNakhchivan City.
Famous asFormer President of Azerbaijan
Died at Age80

// Famous Former President of Azerbaijan

Heydar Aliyev's photo

Who is Heydar Aliyev?

Heydar Alirza oglu Aliyev, also known as Gaydar Aliev, was the third President of Azerbaijan who served from October 1993 to October 2003. As the president of his country he was indeed a very powerful politician, but his influence on Azerbaijani politics had begun years ago. As a young man he had joined the Azerbaijan SSR People's Commissariat for State Security (NKGB) and quickly rose to the rank of Major-General. Within a few years of his entry into the political world he proved himself to be a very intelligent, hardworking and shrewd politician, eventually becoming the chairman of the agency. His political career went from strength to strength and his selection as the first secretary of the Communist party of Soviet Azerbaijan proved to be the catalyst that ultimately culminated in his becoming the undisputed leader of Azerbaijan. Even though initially he implemented reforms to curb corruption and gained the trust of his citizens, over a period of time he became notorious for his repressive and autocratic rule. He came to power at a time when Azerbaijan was in the throes of political and economic crises, and initially he was able to bring about some economic development. However, the rising rate of corruption and violence made him lose favor with the Azerbaijanis.

// Famous Presidents

Childhood & Early Life

He was born on 10 May 1923 in Nakhchyvan City of Azerbaijan. His father was a railway worker.

He received his primary education from Nakhchivan Pedagogical School. He then attended the Azerbaijan Industrial Institute (now the Azerbaijan State Oil Academy) from 1939 to 1941, studying architecture.

Career

From 1941 he headed the department at the People’s Commissariat of Internal Affairs of the Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic of Nakhchyvan. He joined the Azerbaijan SSR People's Commissariat for State Security (NKGB) in 1944.

The NKGB came to be known as Committee for State Security or the KGB in 1954 due to certain changes in government policies. Working there for many years he steadily rose through the positions to become a deputy chairman of Azerbaijani KGB in 1964, and its chairman in 1967.

In July 1969, at the Plenum of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Azerbaijan, amidst a Soviet anti-corruption campaign, he was elected as the First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Azerbaijan by Leonid Brezhnev.

He tried his best to bring down the level of corruption by sentencing a number of people accused of corruption to prison terms. In 1975 five people were sentenced to death for gross corruption. His policies were moderately successful in controlling corruption.

Under his leadership Soviet Azerbaijan also registered a considerable economic growth. But at the same time he also faced the public’s ire for his extravagant spending on gift-giving to other politicians in order to remain in their good books.

In December 1982, he became a member of Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Soviet Union, and was appointed to the post of the First Deputy Chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers of the USSR, responsible for transportation and social services. Thus he became one of the leaders of the USSR.

He resigned from this post in October 1987 protesting against the allegations of corruption made against him by Mikhail Gorbachev. He returned to Azerbaijan in 1990 and was elected as a deputy to the Supreme Soviet of Azerbaijan the same year.

From 1991 to 1993 he held the post of Chairman of the Supreme Assembly of the Autonomous Republic of Nakhchyvan, and Deputy Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the Republic of Azerbaijan. He was elected Chairman of the New Azerbaijan Party in Nakhchyvan in 1992.

In June 1993, the incumbent president Abulfaz Elchibey went into internal exile and Aliyev stepped in as acting president. In October the same year, a special presidential election was held in which he was elected the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan.

Five years later, in October 1998, he was re-elected President of the Republic of Azerbaijan.

He initially gave his consent to be nominated as a candidate for October 2003 presidential elections, though he later stepped down from the election due to his ill health.

Awards & Achievements

In 1997, he was honored with Ukraine's highest award, the Yaroslav Mudry Order "for outstanding contribution to the development of cooperation between Ukraine and the Republic of Azerbaijan and strengthening friendship between the Ukrainian and Azeri people"

The Order of St. Andrew, the highest order of chivalry of the Russian Empire, was bestowed upon him "for his great personal contribution to strengthening friendship and cooperation between Russia and Azerbaijan" in 2003.

Personal Life & Legacy

He married Zarifa Aliyeva in 1948. His wife was a renowned ophthalmologist, academician of the National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan and professor. The couple had two children—one son and one daughter. Zarifa died of cancer in 1985.

He began to suffer from ill health during his later years. He had a major heart bypass operation in the US in 1999, followed by prostrate surgery and hernia operation later on. Due to his failing health he stepped down from presidency in October 2003. He died two months later on 12 December 2003 .

// Famous Leaders

Heydar Aliyev awards

YearNameAward

Other

Order of Prince Yaroslav the Wise (1997)
Order of St. Andrew (2003)

Heydar Aliyev biography timelines

  • // 10th May 1923
    He was born on 10 May 1923 in Nakhchyvan City of Azerbaijan. His father was a railway worker.
  • // 1939 To 1941
    He received his primary education from Nakhchivan Pedagogical School. He then attended the Azerbaijan Industrial Institute (now the Azerbaijan State Oil Academy) from 1939 to 1941, studying architecture.
  • // 1941 To 1944
    From 1941 he headed the department at the People’s Commissariat of Internal Affairs of the Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic of Nakhchyvan. He joined the Azerbaijan SSR People's Commissariat for State Security (NKGB) in 1944.
  • // 1948 To 1985
    He married Zarifa Aliyeva in 1948. His wife was a renowned ophthalmologist, academician of the National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan and professor. The couple had two children—one son and one daughter. Zarifa died of cancer in 1985.
  • // 1967
    The NKGB came to be known as Committee for State Security or the KGB in 1954 due to certain changes in government policies. Working there for many years he steadily rose through the positions to become a deputy chairman of Azerbaijani KGB in 1964, and its chairman in 1967.
  • // 1969
    In July 1969, at the Plenum of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Azerbaijan, amidst a Soviet anti-corruption campaign, he was elected as the First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Azerbaijan by Leonid Brezhnev.
  • // 1975
    He tried his best to bring down the level of corruption by sentencing a number of people accused of corruption to prison terms. In 1975 five people were sentenced to death for gross corruption. His policies were moderately successful in controlling corruption.
  • // Dec 1982
    In December 1982, he became a member of Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Soviet Union, and was appointed to the post of the First Deputy Chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers of the USSR, responsible for transportation and social services. Thus he became one of the leaders of the USSR.
  • // Oct 1987 To 1990
    He resigned from this post in October 1987 protesting against the allegations of corruption made against him by Mikhail Gorbachev. He returned to Azerbaijan in 1990 and was elected as a deputy to the Supreme Soviet of Azerbaijan the same year.
  • // Jun 1993
    In June 1993, the incumbent president Abulfaz Elchibey went into internal exile and Aliyev stepped in as acting president. In October the same year, a special presidential election was held in which he was elected the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan.
  • // 1997
    In 1997, he was honored with Ukraine's highest award, the Yaroslav Mudry Order "for outstanding contribution to the development of cooperation between Ukraine and the Republic of Azerbaijan and strengthening friendship between the Ukrainian and Azeri people"
  • // Oct 1998
    Five years later, in October 1998, he was re-elected President of the Republic of Azerbaijan.
  • // 2003
    The Order of St. Andrew, the highest order of chivalry of the Russian Empire, was bestowed upon him "for his great personal contribution to strengthening friendship and cooperation between Russia and Azerbaijan" in 2003.
  • // Oct 2003
    He initially gave his consent to be nominated as a candidate for October 2003 presidential elections, though he later stepped down from the election due to his ill health.
  • // 12th Dec 2003
    He began to suffer from ill health during his later years. He had a major heart bypass operation in the US in 1999, followed by prostrate surgery and hernia operation later on. Due to his failing health he stepped down from presidency in October 2003. He died two months later on 12 December 2003 .

// Famous Political Leaders

Heydar Aliyev's FAQ

  • What is Heydar Aliyev birthday?

    Heydar Aliyev was born at 1923-05-10

  • When was Heydar Aliyev died?

    Heydar Aliyev was died at 2003-12-12

  • Where was Heydar Aliyev died?

    Heydar Aliyev was died in Cleveland, United States

  • Which age was Heydar Aliyev died?

    Heydar Aliyev was died at age 80

  • Where is Heydar Aliyev's birth place?

    Heydar Aliyev was born in Nakhchivan City.

  • What is Heydar Aliyev nationalities?

    Heydar Aliyev's nationalities is Azerbaijani

  • Who is Heydar Aliyev spouses?

    Heydar Aliyev's spouses is Zarifa Aliyeva

  • What is Heydar Aliyev's sun sign?

    Heydar Aliyev is Taurus

  • How famous is Heydar Aliyev?

    Heydar Aliyev is famouse as Former President of Azerbaijan